Pope Francis, born Jorge Mario Bergoglio, is the 266th and current Pope of the Roman Catholic Church. He is the first pontiff from Latin America. He succeeded Pope Benedict XVI who resigned from the position in February 2013.
Bergoglio was born in Buenos Aires, Argentina and was studying to be a chemical technician when he decided at the age of 21 to become a priest. He entered the society of Jesus in 1958 and after attaining degeres in theological studies and psychology he served as provincial for Argentina from 1973 to 1979. In 1992, Bergoglio was named Auxiliary Bishop of Buenos Aires.
Bergoglio visited Israel in 1973, just before the Yom Kippur War. According to the Vatican he stayed for about a week and visited holy sites in Jerusalem, Ein Kerem and Bethlehem.
Bergoglio is said to be on good terms with the Jewish community of Argentina. Local and American Jews thanked him for his response to the 1994 bombing of the Asociación Mutual Israelita Argentina (AMIA) Jewish community center in Buenos Aires, in which 87 people were killed and more than 100 wounded. In 2005, he was the first public figure to sign a a joint statement entitled "85 victims, 85 signatories" against terrorism and demanding belated justice for the bombings. Jose Adaszko of the Israel Mutual Association of Argentina and Omar Helal Massud of the Islamic Center also signed. Bergoglio also published a book together with Rabbi Abraham Skorka, president of the Buenos Aires Rabbinical Seminary, that examines a range of issues from Jewish and Catholic perspectives. Rabbi Sergio Bergman, a Buenos Aires legislator, was referred to by Bergoglio as “one of my teachers.” As Pope, Bergoglio has held meetings and worked with the Latin American Jewish Congress.
On March 13, 2013, Bergoglio was elected as the 266th Pope - the first from the Americas and the first from outside Europe since Pope Gregory III was elected in the year 734. He is the first Pope to take the name Francis, saying that he chose the name to honor St. Francis of Assisi, one who helped the poor. Bergoglio was also a runner up for the papacy in the 2005 enclave that ultimately chose Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger instead.
Upon his consecration, Francis sent a message to Rome's chief rabbi, Riccardo Di Segni, inviting him to mass in the Vatican on March 19. "I sincerely hope to be able to contribute to the progress that relations between Jews and Catholics have enjoyed since the Second Vatican Council," he said.
Claudio Epelman, director of the Latin American Jewish Congress, said that “I think it is the first time a pope has been elected that the Jewish community knows previously, and has a long history [with]," and that he is "very, very optismistic" about the future of relations between Jews and Catholics. “If you had to choose a pope by Jewish interest, you would have had to choose Bergoglio,” Epelman said. Julio Schlosser, the president of a Buenos Aires synagogue and the other Argentine delegate in Greece, said that Francis is “my friend and a friend of the rabbis” who is “very close to the Jewish community.”
On March 28th, 2013, Francis promised friendship, respect and continued dialogue with other religious leaders. He described the connection between Catholics and Jews as "a spiritual bond" that is "very special." “It’s a good start,” Rabbi Di Segni said in a follow up interview. “Hopefully, we’ll not have any accidents.” When asked about disagreements, the rabbi said that “What is important is the good will to solve them.”
The Pope has spoken out many times in opposition to anti-Semitism and anti-Semitic behavior. In October 2013, Francis reminded a crowd gathered in Rome of the importance to, “not regress, under any pretext, to any forms of intolerance and anti-Semitism, in Rome and in the rest of the world. I have said it before, and I would like to repeat once more: it is a contradiction for a Christian to be anti-Semitic... May anti-Semitism be banished from the heart and the life of every man and woman!” Not recognizing Israel as the homeland of the Jewish people is anti-Semitic, according to Pope Francis. Francis has a strong positive relationship with the Jewish people, and has spent “all of these long years with [my] Jewish brothers,” in Argentina.
Pope Francis reaffirmed his steadfast support for a Jewish homeland in the state of Israel in May 2015, stating during an interview that “anyone who does not recognize the Jewish people and the State of Israel - and their right to exist - is guilty of anti-Semitism.”
The Vatican released a document on December 10, 2015, commanding that Catholics should not try to convert Jews, and in fact the two groups should work together to combat anti-Semitism. Included in the statement was a pledge by the Vatican to, “do all that is possible with our Jewish friends to repel anti-Semitic tendencies.” Harsh condemnations of anti-Semitism were offered, and the leadership of the church expressly stated that the church, “neither conducts nor supports any specific institutional mission work directed towards Jews.”
Pope Francis became the third pope ever to visit the Auschwitz concentratrion camp on July 29, 2016, where he walked beneath the famous “Arbeit Macht Frei” arch and met with survivors. He visited the cell where Maximilian Kolbe was held, and knelt and prayed silently. The Pope's only words during the visit, he inscribed in the guest book; “Lord, have mercy on your people! Lord, forgive us for so much cruelty!”
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