Roosevelt creates the War Refugee Board.
Siege of Leningrad ends.
Captain Breitenbuch volunteers to assassinate Hitler. He does not get his chance due to a change of rules of who is allowed to attend briefings.
Germany invades Hungary.
Roosevelt warns Hungary to refrain from anti-Jewish measures.
Hungarian government registers Jews, confiscates their property
"Blood for Trucks" negotiations start.
Allied forces mount major offensive in central Italy.
May 15 to July 8
A Red Cross delegation visits Theresienstadt.
Allies enter Rome.
D-Day, the start of the Allied invasion in Normandy.
Germany launches first V-1 rockets at England.
The SS conducts the first documented gassing in the women's camp at Ravensbrück. The gas chamber at Ravensbrück uses Zyklon B, crystalline hydrogen cyanide gas, as the killing agent. The gas chamber is relatively small; the SS uses it primarily to kill those prisoners they deemed "unfit" for work. In all, the SS will kill more than 2,000 prisoners in the gas chamber at Ravensbrück.
Start of the Soviet offensive.
Hungarian government halts deportations.
Kovno ghetto liquidated.
Soviet forces annihilate Army Group Center leaving only pocets of German forces to fight the Soviets.
Soviet forces come within 100 km. of Wolf's Lair headquarters in Rastenberg.
Lvov liberated: 110,000 Jews dead.
Deportation to Germany of 27,000 Jews from camps east of the Vistula River.
Liquidation of Lodz ghetto begins: 74,000 Jews deported to Auschwitz.
Scores of conspirators are tried and executed in Plotzensee prison.
Holding camp Drancy (Paris) liberated. Rumania capitulates.
Slovak national uprising begins.
Antwerp liberated: Fewer than 5,000 Jews survived.
Lodz Ghetto evacuated.
Soviet forces capture Prague.
British troops arrive in Holland.
American troops on the German border.
Massacre of Jews in the concentration camp in Kluga, Estonia. Resumption of deportations from Slovakia.
Churchill announces formation of Jewish brigade.
Many German conspirators tried and executed.
Polish uprising in Warsaw crushed.
Escape attempts in Auschwitz?Birkenau.
Germany installs new puppet Hungarian government, which resumes deporting Jews.
Hitler orders the establishment of the Volkssturms (mobilization of all men from 16 to 60).
Paris is liberated by Allied armies.
Battle of Leyte.
Approximately 14,000 Jews transported from Slovakia to Auschwitz.
Soviet troops near Budapest.
"Battle of the Bulge."
Waffen SS murder 81 U.S. POWs at Malmedy.