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Bojan, Ukraine

BOJAN, village in Ukraine, in the province of Bukovina; it belonged to Austria from 1774 to 1918 and to Romania from 1918 to 1940. In 1807 there were only three Jewish families in Bojan, employed in agriculture. Its situation near the Russian and Romanian borders contributed to the growth of the community, which numbered 781 in 1880 (14.9% of the total population). It was first affiliated with the community of *Sadgora . An independent community was established in 1860. Bojan became a ḥasidic center when the ẓaddik R. Isaac Fridman, a grandson of R. Israel of *Ruzhin , settled there in 1886. As a consequence of the influx of the Ḥasidim who settled near the ẓaddik's home, Bojan developed into an urban settlement. In 1913 the community numbered 2,573. It had a synagogue and four prayer houses. When the Russians occupied Bojan during World War I, the Jewish quarter, including the residence of the ẓaddik, was destroyed and most of the Jews there fled. R. Isaac Fridman fled to Vienna where he died. In 1930 there remained only 118 Jews. They were deported to Transnistria in 1941.


S.J. Schulson, in: H. Gold (ed.), Geschichte der Juden in der Bukowina, 1 (1958), 85–88.

[Eliyahu Feldman]

Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.