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Jews in America: Jewish American & British Veterans of the Korean War

(June 1950 - July 1953) by Martin Sugarman

The Jewish Chronicle (JC) of 31.7.53 said there were 4,000 Jewish servicemen and women serving in the Allied Forces in Korea, mostly American (see below).


Abingold, Liverpool – JC 8/5/53 page 18

Walter Alt , Royal Canadian Corps of Signals, formerly British Army WW2, born in Austria billeted Merryhill barracks, Glasgow, and emigrated to Canada after WW2 to serve in Canadian Army in Korea ( Is he possibly 13120004 Abraham Alt as per AJEX Chaplains’ cards - Pioneer Corps, sister Linda Libenson of Ramat Gan, Israel) - information from Mr Guest of Bristol who served with him - says Alt was a judo expert and had War, Defence , Korea and UN medals. To be clarified, but a Pte Allt is mentioned on pages 125-7 in Jefferson’s book “Assault on the Guns of Merville” (John Murray, 1987) as member of the paras. on D Day. This could be the same man

421996 Capt. Isidore Apter RADC – son of Mr P – 25a, Thompson St., Barry, Glam. – AJEX card

22168031 Pte Anthony Babot, Middx Reg., s. of F Babot, of 174 Chamberlayne Rd, NW10 – JC 23/5/52 Page 32

22759423 Spr. David Back, RE – son of Mrs Back at 274, Camden Rd NW1 – AJEX card

349943 Major Michael Arnold Balgon – RA/1st Bat. Royal Warwicks., 41a, Maresfiled Gdns., Hampstead – AJEX card

116515 Sqdn. Ldr. Cyril Stanley Bamberger, DFC and bar, RAF (WW2) – Battle of Britain ace (see “Men of the Battle of Britain”, K Wynn, London 1999) – RAF Intelligence Korea – AJEX card – of Jewish origin.

2430125 Bernard Bellman RAF  - AT Control From Edgware – also Berlin Airlift

2328455 Harold Gershon Benjamin (now Bennett) – RCOS – AJEX card and interview – WW2 veteran of Lofoten islands Commando raid, Iceland, North Africa, - son of H Benjamin of 42 Banstead Grove, Leeds 8 – later of Lincoln

22943686 Cpl (later Doctor) H Bentley – RAMC – Stanmore- later IDF in 6 Day War

22985360 Pte Aubrey Bernstein RASC – 128, Hindle House, Arcola St, Hackney E8- AJEX card

Geoffrey Brice – FAA – HMS Glory

22611667 Pte Frank Frederick Carson RAPC – of 47 Parkholme Rd, Dalston, E8 – AJEX card shows he was in the BAOR and posted to  Korea in 1951 (PRO-RF)

Lt Brian Charig – died Dec 2006 – JC Obit.

22992559 Pte. Victor Cohen RAOC – 1st Comm. Div. – 28, Lime Grove, Hoole, Chester – AJEX card

14452236 Sgt. Julius Cohen KSLI – 3, Ribstone Hse., Morning Lane, Hackney E9 – AJEX card

David Cohen - info. from L Keene - no more known.

22493698 Fus. H Cohen 1st bat. Royal Fusiliers (PRO-RF) – no card identified

Major Elliot L Cohen, OBE - CO B Coy. 1st Bat. Royal Canadian Reg. at Hill 355 (Little Gibraltar) in Oct 1952, heroically defended against heavy Chinese tank and infantry attack  - Korean War Official History at IWM Library/ JC 31.10.52 page 24.

22650106 Pte Gerald Cohen - 1st bat. Royal Fus. - from London - info. from Feinstein and AJEX card.

7893184 Tpr. Frank Cornell RAC – husband of Mrs T Cornell, 9 Primrose Hill Ct., NW3 – AJEX card

22937819 Spr. Malcolm Collins, RE – of 62, Easterley Rd., Leeds, 8 – AJEX card says he was posted to Pusan.

S/22637658 L/Cpl Conrad Percy Drogie, 38/39th platoon RASC  - 19, Wensley Rd, Kersal, Salford - son of Henry - JC 24.4.53/AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards. Was involved in assisting bringing of the dead and wounded being brought back from the front.

Tom Driberg, MP - war correspondent.

427856 Capt K Dickinson RAMC - possible MC - of 54 Portland Rd., Edgbaston, Birmingham 16 - information from AJEX Chaplain’s cards and Colin Ross (below)

RM7021 John Dickson, 45 RM Commando – Woodford

Joseph Dickson, RN – (brother of John)

22933997 Sgt. Vivian Dubow, E Troop RCOS of 19th Fld. Reg. RA – AJEX card – of 30 Winchester Ave., Penylan, Cardiff

ZD10253 Capt. Graham Gershon Dixon ,Canadian Royal 22nd Reg., Infantry; regular soldier for 16 years born 29.1.31 Montreal, enlisted as a Pte 1948 - personal letter.

Act. Sgt 23093366 Howard Peter Ellerman C Coy. RAMC, Dec 1954-Dec 1956 Japan and Korea - personal talk and AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards. Of 1, Empire Mansions Mare St, Hackney E8.

22860834 Pte Alfred Ellis, Royal Irish Fus, to 1st bat. Commonwealth Div. - son of D J Ellis, 7, Morval Rd., Brixton SW2 - AJEX Index cards.

433532 Capt. Henry Engelsman, RADC – 22 Ballogie Ave, NW10 – AJEX card

D/SKX 879823, J. Feldman, RN

22650111 Fus. Jack Feinstein – a bren gunner 1st Bat., D Coy, 12 Platoon, 3 Section, Royal Fus. - served at battles of Inchon, The Hook (with the Duke of Wellington’s Reg.), Hill 355 (with US forces) - from Amhurst Rd., Hackney (AJEX card). After a night patrol and ambush of enemy troops, his platoon returned for hot soup served by cook Fus. Harold Weinberg.

2239370 Pte Samuel Fineberg  - (AJEX card) – 29th Fld. Ambulance RAMC , son of Mrs S Fineberg of 10, Bellot St., Cheetham, Manchester.

Sgt Alec “Moishe” Freedman, b. 20.11.28 in Stepney - Middlesex/ B Coy.1st Bat. Leicestershires - Battle of Italy Hill (Hill 317) -  Resident at Royal Hospital Chelsea - personal interview. The Leicesters attacked 317 on the night of Nov 6th 1951 but were not successful, taking heavy casualties. Personal interview and photo AJEX museum.

Fus. 22594482 A Goldstein – PRO-RF – no AJEX card found

22650113 Fus. E. Teddy Greenbaum - 1st Bat Royal Fus. - London - info. from Feinstein and AJEX card.

Gilmour/Gilmore aka Ginsburg/Ginsberg – RADC – information from L Keene.

23022452 Pte Bertram Gabriel – RAOC - AJEX card 41, Rutherglen Rd, Glasgow 5  - 1954 Korea and Japan.

T22911049 Dvr. Sidney Hearne, RASC – info. from Kosmin below – of 73 Brune Hse., Toynbee St., E1 – AJEX card.

22868160 Pte Dennis Herman RAOC – of 21 Leadale rd, Clapton N15 – AJEX card

22361530/414377 Major Bernard Arthur Isaacs, aka Irvine MC, MiD twice, US Citation – KRRC/ 1st bat. KSLI/ 1st bat. Royal Fusiliers - personal call – said 15% of the City of London RF were Jews and he personally was present at the burial of many. Vol. 1948 aged 17 years for 21 years service; Sandhurst; RF att. Middx. and Glos. Regts. - then US 5th Cavalry liason officer. WIA and POW reported believed kia. Escaped with 10 others and only 3 survived - rescued General McArthur’s son and General gave him a gold rolex watch as reward. Was recommended for a VC in the same action with Speakman, VC - but given MC instead. On return to UK was not expected to live due to malaria but grandfather doctor (paediatrician to Royal family) got him into Hospital for Tropical diseases and he survived; later gave a talk to the Liberal Jewish Synagogue where he met his wife. AJEX card says father was G H Isaacs of 49, The Ridgeway, Golders Green.

Major Jaffee OBE – Canadian Forces

2435534 Sgt Stanley Katz, RAF Bomb Disposal, 42 Group

413358/2234477 Lt Michael S Kisch 2nd Fld. RE – son of Mrs R of 2, Kensington Ct., First Ave., Hove – AJEX card

22943980 Pte Gerald Emmanuel Kosmin, Royal Signals radio mechanic – 68, Holders Hill Drive, NW4 – AJEX card.

23171332 Pte Leon Keene, 1st bat. Royal Sussex Reg. and ACC of 15, Manor Hall Ave., Hendon NW4. AJEX card and personal call. Knew the USA Jewish Chaplain Chaim Potok, later a famous writer.

Col Alfred G Katzin of South Africa, personal representative of UN Sec. Gen Trygvie Lee (JC 21.7.50).

S/22451246 Cpl Barry Karsberg - RASC/Royal West Kent Reg. - of 402, London Rd.,North Cheam, Surrey, son of E Karsberg - sailed on HMT Empire Pride to Japan and Korea - JC 17.10.52 page 13 and AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards.

22493234 Cpl. Lionel Krimholtz – RAOC (now Kaye) – Base Ammunition Depot, Zong Zang , nr Pusan – 149, Grundy St, Poplar – AJEX card

Pte, formerly S/Sgt WW2  6631255, RCOS, Godfrey Langdon, of Perrin Rd, London,W3, fought with RA at Imijin River supporting the Glosters. Recommended for MiD. Telephone call and correspondence from nephew Julian Lewis. He was one of 4  brothers who were in the TA and fought all through WW2 (including France and North Africa), and father in WW1 - photos at AJEX museum and Jewish Chaplains cards.

Lt Michael George Levy – Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry D Coy., 10th Platoon – “Strange Battleground – Official History of Canadians in Korea” , H F Wood p77, Canadian Min. of Defence, 1966. Also, he was formerly SOE Force 136 Malaya against Japanese 1944-45 and MiD for courage.

1485439 Acting Sgt H Levy - RWK att. RF  WIA 27.6.53 - from “Casualties Sustained by the British Army in the Korean War” (CSBAKW) p.18. Unable to locate AJEX card – on PRO-RF roll.

Lt A Levy – from Istanbul, ADC to Commanding Officer of Turkish Brigade (from Jewish Chaplain  Bulletin of the USAC, July 1953.

S/227443822 Pte  Leon Lehrer RASC – Ajex card – of 30d, Greencroft gardens, NW6

Capt George Benjamin Lipawasky, SAAF, DFC – shot down but survived.

Barry Lobell – not real name – POW of the Chinese – mentioned in article of Finchley Synagogue magazine Aug. 2001- refused to divulge any further information.

22307199 Pte Maurice Martin Mazin - RAOC – 1st Comm. Div. – son of Mrs E – 122, Clapton Common, E5 – AJEX card

22318551 Spr. Jonathan Ellis Manasseh – RE – son of  E S . Manasseh, 57 Camden Hill Rd, W8 – AJEX card

21127179 Pte D. Marks  MIA/POW 26.4.51 - Glos. Reg. - from “POW’s of The British Army in Korea 1950-53” by P Gaston, page 16 - AJEX Chaplain’s card not found.

Pte D H Marks - Duke of Wellington’s (West Riding) Reg. - WIA 6.6.53 - (CSBAKW p.50) – AJEX card not located.

Lt Col. R L Marks – 26th Field Ambulance RAMC – no AJEX card located

22559891 L/Cpl. H Miller – BAOR  posted to Korea on PRO-RF roll – AJEX card.

Col. E C Wolf Myers - Engineers - MiD for gallantry Jan to June 1952 - JC 17.10 52 page 13 - a highly decorated regular officer who served at Arnhem and in SOE in Yugoslavia in WW2. See Arnhem archive at AJEX Museum. Died in 1997.

2201375 Lou Myers b.26.10.27 Shoreditch – WW2 Royal Marines in North Africa, Combined Operations/SAS; Israel Machal 1948-50; Korea 1950-52 – personal interview.

22541117 Cpl. Solly Myerthall – RASC – son of Mrs J., 5, Prestonfield Gdns., Edinburgh, 9 – AJEX card

22859663 Sgt. Eric Jack Orbaum RASC – son of F., 2, Norfolk rd., Leeds, 7 – AJEX card

22576845 Pte Morris Ottolangui  - ACC attached RF, D Coy, 1st Bat. – son of Julia of Wistaria Hse., 42, Huntingdon St., St. Neots, Hunts. – PRO-RF roll and AJEX card

Pte Peter Phillips, R Fus – (info. Alan Shaffer)

22929428 L/Cpl. Sam Phillips,  RAMC 26th Field Ambulance , b. 7/8/34 in East End and evacuated to 13 Abbotts Way Northampton - served Japan and 9 months in Korea, British and Commonwealth Communications Zone Medical Unit - UN Korea Medal - personal call/AJEX Jewish Chaplain’s cards.

Pte Joe Rairu, R Fus. – (info. Alan Shaffer)

22616095 Cftsmn. Louis Rapaport REME and 1st bat. DLI – from 586 Wilmslow Rd, Manchester 20 -  AJEX card.

FX584695 Petty Officer John “Jack” Renack, Fleet Air Arm, from Cable Street (51 Canon St. Rd.) – WW2 comrade of Emmanuel Penner with whom he served – personal interview – AJEX card.

22943905 Acting Sgt. Issy Rondell aka Reynolds – 29th Brigade, RA – met on AJEX Parade Nov. 2001- born 11/8/35 in Kalisch, Poland and survived Nazi death camps. Lived at 121 Old Montague St, E1. In UK he joined the army and was posted to Korea in RA and then a special airborne unit  owing to his language abilities in Polish, Russian etc – AJEX card.

22895132 Sgt Harold Colin Ross, 26th Field Ambulance, 1st Commonwealth Div., section commander Battle of The Hook, and Stand of the Gloucesters, many of whose casualties as well as North Koreans, came through his RAP. Remembers the American Jewish Chaplain clearly. Letter and call to author. Born Sunderland 11.7.31, 25 Whitburn Bents Rd, Seaburn - AJEX Chaplain’s card/photo.

22508074 Fus. A. Shaffer  1st Bat. Royal Fusiliers -  BAOR, posted to Korea – PRO-RF roll and AJEX card.

22928876 Stanley Share - 15th Coy. RASC - of 13 Hazon Way, Epsom, Surrey - Ajex card.

14472846 Intelligence Sgt (later Major) David Sharp, BEM; born Hackney 12.1.28 and Barmitzvah at Singers Hills synagogue, Birmingham. Formerly Malay Scouts, then HQ 29th Indep. Infantry Brigade Group att. 1st bat. Royal Northumb. Fus.; in Korea at time of capture was with UN Partisan Forces behind the lines - last and 946th POW to be released in Sept. 1953 aged 25 years, son of Mr and Mrs Harry Sharp - AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards, AJEX Museum. Volunteered Sept. 1945 as a regular in Malaya. Captured at Imjin River 25.4.51, three times wounded. From 1, Moorcroft Rd, Moseley, Birmingham - in JC 13.4.53/Nov 1953/D.Express 7.9.53. Awarded BEM (Military) for “gallant and distinguished services whilst a POW in Korea” and US Gallantry Award. Made several attempts to escape and was in fact engaged on an escape near the end of his captivity. Was incarcerated in the notorious “wooden boxes” and gave up the chance of a GC award because as senior NCO, he recommended a comrade, Fus. Derek Kinne, in his stead. Arrived home on troopship “Dilwara” at Southampton. WIA/MIA and beaten badly by guards; charged as a war criminal because he refused to give information. Now a Major (retd.) David was CO of the 16th Indep Paras. Is today trainer of Special Forces and Govt. Agencies especially in Africa. Personal letter and interview. Never married.

22387810 Gunner Neville Silver, RA - from 762, Mansfield Rd, Nottingham - Hong Kong and Korea - AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards and letter. Served Dec 1951-Apl 1952, 14/24th battery 61st Light Reg of RA sound ranging (ie locating position of enemy guns) - AJEX Chaplain’s cards/photo.

22700971 Pte Phillip M. Silver, RASC – son of M Silver, 19, Terrace Rd, Liverpool, 16 – Ajex card

23179534 Pte Arnold M Schwartzman, 1st bat. Royal Sussex Reg and RAEC - parents of the Hotel Majestic, Lewis Cres., Cliftonville - AJEX card and call from Keene (above). Now lives in Los Angeles.

2258037 Fus. Maurice Solomon – 105 Lewis Flats, Dalston, Hackney, E8 – BAOR, posted to Korea – PRO-RF and AJEX card.

23271186 Pte Eddie Sonsky, 1st bat. Royal Sussex Reg., of 92, Eric St, Mile End E3. AJEX card and call from Keene (above).

22409862 Fus. Ivan Steinberg, Royal Ulster Rifles/R Irish Fus. – son of M Steinberg, 398, Bancroft Rd, E1 – Ajex card

Lady Sybil Summers of Biggin – ATS/Army – St John’s Wood

23136318 Pte Joel Sylvester RASC – 22 Meadway, Welwyn garden City – AJEX card

22521609  Spr. R L Szapira, RE – 55 Field Sqdn. - AJEX card

22622159 Fus. Michael Micky Taylor - info. from Feinstein - B Coy 1st bat. RF - AJEX card - son of A Taylor of 44, Hadford Rd, NW11.

Lt Cmdr. Alan Tyler RN -  b. 1924 London, served WW2 and worldwide postwar including Malaya and was in Korea at time of fighting and armistice, with HMS Birmingham. See autobiography “Cheerful and Contented” Book Guild, 2000 – AJEX card and interview.

 22244052 Sgt. R Wainstein – APTC  att. RF – PRO-RF but AJEX  card not located.

22622146 Fus. Harold Weinberg - 1st bat. RF - see Feinstein above,  of 7, Cookham Bldgs., Old Nichol St.,Bethnal Green, E2 – AJEX card.

22486122/421197 Lt. Michael Wolff – platoon 2, C Coy., 1st bat. RF – PRO-RF roll and AJEX card

23081754 L/Cpl Norman Zetter RAOC att.  S Staffs Reg. – s. of Mark Zetter, 10, Headleigh Rd, Westcliffe-on-Sea, Essex – AJEX card and interview.

Unidentified Jewish member of KOSB, 1st bat., A Coy, from London, was Coy. Clerk KIA in Korea - had previously served Palestine and Hong Kong - info. from comrade Leonard Jones

Killed in Action

414788 Lt Andrew Albrecht, RIDG – kia 20/6/52 – b. Pusan grave 22-4-1450

Lt Joseph Yehudi Levison -  Princess Patricia’s Canadian Light Infantry - KIA 20.5.51 at Munsan 7 miles south of Panmanjon - Canadian Book of Remembrance, Korean War and photo of grave donated by Grp. Capt. Simon Coy, Military attache British Embassy in Seoul.

2277176 Cpl Barnett Lipschild, RE – b. Nkano Northern Rhodesia 23/4/31 – kia 13/5/53 b. Pusan with no religious symbol, grave 39-83-399

22290920 Cpl Montague Ritterband, B Coy. 1st Bat. KSLI/ formerly 14422233  2nd Bat. The Rifle Brigade/attatched Army Air Corps,  in WW2 - son of Marcuse/Martin R. of Northampton (owned a philatelist shop in 226, Wellingborough Road),  brother of Daniel  Ritterband of 30 Fairways, Brighton, 5 - re-enlisted 29.12.49 - arrived Korea 4.9.51, notified in JC 7.12.51 that he was KIA 17.11.51 aged 26 years  AJEX Chaplains Index Cards. Army casualty office confirms burial at UN Memorial Cemetery, Pusan, South Korea, Plot 23, Row 6, grave 1616. Name inscribed on War Memorial in Abington Sq.,  Northampton, 1998. Montague joined the Home Guard aged 15 years during WW2, then the Belgian and Norwegian Merchant Navies, joining the army at 17.5 years and eventually joining the Paras, serving in Belgium, Holland, Germany, Sumatra, Thailand and Malaysia, making at least 8 operational jumps in WW2. De-mobbed in 1946, he fought in the Israeli War of Independence and then he re-joined the army and was KIA in Korea just when he was due for leave. Letter from Brother and Sister in law Betty. Decorations include 1939-45, France & Germ, War Medal, General Service SE Asia 1945-46, Gen Service Palestine 1945-48, Korean Medal, UN Korean Medal, on permanent loan to AJEX museum.Photo at museum.

370959 Lt G “Gus” Sander/Saunders, commander of 6th platoon, B Company, Middx. Reg - MiD -  KIA 30.10.50 during an attack on the village of TAE-DONG near Chongju. Padre “Guz” Jones conducted the burial service in a small glade of trees with members of his platoon and other officers. His body was never repatriated and his name is commemorated on the memorial to those with no known graves at PUSAN WG Cemetery. However, a body repatriated from North Korea in 1997 MAY be his and identification is awaited. Gus served at Arnhem in 1944 in Intelligence/RAMC(?), a Jewish German/Austrian/Belgian(?)  refugee. Letter from Middx. OCA historian, Dan Barrett, and Peter Davis TD who served with him in OCTU after WW2. Photo at Museum and of his memorial donated by Grp. Capt. Simon Coy , Military attache at the British Embassy in Seoul.

Two un-named Hungarian Jews serving as medical orderlies with the Allies -  KIA JC 7.12.51 - several Hungarian Jewish doctors and orderlies were serving in Korea as an option to internment in labour camps which Jews were being sent to in Hungary as part of a general anti-Semitic policy in that country.

USA Servicemen

(Much information comes from the publication “Jewish War Veterans of the USA - 100 Years of Service” Turner Press 1996, USA)

Infantry Capt. Bernard W Abrams - WW2 vet, WIA Korea, Silver Star, Bronze Star, PH, OLC.

USN seaman Robert M Alpert - USS Hornet

Meyer P Avers - Army

Lt Ira M Abelow - WW2 vet. and Chemical warfare

Master Sgt Hymie Arnesty - WW2 vet, Bronze Star.

Lt Edward Alpern, F-80 pilot flew 76 combat missions - DFC, Bronze  Star, Air Medal and 6 Oak Leaf Clusters - MIA believed KIA. - JC 15.8.52  page 11.

Pte Paul Braverman - aged 20 years 2nd US Infantry Div. - first US Jewish casualty (JC 4.8.50).

LTC Harold T Bartell - Bronze Star

Capt Irving O Barker - WW2 vet - CO A Coy 9th Infantry.

Sgt. Bernard Becker - USAAF

Sgt Henry W Becker - WW2 vet. - 23rd reg, 2nd Div - Bronze Star.

Pte Bernard Berman - Lakewood NJ - first Jewish POW released JC 21.8.53 - said 3 Jewish US men died as POW’s.

Pte Milton Backal - G Coy. 27th Inf.

Ronald Blumberg - battles of Christmas Hill, N Korea - Bronze Star.

Sgt Irwin Zabusky Braun  HQ Coy 32nd  Reg,  7th Div. - Combat Badge, Army Commend.,  - Battle of Triangle Hill.

.Major Abraham R Baum, USAAF - WW2 vet.

Zachariah Bloomfield - 55th QM Div.

Cpl A M Blobstein - Czech Holocausr survivor - JC 24.4.53

Harry Z Bornstein

Capt Richard L. Cohen - from Philadelphia   when 2 coys. of the 1st Cav Div were cut off for 3 days, Cohen radioed for help and this was picked up by Pte Herbert Lubelski (of Brooklyn), in American lines, resulting in rescue. Cohen won the Bronze and Silver Stars and 3 Oak Leaf Clusters; both men were WIA later.

Pte Manuel Castlewitz of Philadelphia - released POW JC 4.9.53

Pte Harry Dresner, aged 20 yrs of Philadelphia - WIA - chosen as Soldier of the year in Houston, Texas. - JC 9.3.51.

Capt Sydney Esenstein - medical POW from Minn. - released in JC 18.9.53

USN seaman Harvey S.Friedman - JWV p. 75/94

PFC Sidney Farkas - Czech Holocaust survivor - JC 24.4.53

Col Melvin Garten - wounded 4 times in WW2  - Capt of K Coy 312th Infantry, he assisted besieged troops on 30.10.52 near Surang-Ni by leading the storming of the enemy trenches with his men - awarded the DSC and later lost his leg in Viet-Nam. JWV page 73.

Capt Stanley Garten - recommended for CMH - JC 10.4.53

Infantryman Lawrence Goldstein - posthumous DSC - from New York - given at Battle of Heartbreak Ridge for bravery - WIA/KIA  JC 29.8.52 page 24.

Martin Greenberg - JWV p. 75

Edwin Goldwasser - JWV page 94.

Cpl Abraham Geller - son of an Orthodox Rabbi from Lower East Side New York - day after Yom Kippor Oct 1950 on the Han River, he was wounded in the stomach 3 times whilst protecting his CO , Lt George O’Connor,  during a Korean ambush; he killed the enemy with his bayonet. His life was probably saved by his fasting the day before. JWV pp72-3

Major Joseph  I. Gurfein - West Point graduate from Brooklyn - WW2 veteran para. engineer - when a mine injured several of his men, he skilfully re-organised his company in freezing conditions and routed the enemy - Silver Star - “Jewish War Veterans of the USA” pub. 1996 by Turner Press - page 72, and JC 15.8.52 page 11.

Marvin Kopelman aged 19 yrs of Brooklyn, a second Silver Star for destroying N Korean tanks after being wounded - (JC 25.8.50).

Alexander Kreizer of Danbury Conn - WW2 veteran -released POW JC 4.9.53 - survived the death march to the Yalu river in Feb 1951.

Pte Carl W. Kirchenhausen aged 26 yrs, from Brroklyn - POW 1951, released JC 24.4.53.

Arthur Levin of Brooklyn - KIA - JC 15.8.52  page 11.

F-80 Pilot Lt Leonard Levin - guided damaged plane of comrade back to base - JC 15.8.52 - page 11.

Pte Herbert Lubelski - see Richard Cohen above.

US Army Chaplain Rabbi Oscar  M Lifschutz, Bronze Star for “meritorious service in the face of enemy action” after I year in Korea with 2nd US Inf. Div. (JC 18.5.51).

Max Michiel of NY - aged 24 years died as a POW - JC 4.9.53.

Capt Vivian Moses, Marines, Fort Sumter S. Carol, 1st Jewish Marine Officer KIA - nephew of Gen. E F Moses of San Diego - JC 25.8.50.

US Jewish Chaplains Rabbis Meyer Goldman, Joseph B. Messing, (JC 4.8.51), Gerson Goodman (Marines), Milton Rosen, and Veda and Rickel, and Barish (JC 24.4.53), Goldberg (JC 31/7/53), Murray Rothman (JC 4.9.53 - received first Jewish POW’s).

Cpl Sydney Oehl of Brooklyn, aged 22 years - first Jewish Marine to be released as a POW - JC 4.9.53

Ralph Plofsky - JWV page 92

USAAF Capt Paul Ribner - JWV p. 93

Tibor Rubin - Hungarian Holocaust survivor - after a battefront act of bravery, his officer failed to comend him for a decoration, some say due to anti-Semitism. Oct 1950, was WIA and POW at Unsan by the Chinese and spent 2.5 years in prison. He was offered repatriation to Hungary but refused to leave his comrades, over 30 of whose lives he saved whilst a POW. When released he smuggled out the names of POW’s in his wounded leg plaster cast.Efforts by his POW comrades to get him his award have failed - JWV page 73.

USN Capt. Harris B Stone - WW2 vet. - JWV p. 93

War Correspondent Stephen Schimanski KAS in a plane crash working for Picture Post and “The Guardian” - JC 11.8.50.

(JC of 16.11.51 states that 127 Jewish Chaplains were serving world-wide with USA Forces which contained up to 200,000 US Jews. THE LIST OF USA JEWS IN KOREA IS MASSIVE AND THE LIST ENDS HERE AT THE LETTER B ONLY!! FOR FURTHER NAMES SEE THE JWV BOOK MENTIONED ABOVE)

Sources: Martin Sugerman, Reprinted with Permission
* Author is Archivist, British Association of Jewish Ex-Servicemen and Women - AJEX - Jewish Military Museum, London

Note from Author: For help in compiling this list I would like to thank Sidney Goldberg, Vice -Chair of AJEX, and Henry Morris, AJEX Museum Curator, for all their encouragement. I would also like to especially thank the many veterans and their families, Jewish and non-Jewish, who wrote to me from all over the world - including Canada, the USA and Israel - with information. Without their assistance the work could never have been started.

As with all such studies this list will always be incomplete. Information can only come from surviving veterans who make themselves known through appeals in Korean War veterans journals and other magazines and journals. I placed appeals in the AJEX Journal, The Jewish Chronicle, Korean War Veterans groups journals, the British Legion Journal and other related publications.

Major Isaacs (see below) testified to the author that there were many Jewish servicemen serving with him among the Royal Fusiliers in Korea and several killed whom he helped to bury. We both concluded that they must have attested as CofE and/or changed their names on being called up for National Service as records of burials and other rolls or casualty lists reveal very few Jewish names. We will thus never really know the full extent of the Jewish community's contribution. However, by scanning the War Diaries of the Royal Fusiliers at the PRO, I discovered many names cross referenced with the AJEX Jewish Chaplains cards, of Jewish lads who served (indicated as PRO-RF in the text). We also know that not all the AJEX cards are complete and hence it is always the case that some veterans cards cannot be found.