Joachim von Ribbentrop
Joachim von Ribbentrop, the son of a German Army officer, was born in Wesel, Germany, on April 30, 1893. Educated at a boarding school at Switzerland he also spent time in France and England as a child.
In 1911 he began working as clerk with a German importing firm based in London before moving to Canada where he worked as a timekeeper on the reconstruction of the Quebec Bridge and the Canadian Pacific Railroad. This was followed by employment as a journalist in New York City and Boston.
On the outbreak of the First World War, Ribbentrop returned to Germany where he joined the German Army. While serving with the 125th Hussar Regiment, he won the Iron Cross. After being seriously wounded in 1917, Ribbentrop joined the War Ministry and was a member of the German delegation that attended the Paris Peace Conference.
After leaving the German Army, Ribbentrop worked as a salesman for the French firm of Pommerey in the Rhineland. He later became a partner in a Berlin sales agency.
In May 1932, Ribbentrop joined the National Socialist German Workers Party (NSDAP). He quickly moved up the hierarchy and, in 1933, became Hitler's foreign affairs adviser. The following year he established the Ribbentrop Bureau an organization that eventually had a staff of 300 people.
Adolf Hitler appointed Ribbentrop as the ambassador to London in August 1936. His main objective was to persuade the British government not to get involved in Germany territorial disputes and to work together against the the communist government in the Soviet Union.
When Ribbentrop presented his credentials to George VI on February 5, 1937, the British were outraged when he gave the Hitler salute. He also upset the British government by posting Schutz Staffeinel (SS) guards outside the German Embassy and by flying swastika flags on official cars.
On February 4, 1938, Ribbentrop replaced Constantin von Neurath as Germany's foreign minister. He worked closely with Adolf Hitler in his negotiations with the British and French governments and in August 1939 arranged the signing of the Nazi-Soviet Pact.
In 1940, Hitler once again began to consider invading the Soviet Union and he sent Ribbentrop to negotiate a new treaty with Japan. On September 25, 1940, Ribbentrop sent a telegram to Vyacheslav Molotov, the Soviet foreign minister, informing him that Germany, Italy and Japan were about to sign a military alliance. Ribbentrop pointed out that the alliance was to be directed towards the United States and not the Soviet Union.
Molotov already knew about the proposed German-Japanese Pact. Richard Sorge, a German journalist working in Tokyo, was a Soviet spy and had already told Molotov that Adolf Hitler was involved in negotiations with Japan. In Sorge's view, the pact was directed against the Soviet Union but it was not until December 1940, that he was able to send Molotov full details of Operation Barbarossa.
Rippentrop became a background figure during the Second World War but was arrested and charged with war crimes in June 1945. Joachim von Ribbentrop denied knowledge of German concentration camps and racial extermination policies, but was found guilty at the Nuremberg War Crimes Trial and was executed on October 16, 1946.
Sources: Spartacus Educational