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Vital Statistics: Jewish Population of the World

(1882 - Present)

Historic Jewish Population
Countries with the Largest Jewish Population
Jewish Population By Region
      North America
      Central America
      South America
      Asia
      Oceana
      Africa
      Europe

Historic Jewish Population1

Year
Population

1880

7,800,000

1900

10,600,000

1914

13,500,000

1922

14,400,000

1925

14,800,000

1931

15,700,000

1939

16,728,000

1945

11,000,000

1948

11,500,000

1950

11,297,000

1955

11,800,000

1960

12,079,000

1970

12,585,000

1980

12,819,000

1990

12,868,000

2000

13,250,000

2005 13,620,000

2010

14,049,000

2015 14,551,600

2018

14,606,000

2019 14,707,400
2020 15,077,100
2021 15,166,200
2022 15,253,500
2023 16,783,100#

 

Countries with the Largest Jewish Population (2023)2

Rank Country
Population
% of World Jewry***
1 United States 7,500,0003 44.7%

2

Israel

7,208,000*

42.9%

3

France

440,000

2.9%

4

Canada

398,000

2.6%

5

U.K.

312,000

1.9%

6

Argentina 

171,000

1.1%

7

Russia 

132,000

1.0%

8

Germany

125,000

0.8%

9

Australia

117,000

0.8%

10

Brazil

90,500

0.6%

11

South Africa

50,000

0.3%

12 Hungary 46,000 0.3%

13

Mexico

40,000

0.3%

14

Ukraine

33,000

0.3%

15

Netherlands

29,700

0.2%

Jewish Population By Region (2023)

North America | Central America | South America Asia | Oceania | Africa | Europe

 

North America

Country

Total Population

Jews

Bermuda

70,000

100

Canada

38,800,000

398,000

United States

332,800,000

7,500,0003

Rest of North America 60,000 100
Total North America 371,730,000 7,898,200

Central America

  Bahamas

400,000

200

Barbados 300,000 100

Costa Rica

5,200,000

2,600

Cuba

11,100,000

500

Dominican Republic

11,200,000

100

El Salvador

6,300,000

100

Guatemala

17,800,000

900

Jamaica

2,800,000

500

Mexico

127,500,000

40,000

Netherlands Antilles

315,000

400

Panama

4,400,000

10,000

Puerto Rico

3,200,000

1,500

Virgin Islands

117,000

400

Rest of Central America, Caribbean 31,368,000 200
Total Central America, Caribbean 222,000,000 57,500

South America

Argentina

46,200,000

171,000

Bolivia

12,200,000

500

Brazil

214,800,000

90,500

Chile

19,800,000

15,700

Colombia

49,100,000

2,000

Ecuador

18,000,000

600

Paraguay

6,800,000

1,100

Peru

33,400,000

1,900

Suriname

600,000

200

Uruguay

3,600,000

16,200

Venezuela

28,300,000

4,500

Rest of South America

1,100,000

100

  Total South America

433,900,000

8,058,900

 

Asia

Country

Total Population

Jews

Israel

 9,842,000*

7,208,000*

West Bank4

3,176,549

 

Gaza Strip4 2,098,389 0
Total Israel and Palestinian Authority 15,116,938 7,208,000
Armenia

3,000,000

100

Azerbaijan

10,200,000

6,800

Georgia

3,700,000

1,200

Kazakhstan

19,200,000

2,300

Kyrgyzstan

6,800,000

300

Turkmenistan

6,400,000

200

Uzbekistan

35,600,000

2,600

Total former USSR in Asia 94,900,000 13,500

China

1,444,700,000

3,500

India

1,417,200,000

4,500

Indonesia

275,500,000

100

Iran

88,600,000

9,100

Japan

124,900,000

1,000

South Korea

51,600,000

200

Philippines

115,600,000

200

Singapore

5,500,000

900

Sri Lanka 22,400,000 300

Syria and Lebanon

27,600,000

100

Taiwan

23,200,000

500

Thailand

66,800,000

300

United Arab Emirates 9,400,000 500

Rest of other Asia

861,200,000

200

   Total other Asia

4,534,200,000

21,400

   Total Asia 4,644,216,938 7,242,900


Oceania

Country Total Population Jews

Australia

25,800,000

124,700

Guam 200,000 100

New Zealand

5,100,000

7,500

Other

12,900,000

100

   Total Oceana

44,000,000

132,400


Africa

Country Total Population Jews

Egypt

103,500,000

100

Ethiopia

123,400,000

100

Morocco

36,700,000

2,100

Tunisia

11,800,000

1,000

Rest of Northern Africa 102,900,000 100

Botswana

2,600,000

100

Congo D.R.

99,000,000

100

Kenya

54,000,000

300

Madagascar

29,600,000

100

Namibia

2,600,000

100

Nigeria

218,500,000

100

South Africa

60,600,000

50,000

Zimbabwe

16,300,000

200

Rest of Sub-Saharan Africa

557,500,000

200

  Total Sub-Sharan Africa

1,040,700,000

55,600

  Total Africa 1,419,000,000 54,600


Europe

Country Total Population Jews   Country Total Population Jews

Austria

9,000,000

10,300

 

 

 

 

Belgium

11,600,000

29,000

 

Slovenia

2,100,000

100

Bulgaria

6,800,000

2,000

 

Spain

47,400,000

13,000

 

 

 

  Sweden
10,500,000
14,900
Croatia

3,800,000

1,700

  Total EU 445,500,000 791,200
Cyprus

1,300,000

500

 

Bosnia-Herzegovina

3,400,000

500

Czech Republic

10,700,000

3,900

  Channel Islands 200,000 200

Denmark

5,900,000

6,400

 

Gibraltar

35,000

800

Estonia 1,300,000 1,900        

Finland

5,600,000

1,300

  Monaco 40,000 700

France

65,800,000

440,000

 

North Macedonia

1,800,000

100

Germany

83,300,000

125,000

 

Norway

5,400,000

1,300

Greece

10,600,000

4,000

 

Serbia

6,800,000

1,400

Hungary

9,700,000

46,000

 

Switzerland

8,800,000

20,500

Ireland

5,100,000

2,700

 

Turkey

85,200,000

14,200

Italy

58,900,000

26,900

 

U.K.

67,600,000

312,000

Latvia

1,900,000

4,200

  Rest of other Europe

5,800,000

200

Lithuania

2,800,000

2,200

  Total other- Europe
187,075,000
351,900

Luxembourg

700,000

700

       
Malta

500,000

100

 

Belarus

9,200,000

6,000

Netherlands

17,700,000

29,700

 

Moldova

3,500,000

1,500

Poland

38,000,000

9,500

 

Russia

144,300,000

132,000

Portugal

10,300,000

3,800

 

Ukraine

41,000,000

33,000

Romania

19,000,000

8,700

  Total FSU Republics
198,000,000
172,500

Slovakia

5,400,000

2,600

  Total FSU in Europe
204,000,000
180,800
  Total Europe   828,875,000 1,305,100 

 

1DellaPergola figures prior to 2023, which undercount U.S. Jews. For 2023, we used Sheskin and Dashefsky data with the more accurate approximation of American Jews -- 7.5 million instead of 6.3 million.
2Data as of January 1, 2023.
3Sheskin and Dashefsky figures. 
4CIA World Factbook Figures.

*As of January 1, 2024 (including Jews in Judea and Samaria).
***Based on DellaPergola total that underestimates American Jewish population.


Sources: Sergio DellaPergola, “World Jewish Population, 2021,” in Arnold Dashefsky and Ira M. Sheskin (eds.), The American Jewish Year Book, 2023, (Cham: Springer Nature, 2024).
Ira M. Sheskin and Arnold Dashefsky, “United States Jewish Population, 2021,” in Arnold Dashefsky and Ira M. Sheskin (eds.), The American Jewish Year Book, 2021, (Cham: Springer Nature, 2021).
Zeev Klein, “Israel reaches another milestone as population crosses 9 million,” Israel Hayom, (May 2, 2019).
“Israel’s population tops 9 million as Jewish new year approaches,” Times of Israel, (September 26, 2019).
“Ahead of 72nd Independence Day, Israeli population stands at 9.2 million,” Times of Israel, (April 26, 2020).
“Israel’s population up to 9.25 million, though growth rate, immigration down,” Times of Israel, (September 16, 2020).
Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.
“Israel’s population nears 10 million, report,” Ynet, (September 20, 2022).|
“Israeli population rises to 9.795 million on Rosh Hashanah eve,” Times of Israel, (September 14, 2023).