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The copyright laws regarding the Internet are still being formulated and determined by the courts. We are very careful about asking permission before posting anything that we did not create, or that is not in the public domain. If you find something that is not properly credited, it is undoubtedly an oversight that we will happily correct. If you believe that your work has been copied in a way that constitutes copyright infringement, you should provide us with the information required by the Online Copyright Infringement Liability Limitation Act of the Digital Millennium Copyright Act, 17 U.S.C. § 512.

We ask that users of the Jewish Virtual Library exercise similar respect for the intellectual property rights of others and credit AICE or the original source for any material that you take from the Jewish Virtual Library for use in either a printed or electronic form. Generally, unless an entry specifically lists a source at the bottom of the page the copyright belongs to AICE.

We ask that any reprinted material carry the following tagline with the appropriate link back to original page on the Jewish Virtual Library:

Copyright American-Israeli Cooperative Enterprise - Reprinted with permission.

If you simply wish to link to our site, no permission is required and we encourage webmasters to create these links. If requested, we are happy to reciprocate and add links to our site given that such requests are only noncommercial in nature that are determined to be useful and relevant to the mission of the Jewish Virtual Library.

Visitors should be aware that we are often given permission to use material published by other sources, but this does not mean it may reprinted elsewhere without permission. This is especially true of photographs, though many are in the public domain. Contact us if there is any question. We urge users to request permission from the original sources of any material they plan to use.

How to Cite Articles from the Jewish Virtual Library

To cite articles from the Jewish Virtual Library, follow this general format (MLA Style):

(Last name, First name). “Title of Article.” Date of the Article. Date you accessed the article. <Full Internet Address>.

If there is no date given, you may either use the date you accessed the article or the most recent time the entire site was updated, which is the current date. Some articles have a specific date listed under the title. Note also that many articles are regularly updated without any reference to the date. We may be able to tell you a specific date by contacting us. Also, many articles were published elsewhere and you may wish to cite the original source which should be listed at the bottom of the entry.

Anti-Spam Policy

By accessing our Website, signing up for our Services, and agreeing to our Terms of Service, you are also agreeing to this Anti-Spam Policy in its entirety. In the context of electronic messaging, spam refers to unsolicited, bulk, or indiscriminate messages, typically sent for a commercial purpose. 

Privacy Policy

Information collected directly from you: We may collect personal information directly from you through a web form. Personal information may include first and last name, address, email address, and phone number.

Information collected from your device: Our website may use tracking technologies such as cookies, web beacons, pixels, and other similar technologies to automatically collect certain information from your device, including for example [your IP address, browser and operating system information, geographic location, referring website address, and other information about how you interact with the website.] Our website may also use cookies to personalize your experience and enable certain features [such as keeping track of items you put in your shopping cart.] You may disable cookies in your web browser however parts of our website may not function properly. More information about blocking and deleting cookies is available at Our email campaigns may also use tracking technologies such as web beacons, pixels and other similar technologies to automatically collect certain information such as your IP address, browser type and version, and email engagement statistics.


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