The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is an international organization that seeks to promote the peaceful use of nuclear energy, and to inhibit its use for any military purpose, including nuclear weapons. The IAEA consists of 152 member states as of November 2011, some of whom are not members of the United Nations.
The IAEA was originally established as an autonomous organization on July 29, 1957 following in the footsteps of U.S. President Eisenhower's "Atoms for Peace" speech to the United Nations in 1953. Though established independently of the United Nations through its own international treaty, the IAEA reports to both the UN General Assembly and Security Council.
The IAEA Mission Statement consists of four key elements:
Today, the IAEA is crucial in evaluating and overseeing the implementation of safeguards on nuclear technology set forth through the international nuclear non-proliferation treaty as well as various United Nations Security Council resolutions dealing with nuclear power.
Since 2007, the IAEA has published regular reports highlighing Iran's compliance (or non-compliance) with nuclear safeguards with regards to the possible ongoing development of nuclear weapons.
All IAEA files are in PDF format