WAR ON TERRORISM AND IRAQ
Do you approve or disapprove of the way President George W. Bush is handling the U.S. campaign against terrorism?
Do you think that Americans will or will not have to give up some of their personal freedoms in order to make the country safe from terrorist attacks?
Here are some increased powers of investigation that law enforcement agencies might use when dealing with people suspected of terrorist activity, which would also affect our civil liberties. For each, please say if you would favor or oppose it.
|Expanded undercover activities to penetrate groups under suspicious||86||12||2|
|Adoption of a national I.D. system for all U.S. citizens||67||30||3|
|Expanded camera surveillance on streets and in public places||65||33||3|
|Profiling of people and searching them based on their nationality, race, or religion||35||62||2|
Do you approve or disapprove of the United States taking military action against Iraq to try and remove Saddam Hussein from power? (2002)
Do you approve or disapprove of the war with Iraq (2003)
If the United States takes military action against Iraq, do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States will increase, decrease, or stay about the same? (2002)
Do you think the threat of terrorism against the United States has increased, decreased, or stayed about the same as a result of the war with Iraq? (2003)
|Stay about the same||48||32|
In your opinion, do you think that a war between the United States and Iraq is likely to lead to a larger war between other countries in the Middle East?
|No, not likely||41|
How close do you feel to Israel?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Caring about Israel is a very important part of my being a Jew?
Have you ever been to Israel?
|Yes -- once||20||23|
|Yes -- more than once||17||20|
Looking ahead 3 to 5 years, do you see Jews in Israel and in the United States becoming closer, drifting apart, or neither?
How would you characterize relations between Israel and the United States today? Are they very positive, somewhat positive, somewhat negative, or very negative?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Israel no longer needs the financial support of American Jews."
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Regardless of their individual views on the peace negotiations with the Arabs, American Jews should support the policies of the duly elected government of Israel."
To what extent do each of the following Arab leaders support or oppose peace with Israel?
Strongly support (2002)
Strongly Support (2000)
Somewhat support (2002)
Somewhat Support (2000)
Somewhat oppose (2002)
Somewhat Oppose (2000)
Strongly oppose (2002)
Strongly Oppose (2000)
Not sure (2002)
Not Sure (2000)
|President Hosni Mubarak of Egypt||8||19||50||48||24||12||8||6||10||15|
|President Bashar Assad of Syria||1||2||13||17||32||28||39||28||15||25|
|King Abdullah of Jordan||12||17||46||44||22||13||9||8||11||19|
|PLO Chairman Yasir Arafat||1||7||7||33||20||25||70||28||3||8|
Overall, do you support or oppose the Israeli government's handling of the peace negotiations with the Arabs?
*The question in 1997 began by first noting the election of Netanyahu, then inserting his name in place of the word "Israeli." In 1998, "Netanyahu was used instead of "Israeli."
+The question in 2003 asked about negotiations with "the Palestinian Authority" and not "the Arabs."
As part of a permanent settlement with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to dismantle all, some or none of the Jewish settlements in the West Bank?
*The question in 1994 combined the West Bank with Gaza and asked for a yes/no answer. "Yes" replies compare to the sum of "All" and "Some" replies in the other surveys.
How much land should Israel be willing to give up on the Golan Heights in order to reach a peace agreement with Syria?
|All of it||2||2||2||3||2|
|Most of it||4||3||3||4||5|
|Some of it||23||23||26||27||29|
|Only a small part of it||32||26||28||27||30|
|None of it||37||42||33||32||27|
Given the current situation, do you favor or oppose the establishment of a Palestinian state?
In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to compromise on the status of Jerusalem as a united city under Israeli jurisdiction?
(If yes, to previous question) In the framework of a permanent peace with the Palestinians, should Israel be willing to relinquish sovereignty of the Old City of Jerusalem?
If the Palestinian Authority (PLO) unilaterally declares statehood, what response by Israel would you most favor?
|Israel should accept the declaration of statehood||24|
|Israel should break off negotiations with the Palestinians||28|
|Israel should annex the remainder of the West Bank||17|
Tension between secular and ultra-Orthodox Jews in Israel is becoming sharper. In your view, who is principally responsible for this increase in tension?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "The goal of the Arabs is not the return of occupied territories but rather the destruction of Israel."
Is the Palestinian Authority (PLO) doing enough or not doing enough to control terrorist activity against Israel by Hamas and other Palestinian extremist groups?
|Is doing enough||1||6||3||9||5|
|Is not doing enough||98||91||94||82||91|
How concerned are you that the United States will pressure Israel to make concessions to the Palestinians in order to keep the Arab countries in the anti-terrorist coalition? Are you very concerned, somewhat concerned, or not concerned at all? (2002)
|Not concerned at all||18|
As compared with one year ago, are you now more optimistic about the chance for a lasting peace between Israel and the Arabs, less optimistic, or do you think the chance for a lasting peace is about the same as it was one year ago?
|More optimistic now||5||2|
|Less optimistic now||37||49|
|Same as one year ago||58||49|
Do you support or oppose the Israeli government's current handling of relations with Yasir Arafat's Palestinian Authority?
WORLD AFFAIRS AND TRANSATLANTIC RELATIONS (2003)
How desirable is it that the United States exerts strong leadership in world affairs? Is it very desirable, somewhat desirable, somewhat undesirable, or very undesirable?
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "When dealing with common problems, the United States and Europe should be more willing to make decisions jointly, even if this means that the United States, as well as Europe, will sometimes have to go along with a policy that is not its first choice."
In general, in responding to international crises, do you think the United States should or should not act alone, if it does not have the support of its allies?
|Should act alone||37|
|Should not act alone||60|
Do you believe that the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon reflect the true teachings of Islam?
PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION & NATIONAL AFFAIRS
In politics, as of today, do you consider yourself a Republican, a Democrat, or an Independent?
I'm going to read you a list of political views that people might hold. They are arranged from extremely liberal to extremely conservative. Where would you place yourself on this scale?
|Moderate, middle of the road||33||34|
In the 2000 presidential election, did you vote for Al Gore, the Democrat, or for George W. Bush, the Republican?
|George W. Bush||24|
|Did not vote||3|
|George W. Bush||29|
|George W. Bush||31|
|George W. Bush||31|
|George W. Bush||31|
|George W. Bush||24|
In the elections for the House of Representative held on November 5, 2002, did you vote for the Republican candidate or the Democratic candidate?
|Other candidate (vol.)||2|
|Did not vote (vol.)||8|
Do you think the number of immigrants from foreign countries who are permitted to come to the United States to live should be increased a lot, increased a little, left the same as it is now, decreased a little, or decreased a lot?
|Increased a lot||4||3|
|Increased a little||11||9|
|Left the same as it is now||43||43|
|Decreased a little||21||21|
|Decreased a lot||20||22|
Which do you think is better for the United States - to encourage immigrants to blend into American culture by giving up some important aspects of their own culture, or to encourage immigrants to maintain their own culture more strongly, even if that means they do not blend in as well?
|Maintain own culture||31|
Do you think that the government should or should not provide taxpayer funds for social service programs run by religious institutions, such as churches or synagogues?
Do you favor or oppose government aid to parochial or other religious schools?
A federal appeals court has ruled that the Pledge of Allegiance is unconstitutional and cannot be recited in schools because the phrase 'under God' violates the separation of church and state. Do you think the phrase 'under God' should or should not be part of the Pledge of Allegiance? (2003)
In your opinion, how important is it that the United States achieve energy independence? Is it very important, somewhat important, or not important at all?
|Don't Know/Not Application||1||1|
What is the best way for the United States to handle its energy needs--by encouraging greater energy production, by encouraging greater energy conservation, or both equally?
|Greater energy production||6|
|Greater energy conservation||18|
|Don't Know/No Answer||1|
International Jewish Issues (2002)
I would like your opinion of some countries today. Is your overall opinion of (INSERT COUNTRY) very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable? (2002)
I would like you to rate your feelings toward some countries, institutions and people, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate your feelings toward [ ]. (2003)
|Mean Score (2003)||Very favorable (2002)||Some what favorable (2002)||Neutral (2002)||Somewhat unfavorable (2002)||Very unfavorable (2002)||Not sure (2002)|
|q.||The European Union||54||--||--||--||--||--||--|
|i.||The Palestinians (Palestinian Authority)||21||--||--||--||--||--||--|
I would like you to rate how various foreign governments feel toward Israel, with one hundred meaning a very warm, favorable feeling, zero meaning a very cold, unfavorable feeling, and fifty meaning not particularly warm or cold. You can use any number from zero to one hundred. How would you rate the government of [ ] in terms of feelings toward Israel? (2003)
Is your opinion of the United Nations very favorable, somewhat favorable, neutral, somewhat unfavorable, or very unfavorable?
Do you agree strongly, agree somewhat, disagree somewhat, or disagree strongly with the following statement: "Germany today is making a sincere effort to deal with the legacy of the Holocaust."
How important would you say being Jewish is in your own life?
|Not very important||12||12|
Which one of the following qualities do you consider most important to your Jewish identity?
|Being part of the Jewish people||41||41|
|Support for Israel||6||5|
|A committment to social justice||19||21|
Do you belong to a synagogue or temple?
Do you think of yourself as . . .
In your opinion, which is a greater threat to Jewish life in the United States today--intermarriage or anti-Semitism?
|Both equally (Vol.)||3||2|
Do you think that anti-Semitism in the United States is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?
|Very serious problem||37||29|
|Somewhat of a problem||60||66|
|Not a problem at all||3||5|
Do you think that anti-Semitism on American college campuses is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?
|Very serious problem||28||23|
|Somewhat of a problem||54||57|
|Not a problem at all||11||12|
Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism in the United States will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly?
|Remain the same||42||46|
In your opinion, what proportion of each of the following groups in the United States is anti-Semitic? most, many, some, very few, or none?
|Most (2003)||Most (2002)||Many (2003)||Many (2002)||Some (2003)||Some (2002)||Very few (2003)||Very few (2002)||None (2003)||None (2002)||Not sure (2003)||Not sure (2002)|
|The Religious Right||20||19||21||20||37||37||14||16||3||3||6||6|
Do you agree or disagree with the following statement? "Virtually all positions of influence in the United States are open to Jews."
Do you think that anti-Semitism in Europe is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?
|Very serious problem||55||41|
|Somewhat of a problem||41||53|
|Not a problem at all||2||3|
Do you think that anti-Semitism in the Muslim world is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?
|Very serious problem||77||75|
|Somewhat of a problem||20||22|
|Not a problem at all||2||2|
Do you think that anti-Semitism at the United Nations is currently a very serious problem, somewhat of a problem, or not a problem at all?
|Very serious problem||29|
|Somewhat of problem||55|
|Not a problem at all||13|
Looking ahead over the next several years, do you think that anti-Semitism around the world will increase greatly, increase somewhat, remain the same, decrease somewhat, or decrease greatly?
|Remain the same||26||38|
Sources: Center for Cultural Judaism