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Balfour Declaration: U.S. Congress Endorses Declaration

(September 21, 1922)

Referred  to as the  Lodge–Fish Resolution, this joint resolution of Congress endorsed the Balfour Declaration. It was introduced in June 1922 by Rep. Hamilton Fish III (R-NY) and Senator Henry Cabot Lodge (R-MA).

It came about following a significant lobbying effort by the American Zionist community, particularly through the efforts of Rabbi Simon Glazer. Among its opponents were the State Department and the New York Times.

On September 21, 1922, President Warren G. Harding signed the joint resolution.

Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress Assembled.

That the United States of America favors the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which will prejudice the civil and religious rights of Christian and all other non-Jewish communities in Palestine, and that the holy places and religious buildings and sites in Palestine shall be adequately protected.

Sources: Public Resolution No. 73, 67th Congress, Second Session.
Lodge–Fish Resolution, Wikipedia.