||Operation Yachin bring Moroccan
Jews to Israel as Morocco leaglizes
immigration to Israel.
||Israel's first nuclear reactor becomes
operational at Nahal Sorek.
||The Egoz, a ship
bringing Morccan Jews to Israel - sinks.
Syrian positions east of Sea of Galilee,
following Syrian shelling.
||Security Council condemns
Israel for Galilee raid.
trial begins at Beit Ha'am in Jerusalem.
Beer, military historian and advisor
to the Minister of Defense, is arrested
for spying for the USSR and is sentenced
to 15 years in jail.
||Elections for the Fifth
||Civil war in Yemen - Egypt and
Saudi Arabia intervene.
coup d'etat breaks up the UAR.
to death by hanging, the first and only
person in Israel to receive the death
||In a landmark Supreme Court decision,
the Ministry of Interior is ordered to
recognize the marriage of a Jew and a
Christian performed in Cyprus.
||Pro-Egyptian Colonel Arif
overthrows Qassim regime in Iraq
||Officers group connected
with Ba'ath party takes over power in Syria.
on West Germany to forbid its scientists
to aid Egyptian missiles and arms development.
||Egypt, Syria and Iraq agree
on new federation; also call for liberation
Shazar becomes Israel's third President.
Ben-Gurion resigns as Prime Minister
and Minister of Defense and retires.
He is replaced by Levi
||Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol presents his government
to the Knesset.
||Nasser renounces Egypt's
federation agreement with Syria and Iraq,
and denounces Syria's Ba'ath party.
||Military coup in Iraq;
Arif becomes President.
Lyndon B. Johnson signs into law
the Immigration Act of 1965, abolishing
the national origins quota system.
||Arafat's Fatah begins the “armed
struggle” against Israel, undertaking
its first cross-border attack on January
||Tunisian President Habib Bourguiba
proposes recognition of Israel.
terrorists attempt to bomb the
National Water Carrier - the first
attack carried out by the PLO's Fatah faction.
||West Germany announces
suspension of arms sales to Israel.
Museum in Jerusalem is founded
as the country's national museum.
Israel and West
Germany establish diplomatic
Cohen is hanged in Damascus after
being found guilty of spying for Israel.
fired on the neighborhood of Musara in Jerusalem,
killing two civilians and wounding four.
Only solution for Palestine - elimination
||A Fatah cell
planted explosives near Beit
Guvrin, and on the railroad tracks
to Jerusalem near
||Chief of Staff Rabin says
Israel has effectively deterred Arab
States from diverting Jordan River headwaters.
Kollek becomes Mayor of Jerusalem;
he is re-elected six times and serves
||Elections for the Sixth
||U.S. confirms sale of tanks
||The new Knesset building
in Jerusalem is inaugurated.
||The Coca-Cola Company announces it
will open a plant in Israel in defiance
of the the Arab
||Konrad Adenauer visits
||Two Israelis killed when
their jeep hit a terrorist landmine
in Northern Galilee. Tracks led into Syria.
in Knesset that Israel will not be first
to introduce nuclear weapons to Middle
East; calls for limitations on regional
||U.S. confirms sale of jet
fighters to Israel.
||Two soldiers and 1 civilian
killed when their truck struck a terrorist landmine
||Serious clashes between
Israel and Syria, followed by inconclusive
Security Council debate.
||Syria and Egypt sign
mutual defence treaty providing for joint
||Israel raids Samu village
following incursions from Jordan.
||Israeli writer Shmuel
Yosef Agnon receives the Nobel
Prize in Literature with a German-Jewish
author, Nelly Sachs.
Gurion University of the Negev
||Heavy fighting along Israel-Syria borders.
||Israeli aircraft shoot
down 7 Syrian Migs.
||Security Council deplores
Arab attacks on Israel.
||Reports circulating in Tel Aviv of
pending Israeli attack against Syria
||UAR recieves intelligence reports,
apprarantly from Soviets, warning of
Israeli attack on Syria.
||Nasser declares alert in Egypt and
bolsters his forces in Sinai. UAR chief-of-staff
flies to Damascus.
||Egyptian forces continue
pouring into Sinai, UAR forces stand
on alert, deployment begins.
||Israeli's begin to show concern over
UAR deployments towards Sinai . Propoganda
campaign begins in UAR and spreads across
the Arab world.
||Egyptian President Nasser
orders UN forces to evacuate the Gaza
Strip and Sinai. Reports of UAR troops
being withdrawn from Yemen to Sinai.
Israel begins mobilization.
||UAR calls for the United Nations Emergency
Force to withdraw from Egyptian territory.
||UN Emergency Force withdrawn
at Egypt's request. Israel declares partial
||Nasser declares alert in Egypt and
state of emergency in Gaza. Unites with
111 other Arab nations two of which (Syria
and Iraq) openly called for the destruction
of Israel. Sixth fleet carrier task groups
directed to move eastward towards Crete.
||UAR mobilizes reserves.
of Tiran closed to Israeli shipping.
||Eshkol warns Egypt of
gravity of blockade.
||Security Council adjourns,
having failed to take any action on Middle
||Egypt and Jordan sign
mutual defence pact in Cairo.
||National Unity Government
Dayan appointed Defense Minister.
||Joint-Chiefs-of-Staff permits Sixth
Fleet to commence in-port upkeep periods,
reflecting relaxation of tensions.
||Iraq joins UAR-Jordan defense pact.
||UAR and Iraq forces enter Jordan
Israeli air force pre-emptively
attacks Egyptian, Jordanian, Syrian
and Iraqi air force bases; efectively
neutralizing them. IDF ground forces
attack Egyptian forces in Sinai and
Strip. Israeli Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol conveys message to King Hussein
of Jordan through UN Chief of Staff
in Jerusalem that
Israel has no intentions of attacking Jordan.
At 10:20 Jordan launches
attack on Israel.Following Jordanian
artillery and small arms attacks
and a Jordanian incursion into the
DMZ in Jerusalem, IDF forces commence
operations against Jordanian military
positions in Judea, Samaria, and
MOLINK exchanges with Soviet leaders
begins. UAR and Jordan begin concocting
and disseminating false intervention
charge. Crisis in Benghazi where British
troops rescue trapped Americans. Crisis
at Wheelus AB.
||Egyptian forces continue pouring into
Sinai. Initial U.S. military moves negative,
to avoid giving impression of U.S. intervantion.
JCS disapproves movement of Amphibious
Force from Malta,. Algeria, UAR, Syria,
Sudan, and Yemen break relations with
the U.S. Algeria and Kuwait ban all shipments
to the U.S. and the U.K.
completes deployment in Sinai (including
Strip). Cease-fire declared with Egypt and Jordan as
fighting continues with Syria. USS
Liberty mistankenly attacked by Israeli
||IDF forces move against
Syrian forces on the Golan
||President Nasser resigns,
withdraws resignation some hours later.
||IDF completes deployment
in the Golan
Heights; cease-fire declared with
Syria. USSR and other East European nations,
except Rumania, sever diplomatic ties
||Israel announces it will
not withdraw to 1949 armistice lines
before peace is achieved by direct negotiations.
Johnson Outlines 5
point U.S. peace plan.
of Holy Places Law.
unification of Jerusalem.
denouncing Israel as aggressor, calling
for evacuation of liberated territory
are rejected by the General Assembly.
summit in Khartoum state: No negotiations
with Israel, no peace with Israel and
no recognition of Israel.
policy across the Jordan River bridges,
for goods and people, is instituted.
conference in Khartum proclaims policy
of no peace, no recognition and no negotiations
missiles fired from Egyptian missile
boats sink Israeli destroyer "Eilat."
destroys Egyptian oil refineries in Suez.
General Assembly Resolution 242 is
War of Attrition against Israel: 1968-70.
|| Israel TV transmits its
first broadcast, the 20th Independence
Day military parade.
||Jews return to Gush
Etzion, abandoned after its capture
by the Jordanians in 1948.
||Jews return to Hebron,
abandoned after the Jewish massacres
||Polish government outlaws
Jewish language and institutions.
||The Israeli Navy submarine
Dakar and crew disappear at sea en route
||Eshkol ends two days of
talks with President Johnson in Texas.
three stage doctrine of struggle against
army attack on PLO base
at Karameh, Jordan.
||Prime Minister Levi
Eshkol declares that the Jordan
River is Israel's security border.
party is formed from the union
of Mapai, Ahdut
Ha'avodah and Rafi.
Palestinian National Council adopt covenant calling
for Israel's destruction.
Front for the Liberation of Palestine
(PFLP) carries out the first hijacking,
diverting an El Al flight to Algiers.
32 Jewish passengers were held hostage
for 5 weeks.
||Ba'thists seize power in
||One killed and seventy-one
wounded by three bombs that exploded
in Tel Aviv.
for El Al aircraft en route to Algeria.
||Foreign Minister Eban offers
nine point peace plan at UN General Assembly. Egypt rejects
plan and demands that Ambassador Jarring
work out a timetable for Israeli withdrawl
from disputed areas.
||Fighting breaks out again
along Suez Canal, Suez oil refineries
||Israel allows return to
disputed areas thousands of refugees
who fled to Jordan in
||Twelve killed and fifty-two
injured by a car bomb in the Mahaneh
Yehuda market, Jerusalem.
||Heavy fighting erupts on
||Israel aircraft attack
Iraqi artillery units in Jordan.
||Arab terrorists attack
Israeli airliner in Athens.
sale of Phanton jets to Israel.
||IDF raids Beirut airport,
destroying 13 airliners without loss
||Israeli airliner attacked
||Two killed and twenty injured
by a bomb detonated in a crowded market
Eshkol dies suddenly.
Arafat elected chairman of the PLO.
Meir becomes Prime Minister after Eshkol's death.
||Soviet missiles installed
following announcement by Nasser that Egypt has
completed rehabilitation of its army
and is moving to stage of active defense.
cease-fire along Suez Canal.
terrorist raids against Israel from its
territory, following Israel warning and
General U Thant proclaims that war
of attrition is taking place along
||Israel airforce begins
bombing targets inside Egypt.
||Israel repels Syrian attack
Mosque damaged by arson.
||Nasser calls for all out
war against Israel.
||American airliner hijacked
to Damascus; two Israeli passengers detained
||Coup d'etat in Libya overthrows
monarchy. Moammer Qaddafi heads Revolutionary
||Secret U.S.-USSR talks
on Middle East peace. Talks fail when
Nasser rejects plan.
||Israel proposes home rule
Bank, retaining responsibility for
||Four killed and twenty
wounded by terrorist bombs in five apartments.
| October 28
||Elections to the Seventh
||U.S. Secretary of State
Rogers announces American
Plan for peace in the Middle East.
| December 12
||Israel rejects Rogers