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Nazi War Crimes Trials: Kesselring Trial

(February 17 - May 6, 1947)

Former Luftwaffe Generalfeldmarschall Albert Kesselring was tried in Case No. 44 (The Kesselring Trial), which was held before a British Military court at Venice, from February 17 to May 6, 1947. He was charged with “being concerned in the killing as a reprisal of some 335 Italian nationals,” in the Ardeatine Caves, and with “inciting and commanding . . . forces . . . under his command to kill Italian civilians as reprisals in consequence of which a number of Italian civilians were killed.”

He was found guilty and sentenced to death, which was later commuted to life imprisonment.

Sources: Skalman.
Law Reports of Trials of War Criminals, Vol. VIII, (London: United Nations War Crimes Commission, 1949).