SARNY, town in Rovno district, Ukraine. It may be assumed that the first Jews settled in Sarny in 1901, with the opening of the railroad station there. As Sarny was then a village, Jews had difficulty, under the czarist restrictions on their settlement in villages, in obtaining permission to live there. After Sarny acquired the status of a town in May 1903, its Jewish community developed rapidly. During the Civil War after the end of World War I, the Jews of Sarny did not suffer from the pogroms in Ukraine, and the community aided refugees and orphans from other places. Sarny's economy was largely based on the lumber industry. In independent Poland, after Sarny was made the district capital in 1921, the city developed further. The Jewish population numbered 2,808 in 1921 (47% of the total), 3,414 (45%) in 1931, and 4,950 (45%) in 1937. A *Tarbut school was founded in 1920–21, and an *ORT school in 1923–24. There were also a talmud torah, and several ḥadarim. At the outbreak of World War II, preparations were under way for opening a Hebrew high school. Until the early 1920s ẓaddikim of the *Karlin-Stolin ḥasidic dynasty lived in Sarny, and later continued to visit it.
Sefer Yizkor li-Kehillat Sarny (1961). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Spector (ed.), PK Poland, vol. 5 – Volhynia and Polesie (1990).