ZALESHCHIKI (Pol. Zaleszczyki), town in Tarnopol district, Ukraine. In 1765 there were 344 Jews who paid the poll tax. The local Jews engaged in small trade and crafts, and later they participated in the resort business. The Jewish population numbered 4,424 (71% of the total) in 1880, and 3,382 (62%) in 1910. There was a strong ḥasidic influence in the community.
B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce w wiekach XIX i XX (1930), 121; I. Schiper, Dzieje handlu żydowskiego na ziemiach polskich (1937), index.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.