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Jews in the Spanish Civil War

By Martin Sugarman
(1936 - 1939)

(Note – This survey is available at the AJEX Archives of the Jewish Military Museum in Hendon, the Marx Memorial Library (MML) in Clerkenwell, The Imperial War Museum Library, The National Archives at Kew, The British Library, The SOAS Library at the University of London,  the LSE Spanish Studies Library, the Jewish Historical Society of England Library, UCL Jewish Studies Library, and The Wiener Library – all in London; Manchester University Library, The Hebrew University  Library in Jerusalem, The Virtual Jewish Library website, VALBA  (Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade) web site and  Brandeis University Library in the USA.


Some Facts

Jews from the East End and the Spanish Civil War
The attitude of the Jewish Establishment and Religious Jews to those Jews who went to fight in Spain, from Britain
The Figures and the sacrifice
The  Jaroslav Dombrowski  Brigade
The American Volunteers - Abraham Lincoln / Washington Brigade
The Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion – Canada
The Latvian Volunteers
Franco – Belge Brigade
Georges Dimitrov
Israel (Palestine Mandate)
The Romanians
The Germans – Thaelmann bat.
Argentinian Jewish Combattants


For reasons best known to themselves, most adherents of the Left - both old and new -  and  the mainstream Jewish community itself – have been, till recently, loathe to acknowledge  and recall  the dominant Jewish role  in the International Brigade’s  (IB) struggle against Fascism in the Spanish Civil War. Stereotyped as timid and submissive,  the reality is that thousands of Jews from 53 countries  went to fight and die opposing Franco, firing the first shots against Fascism. Some went openly as Jews, others took aliases; some fought in the battalions of their country of birth, others with other national groups; some went via a third nation, others went direct to Spain; some were refugees from anti-Semitism or political oppression already, others went freely from the democracies. In addition, thousands more Jews world wide were active in solidarity campaigns, fund raising and refugee rescue, on behalf of the Republican Democrats. Most non-Jewish students of the conflict, however, have no problem emphasising the major part played by Jews in the International Brigade (IB) [1], and the Black actor Paul Robeson, for example,  even sang and recorded Yiddish songs for the Jewish soldiers in Spain (see reference to O’Riordan, below)

Evidence shows that the marginilization of the huge part played by the  Jewish fighters in Spain is due to the tight grip held by old fashioned Stalinists who have been the  “Keepers of the Memory”  of the IB in the post war period, and right up to the 21st century – especially in the UK and the USA. To acknowledge the incredible  role of the Jews is to have to admit that many went to Spain as proud Jews as much as proud Socialists, and  that many were also Zionists, especially the large number – proportionally the largest from any country – who came from Mandate Palestine/Israel.

For  those on “The Hard Left,” this somewhat explodes the myth that everyone who went was a certified member of the Communist Party or was totally imbued with Communist ideals. This was most certainly not  the case as the author heard first hand form Jewish veterans he interviewed. Indeed, Peter Fry openly says in an interview in the film “Forever Activists” that he went primarily because he was Jewish and this was because of his strong Jewish sense of Social Justice, which he felt all the Jewish volunteers had. This is verified by his wife Thelma. In his University of Manchester thesis (2001) Paul Bagon (great  nephew of Samuel, who was killed fighting wiuth the Polish Dombrowski battalion) examined this assertion further in interviews with 13 mostly Jewish veterans of the IB, coming to the definite similar conclusion, that Jews went as Jews and anti-Fascists as much as Socialists or Communists. It is also interesting to note that after World War II,  most of the Jewish fighters returned to Jewish communities and  the cultural life they were used to; they were by no means estranged from Jewishness or even Judaism. Some visited Israel many times and  others have chidren living there to this day. They also said they sensed a strong strand of anti-Jewish feeling in some of the non-Jewish veterans leaders, and this naturally  fed into the  tendency by modern writers on the Spanish Civil War to ignore the Jewish contribution to the IB.

Stalinist opposition to Zionism, especially after 1948 and the re-birth of Israel, has meant that the Left has to denounce  and invisibilise any  overt and separate recognition of the  massive Jewish contribution to the IB and the Republican struggle,  in order to fit in with its perverse and passé  Marxist view of history. Hence it can justify celebrating – quite rightly -  the part played by Irish and Black volunteers, for example, but not the Jews. Not to give Jews the credit they so richly deserved, of firing the first shots against European Fascism, can thus be justifiably described as anti-Semitic, as it appears that national liberation is alright for everyone else – Ireland, Black Africa, Asia, the Arabs – but not alright for the Jews of Israel. This is open discrimination against Jews and the Left needs to now revise and  take a more mature attitude to this issue. Till now, one will not thus find any reference to the contribution of the Jews to the IB in any book on the IB in the Spanish Civil War, except a moderate mention in Richard Baxell’s Ph D, and later book [2].  Indeed, when I met Richard Baxell at the first Len Crome memorial lecture at the Imperial War Museum, where I raised this issue at the discussion that followed, of the marginalization of the Jews in the IB, to the extreme discomfort of Jack Jones and others present (Jack loudly asserted that I was surely not accusing the IBMT of anti-Semitism!), Baxell  said privately to me that  I should not expect more from him in his book – although it turned out he gave a paragraph or two and some footnotes - very generous compared to previous writers. Perhaps he saw sense after my remarks at the lecture, or perhaps he just could not avoid the glaringly obvious truth of the sheer number of Jews who served and died? Afterwards at the reception,  members of  the Crome family came and said to me they agreed with my objections but would not say it publicly at the lecture for fear of upsetting the apple cart of traditional views! And when I asked  the amazing Milton Wolf (last Jewish Commander of the Abraham Lincolns), the same question, at a lecture he gave on his story at LSE, about a year later, just before he died, he tried to dismiss this matter amusingly as a red herring, but was clearly somewhat flummoxed by the question, conveniently taking the passé stance that you do not break ranks with the established wisdom and “don’t mention the Jews.”  But yet again young Spanish students came up to me  afterwards and said I was right to point out this anti-history of ignoring the Jews, and that in Spain they have no problem giving the Jewish IBers the  high profile they so richly dererve. But again they would not speak out publicly.  This article now redresses this balance.

With regard to the Jews who went to Spain from Israel (Palestine Mandate), some argue that they went because they were ‘internationalists,’ not Zionists [3]. In which case why did those among them who were refugees from Europe, go to Israel in the first place when there were many other countries they could have fled to? Why did they return to Israel after the SCW ended? Why did they fight in Israel’s War of Independence in 1948 -  if they were not Zionists as well as Socialists? One can be both – these are not incompatible idelogies and never have been or will be.

Some Facts

It is estimated that up to 25% of all the IB Fighters were Jewish (Alberto Fernandez, “Judios en la Guerra de Espana,” Tiempo de Historia, Madrid, September, 1975; “Los Judios Luchadores de la Libertad” by  Gina Medem, Madrid, 1937 and Josef  Toch “Juden im Spanischen Krieg 1936-39,” Zeitgeschichte, Vienna, April 1973) - up to 10,000 men and women. Whilst 20th century history documents well the mass murder of Jews,  Jewish resistance  by comparison is feebly recorded. This included in Spain the following approximate numbers – certainly an underestimate - of Jewish fighters and participants in the IB:

Poland  -  2,250  (of  5,000 Poles - 45% - Jews only 10%  of  Polish  population)
USA -  1,250 (38% of  total USA Volunteers – Jews only 4% of  USA population)
France - 1,043 (15%  of French volunteers - Jews only 0.5% of population)
Britain –  some 350  (15%  - Jews 0.5%  of population  - David Diamint’s book, mentioned below)
Israel/Palestine  - 300-500

Argentina – Prof. Raanan Rein (see below), Prof. of History, Tel-Aviv University,  estimates that of the 5-600 Argentinians who went to Spain, about 10% were Jews and yet were only 1.6% of the population

Hungarian, Austrian (120-150 volunteers based on research by Hans Landauer and others in The Leo Baeck Year Book 1995, footnote page 17), Czech, Yugoslav (34 – probably a huge underestimate), Bulgarian (17), Canadian (71 Jews from Canada  - in The Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion), Italian, Scandinavian, German - totalling 1095 (work by Arno Lustiger in “German  and Austrian Jews in the International Brigade” published in Frankfurt 1989 – and also “Schalom Libertad – Juden in Spanischau Burgerkrieg,” also published in French - and the Leo Baeck Year Book No. 35 1990,  shows at least 400 to 500 German Jews fought in Spain).
Belgian ( an article by Rudi  van  Doorslaer “Belgian Jews in the International Brigade” is mentioned in the  IB archives at the Marx Memorial Library (MML) box D4, dated 17.7.86 and is in the AJEX archives,  describes 200 Belgian Jews in Spain (30 of them women), 31 of whom were killed in action (kia)  and a further 20 more kia in the Belgian Resistance in WW2).  It is important to note here that most of the European volunteers went on to fight in the Resistance groups in WW2, many of them being captured and murdered by the Nazis.
Soviet Union -  53. This is a  vast underestimate and current researches into newly available files in Russia have yet to yield new information on Jewish participation.
Virtually all the Romanians (see the article by Lending in the Jewish Workers Circle (JWC) journal,  “Horizons” - mentioned below)
40 other countries  - 1,602.

Fifty-nine  of the 124 American medical team were Jews (48%) – Prago’s  article mentioned  below -  and virtually all of the 40 Polish  doctors. Of the estimated 66 American Jews from Brownsville in Brooklyn, for example, who went to Spain, only 25 returned (Prago).

The Polish Dombrowski Brigade (part of the 13th  IB) formed a Jewish Company from the 2nd Palafox Battalion  (Palafox was a Spanish patriot from the Napoleonic invasion), called The Botwin Company, on 12  December 1937 at Tardadientes, and named after Naftali Botwin (a famous Polish Jewish radical, executed in 1924 for  assassinating a Polish Secret police agent).  Their orders and banner were written in Yiddish, Polish and Spanish and they issued a Yiddish written  newspaper (“Botwin”), first published on  30 December  1937. In fact the first edition of a Yiddish newspaper called “Der Freihaits Kempfer” or “Fighters for Liberty”, appeared at the Front on 7  August  1937.  Jews also spoke Hebrew and Ladino as a lingua franca among themselves within the  different national groups. The Republic  also allowed radio broadcasts in Yiddish . The Botwins included the only two Arabs in the IB, one of whom was from Jerusalem and spoke Yiddish!  The last stanza of the company hymn was “ …how Jewish Botwin soldiers drove out the fascist plague! No Passaran! ” (see “The Jewish Naftali Botwin Company”, J Rothenberg, Jewish Frontiers Journal, USA, date unknown, at IB archive, MML; it includes references to several books written in Poland by Botwin and Dombrowski Jewish veterans).

Trained at Albacete, the Botwins went into action on  12 February 1938  in the Sierra Quemeda near Belal Alcazar, then fought at Belchite 12-16  March 1938. They were virtually wiped out at the battles of the  Ebro/Estramadura at Hill 281(eighteen out of 120 survived!)  and received the “Medalla de Valor” from the government (see Hirschmann below). All four successive commanders were killed in action – including Carol Gutman on February 13th and then Moise Micha Sapir on April 2nd  at Lerida.  Hirschmann also provided extracts from the books, “Poles in the Spanish Civil War”, Ministry of Defence, Poland, and “International Solidarity with the Spanish Republic”, Progress Publishers, Moscow 1975, containing numerous references to the Botwins. The newly reinforced Botwins later formed the rearguard for the IB as they withdrew into France as the fighting ended.

It is ironic that the first IB casualty was Jewish (Leon Baum, from Paris) and the last (Haskel Honigstern; the Spanish poet Jose Herrera wrote of him “…Haskel Honigstern, Polish worker of the Jewish Race, son of an obscure land, killed in the light of my homeland”. He was given a state funeral in Barcelona on  6th October 1938).  Later, most Botwins joined the Maquis  and other Partisan groups in WW2, many dying in fighting the Nazis. In Poland, however, after the Six-Day War in 1967 and the anti-Jewish purges,  all the memorials to the Botwin men that had been erected, were destroyed.

As Simon Hirschmann said, in an interview before he died, Jewish youth of this period - especially in eastern Europe - were living under anti-Semitic regimes and chose to fight back by  becoming  either  Zionists or Communists; many chose the latter and Spain gave them a chance  to take up arms in the cause of working people and democracy,  with much herosim and self-sacrifice. They are a group much to be admired. But Zionists were equally anti-Fascist and many of the Jewish volunteers from Europe and  Palestine/Israel were Zionist Socialists.

Joe Garber, Intelligence Officer to the British Battalion, in an interview before he died, testified to the fact that there were hundreds of Jews in the German and Austrian Thaelmann battalion and hundreds with the French.

Of the known British Jews who went to Spain, figures are far from complete as many did not identify as Jews and used aliases, but made themselves known as Jews to other Jews once they were in Spain; but most witnesses have died before being able to testify just who was who. On this issue Joe Garber was an inestimable source of information and I thank him enormously.


Reference to MSCW is to the book  “Memorials of the Spanish Civil War” by Williams, Alexander and Gorman, Alan Sutton, UK, 1996. BVFL is “British Volunteers for Liberty” by Bill Alexander, Lawrence and Wishart, 1982. CTC is “Cheetham to Cordova” by Maurice Levine and Neil Richardson, Manchester Jewish Museum, 1984. MML is Marx Memorial Library.  Much came from personal interviews  (PI) held whilst at the 62nd Anniversary of the start of the War reunion at Jubilee Gardens, London on 18.7.98, carried out by Martin Sugarman with Jewish veterans, or whose names were given at the reunion, to him by other veterans. Lou Kenton also sent names from the roll in Bill Rust’s book “Britons in Spain”. The Leo Baeck Year Book  has contained articles about Jews who fought in Spain and is published by the Leo Baeck Institute in London. Kia means killed in action; wia is wounded in action.

Other important works on this subject include “Combattants Juifs dans l’Armee Republicaine Espagnole” by David Diamint (DD), Editions Renouveau, Paris 1979, in French - describing the massive contribution of Jews in the IB and containing lists of names, numerous first hand accounts by Jewish fighters and a section on women fighters.  Also excellent is Alfred Prago’s “Jews in the International Brigades in Spain”, Jewish Currents, New York, February and March 1979 ;  G E Sichon, “Les Volontaires Juifs dans la Guerre Civile en Espagne”, Les Temps Modernes, October 1988;  and A S Rockman, “Jewish Participation in the IB’s in The Spanish Civil War”, MA thesis California State University, Fullerton.

Much information and several photos were also found in  “The Book of the 15th Brigade”  published by The Commissariat, Madrid 1938 and republished by F Graham, Newcastle, 1975 – abbreviated  as “B15B” below. More details came from  “The Shattered Dream” by Alek Szurek, Columbia University Press 1989, abbreviated as TSD and “Apprentices of Freedom” by J Cook, Quartet 1979 – especially on George Nathan and Maurice Levene.

Mentioned  also in the latter book is the brief  description of discrimination made against Jewish POW’s; Bob Doyle (page 119)  noted that after his capture (with Maurice Levitas, Dave Goodman and others) at Calaceite near Gandesa on 31 March  1938,  Italian and Gestapo guards “ordered all Communists and Jews to step forward”; this is described in more detail in a long article “Irish and Jewish Volunteers in the Spanish Anti-Fascist War – 50th Anniversary lecture” pp. 25-28 by M. O’Riordan of the Irish TGWU at the Irish Jewish Museum in Dublin, Nov 1987, found in the MML Archive.  Gary McCarthy  (Cook, p.123)  noted that “at San Sebastian prison in 1938,  Spanish and German guards took photos of  those lads who were obviously Jewish, and of Negroes too and when Jimmy Goldstein/Goldsmith was singled out I stepped forward too!”  In fact Jews were constantly slandered in Spanish fascist radio broadcasts  and newspapers – even though virtually no Jews lived in Spain. Their large presence in the IB was often a target for fascist newspapers all over Europe.

As I have said, many  Jewish volunteers had non-Jewish aliases (as Joe Garber and others have testified) and we may  never know their religious affiliation or origin because of this. Spellings, especially of Polish first and surnames, may have lost accuracy in the transliteration and thus also result in some duplications which are almost impossible now to unravel.  Finally some more detail has come from the book by Richard Baxell (see footnote), on the British Volunteers, which he kindly sent me. It includes some of the actual  ID numbers issued to the men and women who went to Spain and I have included these where known. In addition, a paper by Prof. Raanan Rein of Tel-Aviv University, Israel, revealed a batch of new names from Argentina, in his study, ‘Jewish Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War (Argentina and Israel),’ 2016, which includes an excellent bibliography. The book by Giles Tremlett, (“ The International Brigades”,  2020 Bloomsbury Books) was also of great use.

Jews from the East End and the Spanish Civil War

This specific topic is of great interest to the Jews of London. I also wish to be clear that when I  use the term East End Jews, I also include those whose homes were on the fringes in places like Hackney, Bethnal Green and what is now Newham, as many had recently moved  to these areas from Stepney and Whitechapel. Also some had not been born in the east end but were living there at the time of enlisting to go to Spain; and furthermore,  many addresses we have as just “London” may indeed be those of  eastenders, but we simply have no further information.

The Spanish CW began in  July 1936. The Battle of Cable Street took place in October 1936, when British Fascism was at its peak; Hitler had been in power in Germany since 1933; there were right wing governments all over Europe – for example,  Italy had been  Fascist since 1922; Portugal since 1926;  Poland was ruled by a militaristic and right wing government from 1918, and very anti-Semitic; Romania, Hungary, Bulgaria – were all officially allies of the 3rd Reich well before WW2 and had huge fascist parties. And in the Far East Japan had all the trappings of a fascist and militaristic Empire and by 1931  was occupying large chunks of China. Even the Finns willingly had Nazi troops on its side in the Finno-Russian war of 1939-40, but that was after WW2 had officially begun and the SCW had ended, in Sept 1939.

The point is that for Jews  and Socialists this was indeed a very bleak period, despite the success of Soviet power in Russia; because even in the 1930’s many left wingers could see the beginning of the corruption of Soviet communism into Stalinist Fascism and the notorious terror – much of it anti-Semitic - by the late 1930’s; many on the Left, whilst trying to remain true to their Socialist and  Communist  beliefs,  were already having serious doubts about the allegedly  idealised Socialist State of the Soviet Union, and what it was becoming, especially after the Nazi-Soviet Non-aggression Pact of 1939.

The attitude of the Jewish Establishment and Religious Jews to those Jews who went to fight in Spain, from Britain

Traditionally the Religious and Jewish establishment has frowned on radical Jews who make waves, especially if they come from the Left in politics. The Board of Deputies told Jews to stay away from the Cable Street rally against Mosley, for example. But Establishment Jewish attitudes to Jews volunteering to go to Spain were mixed. The Jewish Chronicle, usually at that  time reflecting a Board of Deputies viewpoint, reported on Oct 2nd 1936 page 12, a meeting called by the Jewish Labour Council, under the heading, “Spain’s fight is your fight”, describing the speaker, Mr J Jacobs, as saying,  “Jews in Britain must organise to fight for their co-religionists in Spain. General Franco has threatened to turn back the clock to 1493 – the time of the Jewish persecutions. Once the international Fascists win in Spain, they will march on”. Clearly he linked the fight against the Fascists with the fight against anti-Semitism, and this explains clearly and conclusively the reason why Jews were so disproportionately represented in the British Batallion which went to Spain. Conversely, it also explains why after the Soviet-Nazi pact of 1939, many Jews left the Communist Party in protest at this blatant alliance with Hitler, becuse for Jews clearly, opposition to anti-Semitsm easily over-rode loyalty to Communism.

Most working class Jews saw the Communists and Zionists as the only organisations willing to fight Fascist-related anti-Semitism in the early and mid 1930’s. But as Paul Bagon’s on-line PhD study points out in such detail, they were mostly not committed, ideological Communists (though some were, and rejected Judaism) – for even large numbers of the JLB and Jewish youth clubs, including Zionist Youth (research by James Carmody), joined the YCL (Young Communist League) because it offered the chance to fight anti-Semitism,despite the JLB and the clubs being very conservative, anglicised, establishment oriented Jewish organsiations. As a result many ordinary working Jews willingly joined violent anti-Fascist protests throughout the 1930’s in order to fight anti-Semitism and that is also mainly why they went to Spain. Working Jews felt the appeasment, apathy and classist attitudes of the Board of Deputies (BoD) towards working class Jews as a disgrace and betrayal, so they became Communists or Zionists in order to be organised to fight back! Once they joined the Communists, especially, it was a natural progression to then go to Spain and fight, especially as it became overtly obvious that the Nazis were on the side of Franco.

Although some religious Jews feared the atheist Communists as much as the Fascists,  equally many believing Jews saw that the attitudes of social justice - which permeate wholesome socialism and  Communism - as akin to those moral teachings of Judaism, and were able to happily have a foot in both camps.

It is certainly the case that the BoD was bourgeoise, intransigent and assimilationist to a large degree, and made up of elderly, wealthy  men more fearful of their poorer co-religionists than they were of the fascist threat; they were embarrassed by the involvement of poor Jews with the anti-Fascist movement. Like the British government, they took a non-interventionist view, splitting the Jewish community on the issue not only of Spain but Jewish self defence against violent fascist attacks on Jews  in Britain.

On July 10th 1936 (p.10), for example, a letter in the JC from the United Synagogue called for more self defence groups; the BoD responded by recommending a committee be set up to discuss it! And on Oct 2nd 1936 the JC reported the now infamous BoD instruction to Jews to “keep away “ from what became the Battle of Cable St. How wrong they were.

The Figures and the sacrifice

The figures are very telling: approximately 350 Jews served in the British battalion of the approximately 2,400 who went to Spain (15%), yet Jews were only then as now ½% of the population.

89 Jewish IBers were killed out of the total of 526 in the battalion ie 17% of the dead, a slightly higher percentage of our participants as a proportion. (A further 10 Jewish participants died in WW2, incidentally).
At the same time the British dead totalled 526 out of 2400 (22%) but the Jewish dead taken separately were 89 out of 350 (25%), not only a higher proportion, but from such a small British ethnic minority, this was  a much more intensely felt sacrifice. Even if we compare the non-Jewish  participants killed, 437 dead out of 2050 is 21%, less than the 25% above.
East End Jewish IBers also made a huge sacrifice. About 100 IBers had East End addresses, ie 28% of all the Jews who served (and 4% of the whole British battalion; and it would be interesting to analyse if this was indeed the biggest % from one British location); and 30 of these were killed ie 30% of Jewish East Enders who went to Spain were killed, compared to the 22% killed for the whole battalion. Jewish East enders made up nearly 6% of the total dead –  and again it would be interesting to analyse addresses to see if this was the biggest % of fatal casualties in one British location.


I would like to especially thank the late  Joe Garber, Sol Frankel, Lou Kenton, Simon “Simmy” Hirschmann, David Loman and Major Len Crome, MC (all Jewish veterans of the Spanish Civil War), the son of Jack Shaw, and Bill Alexander (Former Commissar of the Attlee Batallion) for their help and encouragement in compiling this list. Dr Saul Issroff  of the Jewish Genealogical Society of the UK was also very helpful.  Fred Dellheim – a former  Jewish  Kindertransportee and WW2 D-Day veteran, and former secretary of the German anti-Fascist Association and Veterans of Anti-Fascism – presented to the author a list of hundreds of German veterans of the Spanish Civil  War  at a meeting with him in London in June 1999. A vast number were Jews. This list exists separately at present in the AJEX Archives. The amazing Sir Martin Gilbert was as ever of inestimable assistance to me in my work.

I  was able to add consderable detail and names by consulting many files in the IB archive at the Marx  Memorial Library in Clerkenwell, London, and thank the librarian there (Tish Newland) for her assistance  One particular list in these files was compiled by  either Peter Kerrigan or Ted Edwards, the Attlee Battalion secretary, during or soon after the war and contained many British Jewish names not found elsewhere. Special thanks also goes to James Carmody  who supplied  me so generously  with extra material from his own researches on the IB over many  years at both The National Archives  and with correspondents abroad, including many names from David Diamint’s  rare book (see below) which I also consulted at the British Library. James  Carmody also pointed me to a book by Marcel Acier, “From Spanish Trenches” written in 1937 (Modern Age, NY) at the MML, containing many personal memoirs of Jewish Brigaders. Thanks also go to Paul Phillipou of the University of Stirling; Prof Stellan Bojerud, Royal Staff College Stockholm; Robert Llopis of Benissa, Spain; and John Kralijic of NY, USA; Jean Goldsztejn of Paris for his search in the Soviet files stored at  Nanterre University in Paris.

A specific memorial to the Jewish fighters of the IB was unveiled in Barcelona in October 1986, by President Chaim Hertzog of Israel, himself a WW2 British Army Major veteran. It is located near Montjuich (appropriately, “The Hill of the Jews”) and a photograph  was in the Jewish Military Museum in Hendon, London, which also had a permanent display of Jews in the Spanish Civil War – and in my book “Fighting Back – the contribution of British Jews  in WW2.” The Museum is now with its archive at the Jewish Museum in Camden.

The British Batallion  consisted originally of 145 men formed in December 1936/January 1937 at Madrigueras as No 1 Company, of the French 14th Batallion (La Marseillaise),  part of the 14th IB. As new arrivals came, the British formed their own Batallion in 1937, of  four Companies (3 Infantry and one Machine-gun). No.1 Company, the longest serving, were then named in honour of Labour leader and later Prime Minister,Clement Attlee. Of the approximate 2,400 volunteers as many as 350 to 400 were Jewish (15%,  as described by David Diamint)

The British Battalion

Some other nationalities are included here due to the order of the original interviews with Joe Garber and others and /or because they were at some time associated with the British Battalion. A (?) meams the person may not be Jewish and awaits further research.

1056 Sgt Samuel/Sydney Aarons, Melbourne/Sydney, Australia.

201 Joseph Albaya (?).

Jack /Jacob Alexander, Bethnal Green and Australia, POW March 1938.

736 Maurice Chaim Aaronberg, born Lithuania 1897, served Russian Army 1917-18, then Sgt. In British Army 1919 in Archangel, then to Sheffield, 43, Wolstenholme Rd, kia 27 February 1937 at Jarama.

Nathan Abramson, 590 Old Ford Road, Bow, London kia April 1938, Gandesa/Calaceite.

Paul Abrams, POW February 1937 for 3 months, exchanged for Fascist POW’s.

Is this Mendel Abrahams??? (Above) and Basil Abrahams (BELOW)

Sidney Avner, more than 6 feet tall from London, attended Davenant Foundation School, kia Boadilla 20 December 1936, from 53/55, Clapton Common, Upper Clapton.

Abraham Abrahamson kia Brunette, Hero of the Soviet Union (Prago).

1309 Basil Abrahams, aka David Minsk, 15th Brigade Staff, POW 13/2/37 and repat. 5/37, later returning to Spain to fight again! From 187, Mare St, Hackney, London/3, Cecil St., Mile End, a baker BVFL p 185 - died 1/6/95.

175 Lt Harry Aubrey/Horbury; B15B. 4, Albin Terr, Barnsley

H. Adams (an alias) – from Hackney

Louis Babot, b. 1916 of 46 Hedsa Flats, Shoreditch (?)/ 24 New Ct Hse, Pott St, Bethnal Green

Nicholas Barblinger, possibly born Russia, later fought in French Foreign Legion, interned Oran, then joined Pioneer Corps in British Army and fought in North Africa, Italy and at Arnhem with 21st Indep. Paras.

George Bright, b. Stockton, Yorks, lived Clerkenwell, kia 12/2/37 at Jarama – aged 60 years he was the oldest member of the British Batallion

Cyril/Charles Bloom, London, wia Jarama, PI Joe Garber.

598 Cyril Bowman, 164 Cheetham Hill, Manchester.

Sam Baron, newspaper correspondent, Crook diaries at MML.

Emeric Biederman, born Romania, 44/4a Birch Lane, Longsight, Manchester 13 (MML), after WW2 lived in Romania.

Brentman - see Harrison below

Keva (probably Akiva) Bronson from Stepney – Rent Control activist later deported from New Zealand with wife Golda

1445 Thomas Arthur Bielstein, 19 Birmingham Rd, Scunthorpe (MML).

David Baumgartner/Baumgarten, aka Bennett, 46, Lord St, Manchester.

43 Zelig Isaac Bronstein, Paris (MML), mechanic with 15th Brigade.

Dave Buffman, 9, Orchard Sq, Leeds, kia Sept. 1938 Ebro.

Charles Sewell Bloom, 54 Imperial Avenue Stoke Newington N16, and Shoreditch - served Badalona Hospital (MML).

Karl Boden, 46, Alpha St, Salford, Signals (MML).

Reginald Bayer, 98 Gosvenor Rd, N1, Highbury, London N. (??)

Harry (Henry)(Charles) A. G. Bayer/Beye, 16 Barclay St., St Pancras (MML) –wia (??).

L Boyarski from Jo’burg, South Africa.

105 Jack Braverman PI, 44 Cromer St Kingsland Rd, Shoreditch, E2 (MML).

Ronald Burgess - son of Charlotte Guest, nee Franken, second wife of Prof J B S Haldane, PI Joe Garber. Charlotte Haldane was a War Correspondent in Spain and her first husband was a Burgess, and hence her son used this name - 54 Fitzroy Rd, NW1

Alec Bernstein, Manchester.

Barnett Becow, Stepney

Barbara Briscoe (alias?) – nurse of Tredean, Guildford - tbc

1141 Arthur Blackson/Blackman, London and 91 Stewart Cres, Winchester, repatriated May 1938, possibly not Jewish.

Else Behrens, photographer, MML.

Capt. Dr Bernstein/Berstein MML.

David Blick/Black MML, aka Block/Bloch, pilot kia WW2 on the 1st 1000 bomber raid on Cologne, Runnymede memorial. His brother Sam also kia RAF WW2.

Bill Briskey kia Jarama 12.2.37, from Hackney.

Ralph C(K)antorovitch/Cantor, 142, Waterloo Rd, Manchester, kia Mosquito Hill, Brunete July 1937.

Sidney/Solomon Chaginsky aka Moreland, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, from 3, Bayford St, Mare St, Hackney, London PI.

Phil Caplan – see Richards below

Fred Chaike, wia Brunete July 1937 (MML).

H. Carrass (possibly Jewish?).

Lisbeth Carrit nee Liesel Lowenstein, b. Germany, husband of Noel Carrit

Alfred Ernest Capps, of 1, Ruthven St, Hackney, London, kia 20th Jan 1938 at Teruel.

Nat Cohen PI, MSCW p 126/7, from 52 Lewin Rd, Streatham.

1311 Nathan Cohen, Stepney, Tom Mann Centurion – KIA – WITH SAM MASTERS THE FIRST TWO BRITONS IN SPAIN

Ramona Cohen, wife of Nathan, above.

Vic Cohen MML – Hackney.

Ovadia Cohen, Greek Jewish.

Harold Ceiternbaum aka Bourne/Sittingbaum, from 693 London Rd, Westcliff on Sea.

Sgt. Max Cohen/Colin/Collins aka Myer/Meir Cohn, BVFL p 138. Born 1912 in Stepney, of 82 Kyverdale Rd. N16 and 73 Wigan House Warwick Grove E5, ambulance driver and mechanic, wia by Italian planes at Brunete and evacuated and then returned for a second tour! Drove ambulance from London to Barcelona. Detailed diaries at MML.

101 Simon Cohen, 2, Leander St., Mt Pleasant / 2 Overton St, Liverpool – builder, wia in head (MML). Nickname was Avi (info Dan Payne, Liverpool historian 2014) – b. 28/7/15

748 Sidney Cohen, 51 St Thomas Rd., Hackney E9 (MML). Fought with Mac-Paps.

Edward Coleman, Manchester.

A. Cohen - possibly Abe Lewis of Hackney

Jack Cohen, wia, Manchester/Leeds.

Jack Cohen, kia by a strafing aircraft, February 1937, Jarama, 152, Old Haymarket, Liverpool.


Larry Cohen aka Collier, ambulance driver and also served WW2.

Harry Cohen b. 26/6/18 Liverpool at 110, Pighue (?) St – tailor – info from Don Payne of Liverpool and J Carmody - via MI5 files at Kew

Jacob Cohen b. 17/7/17 Liverpool- tailor – info Don Payne as above

Stafford Cottman, alias, from London.

Reuben A. C. Cohen of 43 Dunk St/ 15 Sydney St, E1, furrier.

Leonard Cochrane, alias, PI Joe Garber – 29 Primrose Ave, Romford – later believed kia RAF in WW2 North Africa

Maurice Cohen.

492 Julius Jud Colman of 3, Lytton Ave., Cheetham, Manchester, CTC page 30, served on Cordoba front (information from K R Bradley, author of “International Brigades in Spain,” Osprey 1984) with Nathan in 14th Brigade at Lopera where Cornford was killed, and at Jarama in the 15th Brigade at Morata De Tajuna. Booklet by him in MML archives, “Memories of Spain” 1995.

Major Dr Leonard Crome/Kromen, MC (WW2, Colonel RAMC, Cassino). C.O. Medical Services IB and later 5th Army (MSCW p24) PI. Russian, born 1909, Dvinsk, in Latvia, educated in UK, wia.

David Crook, from Hackney, parents lived 11, Rowans rd, Harrogate, and 69 Warrington Rd, Maida Vale - lived in China with his two sons, PI Joe Garber. Spent 7 years in solitary confinement during Cultural Revolution and in 1990 was still in Beijing. Detailed diary in MML archives.

752 Percy Cohen, information from Joe Garber, 83 Cotswolds Gardens., Hendon, ambulance driver.

Pincus Cohen, London.

893 Myer Cohen, 1, Gold St., Stepney.

Richard Nigel Cullen (born Australia, lived Putney), later RAF pilot awarded DFC, kia May 1941 in Greece in WW2. Real name Cohen, wia in Spain and nephew of General Cullen/Cohen, highest ranking Jewish soldier in Australian forces in WW2

Danielis, Czech medic, MML.

753 Moishe Davidovitch/Maurice Davis, of 24, Teesdale St, London, E1/ 638, Seven Sisters Rd., Tottenham, kia 12th February 1937 Jarama, (brother-in-law of Max Lewis). He was “Leader of the 1st Aid Section, a hero throughout that terrible day of Feb 12th….up, down and across shell-scarred and bullet swept slopes, he and his men carried the wounded in stretchers….and when they gave out, blankets. He escaped death a hundred times until in the late afternoon, while running to help a wounded man, he himself was fatally wounded” (B15B page 62).

Ted (Edward) A. Dickinson/Dickenson, b. Grimsby? (an alias, originally Austrian or Australian? (Probably Jewish), from 13 Upton Lane, Forest Gate, London – WW1 veteran and member of Zionist Socilaist Youth Group Hashomer Hatzair (J Carmody information), He was murdered as a POW on 2nd February 1937, Jarama, after protesting the murder of two other Jewish POW’s, Elias and Stevens. He e was tied to a tree and shot through the head. He had calmly shouted to his men, “Salud Comrades” as he fell. Joe Garber says he was Jewish but there was also an Australian with the same or similar name.

Robert Carl Daniels, 92 Ernest St., Stepney (MML) – from Birmingham – poss Jewish.

Joshua Davidson, 116 Bignor St, Salford/Manchester, upholsterer.

243 Henry Harry Daniels, c/o Mrs Bellow, 24 Barnsbury Pk, NW1 (MML) – b. Gibraltar, tbc Jewish.

John Diamond, MML, Canada (?).

Gustav Daubenspeck, 40 Lamb Lane, Hackney.

F. David - after Jarama, repatrd. due to illness

Andre Diamint/Diamond, Anglo-Egyptian French Jew, 17 Antikhane el Masrich, Cairo, BVFL p 98, lost his leg but served in French Resistance in WW2, and was executed by the Nazis. His diary is in MML archive.

Sam Dobralski from Camden, address c/o Alec Horlich, Quebec, POW.

Leslie Daikin (named by Levitas in O’Riordan article).

Joseph Epstein, wia, French, fought in partisans in WW2, shot by Nazis.

1298 Samuel Epstein, 114 Main St, Jo’Burg, South Africa (MML), b. Zagre, Lithuania. KIA

Hans Eisler, Crook diaries.

Ilya Ehrenbourg, MML, amous Russian writer and war correspondent in Spain, spoke and met many of the British Batallion.

Lewis Emmanuel or Emmanuel Lewis? 162/102 Clapton Common, arrested July 1937 entering Spain illegally but returned later.

Elstob MML, pilot, arrested, released; may not have been Jewish.

Emrich, MML.

424 Lt. Herman Ehlert, aka Theo Edward Mann, German born anti-Nazi refugee, c/o Toynbee Hall, Whitechapel (ML)/ 28 Commercial Rd. He also fought with Lincolns.

420 Sydney Edelman, 17 Wellington Row, E2, London, kia/ died of wounds April/August 1938 Aragon/Tarragona. However, a report states he was at a reunion in 24/2/78 and living in Bloomsbury (John Moon)

Sid Philip Elias, 11/17, Camp Rd., Leeds, was murdered by machine gun with Stevens as a POW Jarama, 13th February 1937, when he asked permission to smoke and lowered his hands.

421 Jack Ellis, 116 High St Whitechapel (MML).

Vera Elkan aka Morley,14a, Manchester Sq., W1, photographer, born in South Africa; served all over Spain; details at MML.

Willy Engels, a Thaelmann Intelligence Officer, att. Attlee Company (?).

1514 Solomon Frankel PI 9.5.99 and tapes and photos at AJEX archive. He was born in Rothschild Bldgs., Osborne St, and 8, Hunton St, Brick Lane E1, 31.3.14 son of Rose and Philip, Portuguese Jewish Primary and JFS – usual route to Spain arriving December 1937 (see details and tapes at AJEX Museum). As a Sergeant at Brunette saw first action against tanks with British Battallion, almost being decapitated when a canon shell took off his forage cap! On 27.7.38 whilst attacking at Ebro crossing, was seriously wounded and was invalided home December 1938.

Isidore Farstenfeld aka Jim Field, London; medically unfit and invalided home from Barcelona

Louis Feldman (MML), born Bethnal Green, lived Hammersmith, Israel and Bronx NY City, British Machine Gun company.

Penny Feiwel, nurse, born 1910 wife of Michel Feivel. She was not Jewish, but her husband was active in fund raising for the Hebrew University until her death in 2006.

Ronald Frankau.

Frank Frankford/Frankfort/Frankfurt, born 1913 in Slough and then moved to Hackney (P. Bagon Manchester University study on Jews and the IB, 2001).

Ziloman Wolf Fishel aka Zusman, born. Stoke Newington, lived Antwerp/Israel.

Jacob/Jack Flior from Burtrams, Jo’burg, S Africa, born Dvinsk, Latvia, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39.

Dr Louis Fischer, German, Crook diaries.

Fred Freedman/Frieman, 28 Duckett St., Stepney, kia 20.1.38 at Teruel with 57 Battalion 15th Brig. Member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group.

Dr Murray Fuhram, doctor from Brooklyn, lived Oxford

1580 Sydney Samson Fink, 69 Fenney St, Salford, kia March/Nov 10-17th 1938 Aragon.

Joseph Farber, Polish, later in uprsing at Birkenau Auschwitz (Prago).

1414 Joseph Fuhr MSCW page xv, Walworth, London, wia.

1805 Ben Glaser, 25, Wellclose Sq., London E1, kia 6th September 1938 Ebro/Sierra Caballs. His letters at MML.

767 Benny/Bernard Goldman, 2 Brewery St., Strangeways, Manchester, upholsterer, wia (MML). He was cited for “displaying untiring work whilst Battalion Commissar”.

80 Jack/John Goldstein, 17 St Cuthbert’s Place, Gateshead/5, Smith St., Amble, Northumberland.

Kurt J Glaser, born 3.9.1918, kia Germany in No 3 Jewish Troop, No 10 Commando, at crossing of Aller River 11.4.45, aka Capt James K Griffith.

Alfred H. Gold, 8 Spelman St, E1, London/ 98 Bourne Hse., Shepard St E1, kia 27th Februry 1937 Jarama.

Harry Gomm (probable??), 35, Amberley Rd, London W., kia February 1937 Jarama

Phillipe Goodman, Anglo-French Jew, WW2 Royal Fusiliers, Captain attached Para. Reg. later met Joe Garber in Balkans SOE work. PI Joe Garber.

760 Phillip Goodman, 20 Mabfield Rd., Fallowfield, Manchester /Nottingham, MML.

426 Joseph Garber, born Bethnal Green 19.9.1911 and lived 7 Dunk St, Whitechapel, and attended JFS School. In 1925 aged 14 years he was awarded the Royal Humane Society Medal for saving the life of a man who fell in the Thames at Tower Bridge (PI). He served in the Merchant Navy 1928-31. He was later an Intelligence officer of the IB and a source of much information about Jewish lads in the IB. He manned a Heavy MG with Yank Levy at Jarama where he was wounded twice. He knew the enigmatic George Nathan and Churchill’s nephew, Giles Romilly. He sadly witnessed the deaths of both Phil Morris and Nathan Steigman at Jarama. In WW2, served RAMC and RASC (3 coy. 6th Bat). number 7406801. Due to maritime experience was in SOE smuggling arms to Balkans and Albanian partisans 1943-44 with allied Italian Commandos, working from Monopoly with FANY’s assisting. Helped smuggle weapons to the Haganah during RASC service and was a member of Trepper’s “Red Orchestra” spy ring giving information to Russia from Nazi sources. Memoirs recorded at IWM and AJEX, photo and AJEX Chaplains card.

David Tony Gilbert, POW March 1938, repatriated 10.38, from Bethnal Green and 21 Code St, Brick Lane.

Reuben Ginsburg aka Gainsborough, from King St, EC2 London and Blue St, Carmarthen.

A Gunter, 26, Reed Hse, Clayton St, Kennington.

David Guest, kia Ebro/Gandesa 26th July 1938, from 12a, Charing Cross Rd WC1, London. He was educated Oundle and Cambridge (Maths 1st Class), son of Islington Labour MP Dr Haden-Guest. His mother Carmel was Jewish, daughter of Col. Albert Goldsmid, founder of the Jewish Lads Brigade.

Angela Haden-Guest, S’ Agoio Hospital, 199 Sloane St London SW1, sister of David Guest.

260 Maurice Goldberg MSCW p 17, from Southern Rhodesia. POW, sentenced to death at a Spanish trial, commuted. He was held hostage with Leeson till after war (B15B p.199). Lived 41, Clark St, Bethnal Green and 120, Clarence Rd, Clapton, E5. Born Merthyr Tydfil?

M. Goldberg, from Russia, 41 Clack St Stepney, Joe Garber PI.

Charles Gavatzman/Gautzman aka Boyd, 165 Balderston Rd/132 Balls Pond Rd, Hackney E8/ Stoke Newington.

W. Gilman.

Jimmy Goldsmith, “Apprentices of Freedom” p123.

R Goodman, 10, Newton Rd., The Park, Nottingham, kia February 1937 Jarama.

Alfred. Albert Goodman,3, Kenmure Rd, Hackney (ML).

W R Goodman, 18, Briggs St., Salford, kia February 1937 Jarama.

Ben Sydney Goodman, 72 Bignor St, Manchester (MML). Son of Hyman and Rebecca, he was a tailor and street trader – lied about his age - 16 not 18. He was forced to return home after 3 months, March/April/May, due to age – later served WW2 Desptach Rider

Charlie Goodman, 8, Eagle Place, Stepney.

673 Bob Goodman, boxer from Manchester (CTC p 39). He was believed mia/ thought kia, Arganda Bridge olive groves, Jarama, or a POW, 12.2.37. Other sources say he survived and was a Tank Commander at Alamein WW2.

Leo Green kia February 1937 at Jarama. From Dublin, possibly not Jewish

Maurice Green, 58, Heywood St, Manchester (MML), kia March 1938 Aragon.

Dave Goodman, 14 Rockliffe Rd., Middlesborough, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39-(MSCW p 74).

Henry/Harry Gross/Groeser, 346, Commercial Rd., London, E1 wia 12.1.37/kia July 16th, 1937 Brunete. He was cousin of Louis Stoller of Leeds. His father owned a small sweet shop. Was active in Jewish Lads Brigade and YCL. When his family discovered he was going to Spain they took and hid his clothes! He went anyway.

George Albert Gross, Hammersmith.


D Grossart, Glasgow, died of wounds April 1937 Jarama.

Mark Gura, 18, Sigdon Rd, Hackney, London, kia Februry 1937, Jarama.

Alan aka Abe Harris, 34, Cowper St, Leeds PI - upholsterer.

Sidney Harris, POW (MML), Leeds, lived in Chicago.

Bertram Harris, 24 Kerbele St, E2, aged 17 years – b. Leeds

Samuel Hanvet/Hansey, 3 Exchange St, Cheetam, Manchester – may not have gone to Spain??

Stanley Israel Brentman aka Harrison, 42, Gains Rd, Southsea, Hants, born Southwark.

Willy Heriberg, South Africa, POW.

Augustus Harris, Bootle kia 21/23 July 1937 Brunete, 29 Bandor St, Liverpool.

Jack Harris, 34 Cowper St, Leeds (MML) – brother of Alan/Abe above?

Dr Tudor Hart (TSD), 16 King St (?) London, Chief Doctor at Motoro Hospital.

427 William Harvey/Horwitz, USA, Prago. Aka Aubrey Redman, lived 22, Whitechapel Rd and 54 Prince George St, Portsea, Portsmouth.

763 Martin Hempel, Leyton, London – kia July 1938, Ebro.

Mark Hartstein

“Jock” Charles Hyman,123b, South Portland St., Glasgow, kia 30 March 1937, Jarama. Member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group

Jacob Hyman/Hyman Jacobs (?) (MML).

Charles L Hart, 1, Stanmore Rd, Burley, Leeds (MML).

Simmy/Simon Hirschman/Hirshman (Simanis Hirsmanis), born 14.2.12 in Auce, Latvia, son of Wolf and Lily nee Weinberg. His memoirs recorded by Cyril Silvertown and Martin Sugarman PI. Simmy lost all his family in The Holocaust when Latvia was overrun. Served Latvian artillery 1932-3. He served in Spain in a Balkan heavy artillery group (Kolarot), completed officers and commissars training, then in a German 11th Brigade anti-tank battery. Eventually he served in the Polish Dombrowski Battalion and witnessed the Ebro battle where most of the Botwin Company were virtually wiped out; wounded 4 times; he crossed into France with many refugees on 14 February 1939, his birthday! From 1940-47 served in the British Merchant Navy, as many IBer’s were refused service in the Armed Forces and regards himslf as a British veteran. Separate information and tapes in AJEX archives, with photos.

Sid Hamm, Cardiff Labour Party, kia July 1937, Brunette, 32 Lisvane St, Cathays – tbc if Jewish.

Morris Isaacs, Stepney, E.1, wia Madrid (MML).

1393 Lionel Jacobs, Nottingham, born 5, Aspland Rd, Hackney, E8, POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39, Gandesa. He was exchanged for Italian POW’s 1939 (MSCW p 105).

Hyman Jacobs aka Harry Jackson, born 1913, 30 Bedford St, Stepney and described in his brother Joe’s book “Out of the Ghetto,” pub. by J Simon 1978 (MML). POW March 1938, repatriated 2/39. Hyman witnessed many atrocities committed on Republican POW’s.

Jacobs, South African pilot.

460 Lazarus Jacks/ Leslie Jacques, lived at same address as Davidovitch, 638 Seven Sisters Road, London.

431 William Frank Jacobson,44 Winsford Terr., Edmonton, E18/N18.

Arnold Jeans, aka Geenes/Genis, b. Latvia, lived 43 Brighton Grove, Manchester, kia 19.12.36 Boadilla with Sid Avner (above).

Emmanuel “Manny” Julius, London, kia August or October 1936 Aragon/Alcubierre. Born 25.5.1912 Westcliff-on-Sea, moved in 1925 to Brondesbury, London NW2, educated at Kilburn Grammar School. Went to Spain in late 1935 as driver and correspondent for the “News Chronicle” Ambulance Volunteers, joined the militia who went on raids behind the enemy lines and he was killed. Letter from sister Faiga Olins 4.1.99, with photo.

George Jeger, 24 New Oxford St, London

Kahn? kia PI at reunion 1998, not in MSCW.

Dr Kahn, MML archive.

Arnold Kellan/Kallan, ambulance driver, MML archive.

Kagan, wia Brunete July 1937.

Sam Kaplan kia at Fuentes de Ebro, rescuing a wounded comrade; also, Lincoln Brigade.

Joe Kahn aka Raphael Cohen, Warehouseman, 37, Wellington Ave., Stamford Hill, N16, London. Information from Cyril Silvertown.

Stanislaus/Stephen Kaminiski, London (MML)/Glasgow – tbc if Jewish

Alfred Asher Keffenbaum/Kaffebrum (TNA index Foreign Office 1937), Israel/London.

1584 Jack Kramer aka John Kremner, salesman from 269 Middleton Rd, Manchester/Bolton and Birmingham, MML.

Isidore Konigsberg, Teacher, 106 Cheshire St Bethnal Green, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38(MML). Served also with Macpaps

Herbert Klein became US news correspondent for “New Masses,” Crook diaries.

Jacques Kaminiski (Polish/French), Prago.

“K” Kavetsky – USA (?).

Lou Kenton, WW2 Merchant Navy PI, b. Mile End, lived Holborn, wia as medic (see AJEX archives for detail).

Lillian Kenton, wife of Lou, physiotherapist.

P. Kop, kia Brunete July 1937 (DD p392).

Peter Kroger aka Israel Altman aka Morris Cohen, wia Aragon 1937. Born 1910, died 1995, served 15th Abraham Lincoln Brigade/USA and with British. Born in New York of Russian - Polish parents. 1226 Sherman Ave, NYC. Fought in WW2 in the US Army in Europe. Part of the notorious Portland spy ring in 1961. Fled to UK after Rosenberg trial; exchanged for UK spy in Russia.

Dr Richard Kisch, London, wia September 1936 in Battle for Majorca (BVFL p51). Tom Mann Centurion.

Arthur Koestler, famous Hungarian born British writer and journalist, POW.

Joachim/Joseph Kalkstein, born 21.7.20 in Berlin of Polish parents. Fought in Spain and after joined Palestine Police, Czech Legion and then the British SAS. He was kia in France 27 August 1944 and buried at the CWGC cemetery at Recey in Southern France. A sister lives on a kibbutz in Israel and a brother in New Zealand. His grave originally had a cross, but a non-Jewish comrade had this changed at a ceremony in 1999.

Kraus, London PI.

Krevatitsky – 2, Lewis Bldgs., Sydney St, E1 – ret. From Spain 3/9/38 (MI5 IB TNA, Kew)

M Kuhen, Liverpool, kia Jarama February 1937 (DD).

Issy/Isidore Kupchick, Canadian kia at Segovia June 1937 14th IB (BVFL photo p81).

George Leeson MSCW p 17, POW Jarama, tried in Spanish court, sentenced to death, commuted, hostage with Goldberg till after war (B15B p.199 – 95). From Dalyell Rd Brixton SW9; Bill Alexander says he was Jewish.

Bernard Lampert.

436 Conrad Levine, 22, Shore Rd, Hackney (MML)

Mathew Levin/Levine (MML), Caerphilly.

1395 Maurice Elijah Levy, 33, Ridley Rd, Dalston, (MML).

Bert “Yank” Levy, 319 Glengarry Ave, Windsor, Ontario – served also with Macpaps and was SOE Guerrilla trainer in WW2 UK

434 Alf Levy, 123, Stepney Green Bldgs., E1 (MML).

Reuben J. Lewis, 15 Sydney Sq, Stepney (MML).

Sydney Lewis, London, kia July 1938 Gandesa (MML) – lived Block 7, Princlet St, E1.

Joseph Levinsky, Chicago, served with British, wia Jarama 20/3/37

600 Cecil M. Louis, 14 Sandringham Rd, Golders Green, Air Force air mechanic (MML).

M Landau, London.

David Lomon – see Solomon, below

1420 Alfred Litchfield, alias Lichtfeld kia Gandesa 7th July 1938 – c/o L Soller, 115 Rossmore Ct, W1.

Pincus Percy Ludwick, Chief Engineer of the 5th Brigade, born Oct. 1908 London, lived Manchester. His father was born Minsk and returned to Russia and kia 1920 in Civil War against Whites. After Spain Percy served in the Soviet Air Force in WW2; details at MML including his unpublished book. Married Sasha, lived Russia after WW2.

Samuel R. Lee aka Levy, 29 Norcott Rd., Stamford Hill, N16, London, kia 23-27 February 1937 Jarama with Lincoln bat., only son of Mr and Mrs Levy of Hoxton Rd, London, N1. Entry in Jewish Chronicle of 28/2/41 page 3. Other sources say with the Irish Connolly column. Believed sent home at one point, for misbehaviour

1207 Ariel Levine, 40 Parliament Fields, Hampstead, London kia March 1938 31st Aragon/Caspe.

1241 Lt Frank/Ernest/Ephraim Lesser PI, Hackney.

Jack Victor Levy aka Lewis, London

Sam/Manassa Lesser aka Russell wia ankle and back 28.12.36 (MSCW pp.23/4), 39/89 Lauriston Rd, Hackney E9, brother of Frank above.

Simon Lipschitz, b. Poland, from Haifa, Israel, returned Israel 1939

601 Maurice Levine, 63, Kings Rd., Prestwich, Manchester, a tailor’s cutter, author of “Cheetham to Cordova” published by the Manchester Jewish Museum, 1984, by Neil Richardson. Levine was a veteran of the Kinder Scout Trespass, was twice wia in Spain (firstly at Brunete) and was in WW2 (page 80 MSCW). Maurice was guard over Col. Delasalle the night he was shot for treason. He also saw Josip Broz (TITO) in Spain even though Tito denied being there.

Moritz Levy/Loewy, born 13.9.1921, Czech, fought in No. 3 Jewish Troop, No. 10 Commando as Maurice Latimer and fought at Dieppe, Normandy and Walcheren.

Morry Levitus/Levitas POW March 1938 by Italians at San Pedro Camp, repatriated 2/39 (PI) of 3, Durward St./78 Brady St Mans., E1. Originally from Dublin, he was the only Irish Jewish volunteer from a tiny community. Son of Harry (born Kovno and came to Ireland 1912) and Leah nee Rick, he was born 1.2.17 at 8, Warren St, Dublin, educated at St Peter’s Church of Ireland School. Family went to Glasgow 1927 and London 1931. Morry served WW2 RAMC Burma, became a plumber after and then lecturer, then taught in East Germany.

Paul Lewis aka S Silver, 36, Hallswell Rd., Golders Green, London PI; veneer worker. Mother French, he later lived in Australia.

Arthur Lerner, 39 Alkham Rd, Stoke Newington/ also Canada, POW March 1938, repatriated 5.2.39.

Maurice Linden, aka Lubliner – from Kirkaldy, Scotland, medical services

Cecil Frederick Mennel, Canada/ 44 Seymour St., Camden, London, 1938 kia at Terruel, PI Joe Garber.

Alan Marks aka Jacsensky, tailor, 6, Craven St., E1 London kia, July 1937 Brunete.

Sam (Simon) Masters aka Morris Simon, 16/110, Newark St., E1 London, kia July 1937 Brunete. Cited for “coolness and efficiency,” MML archive.

George Mayer – discharged as medically unfit

Joe Maisters, 82 Grange Ave., Leeds PI.

Martin Messer, Glasgow and 26 Lydon Rd SW4, kia 20 December 1936 Boadilla, CO British 4th Machine Gun Coy.

Mike Milton aka Wolf Kupinsky, born USA, lived Oxford

1340 Maurice/Sam/ Lionel Miller, 47, Morpeth St, Hull, kia Aug 1938 Ebro/Sierra Pandols, Hill 666.

Jacob Nus Mendel, pilot from Jo’burg South Africa.

Dr. Minkoff worked with nurse Goldin/Spiegel (MML), Bulgarian via UK.

1348 Alex Marcovitch, tailor, 415 Eglinton St., Glasgow (MML).

Morris Mendelson, 135 Wellington Rd South, Stockport, Manchester (MML), upholsterer.

Montague Mandell, 16 Aristotle Rd, Clapham (MML) and Manchester, kia July or Feb 1937 Brunete/Jarama.

Marcel Montague, Richmond Rd, W12, London.

David Mindline aka Danker, 25 Shakespeare Gdns, NW10 Finchley/45 Marlborough St, W1 (MML).

1093 William Moses aka W Stewart (MML), 127 East Rd, London N1, plumber, army no 143424, Canadian (?) – kia?

Phil Morris, 33, Cambridge Bldgs., Darling Row E1, London – kia 2 February 1937 Jarama.

Bert Masky, aka Barnet Masanskey, 167, Lloyd St/ 61 Moreton St, Manchester (CTC p39), kia Arganda Bridge olive groves, Jarama 12.2.37 or POW - not known. Born Lithuania. Sister married to Sam Wild.

Anton Miles, 1, Stapleton Villas, Wadsworth Rd/Wordsworth Rd, Stoke Newington, N16.

Wolf Nathan aka William - POW 3/38, repat. 10/38 – fruiterer and seaman, Aubrey’s Fruit Store, Newington Green N16/12 Challis Ct, Commercial Rd. E1 - boxed under name of Jock McGregor

A S Nathan - London - KIA July 1937, Brunete

David H. Newman – 54, South Rd, Edmonton, N9 (ML)

1399 Max Nash aka Nunez/Nashitz - Sephardi from 13 Clarence Gdns, Clarence Rd, Hackney, London - KIA Ebro/Gandesa July/Aug 1, 1938, by a sniper.

Major George/Samuel (?) Montague Nathan, b. 1896, WW1 Professional Guards Officer or NCO, POW 1917-1918 - Brigade Staff and Operations Officer in Spain, smart, pipe-smoking with clipped moustache, from Bethnal Green, London, and Manchester, arrived Spain 1936 – kia 16 July 1937 at Torra le Donas, Brunete, constantly exposing himself to enemy fire with his pistols, officers riding boots and riding crop. He was accused by some comrades for being with the Black and Tans in Ireland, and accused of murder in Limerick, but acquitted at an informal hearing of any misdeeds. He was wia by aerial bomb shrapnel organising withdrawal at Brunete in Guadarrama hills and died in Madrid. Nathan had been the first CO of the British No 1 Company Nov/Dec 1936 (see above), Staff Officer and later Chief of Staff of 15th Battalion, CO of 11th battalion and of the 14th Brigade, and First CO of the Dumont Batallion on Madrid and Cordoba fronts (Fred Copeman, British Batallion Roll of Honour, 1939, courtesy of Louis Stoller of Leeds). Owing to his great popularity and well-known contempt for danger, he was given a funeral with full military honours when buried. Melody Buckley of USA and Ireland working on his biography.

Alfred H Needleman, 420, Mare St, Hackney/ 8 Junction Place, Amhurst Rd., Hackney, London (PI), POW March 1938, repatraited 10/38.

1379 Michael Nuns aka Emile Pezzaro kia Aragon March 1938, of 107, Mt Pleasanr Lane, Clapton E5, Hackney.

Nurse Jeanette Opman aka “Jadzka” and “Juanita” from Vilna via France, information from Len Crome (Len says there were dozens of Jewish women fighters and nurses especially from Poland and Czechoslovakia - PI).

Samuel G. Paesta/Paster, Stepney/Hammersmith, wia Madrid Nov/Dec 1936, No 1 Coy, 3rd Section, with Thaelmann Brig. (MML); probably alternative name for Sam Masters.

Elliott Paul, journalist and author of “Life and Death of a Spanish town”.

Avigdor Pickholz, born 1915 in Poland and lived in Essen, Germany, and Paris. He was wia and died Gibraltar 1938/9. Two brothers lived in Israel.

Marc Persoff/Perzoff/Penzoff, Swiss – kia 20/3/37 Jarama (MML).

Leslie Praegar, Victoria Park, Manchester, Ambulance unit.

Edward “Ernie” Paul, 71 Malham Rd., Forest Hill London, seaman, kia February 1937 Jarama.

1553 Michael/Michaelis Pavlov, London (MML), possibly a Greek Jew from Cyprus or Polish - tbc? Also served Lincoln Brigade – info from Paul Phillipou who is half Jewish and half Cypriot!

Dr Ruth Prothero, b. Leipzig, nee Schurer, daughter of Albert Gustav Schurer

Stephen Pollak, b. Berlin, lived Chelsea and Stepney E1

866 Richard Harry Pressman, 63, Higher Carbridge St/64 Brook St, Manchester, Anti-Aircraft Batallion (MML).

Bert/Baruch Ramelson/Ramuelson, Leeds (MSCW p 92) born Bachran/Baruch Ramelson/Ramilevich in, Cherkassy Ukraine, 22.3.10, lived first in Canada as a child in 1921 in Edmonton, Alberta. Was a University law graduate but went to Spain 24.8.37 as a Lieutenant and fought on the Ebro and Aragon fronts in the Canadian Macpaps (McKenzie-Pappinneau Batallion) and was twice wounded. Returned to UK March 1939 to Royal Tank Corps in WW2, POW at Tobruk in 1941 and in Italy, escaped after 2 years and then served in the army in India. Later, executive of British Communist Party. Died 13th April 1994.

Louis Rosenbloom, possibly from Manchester, one of 3 brothers who served also in WW2 – information from family. May have used an alias in Spain

Phil Richards, an alias for Caplan, after Richard St, off Canon St Road E1, where he lived, and 83, Shirland Gardens, Maida Vale, W7 - information from childhood friend Louis Stoller of Leeds (letter Sept. 1999). He was a lightweight boxing champion and kia in Spain at Jarama 12/2/37.

Monty/Maurice Rosenfeld/ Rosenfield (BVFL p246) – 17 Granton St/46 Lord St, Cheetham, Manchester, kia in Italy in WW2, won MM in Italy.

Reginald Rose, Elgin Cres, Paddington – tbc if Jewish

David Rosenberg, joined from Belgium, family in UK.

A. Rubens, Cheetham, Manchester – found to be underage and repatriated.

Gen. Yaakov Vladimirovich Smushkevich (“Douglas”), Senior Air Force adviser and fpilot and de facto Commander (Russian). Stern/Shtern and he were all later recalled to to Moscow and executed by Stalin.

Arthur Stakewski/Stashevsky, Polish/Russian and economic adviser to Republican Government, later executed by Stalin.

Jacques Sokel/Sokol, 112 Carleton Rd, N7, Polish born, kia on board ship ‘City of Barcelona’ (MML and J Carmody).

Joseph Samson (MML).

David Samson.

Alfred (later SIR) Sherman aka Theodor Vladimir Carmel, born 19 Median Rd., Clapton, London/40 Amhurst Pk/5, templar hse, Southwold rd, E5 b. 10.11.1919, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, married to Zahava nee Levin, also fought in WW2, was journalist for Jewish Chronicle and Daily Telegraph post war, economic advisor to Israeli and British Governments, fellow of LSE, a member of The West London Synagogue. Died 2006.

Alan Sheller/Alick, Stepney, Tom Mann Centurion.

Louis Shine/Schein, b. in Whitechapel – of 4 Gardiner Ave., Cricklewood, POW (MML). Recruited by General Morris ‘Two Gun’ Cohen from Norwood orphanage

450 Alec Terry “Tiny” Silverman, 4 or 7, Beaumont Sq, E1 (MML).

Louis Silverstein, 7, Darnley Rd, Hackney E9 (MML).

Nathan aka “Nicholas” Segal OR Cohen, 7, Connaught Rd, West Ham, London, kia 27 December 1936/37 Cordoba/Lopera, cut down by aircraft machine gun fire.

R L Samuel.

Charles Percy Santor, 1, Quantock Hse, Lynmouth Rd, Hackney, N16

Frank Squires aka Antrim – wife Jewish and son live in Jerusalem, Israel.

Gerald Shirlaw/Steele, b. Poland, from Liverpool

Alfred Sterling/Stirling also of Sheffield – lived 74 Manor Rd, Stoke Newington, b. Ukraine 1899 – real name Jacob Schwartz – POW WW2

Harry Strauss, b. UK but served with Thaelmann’s

547 Victor Shammah, 116, Burton Rd, Withington, Manchester, kia March 1938 Aragon, letters at MML archive.

J G Schwitzer, Czech born 8.3.1920, fought No 3 Jewish Troop, No 10 Commando in WW2 as Tommy Swinton.

Jack Sherpenzeel/Sherpenell, London, kia 31 Jukly 1938 Ebro, from Maaschavenbib, Rotterdam.

Dr Randall/Randolph Sollenberger, from Baltimore USA and Highland Falls NY, working at St Mary’s Hospital, London (Paddington), Manchester (Bury Infirmary) and USA. Was in 11th Brigade, Edgar Andre Batallion, surgeon and anesthesist, short, stout, bearded, with a slight speech impediment. Refused to stay at base but kept in the front line with his men, often taking up arms to fight. Later served 15th Brigade, dressing many wounded in exposed positions at Mosquito Hill, Brunete. He was kia tending wounded in his truck after running back and forth all day, rallying men all the time to fight, July 1937 Brunete; he pioneered the use of a mobile operating theatre.

Nathan Steigman, baker, 65 Greenfield St., E1, London, kia 27 February 1937 Jarama.

John Stevens, aka Moses Myer Nagelman, Norwood orphan, engineer from 15 Highbury Hill, Islington, murdered whilst a POW Feb 1937 Jarama with Elias, 381 Mile End Rd.

David Smulevitch m, Polish, took part in Auschwitz uprising of October 1944 (Prago).

Jack/John Sylvester aka Silverstone, 60, Church St/45 Redchurch St, Bethnal Green/, London, student at Shoreditch Technical College, kia February 1937 Jarama.

Stephen Spender, Jewish writer and poet.

1171 Sam/Charles Spiller, London, PI Joe Garber.

718 Sidney Silvert/Silver, 26a Hewitt St/26 Perth St, Manchester (MML).

Solomon Simon, 17 Broughton St., Cheetham, Manchester (MML), tailor.

163 Ernest W. Spenger/Sprenger, 26, Greenham Rd, Muswell Hill, London mia/wia Caspe, 3/38(MML).

Moses Stang – 13, Brixton Hill Rd, Brixton (MML).

Joseph Sloan, Kilburn

1274 Leslie and Edward Starr,41, Fairey/Fairway Lane, Bury New Rd., Manchester 8 (MML) – TWO brothers (James Carmody).

Jack/George Stone aka H G Levenstern/Levenstein, London.

Max Swirsky – b. Mile End 1914, worked on ships taking supplies to north Spain from UK for the IB. Fought with KRRC in Crete and was wounded and POW and later died of wounds in 1942 – buried in CWGC cemetery at Phaleron.

1543 David Solomon aka Lomon, POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38, salesman of 60, Gore Rd, Victoria Pk., Hackney E9. Later served worldwide in Royal Navy in WW2. When he died in 2013, he was the last Jewish UK veteran of the SCW, after Phil Tammar, who died in Jan 2014.

G Silverstone, Norveegan St, Copenhagen, Denmark.

Jack/George Stone/Silverstone, London (Crook diaries MML).

Vladimir Sheraman, London.

Gordon Leslie Siebert, West Ham and 45 Grange Rd, Chigwell.

Geoffrey Servantes, 40a Amhurst Pk, Stamford Hill N16 b. Scotland (?)

Rafael Schaltz wia (MML), USA? Survived sinking of SS City of Barcelona 30.5.37.

Maurice Stott, 131, Sandy Lane, Rochdale kia 12.3.37, Jarama.

Maurice Swindells (“Eddie”), 15 Clifton Ave., Manchester, kia February 1937 Jarama.

Joseph Selligman aka Frank Neary, student of 1415 Willow Ave, Louisville, Kentucky USA

John Sommerfeld aka Sommerfield, London, Commune de Paris Batallion, 125th Brig., Madrid.

Julian Sanders/Saunders, Clapton, London, POW March 1938.

Ronald A. Robert Symes, London, died of wounds Casa de Campo Nov/Dec 1936, Madrid; from Hants., possibly not Jewish.

Paul Schuster, South Africa, Thaelmann Batallion.

J. or G. Slavenberg.

Conrad Singer /Chuna Zhinger, served Rumanian Army, Anna Paulker Battery in Spain. Was wia battle of Teruel and later served WW2 French Foreign Legion. Was POW, liberated and joined British Army, lived in Blackpool after War (MML), died Oct 2006.

1426 Alf Salisbury, b 1907, 11 Sydney Sq, Stepney, parents’ refugees from Riga, booklet at MML archive.

Isidore Springer, Polish, later in the “Red Orchestra” spy ring against the Nazis (Prago).

Robert Silcock, Liverpool, POW with M. Goldberg and G Leeson; Bill Alexander says he was Jewish, but the family refute this.

917 Jack Shaw/Schukman/Shore of 47, Fieldgate Mansions, Myrdle St, E1 (PI), born 1917 Stepney, retired cab driver. Was at Cable Sreet, WW2 and 43 Group Jewsh Ex-Service anti-Fascist/anti Mosley group.

C. Simmons kia 27/2/37 Jarama (?) aka Charles John Fairbank, born Portsmouth, possibly not Jewish

333 Robert Andrew Sloss (? Tbc if Jewish)

Morris Simon, b. Bulgaria.

Isidore Sonin, husband of Natalie of Whitechapel; see obituary of David Sonin in Times 11/6/08

Sam Smil, wia Jarama, Romanian lived in London. After was interned in France and then offered French nationality by General Weygand to join the Foreign Legion as did many Spanish Civil War veterans. Fought at Narvik in 1940, escaped by boat to UK and joined the British army.

General Emilio/Emile/Grigori Kleber CO International Bnigade, aka Morris or Manfred /Lazar/ Stern/Feteke, born Czernowitz, Russia 1896/8 (?), where there is a street named after him. He was captured as an officer in the Austro-Hungarian cavalry in 1916 in WW1 then fought against Whites in Red Army as commissar of a partisan unit 1921, wia several time. He then fought Japanese and Czechs in Soviet Far East, advised Chinese 1933, was Chief Soviet advisor to Spanish High Command. Later he lived in Canada, charismatic defender and saviour of Madrid commanding 11th Int. Brig. and later 45th Div. June 1937. Probably murdered in Stalin’s purges in 1954 Gulag – according to latest research by Ben Macintyre in book ‘Agent Sonya’.

638 Lewis James Stansfield, alias?? - 39, Cuthbert St, Newton, Manchester.

Ernest Spenger, 26 Greenham Rd (?)

873 J. (?) Samson Tobias, 6 Cricketfield Rd. Clapton, E5.

Phil Tammer /Tammar aka Diamond, 134 Vallance Rd, E2, b. 1915, father of Maxine, died 2014 - POW March 1938, repatriated 10/38 (MML). – the last Jewish SCW veteran in UK

Louis Tanklevitch/Tankovitch, 38 Fortescue St, Liverpool, kia March or July 1938 Ebro/Gandesa with Lincolns/Washingtons. Also, of 15 Dardew Ct, N12.

Victor Tabbush, b. Cairo, lived 49, Weston Pk, N8, London.

Abraham Trauber, 3, Dundridge Place, Bethnal Green, kia September 1938 Ebro.

Ena Vassie, Czech nurse (PI).

H. Wise, London, kia Janury 1937, Cordoba.

Ernie Wooley an alias – b. Manchester, of 9 Bishpan Ave, Redditch, kia behind the lines as an agent

Claude Warsaw/Warson /Warsow, born 9/10/1906 or 03 Southsea, Hants, RAF 1926-31, FO 101 Bomber Sqdn in Palestine and Egypt, c/o Hampden Club, NW1. Served in Andre Malraux Sqdn in Spain kia 26.9.36 Toledo/Taluvera and given full Jewish funeral. Left a father and widow and daughter; see AJEX files from Daily Express and Foreign Office. Son of Joshua Warsow, Turkish national.

George Westfield, an alias, from 159, Grove Rd, Liverpool/Manchester 8 (?), kia October 1937 Aragon/Fuente del Ebro.

Frederick Weinbusch/Wimbush, of Donegal St, Pitsea and London W11

Alec Wainman of Oxford – tbc if Jewish

Jack S. White, 52, Myrdle St, E1, London, kia 13 February 1937, Jarama.

1055 Wilfred/Alfred Winnick, machinist of 8, Eastham Ave., Fallowfield Manchester (MML).

Albert Wallace, alias, Cheetham, Manchester.

Sam Wagenheim, Leeds, MSCW p 92-3.

Mick White, brother of Jack kia, 10, King John St, London, E1, tailor.

Jack/James Wolfe, 11, St Margaret’s Rd, Hillingdon, London, b. Plymouth, member Hashomer Hatzair Zionist Socialist youth group, kia Aug 1937 Belchite. Possibly survived

Bernard G Winfield, 76, St Answell Rd, Nottingham - kia 19/1/38 Teruel.

Harry Wise, 20, Kenmount Gdns, NW10, London - kia 12/1/38 Las Rozas.

Charles Wightloff – an alias - from Margate

1251 Pantelis/Zacharia Zachriov/Zachriou, London (MML), Greek, WiA (?). Lived 74, Berwick St – tbc if Jewish – info Paul Phillipou

501 Doumont Z(S)ubchaninov, 15 Sandcroft Abbey, SE2 (MML), aka Jim Ruskin IB interpreter from Russia, linguist and transmissions officer.


The Polish Jewish Volunteers - extracted mostly from “No Passeran – Polacy w Wojnie Hiszpnskiej” ( Polish Participation in the Spanish Civil War) pub. by Ministry of Defence, Warsaw, 1963  by Simon Hirshman and DD. Other names come from Szurek’s book “The Shattered Dream.” The Polish battalions were the last to leave Spain. The first Polish and Italian Jewish volunteers fought at Irun on Aug 28, 1936 (DD p. 33).

Four of the 22 Committee members of the surviving 500 Polish Brigade after the war, which  gathered in February 1939 at the beaches of St Cyprien in Southern France, with the survivors of the IB and the Republican army, were Jews

Sgt Chaim Jungman

Capt. Julian Kirchner, kia with Polish Partisans

Capt Seweryn Sewe Kirszenbaum, kia with French Partisans

Capt. Emanuel Mundek Mink, CO of the Jewish Botwin bat. (which had its own Yiddish newspaper, flag and language of command) and French Resistance WW2. Born 23.4.1913 in Tomaszov, Poland – lived Paris after WW2.

Other ranks

Abram Abramovicz, KIA 1936 defence of Madrid, Casa de Campo

Abram “The Blockhead” – Botwins - TSD

Abram Abramovich – tank commander (Russian) KIA Brunete in 1937 with 108th Brigade (TSD).

Nachni Abramowich

Godel Abramovitch

Bronislaw Abramowski

Krasny Abrascha – fought with Thaelmann’s (?)

Marian Abramczyk – machine gunner – TSD

Gabriel Adler

Joseph Adler aka Feldman - died 1955 Poland

Maurycy Adler

Maurice Aisenberg (French)

Moryc Aizenberg (French) KIA 1937

Severyn Ajzner aka “Victor” – war correspondent - TSD

Tovie “Mick” Aizen aka Tadek aka Alek Tmoasz kia Estramadura

Victor Seweryn Aizner aka “Wiktorek”

Aron Aker

Ms. Golda Akerman murdered by the Nazis

Weronika “Vera” Akerman aka Wera


Salomon Albaum


Simcha Albert

Moise Alcobitz – Turkish - Botwins

David Aleksandrowicz KIA with Polish Partisans

Waclaw Aleksandrowicz

Jacob Aleksandrowicz

Efraim Altenberg died in Australia

Aleksander Alter

Simon Alter

Lazar Althauser

Dr Josef Altman

Ms Sara “Ala” Altman

Maurice Maryc Amtler - disappeared in Toulouse fighting Nazis

Alfred Angersztain

Anka aka Paris

Jacob Aronowicz/Aronovich - died Belgium

Leizor Aronowicz

Mans/Max Aronowicz aka Michel

Josef Leon Aronson

Adrian Aronson

B Aronson

Alfred Augersztajn – engineer – TSD

Jacob Augustin

Chaim Augarten – France – aka Rzeszow, wia Spain and fought in French Resistance

Aaron Aumont aka Butkow

Boris Aszychmin

Edwin Bachman

Jacub Bachrach - UK

Dr “Kuba” Bachrach - TSD

Natan Badian

Josef Balcen - died in Warsaw Ghetto uprising

Isaak Szumon Bailowicz b. 1906, brother of Wolf, below, kia 1943 with Kostcinko Division

Wolf Bailowicz b. Mlawa, Poland 1902 aka Vovke – lived France, kia

Jerzy Bajer

Izaak Bajlowiez

Josef Balcerzak - shot by Nazis 1942


Pejsach Baranczuk died in Anjele sur Iller camp, France

Peissach Baranek

Stephane Barsoni

Lombard Baruach

Josef Baruak

Jacub Baruch

Abraham “Motke” Basok kia 1938 at Syre/Ebro

Leszek Eliasz Bastocki (“Red Thread”) – a Commissar – TSD

Dr Simon/Szmuel Baulka - TSD

Leon Baum/Boim kia Madrid

Bora Baumacz

Isaak Baumel aka Lombard – shot by Nazis

Geoge Beck

Elias Begelman (Russian)


Elizabeth Bekier

Alexander Beker aka Ferry (?)

Szmuel Ben

Leon Liova Bengom

Josef Benda

Samuel Benmordchaj

Samuel Baumorojchaj – USA

Bengold – pilot

Luis Betschner

Samuel Ber


Alex “Ferry” Olek Bekier – Commissar 5th Corps - TSD

Mendel Berestecki

Mendel Berenstecki

Adolf Berger

Antoni Berger

Lea Berger

Rafal Berger/Eleazar Berger /Grunbaum - journalist

Rozalia Berger

Samuel Berger

Abram Berger

Mayer Berger

Samuel Berliner

Abram Bereman

Maurycy “Marek” Berman

Abram Berman

Wolf Berman

K. Bernstein

A. Bernstein

L. Bernstein

Micha Bernstein

Chaim Besser

Zygmunt Besser

Herst Henrtk Bialawaz

Abraham Bielenki/Bielinski - kia Spain

Wolf Bielowicz

Jacub Biezywski

Boleslaw “Bolek” Bilgrajer

Zysza Birencwaig

Bernard Birman

Henach Beankrot/Heinich Blankrot - kia Madrid/Zaragossa - from Kalisz, Poland.

Ernest Blank aka “Karl” German Commissar kia Granollers 1938.

Jonasz “Jonas” Blejwas/Bleisweis

Lucja Blic

Leon Blic

Blicban – aka Skorupinski – emigrated to Israel – died 1985 - TSD

Morris Blizbau – POW aged 26

Jadwiga Bloch

Michael Bron – Coy. Cmdr. - TSD

Salomon Blocian

Marcel Bociar

Marcek Boczar - murdered by Nazis in French Resistance

Jonas Brodkin – born Turkish Palestine – expelled to Austria, lived France, WIA Spain (lost a leg) – TSD.

Jeehok/Isaac Blumenkrauc/krantz

Dr Blumenstein

Marian Boben - Israel

Gerszon Dua Bogen - died Poland 1948

Jakob Bornsztajn

Leon Borenstajn

Chaim Borenstein

Marian Borenstajn

Monieck Borenstein

Lowa Borsuk

Efroim Borys

Pawel Borys

Mayer Boski

Samuel Max Bot kia Spain – from Lublin



Fanny/Freda Bre - nurse



Moryc Bresler

Josef Brikner kia Lerida, 1938, Spain

Jerzy Brin/Bron

Jonas Brodkin – b 1901, wia Ebro – died Israel 1985

Jerzy Bromberg

Isaac Bronstein (Russian)

Zelig Bronstein - pilot

Mietek Broniatowski from Czenstochow

Josek Bruchner from Rzeszow kia

Dr Josef Bryl/Brill

Helena Brzostoska – nurse

Wincenty Brzozka

Hersz Brzustowski

Felix “Fajka” Bulinski

Boleslaw “Simon” Bulka

Ms Frida Buchbinder - murdered by Nazis in Holocaust

Szmul Buchhendler

Miguel Bukovic, labourer aged 34 – Hung.

Benjamin Burg – b. 1916 Tchernowitz - kia

Jozef Burka

Abram Bursztyn - kia Spain 1938

Jose Campillo

Ignace Cantor


“Carlos” – from Argentina, a Commissar - TSD

Boris Cejtlis – Latvian kia Guadalquivir - TSD

Chaim Chari

Jaszar Chein – born Vilna, educated Berlin – Officer in German Thaelmann Brigade, 11th Coy. – TSD.

Boris Chein, brother – died 1975 Paris.

Pinkus Chaite died 1952 USSR

Abraham Chaikin

Abram Chapel

Abraham Chaskiel

Kazimierz “Winkler” Chichowski


Joseph Chmarnik

Abram Chroskiel – Belgium

Leon Chrzastowski


Simche Cialek - died with French Resistance

Herman Cohn

Roza Cretien

Boleslaw Cugowski

Chaim Emile Cukier – b. 1919 Radom, 12 in family of 13 – kia Madrid

Fischel Cukierman

Jankel Cukierman/Jaime Chukiermann (??)

Tadeusz “Wladyslaw Stopczyk” Cwik

Israel Cyngiser

Zelik Cyngiser

Leon Cyngiser

Jacob Cyngiser

Natan Czak - kia 1937 madrid

Franck Czaplinski – machine gunner former French Legionnaire – TSD

Leopold Czernick

Leon Czopek aged 41 - POW

Salomon Damrun


Szymon Daroszewski

Julio David aged 33 – Hungary


Adam Dawidowicz

Leon Dawidowicz

Dekhtyar/Dekhtar, Fydor – Soviet pilot mia 1937 but esc. to France and UK, served in British Army in Palestine - last known in Israel in 1946

Izaak Derowicz

Henri Deutsch

Henri/Henryk Deutscher - France

Moise Diner/Dines

Azrie Dierschman (Russian)

Stanislaw Dobrowski POW

Gerson Dona

Karol Dorfman

Dorka - TSD

Elie Drabinek

Bernard Driva

Szmelke Drozkarz

Gershon Dua-Bogen (Prago)

Izaak Duczkin

Salomon Dvorin

Enzebiusz Dworkin

Grzegorz “Gricha” Dzierzgowski

Fanny Edelman nee Jabcovsky, from Argentina – died 2011 aged 100 yrs

Josef Edenhofer – aka Pepe – Czech ambulance driver - TSD

Jakub “Wolf Eimerl” Ehrlich/ “Karol” - died of wounds 1937 Spain

Simon Eiber

Simon Eicher – USSR

T Einhorn (Rom.)

Beniamin Ekstein kia 1938 Spain

Szloma Elbaum b. 1911 Chelm - kia Gandesa 1938

Szmuel Elbaum

Michal Eilbaum

Lipa Eiss (Pol/Fr)

Szimen Elbaum

Ms Zofia Senia Elingen - murdered at Auschwitz

Chaim Elkon/Elkron kia Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid (see Israel list)

Josef Elkon

Doctor Zofia “Sonia” Ellinger

Mattes Elman

Israel Englender

Hersz Enis

Pavel Epstein

Col. Josef Epsztein aka Gilles – shot by Nazis

Pinkus Erlich - died Paris

Dr Gabriel Ersler aka “Gabrish” – studied Switzerland, MO 13th Brigade – in French resistance WW2 – TSD – left Poland for Israel in 1968

S. Erlich – 3rd Coy. Mieckiewicz Bat.

Urko Erlich

Miriam Esther

Josef Faifer

Lt Henry Fajbushak

Jozef Fajtyk

Emanuel Faingelerut - died Poland

Adolf Fajerajzen

Moise Faingeld

Moniek Faingold – b. 1907 in Lodz, lived in Paris

Mojzez “Wonka” Faingold

Zsmul Fainkwas


Feliks Fajbusiak

Michal “Jaroslaw Tichy” Fajgman

Teofil Fajka

Maurice Fayuns/Fajuns/Fains

C Falk

Motel Mauryey “Schwartzer” Faltenberg Lenoir died 1959 USSR

Schlomo Feburan

Schmaia Feder

Shmarie-Ozias Feder

Abram Feterberg

Alter Fainzylberg

Samson Feinzilber

Fischel Fefer – killed by Nazis

Wiker Fejgin

Herman Feld

J Feld

Leon Feldmann

Stefan “Szloma Salomon” Felman

Dr Felix

David Felsaistain kia Ebro 1938


Jeanne/Jeannette Ferry/Block - 14th Brigade (?)

Abram Feterberg

Saloman Feuerberger

Leib Szmuel Fidel

Mieczyslaw Fiala (Fialkowski)

Leib Samuel Fidel

Koppel Fiderer

Janek Josef Figlarz

Moise Fiks

Szmul “Stach” Fidel b Stasiow 1912, lived Belg., kia Guadalajara 14.1.37

Bernard Finkelstein

Ilya Finn, Russian Jewish pilot (Jan Safarik web site)

Hersz Henryk Finkestajn kia 1938

Mojzese Fisz kia 1938

Moise Fisch

Wolf Fischer

Abram Fiszelson

Fefer Fiszek - kia in French Partisans

Jonas Naftali Fiszek/Fiszman

Moritz Fischman

Nachman Feek/Felk - escaped internment camp at Argeles but was betrayed and murdered at Dachau

Bernard Flam

Dr Major Stanislaw (Moishe) Flato, Polish Army, later served in China and Burma against Japanese, died Berlin 1972 – TSD. Is this Samuel/Victor/Mejcze Flato, CO 35th Div. Medical unit??

Menachem Fleg/Fleck – murdered by Nazis fighting in the Resistance in France

Walenty Flesar

Simon Sumon Flok/Flek

Dr. Andre Flohrberbaum

Maria Fortus (Russ.)


Leizer Frajol/Frajd

Jan Franckawiak

Eliezer Freid

Dr Theodore Frankel

Jacub Frankenstein

Symcha Frenkel

Pavel Friedman

Leon Friedman – Argentina

Oscar Friszwasser

Abram Frizer

Leon Fritz

Bernard “Jam” Frejtkes

Herman Frogel

Zdzislav Fruchter, nurse

Gustav Frumer

Frydman living in Varsovie

Boleslaw Fucks

Albert Furman

Slozinez Fursa

Aron/Arnold Gabrier

Jan Gabrowski POW

Baruch Gaelet

Zygmunt Gal

Josef Galant - kia 1938

Jaime Gallego


Gayman-Tenenbaum – nurse

Joseph Gdula

Anna Gecow

Jonas Gedulding aka Michele Martiniak – shot by Nazis in French Partisans 21.2.44 in Paris, buried Ivry – TSD.

Isak/Sasha Ghelbruch

Leon Cukier Geler

Andre Gellert

Josef Gelert

Maks Geller/Galer aka Seiger

Guta Geliebter


Gelman (Fr)

Josef Gerlach

Vida Geza – Roumanian artist – fought in French and Roumanian Resistance.

Zelek Gingiser

Jehuda Gilary

Symcha Giolek

Maks Giller

Arnold Ginsburg

Josef Zdizslaw Kolbinsky Glazer - kia 1937 Barcelona

Jan Gluck

Wolf Gluckewsztajn/Glicenstein (Russian/French?)

Dr Jacob Glushkin

Leon/Stanisla Godlenski

Kasimir Godlenski

Joseph Goerlich

Michalak Gold /Sewek

Efraim Goldart

Jacques/Isaac/Icek Goldbaum

Josef Goldberg

David Goldberg

Emmanuel Goldberg

Ivan Goldeszczuk (Ukrainian)

Jacob Goldgevicht

Lt Adolphe Goldgewicht – Belgian Resistance, deported to Nordhausen – died 3 months after liberation aged 30 years.


Leon Goldgrub/Goldgrab

Adolf Goldhar

Charles Goldhar (?)

Szyja Goldhar

Simon/Freud/Willi Goldhar/Goldean

Jacub Goldricht

Abram Goldring

Henry Goldschal

Chaskiel Goldsztein

Leo Goldgrael

Eliasz Goldhamer kia 1938

Abram Goldman

Chaskiel Goldman

Jakub Goldman

Josef Fiszel Goldman

Michal Goldring

Metel Goldryn

Chaskiel Goldstein


Sigmund Golenbiowski

Marcin Golenbiasz

Leon Goll

Jan Golinski

Szymon Gombowski

Zygmont Gombiewski

Michal Gorenczack

Aron Gorian

Izaak/Jacques Gorowicz

Morisca/Marien Gotelf, nurse

Maria Gotelf, nurse

Chaim Gotfeld

Joseph Gotlib

Salomon Gotlib – b. Lvov kia Jan 1938 nr. La Gariga

Simon Gotlieb

Chaim Gottlib kia 1938 Estramadura

Josef Gotlice

Dr Basil Goubin

Antoine Grabowski

Kasimir Graf

Josef “Stefan Kurt” Granas

Leib Granowitch

Herman Grant

Albert Grinbaum aka Berger; mother lived in Palestine - murdered by Polish Fascists 1946 Kielce, Poland

Mattes Grinberg

Rachmiel Grinberg

Szaya Grinberg

Simon Griner

Jacub Grinszpan

K. Grinstajnk

Maurice Gross

Ber Grossman

Matias Meir Grosman – murdered by Nazis in France

Naftali Grosman

Ander Grosz

Eugenia Gross

Jan “Jampoler” Grot

Abraham Ber Growajs

Bernard/Louis Gruber

Jacub Gruber - died in France

Antoni Grudzieck

Jean Grudziak

Micha Grunber

Dr Jacques Grunblatt b. 26.10.11, Kolonia, Poland

Saeah/Suzanne Grunstein, nurse

Ernest Gryc

Chaim Grynberg/Grunstein

Roman Grynberg

Alter Grynblat

Aron Grynstein

Aron Grynszpan

Shlomo Grzywacz – shot by Nazis in Polish partisans – TSD.

Hillel “Bill/Robert” Gruszkiewicz – with Polish partisans, committed suicide rather than reveal secrets under torture – TSD.

Mendel Grzye

Uszer Gruszka aka “Napoleon” because of shortness – Botwins, left Poland in 1968 purges and died Israel 1973.

Capt. Dr Kuba Grynsztajn – studied Zagreb – 13th IB, kia with 129th bat. – TSD.

Jozef Gudys

Salomea Gudys

Dr Maya Guimpel – sister of Boris (see Franco-Belge)

Matyss Gosman

Ms Rachela Gunzig - Belgium

Eugenia Gurski

Zygfryd Guterman

Wlodzimierz Gutiens

Zygmunt Simon Gutt – TSD.

Hentyk Guterman kia 1938

Zystryd Feliks Guterman - murdered Buchenwald

Henryk Gutman

Josef Gutman

Simon/Salomon Gutman

Sofia “Sonia” Gutman

Daniel Haber

David Haber

Lisbeth Haas

Moise Haft

Josef Hajsler

Izrael Halbersberg b. Lublin kia Ebro 1938

Kalman Halfant kia Ebro 1938

Haller, kia Lerida

Arnold Halpen kia Estramadurs 1938

Artur “Stefan” Halpern

Boris Halpern – 4th M Gun Coy

Berl Halpern kia 1937 Valencia

Naftali Halpern aka Stefan Hlicki – fought with Palestinian Jews

Stefan Halpern kia 1938 Estramadura

Henryka Hass-Larson

Jacub Halas

Josef Harenzlau

Piekar Hatskel - pilot

Simon Hausman-Zelman

Aron Hazenberg, France

Dr Joseph Heller aka “Rudek” – died Tel-Aviv 1976 - TSD

Leib Hecht

Dr Czeslaw Heilbrun

Jozef Hejman

Abraham Helfand kia 1938

Kalman Helfant

Celina Heller

Dr Sonja Hellinger

Efraim Helman

Rosner Herman

Robert Herschel

General. Juliusz “Julek” Hubner

Juliusz Hibner

Scholem Hildesheim

Salomon Hildestein

Szlamek Hindelsheim

Benjamin/Benedykt Beniek Hirszowicz aka “Lasota”

Gustaw Herszkowicz

Josef Hirczowski, kia Ebro

Leopold Hofman

Chaskiel Hourfstein/Honigstein, of Lublin, died of wounds at Barcelona, battle of Ebro, last IB fighter to die manning his MG named “Leon Rubinstein”, a former Botwin commander who had been kia.

Ratman Honik

Aron Hozenberg


Leon/Yosef Iampolski/Delbeder

Maurice Igla


Abraham Itzig

Jacob Izbicki

Aleksander Jablkowski

Stanislaw Jablonski

Mordecai Jacubowicz

Moniek Jacubowski

Dr Maria Jacubowski

Joseph Jaques

Isaac Saloman Jecowic (Pupel)

Jacub Jusel - kia French Resistance

Leon Jurelstein kia 1936 Madrid

Jacub Jzbicki

Jacub Jacubowicz

Wolf Jacubowicz Leib, born Lodz

Feliks Jacubowski aka Strarzak

Mordechai/Mordche Jacubowski, UK

Jacub Jorosiwski

Saloman Justyn Jaczwuski/Jaszunski aka Bacewicz - kia 1938 Ebro – born 1902 and was at universities of Lvov/Krakow.

Col Selig Joffe – chief engineer of Air Force

Samuel Jonas

Davy Jons

Josef Joskowicz

Srul Szwlul Joskowicz

Israel Joscowicz


Juliusz Joselewicz

Leib Juda

Junckrant kia Madrid

Dr Roberto Jungman - Argentina

Sgt Chaim Jaime Jungman, Israel

Abram Jurski Adam Jungstein

Towia/Tove/Tadee (?) Jungstein kia Madrid

Chaim Jurista

Josip Jusinec aged 32

Doktor Grisja Hercz/Henri Kac/Katz, USSR

General Simon Krivoshein – Russian – info. from Prof Asher Tropp- commander of Tanks.

Leon Kac, died Poland 1946

Emanuel Kacenelson

Froim Kacenelson

Emmanuel Kacy

Bernard Kagan

Capt. Vesebil Kagan

Jan Kahan

Saul Kalman

Dr Kalman

Josef Kalb, kia 1937 Spain

Mayer Kaliski

Zygmunt Kalicz/Koppell

Abraham Kalmanowicz kia Estramadura 1938

Dawid Kami, kia Spain

Aleksander Kaminiski

Jacques Kaminski

J. Kamuskri

Max Kane

Marks Kaner

Zygmunt Kanner

Herszel Kanter

Kantor – murdered by Nazis WW2

Tauba Kapla - nurse

Michal Kaplan

Dr Adolphe Kapler

Abraham Karuer

Zygmunt Karlinski died 1952 - TSD

Ben-Yosef Kamy – brother – kia - TSD.

Jan Kantowicz


Saloman Karnet

Isail Karas

Rafal Karas

Gedale Karawan

Karl Karmet

Abraham Karner

Dawid Karon

Chaim “Adolf” Karp, France

Laib Karp

Simon Karpinski

Abush Kartenbaum

Pinkus Andrzej Piotr Kartin aka “Szmidt”/Andrzejek - kia Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 1943.

Chaim Karys

Simon Kasanowicz

Jacob Kasterenkow (Russian)

Leon Katz

Max Katz

Natan Kaufman

Leon Kaufman

Josef Kawa, kia 1938 Gandesa

Josef “Gorecki” Kawa

Maks Kawa, kia France

Izaak Anton Kawenski

Izaak Kawenoki aka Anton

Bernard Kayan

Leib Ken/Keh

Salomon Kenig

G Kenig

Louis Kenigsberg


Sewek “Schepsl” Kirszenbaum – bat. cmdr. Murdered at Auschwitz - TSD

Simon Chamberlain “Boks” Konigsburg - b. 1917 Klimentov kia defending retreating comrades, Madrid Feb. 1937.

Josef Kestenberg, France

Dr Joseph Kestenberg

Szaja “Winkler” Kinderman

Julius “Julek” Kirchner, kia Spain

Jan Kirschner

Jerzy Kirchner

Julian Kirchner

Jacub Kirmayer, kia Spain

Jan Kirsz

Gedalie Klajmic

Gedale Klanjurkine

Szulim Kleiman

Peter Klein

Jacques Kleinman

Scholem Kleinman

Henryk Kleinminz

Leon Kleinminz (Kolarski)

B Klain

F Klein

Natan Klein, murdered by Nazis 1944

Ignace Kliger

Moise Knal

Leon Knysz

Beniamin Benieck/Benki Kochanowicz – 2nd i/c Polish Brigade 1938

Capt. Antoni “Antek” Kochanek 1901-37 – one of first Dombrowskis KIA in Madrid – CO 4th bat.

Bernard Kochanowski

Mordechai “Moniek” Kociak

Jacub Kofman kia 1938 Ebro


Armand Kohn/Cohn

Nicolas Kolman

Mikhail Koltzov –Russian news correspondent

General Waclaw Komar 1909-72 – TSD – comm. of 129 Brig throughout war. Was Zionist Hashomer Hatzair in Israel before Spain – later in Polish Army till 1968!

Adelina Kondratieva nee Abramson, born Argentina, served 2nd Russian Bn.

Edek Koninski – Polish Army Colonel – died 1968 in Poland

Michail Koltsar – Russian war correspondent for “Pravda”.

Elie Kokotko

Eliasz Korotkie

Bernard Kon

Samuel Konski

Sholem Konsul (alias) kia in French Resistance

Moise Kohn

Michel Kohn

Josef Kolacz

Pejsach “Lechter” Kon

Szmul Koninchowski - murdered by Polish Fascists

Jakob Kopaolsz

David Korenbaum

Mosel Korenblick

Karl Kormes (Ukr) aged 28 years

Anna Korn

Moise Kornblit

Eva Korotak/Korsak, nurse

Gabriek Kosik

Josef “Marcel” Kostecki

Jacob Kosternkov

Izaak Kotlarz – Botwins - TSD

Kotowski aka Kac

Arthur Kowalski aka Aronson

Anna Kowalski

Sarah Kowalski

David Koza

Daniel Kozak

Jechiel Henryk “Henri” Krauauer kia 1938 Spain

Chil Krakauer

Ignace Krakaus – Resistance Commander, Lyon

Jospi Kraksner carpenter aged 32

Sjonka Kramsky – TSD

Sioma Kramski

Abram Abracza Krasnowicki/Krasni/Krasnobrodszki



Daniel Kraus, from Lvov

Icchak Kricjer

Kranjold - murdered by Nazis in Poland

David Kraus

Max Krautman

Sigmund Krawsyk

Dr Kreisler

Ignace Krieger - Lodz

G Krantzdorf

Maurice Krempel

Eduard Krupman, Russian Jewish pilot (Jan Safarik web site)

Ignacy Krzemien aka Feuerberg

Maks Kucmak

Jacub Kujlen

Majer Szulim Kukler

Mayer Kukles aka Scholem

Mayer Kulkes

Lt Josef Kuligowski - TSD

Samuel Kuper

Vladimir/Valdemar Kupcis aka Volodia – Lithuanian medical orderly 35th Div. - TSD

Izrael Kupferman

Israel Kuperman

Haskiel Kuperman

Marcel Kuperman

Kupice - France

A Kupiec

Issak Kupiec

Samuel Kupper

Benjamin Kur b. 1908 kia WW2 defending Moscow

Rachmil Kurc/Kurtz, kia 1937 Guadalajara

Michel Kurc

Josef Kutin – later Deputy Minister for Trade in Poland - TSD

Aleksander Kusznir

Margarite “Maia” Kutin

Josef Kutyn

Maks Kuzmak, kia Spain

Izaak Kwalwasser

Maurice Laban

Elie Lader

Eliaz Ladeon

Leon Landu

Armand Landsberg

Hirsz Lansberg

Izrael Lanje kia 1938 Estramadura

Isael Langer

Majer Langman

Joseph Laroch

Borys Laskier

Majzesz Chaim Laskier

Moise Laskier

Adama Lazanick

Kazimierz Lazarowicz

Casper Lazaro

Sioma Szymon Lechman, murdered Auschwitz 1945

Roman Lechter – war correspondent of Polish “Naje Presse” - TSD

Moise Lechtch

Jacub Leibler

Dr Riva Leibovitch

Zygmunt Leibowitz

Boleslaw Leitmann

Josef Leitner POW aged 37

Dr Josef Domb Leitner

Hersz Lekert

Leon Lemel

Moryc Lerer

Anton Lesnik

Efraim Leszer, POW

Pavel “Paul” Leszak aka Peisach Kohn

Hersz Lewent

Gabriel Lewerzyk

Dr Adela Lewinska

Benjamin Levinski

Adam Lewinski – 3rd Coy. Mickiewicz bat. – kia Ebro

Maurycy Leser, shot by Fascists in Spain

Benoit Leszak

Maks Lewandowski POW aged 32 wia

Meir Lewi, kia Spain

Ignace Lewi

Leib Lewi

Jozef Lewicki

Dorota “Dora” Birubach Lewin


Majzesz Lewinson/Levinson

Simon Lewinson

Saloman Lewkowic, kia with French Partisans 1944

Scholem “Scholek” Lewkowicz

Szloma Liben

Salomon Liber b. Tomaszow 1902, aka Lubelski – kia

Abraham Liberman

Mendel Liberman

Ignacy Liberman

Abraham Licht

Leon Lichtenstein

Samuel Lifszyc

Dr Artur Lilker POW aged 33

Zelig Limkowicz

Zelik Linkowicz

Rubin Lipman (Russian?)

Aron/Jacques Lipnik

Natan Lipszyc

Simon Lipschitz

Simcha Lifszye b. Rzeszow – fought with the British

Abram Lipskind

Eva Lipszyc

Abram Lipskind

Josef Lipskind kia 1938 Lerida

Beniamin Lorento Lipszyc – Bundist kia Lerida

Barcelo Lipszyc, kia Spain

Natan Lipszyc

Joseph Liyskowicz

Marcel Lisner

August Lisik POW aged 31

Majer List aka Markus - murdered by the Nazis – from Argentina

Zwi Litwak - kia France 1943

Herman Litwak

Z Litvak

Michel Litwin

Stefan Litwin

Mlle G. Litynska


Basil Lobasky POW aged 32

Marcel Loewi

Jakob Lompik

Szaja Lonkiewicz

Dr Laura Lorska aka Slavka

Andre Lorski

David Jacub Lotninger kia Spain

Basil Lozaroy

Szloma Lubelczyk

Boleslaw “Kuba” Lubelski aka Bolek Zygielman

Henryk Lubliner

Szmul Lubliner

Henoch Lubraniecki

Jankel Lukia

Paul Lukacz

Ms Rachela Luftig, France

Yacob Lurie

Samuel Machlewicz

Chaim Macoeki kia 26/7/38 Gandesa

Hersz Majenowicz

Yosef Kantor Majewssi

Josef Majzer/Majder kia Spain 1938

Chaim Makowski

Janine “Juanita” Majler

Eli Males

Sender Malach

Peter Malek

Emmanuel Maler

Jacob Maler

Ruth Malinka, nurse

Leon Mandel - kia Spain

Henryk Mandelbaum

Joseph Mandelbraut


Edmund Marciniak

Aron Moszek Manhajm

Josef Mania kia, Casa de Campo, Madrid

Josef Mansfeld

Jacub Marbach

Ermina Marcusohn, nurse

Samuel Margulies

Leon Markowicz

Georges Markowicz

Herman Markiewicz

Botman Markovicz

Jerzy Markowicz

Martin Markovic

Paul Markowiak


Franz Masur/Francisek Mazur aged 40 POW

Natan Martynowiecki

Daniel Maslicki

Josef Mateak/Matkack kia Spain

Abraham Matorin

Jacob Mauer

Emil Mayer kia 1938 Ebro

Josef “Josiek Sulinski” Mazel b. Voronej, Russia 1914 husband of Sula, kia Ebro 1938 aged 24 years – war correspondent

Leib Mazowiecki

Daniel Mazrycer

Samuel Mazrycer

Gina Medem – war correspondent for Yiddish newspaper – TSD.

Josef Mehlman

Sgt Abrasha Melchior

Roman Melchior – Dombrowskis – TSD.

Maria “Maryska Jonasowa” Melchior

Hersz Leib Majerowicz, kia France 1941 with partisans

Simon Melikin

Jan Melerovicz

Constantin Melniker/Melnik


Isak Merovici (Ukr.) aged 35, carpenter

Horst /Chanan Meyer b. 16/2/12 in Laibau, went to Israel

Emerich Mezai

Seweryn “Gold” Michalak

Arnold Michelson

Mordcha Michrowski

Motel Mielnickier

Szymon Milgram/Milgrom

Szymon Milikin

Abram Millerman

Michal “Stefan” Mielzynski – Polish partisan kia Warsaw.

Michel Mielzynski

Mieczyslaw Mietkowski

Jozef Miler

Zacher Miler

Frumka Miller

Abram Milman kia Ebro 1938

Abraham Millerman

Emmanuel Millenbank

Abraham Mine/Minc

Chaim Minkes aka Mietek Fiala

Hersz Minkowski

Daniel Minarski

Ferder/Feodok Misner

Natan Mitnowiecki

Henryk Mlynars

Rebele Moche (Le petit Rabin)

Dawid Mondszaju

Jakub/Mospan Jacubi Filip Mopan

Bernard Morgenstern

Matias Morgenstern

Szmul Morgensztern

Emmanuel Moritz

Elie Moses (Schmidt)

Isidor Moskovitz

Isaak Moszew

Maria Mota

Stefan Motyka - TSD

Josef Mozart

Eliasz “Elek” Mozes

David Mundstein

Pinkus Muszkat

Efraim Mylen

Albert V. Nachumi aka Arie Weitz – pilot - kia


Jose Efraim Naischuler

Josef Najder aka Mickew kia 1937 Cordoba

Moris/Mojzesz Najman kia

Foma Najszaler – TSD.

Elzbiets “Liza” Namiot-Hollender

Naratszki - pilot

Chaim Narocki

Leon Narvitch

Liuba Naskatir – nurse

Jan Navrotzki

Wolf “Bruno” Nerger

Lazar Niemand

Loar Niemard

Ivan Nikiforovich aka Nesterenko – Ukrainian Commissar - TSD

Regine Ninkler - nurse

Feliks Nisenholc

Constanty Nocun

David Noitlender

David Notlaender

Dawid Notlaemoler

Desiderin Novak

Albert Nowak

Ignacy Nowak

Igund Nowak

Franciszek Nowal

Antony Nowakowsky

David Nowosielewski/Novosielecky

Baruch Bobrus Nysenbaum kia 1937 Villamajor de Gallago

Maurycy Ochshorn - doctor

Piotr Oduszewski

Mojzesz Oestreich/Osterich/Estreicher

Jacub Okonski

Israel Oksenberg/Oxemberg

Aisik Olek Olejar

Orzek “Olek” Hercel Nuss b. Siedlice 1912 wia – composed the Botwin Hymn – murdered by Nazis WW2

Major Tadeusz “Tadek” Opman – husband of Jeanette – one of Chiefs of Staff of Polish Brigade – lawyer, doctor (?) WIA, French Resistance – died 1958 in Paris – TSD.

Roman “Orlov” Orlovski

Moise Orlowski

Dr Dawid Ostrowski – from Cordoba, Argentina

Menachem Ott

Sender Pachter

Seweryn Pachter

Szulem Pachulski

Rozalia “Angele” Paiwa

Leon Pakin, murdered by Nazis, Paris 1942

Francisek Palko

Jacub Paluskiewiecz

Eliasz Panas

T.M. Pangalos/Panoglas (Greek)

Felix Pankovski

Abraham Pantfil

Mateuss Pastor

Max Pawel POW aged 33

Zaim Pener

Feliks Pfefer kia with partisans, France

Josef Pfefer

Sgt. Lejzor Piecznik, Argentina – Pole serving with the Thaelmann’s.

Herman Piecznik

Pierre (?)

Hersz Pimerman

Herman/Henryk Pisarz

Herman Pitar

Chaim Pletnicki


Israel Platkiewicz

Jacub Platkiewicz

David Hersz Plomik – married a Spanish girl and kia aged 35 years leaving a child

Lt. Chaim Harry Poncz/Pencz aka “Chari” – wia.


Aisik Poszt

Henry Potasz

Nathan Poutfil

Maks Preszow

Jan Primus


Leon Wolf Propper

Artur/Aron Projekt, Israel

Motel Prymerman

Zygmunt Przygoda

Constantin Putkiswisz

Josef Rabinowicz

Chaim Rachelbaum

Leon Racher

Natan Radzitirski

Abram Raiter, kia 1939 Catalonia

Zygmunt “Zach” Rafalovitch

Isydore Rafalowski

Czeslaw Rais

Abram Rajter

Hersz Rajzman

Gustaw Rajcher (Rwal)

Dawid Ralicki

Abram Rapoport

Adam Rapoport POW aged 34

Hersz Rapoport, kia crossing Wisla River with Polish Army

Jonasz Rapaport

Liliane “Rilka” Ras

Jakub Rasner

Chaim Raczelbuch


Dawid Rawicki

Marian-Leon Rawicz

Michal Rawicz

Israel Yehuda Rechter

Micha Reger aka Szyr Gerson aka Eugenisz Szyr (“Misza”) - Commissar of the Palafox


Yakub Reich

Heinz Reich

Dr Rachel Reich b. Varsovia, Poland

Simon Rejzman – TSD.

Izrael Juda Reicher

Gusrav “Rwal” Reicher murdered by Stalin 1940’s

Leopold Reicher

Fiszel Reichman, Israel

Adolf Redig/Radig POW aged 39 wia

Leon Reiss

Gil Richa

Marek Richter

Leon Ringelbaum


Joel Riterski

Ritter, kia 1937 Jarama

Charles Rochman, murdered by the Nazis in Belgian Resistance

Marian Rogosz

Daniel Roman

Jacob Romer

Victor Rosen

Bohuslav Rosenbaum

Leib Rosenblum

Leon Rosenblut

Lawrence Rosenkrantz - nurse

Ernest Meir Rosental

Majer Rosner

Michal Herman Rosner from Kalisz - TSD

Michael Rosner

Markus Rot

Dawid Rogovski Rotenberg

Lt Gerszon Rothalc, kia 1938 Gandesa – machine gunner – member of Poale Zion.

Hersz Rozenberg

Izrael Rosenberg

Maurycy Rosenberg

Szlama Rozenberg

Leon Rosenbilt kia Jarama

Leib Rosenblum

Fajwer Rosengart

Mojzez Mende Rosenhalc (Ukr.??), shoemaker aged 25 POW

Emanuel “Mundek” Rozenholc – b. 26.5.19 – nurse?

Marian Mojzesz Rosenknop

Moise Rosenknop

Mieczyslaw “Emil Vedin” Rosenstein

Mietek Rozenstein

Ernest Majer Rosental

Abraham Rozencweig

Joseph Rozmaryn/Rosmarin - pilot

David Rothberg

Lt. Gerson Rotholz b. Varsovie 1917, kia Pradel 18.10.38

Abraham Rotman

Saul Rozanski

Scholek Rozanski

Wincenti Rozen

Joel Rozental

Maurycy Rozental

Zelman Rozman

Aron Renka Rozowski

Josef Rozowski kia 1938, Spain

Lew Rubin

Izidor Rubinstein

Josef “Gruby Le Gros” Rubinstein kia 1937 Saragossa

Leon Rubinstein died Poland 1961 – CO 2nd Naftali Botwins

Capt Leon Rubinsztayn kia Caspe 3/38

Josef Juda Leon Rubel, kia Spain

Szymon Rudzik murdered at Buchenwald

Moniak Rusinek POW aged 30

Jan Rutkowski – aka Simon – QMS Polish Brig. – French Resistance.

Abraham Ryezkin

Maurycy Rygielhaupt

Joel Ryteski

Fred Rzepkowicz – wia Lerida – TSD

Adam Rzepkowicz

Joseph Rzepkowicz

Leo Sadowski

Majzesz Moshe “Michel” Safir/Sapir

Bruno Salomon

Israel Sandipher

Rachel Sapir aka Vilner-Fanstein, sister of Moshe above – died of illness after Auschwitz

Joseph (?) Salzman/Salomon Salzman/Joseph Salomon (??)

Leon Samet

Stefan Samulik

Samuel Sarnik

Manes Sarkowski

Abraham Schaffel

Dr. Isidore Schapiro

Nussen (Jacques??) Scharf

Chiel Scharin

Sarah/Else Schauer

Sabine (Vera??) Schaver

Abraham Shapira - artillery

Naftali Scheinberg

Naftuli Scheiberg


Andrzejek Shuviut (?)/Schmidt POWkia Warsaw Ghetto uprising


Kalman Schel

Saloman Schif

Osee Schiffman

Elie Schiffman

Uscher Schiffman

Schiller/Schilleng - Hungarian

Lena Schir – nurse

Josef Schitzer kia 16.2. 1938 Estramadura – b. Aleandria Egypt 1917 when Polish parents Joshua and Ursula fled Palestine from Turks

Saloman Bruno Schleien, carpenter aged 34 (Ukr.) POW

Charles Schmidt

Eliasz Schmidt

Scholem Schnitz

Moritz Marycy Schneebaum/Schnobaum

Henri Schneiderman

Wolf Schneiderman

Josef Schoenbach kia Aragon 1938

Paul Schonfeld

Bernard Schobaum

Szulim Schnitzer

Scholem Schnitzer

Chaim Schummacher

Chaim Schuster

Schniel Kopel Schwarz

Max Schwartz

Hania Schwartz aka Faltenberg

Mendel Schwartzman

Rachel Schwartzman

David Schwartzstein

Edouard Sczymienski

Michal/Maurice/Moneiro Segal

George Seldes

Josef Seidel

Jose Setewski

Abraham Setty

Shalom Shilom

David Sieradzki

Solomon Siff

Boris Sikora

Epstein Silverstein - nurse

Michal Singer

Maurice Skalka kia

Srulek Skiersabolski, of Kalisz, kia

Salomon Skirbolski

Zelig Skorecke

Zelig Skroniecki

Sender Skrzynia

Micha Skorupinski wia/pow

Wolf Slodki

Antonin Smelik

Jacub Sobkor

Basil Sobaski, farmer aged 34 – Ukr.

Leon Sobkowski

Kalman Sobol

Nachum Soifer

Tader/Tadee Sokol

Andrea Sokoloff

Stefan Solibera/Solibieda

Majer Solman

Stefan Sosnowski

Joel Spatz

Israel Speiser

Izaak Sperber

Samuel Spielman

Jakob Spilein (Russian?)

Samuel Spilman

Jozef Spira

Karol Spiro

Jesel Spotz

Richard Springer

Martin Sramek

Eugene Stark b. 5.9.09 - nurse

Hersz “Maks” Stark

Robert Steck

Sygmunt Stein

Natan Steinberg

Rudolph Steinberg

Emil Steingold

Lazar Sterheim


Dr Henryk Sternhel

Dr Henryk Stern

Marcel Sternzis

George Stoika

Dr Emanuel Stockman

Samuel Stolar/Stolarz

Stanislaw Stolar


Feliks “Jacubowicz”, Felek” Straszak

Ephraim Striker

Ignace Sukiennek

Henryk “Largo” Sulewicz - TSD

Sulinski – war correspondent KIA.

Jose Soler Sturtiwanti – Argentina POW

Gerszon Strupiechowicz

Lt Col Jozef Strezelcztk aka Jan Barwinski – 1900-42 – Cpl Plish Army, CO 13th Brigade in Spain – kia WW2 partisans

Ms Roza Susman

Pierre Svarzenberg (Russian?)

Jacques Sypkin

Abraham Szafel

Maurice Szainbaum

Mieczyslaw Miteke Szafram

Mojzesz Szafran kia Ebro 1938

Chaim Zelig Szajnfaber

Willi Szajewicz

Dr Ilja Szapiro (Vilna) kia Spain

Stanislaw Szefer


Adela Szerman, Belgium – Polish nurse

Albert Szerman, Belgium/Polish

Alter Szerman, Belgium/Polish – from Anvers – Botwin commander

Karol Szeferowicz

David Szeradzki

Major Gustav Szinda - CO 11th Brigade – later lived GDR

Tadee Szlachter

Salomon Szlamowicz

Andrzej Szmidt

Dawid Eugeniusz Dawidek Szmulewski – escaped St Cyprien and survived Auschwitz.

Jan Szmulewski

Kalman Sznajder

Izrael Szpajzer

Gedale Szpiro

Charles Szpiro

Ryszard Szpryngier

Pawel Szpyrka

Chil Szraga

Josef Strzelczyk aka Jan Barwiniski - TSD

Jacub Aron Sztajner

Sameli Sztamler, kia Aragon

Isaak Szreiber

Bernard Sztern kia 1937 Spain

Leon Szterenzys

Abram Sztokstil, died in French camp 1939

Dr Emmanuel Sztokman

Efraim Sztriker

Norbert Szulklaper

Samuel Szumik, kia 1938, Spain

Josef Szplat

Franciszek Szubert

P. Szwarc

Szmuel Kopel Szwarc

Hersz Szwarcberg

Jakub Szwarcberg

Pinkus Szydlowar, Belgium

Marcin Szymanski – TSD

Jan Szymkiewicz

Eliasz Szyfman

Mieczyslaw “Mietck” Szleyen – editor of Dombrowski newspaper – died 1955.

Zosia Szleyen - wife

Nurse Rachel Szwarcman aka “Angele” – from Bialystok – French Resistance – left Poland 1969, died Israel 1973 – married to Communist Paraguayan Indian Paiva, killed by Nazis in France – TSD.

Capt Aleksander Ilya Davidovitch Szurek aka “Alek” – born 3.8.1907 in Kalisz Poland, died March 1978 USA – author of “The Shattered Dream”- TSD – adjt. to Gen. Walter Swierczewski of Polish Brigade, and then Gen. Boleslaw Moloja – served Polish Army WW2, POW, French Resistance, fled Poland 1968; family murdered in Holocaust – hus. of Berta.

Icchok Szynbach

Chaim Szyster

Marcel/Mendel Szterenzys/Sterenzy aka Kot

Tabacznik – kia Aragon

Boleslaw Taichman

Alter Tajtelbaum

Dawid Taneletnik

David Tandetnik

Dr Capt. Victor Taubenfligel – later Prof of Medicine at Univ. of Gdansk - TSD

Maurice Tauber

Simon Teichman (Russian?)

Aron Tenenbaum – murdered at Auschwitz

Chaskiel Tenenbaum – murdered by the Nazis in Paris in WW2, cousin of Janina Hochland, Manchester.

Dawid Tenenbaum, kia Jarama

Isaak Tenenbaum

Izaak Tenenberg

Bernard Tiszler

Szmul Todres/Tudres

Simcha Todres

Rubin Toltis

Abram/Abraham Tomaszewski

Leon Tomaszewski

Izaak Tomaszuk

Col. Henryk Heniek Torunczyk – b. 1909 Wloclawek, served Polish army - former Polish soldier and engineer, last commander of the Botwin Company, Chief of Staff Polish Dombrowskis Brigade - later a Polish partisan (Prago)

Laurenc Tozcer

Henryk Tragibetregier, kia Spain

Henryk Tracki/Trojan aka Anton Muller – went to Israel & served British Army WW2

Hersz Trocki kia France

Saul Trocki, murdered by Gestapo Berlin 1943

Jakub Trojnacki

Yosef Trojnacki

Gerszon Trupiechowisz


Aleksander Turkieltaub

Victor Tulman – Hungarian and later the “Red Rabbi” of France

Leib Tygier

Nathan Ulman

Gustav Veiner

Salom Veintraus

Sarah Vronsky-Rosenblum (VALBA website)

Arie Weitz / Wajc aka Albert Nachumi, pilot, kia 1936, Madrid

Israel Wachter POW

Don Wagman-Grott

Jacub Wajman

Eliasz Wajnberg/Weinberg

Jozef Waidberg


M. Wajnberg

Herman Wajnberger, died 1943 in Kirgizia, Russia from wounds recieved in Spain

Herman Waingeber

Brana Waisman

Henryk Wajngart

Guta Wainsztajn

Saloman Wajngart

Aron Wajngart

Nachman Wajnrit

Jan Wajntraub

Saul Wajntraub

Stanislaw Waintraub

Z Wais

Eliasz Wajsband

Eliasz Wajsberg

Josef Wajsberg, POW Spain and perished

Lejzor Wajsberg, kia Spain

M. Wajsberg

Salomon Wajsberg

Josef Mendel Wajsblum

Mordechaj Wajsbort

Karol Waks

Scholem Waks

Lucien Walach

Jacques Wallach

Antonio Wanslag

Chaim Warszawski, kia with French Maquis

Mieczyslaw Warszawski

Dawid Warszawski kia France 1942

Szlama Warszawski, kia in Paris Resistance laboratory making grenades

Nachman Gerszon Wasermann

Szulim Waserbach, carpenter aged 33 POW

Faivel Wasserman


Mendel Weichenberg

Dr Zalman Wabery/Weinerman aka “Zenek” - TSD

Eliasz Weinberg, kia French Resistance 1944

Saloman Rysiek “Rubio” Weinberger - TSD.

Rucio Richek Weinberg

Samuel Weinberg

Abraham Weinrot

Saul Weinrot

Zenon Weinerman

Jacob Weinman

Szolek Weinrib

Nachman Weintit

Majer Weintraub

Abram Weintraub

Salomon Weintraub

Micha Werter

Israel Weisberg, kia in Paris Resistance

Salomon Weisberg

Elie Weisband

Weiss – Hungarian in Polish bat. – cartographer kia Polish Partisans WW2 - TSD

Marek Weissenberg

Helene Weissman - nurse

Abram Weitman kia Teruel 1937

Mojzesz Josef Weitman, brother of Abram

Moise Weisman

Roman Weintrych

Samuel Weinberg

Hersz Weksler kia Spain 1938

Josef Welker

Jerzy Welikanowicz

Nicolas Wenzeiman

Dr “Wiska” Welikanowicz

Jakub Wegman

L. Wielopolski, Israel

Abram Wien

Abram Wiener

Mendel Wien

Aleksander Wierkila

Edeman Wigdaratz

Kalman Wigdorowicz

Iser Wilf

Pawel “Paul/Pol” Wimia

Jozef Winklef

Regina Winkler

Leon Winter aka Zagorski – partisans, sent to Siberia, Polish Govt. official till 1968 pogroms – died West Germany 1984.

Dr Erwin Wolf

Karol Wolf

Tomaz Wozniak

Ms. Celina Wolfzahn

Isydor Ernest Wolfzahn

Eliasz Wolkowicz

Pavel Wultz

David Wurzel/Wirsztel

Froim Eduard Wuzek

Jan Wyka (poet)

Jan Wyka

Szulim Wyszogrodzki, Israel

Josef Zajdel

Szaja Mojzesz Zajderman

S. Zajdman

Dr Alexander Wojnarek Zajdorfa, murdered by Nazis in France 1943

Dr Dora/Dorota Zajdorf b. 11.7.13

Szymon Zajdorf, Canada

Kazimierz Zajdenstrumf

Abram “Antoni” Zajoutz

Izydor Zalzman died 1963 Poland

Jacob Zavidovicz

Sonja Zaydman – nurse b. 1.10.10

Samson Zeidenstadt

Leova Zeiman

Meier Zeller, murdered in Auschwitz

Ozjasz Zellermayer

Ilya Zelmanowicz

Adam Zendreijewski

Hersz Henryk Zimmerman/Cymerman, kia with French Resistance 1942

D Zimmerman

Zelek Zisman

Andrzej Zmijewski

Janos Zsiros metallurgist aged 28 – Hungarian

Yankel Zuckerman

Awin Zundel

Josef Zylberman

Abraham Zylberstein, kia Spain 1937

Lipman Zyngierman

Kopel Zyskind

Aron Zysman

Schepsl Zyngerman

Joseph Zyngier

Moise Zyngier

Salomon Zysman

Marian Zysman

Szulim Icchok/Izak Zysman/Suesman?

The American Volunteers - Abraham Lincoln / Washington Brigade

The American veterans were the first to publish a list of their volunteers in the early 1980’s. It was fraught with difficulties as during the McCarthy era many records were hidden and lost, whilst many volunteers used aliases and nick-names, often misspelt. Using their own written and oral archives as well as a passport study by the Subversion Activity Control Board, ship passenger lists and US Military Intelligence records, the project was completed after three years. Most of the addresses came from copies of  “Scope of Soviet Activity in the USA – Hearings before Congress, Feb 1957” copied for the author by James Carmody.

So far as Jews are concerned, numerous obvious Jewish names have been extracted by the author from the list but there are many Jewish sounding names as well of those who may not be Jews. These have been included as the VALB researchers quite rightly say that equally there are many Jews who used Anglicized or Spanish aliases whose Jewish background we may never know, and those of course could not be extracted ; so the one balances out the other. Over one third of the American Fighters in Spain were Jews.

I am most grateful to Moe Fishman of the Jewish VALB in New York, USA, for his help in supplying me with a copy of the list of American volunteers. The ML archive of the IB revealed a newspaper cutting of 21.2.39 listing the American kia and a book of the list of the American volunteers by Adolf  Ross, dated 1993.

Bernard Abramofsky aka Leonard Abiel kia – 82 Bank St NYC

Herman Hyman Abramowitz – 1448 40th St Brooklyn kia Jarama aged 27, 3/37

Nathan Joseph Abramowitz – born 247 Madison Ave, Youngstown Ohio 6.12.13 – kia Gandesa 4/ 38

Leon Acker

Bertram Blanchard Acosta – 46 West 17th St NYC

Bernard Ades

Alexander Adler 197 2nd Ave NYC

Hans Adolphe – NY kia Jarama 2/37

Leon/Lan Adomian

Harry Ain – 1527 43rd St Brooklyn kia Ebro aged 28, 7/38

Reuben Albert kia Gandesa 4/38 - aka Rabone/Robbins - 36 Beaufort St Rochester NY

Marcus Mordechai Alper 27 Egmont St Brookline Mass./39 Tavern Rd Boston – WW2

David Robert Altman – kia WW2 – 2739 North 1st St Milwaukee

Jack Altman 2438 East 22nd St Brooklyn

Richard Altman

Ernest Amatniek 315 East Mount Eden Ave Bronx

Elmer Merle Amidon – 44 3rd St, San Fran.

Joseph Anasevich

Jospeh Appel

David/Irving Ernest Arion/Arlon kia Brunete 7/37 - 51 Horatio St NYC

Bert Arnberg

Jack Arnold aka Waks kia Sierra Caballs 9/38

Sidney Milton Arnold – 3230 N Osceola Ave, Chicago kia Jarama 2/37

Abe Arnowdin (letter)

Jack Arnovitz

Meyer Aronovitch – 2890 West 21st St Brooklyn

Myron Mike Aronberg aka Ehrenberg aka Hill 317 Summit Ave Boston

A. Asa – Turkish veteran

Joseph Auerbach – 272 Kosclusko St, Brooklyn kia Brunete 7/37 aged 24

Louis Auberbach 1487 College Ave Bronx but born Canada – WW2

Abraham Avram – 1200 Andrus St Akron, Ohio kia aged 46

Joseph Harold Azar 327 Grand St Brooklyn

Sidney Esak Babsky – executed as a POW 1938 – 2010 Grand Ave Bronx

Babetski – PI – J Garber

Lionel Backler – died of wounds Murcia

Rubin Bacofsky aka Barr aka Henry Conrad – POW and kia Teruel 1/38

Isaak Bagner – 105 Buena Vista Ave Yonkers

Mike Moses/Morris Bailin 2820 Bright St Brooklyn

Bertram Bakerman 82, 82nd St Brooklyn - WW2

Elias Ilya Balagurchik – POW, 76 East 3rd St / 255 East 10th St, NYC – WW2

Edward Ross Balchowsky 1418 Lake Shore Dr, Chicago

Mario Baldassio aka Levenson

Joseph Baran/owsky aka Barron/Spencer/Len Fletcher - 2809 South Maple St LA/ 323 Commerce St Klamath Falls Oreg.

Ted Baranowsky aka Barrows

Thomas Michael Barcovitch /Barkovitch b. 1914? In Case, W Virginia - 4810 Blackberry Way Pitts/ and Lawrenceville Pa.

Isidore aka Frank Barcena/Barcona 40 Palmetto St/ 980 Utica Ave Brooklyn

Philip Bard – 1st Commissar of the Lincolns – 46 Bank St NYC

Harold H Barnett

Samuel Baron

Herman Barr – 73rd St Brooklyn 1963

Abbey (Abraham David) Barsky/Barski/Borsky – 3038 Brighton 5th St, Brooklyn kia Ebro

Ben Barsky – 2150 Crotona Parkway NYC kia Corbera/Sierra Pandols 8/38

Dr Edward K Barsky – ML – Chief MO of the IB – 127 West 86th St, NYC – died USA 1977

Ephraim Bartlett/Barlet

Henry Basko aka Basvowsky /Buszozowsky – 12 West 27th St Bayonne NJ

Sidney Bassin/Bassim 627 Linden Blvd/170 E. 35th, Brooklyn – WW2

Ralph Bates (British?)

Julian Baublis aka Babbit – 14 Ashmont St, Worcester Mass., kia Fuentes 10/37

Albert John Baumler aka Bamler - pilot – 43 Myrtle Ave Trenton NJ

Bet Becker

Samuel Beckowitz

Lt Elias Begelman aka Beal – memoirs in B15B p.70-1 – Brigade Staff Officer – 457 West 23rd NYC - WW2

Carl Gustave Belau/belan POW – 768 Reaney St, St Paul Minn.

Sam Belkowitz

Ed Bender – Cadre Training Officer – WW2

Samuel Beregovsky

Ludwig Beregszaszy – 107-32 124th St, Richmond Hill LI, kia Almeira 7/37

Delmer Berg aka Daniel Edelsey/Esly 132 N Hill St, LA/ Manteca, Calif.

Jacob Bergen/Bergin 161 West 16th NYC

Harry Berger

Wilho F. Bergman/Borgman

Meyer Berkowitz – 2118 Abbington Rd, Cleveland died of wounds Albacete after Almeira, 9/37

Norman Nathan Berkowitz 235 2nd Ave NYC/1881 Coney Is Ave Brooklyn – WW2

Isadore Berkowitz 306 West 80th NYC – WW2

Samuel Berkowitz/Belkowitz 179 East 105th St NYC

Leopold Berman aka John Berkeley – POW/WIA – 1536 East Pratt St Balt./ Boston/Brooklyn

Raymond Berman kia Gandesa 3/38 – 1013 Hudson Ave., N Bergen, NJ

Abraham Bernard aka Eugene Allen – Ferry Hotel, San Fran.

Benjamin Bernstein

Hilliard Edgar Bernstein 2416 Park Ave Richmond Virg.

Louis Bernstein – 1312 Park Ave NYC

Samuel Bernstein kia Ebro 8/38 – 717, Coster St Bronx

George Isaak Bernstock

Alvah Cecil Bessie – staff officer – 161 Lexington Ave NYC

James Bezanovich aka Albert Brezovic – kia Gandesa/Ebro 7/38

Hermann Bieber

Samuel Bierman/Berman 125 West 88th NYC/175 East 155th Bronx c/o H Kraus

Hyman Billewitz aka Herbert Burton

William Max Binn 327 East 12th NYC

Saul Israel Birnbaum 155 South 2nd Brooklyn – WW2

David Blair – 302 Peshine Ave, Newark NJ

John Blank kia Gandesa 4/38

Emil Micky Blaser aka Brown kia Jarama 2/37

Stanley Emil Blaskiewicz/Blake 1115 Dillon St St. Louis/2626 West Thomas Chic.

Paul Block Jr. – Port Chester/Brooklyn, No 3 Coy Commander – kia Belchete 9/37

Joseph Block

Maurice Bloom kia Alcaniz 3/38 - 34 Van Guilder Ave La Rochelle NY

John Oscar Bloom

Nathan Nehemiah Bloom

Abraham Bluestone aka Stern aka Blumenfeld 508 East 173rd St NYC

Harry Blum 145 East 16th St/30 Lewis St NYC – WW2

Walter Bober

Phillip Raphael Bodkin aka Carl Bradley

Nathan Isidore Borensky

Fred Borer POW - 111, West 1st Ave, Columbus Ohio

Wayland/William Borer 723 Spring St Toledo

Louis Bortz 1036 East 123rd St Cleveland – WW2

Herman Bottcher/Boettcher - German born highly decorated WW2 soldier DSC and bar, 3 purple hearts, as well as Spanish medal of valour, fought in New Guinea – kia Leyte 1945 WW2

Elijah Botuck 66 Dorchester St Worc. Mass.

Max Meicher Bowers aka Bauers 104 West Main St Grass Valley Calif/2531 S. Clara Ave, Almeida Calif/S Francisco.

Harry Jack Boxer aka Cohen 30-34 37th St LI, NYC/Queens - WW2 - see Macpaps

Charles Boyce aka Karl Boehacke kia 24/11/37 - Crestwood Rd Fairfield, Conn.

Harry/Harvey Karl Boyer aka Hans Hoyer 4436 Latour St Seattle – WW2

Oscar Braunstein

Morris Breier/Brier

Max Brenner

Lt Sam Stone Brenner – store owner of 4th and Green St and pilot of 702 South Washington Sqdn – b 30.6.94 Philadelphia, served WW1, d 8.4.71 or 41; brother of Mollie

Bertram Arthur Breslow

Albert Louis Brezovic/aka James Bezanovich Canada/Pitts – kia Ebro 7/38 – 212 Edgewood Ave, Trafford Pa

Kenneth Deforest Bridenthal 3419 17th Ave N, Birmingham, Al.

Morris Brier 277 Grafton St Brooklyn – WW2

George Brodsky

Ephraim Bromberg/Bramberg

Eugene David Bronstein – 161 Columbia St Camb, Mass/Bronx kia Brunete 7/37

Louis Bronstein

Oscar Bronstein/Brownstein – 5942 Pine St, Philad.

Jean Bronstein

Benny Bernard Benzion Brostoff 666Stone Ave/600 Van Sicklen Ave, Brooklyn

Frank Ferrel Hymie Brown 494 58th St/461 42nd St, Oakland Calif.

Benjamin Hirschfield Brown/Bron NYC – 39 Tenafly Rd Inglefield NJ/109 West 76th St, NYC

Archie Brown, brother of Frank Hymie – longshoreman – 2062 Union St/27 Clay St, SF

Czeslaw Brudzinsky kia Gandesa 4/38 – 685 West 20th St, San Pedro, Calif.

Samuel Brustein aka Joe Brandt 975 East 178th St NYC

Mike Bubich – printer - 1334a, N 14th St, Milwaukee

Bernard Bucher - Ohio

Nathan Norman Budish 135 Iglehart Ave, St Paul, Minn

Milton Burdick – 915 East 88th St Brooklyn kia Jarama 2/37

Bob Buruk

Willy Busch NYC kia Jarama 2/37

Raphael Busch Brage aka Buck 337 East 22nd, NYC

Irving Busch 127 West 86th St NYC

Sam Buskin

Frank Walter Buturla aka Buturich 693 Riverdale Ave Brooklyn/ 579 Lafayette St Bridgeport Conn.

Leonard Cahn aka Eli Cohen

Morris Cain

Ben Camnitz kia Sierra Cabolla 9/38 – 2338 N 26th St, Milwaukee

Karl Jacob Cannon/ Connon 352 Batavia St Toledo – survived CoB

William Harris Cantor – survived “City of Barcelona” sinking

Arthur Carlson aka Carl Joseph kia Jarama 2/37

Samuel Carsman aka Carson 23 S. Sherman Wilkes-Barre, Pa – kia WW2

Allan H Cass aka Kushner

Robert Cecil-Smith

George Chaikin 245 East 11th NYC – WW2

Jacob Jack Chait kia Gandesa 4/38 – 163 West 13th St NYC

Abraham Alfred “Chick” Chakin, KIA Caspe 3/38 – 43 East 27th St NYC

Samuel Chapoff – 416 Fort Washington Ave, NY kia Jarama 2/37

Victor Chenkin

Hyman Frank Chesler 2922 West 35th Brooklyn

Joseph Chimilowski – 2601 W Selzer St Philad.

Isadore Chocheles 405 Belmont Ave NYC

Richard Joseph Chodoff -

Max Cimet – Pilot – San Fran.

Joseph Cobert, Kraft Farm Toms River NJ – WW2

Edgar James George Cody kia 503 West 23rd NYC

Abraham Cohen – kia Jarama 2/37 - 58 Sagamore St Lynn, Mass.

Albert Cohen

Alvin Cohen aka Al Warren 286 MacClennan Ave, Mt Vernon, NY

Bernard Cohen NYC kia Jarama 2/37

Isadore Cohen aka Albert Robbins 399 East 22nd NYC

Lawrence Cohen aka Larry Cane, Coy. Commander - 7 Mt Morris Park West/ 1619 Madison Ave NYC

Leon Cohen 5355 La Cresta Ct, Hollywood LA

Lewis Cohen

Louis Cohen – NY City – kia Gandesa 4/38

Milton Mitchell Cohen 5435 Kenwood Chic. – survived CoB

Robert R. Cohen 2010 Peoria Rd Springfield Ill/Chicago?

Robert Garland Colodny 5558 Ellis Ave Chic. – WW2

Franklin Fay Cone 379 Montclair Ave Glen Ellyn, Ill/3516 lake Park Ave Chic.

Maurice Michael / Morris Conway aka Cohen POW – S Fran/58 South Oxford Brooklyn/317 Dodge St Janesville Wisconsin. Is this Israel Altman, later later a Soviet spy in the Rosenberg scandal, exchanged for a British spy and later died in Russia??

Jack Cooper aka Isidore Ralph Levitt/Leavitt POW – WW2

Milton Cooper – NY kia 23/12/37

William Wolf Bill Cooper

Phillip Cooperman kia – 345 East 18th St NYC

Arthur Henry Coopman/Coapman 14047 Faircrest Detroit kia

Abraham Copeland – 1565 Fulton Ave Bronx

Frederick Leon Copp kia Gandesa 4/38 – 290 Hanover St Manchester, NH

Michael Costa 26 Rhine St Rochester NY

Harry Allen Crain – 1501 Firestone Blvd. LA

Phillip Crane aka Cohen/Conway/Rotter/Potter aka Jacob

Virgil Ray Cresswell aka Ray Hornberger 10203 East 9th Kansas City

Sydney Crotto 242 East 21st NYC

Joseph Cuban kia Gandesa 7/38 - 1157 Wheeler Ave Bronx

Frank James/Joseph Cwierz/Civiers/Swierz/Civietz/Curez, 1042 Howard St San Fran.

Sidney W Danzic

Capt. Samuel Leon (?) Stephen Daduek/Daduk – 1st American to fly for Loyalists, red/blonde haired pilot, stocky, former sign writer and electrician, wore a red bandana and blue overalls when flying – b 10.2.10 Brooklyn – 2367 64th St Brooklyn - d 10.10.86 – wia in crash breaking his thigh – flew in battles over Madrid, in Potisis, Fokkers and Breguets (in which he shot down one Heinkel 111). Before and after flying he had fought in the infantry as a company commander of the Lincolns and with the Thaelman’s – wia several times. Fought in WW2 Medical Corps.

Joseph Dallet Jr., kia Fuentes 10/37 - 377 East Lucius Youngstown Ohio

Morris/Maury Dashevsky – wia Belchete – memoirs B15B p. 167 - 165 Massasolt St Springfield Mass

Murray Dauber

David Davidson 1326 Oak Pt Bronx – WW2

Joe Davidson

Solomon Davis – 924 Stone Ave Brooklyn – WW2 – survived CoB

John N Degelman

Julius Herman Deutsch, Coy. Commander 41 Charlton, NYC/1815 Washington St., Laredo, Tex – WW2

Gershon Devinsky

Daniel Dickstein 1819 Humboldt Bvld./ 815 West Harrison, Chic

Raymond Henry Disch – 1037 West Michigan St Milwaukee – WW2

Nicholas Doggendorf - Seaman – 1423 Decater St Balt.

David Dombroff /Dornhoff aka Richard Kenney – 68 Bay 32nd Brooklyn – WW2

Richard Dombrowski – Deroit kia Gandesa

Abraham Morris A. Domes/Domas 250 West 57th NYC

Dave Doran/Dransky - USA commissar – Prago – engineered the mass surrender of Fascists at Belchite, aged 28 years. Son of a paper mill worker from Albany, NY, worked with Black TU’s in Alabama in 1930’s – B15B pp. 223,277. Born Albany NY 4.10.09, lived 725 Lexington Ave, NYC/Pitts – kia Gandesa 4/38

Leon Lenel Dorsky 107 Union Hall St, Jamaica NY

George Dubovich - b. 1910 - Duluth, Minn. - POW and executed after Belchite - Alcaniz 3/38

David Drummond b. Seattle 10.5.05 – lived 223 West 24th NYC

Morris Ecker aka Acker kia Alcaniz 3/38 – 1449 2nd Ave NYC

Sam Ecstein 2969 West 24th Brooklyn/2846 West 29th NYC

Julius Jack Lennard Eggen/Eagen kia 3 or 4/38 – seaman – 714 Coronado St LA/San Fran.

Edward “Teddy” Mann aka Ehlert

Isadore Ehrenberg aka Jack Jordan – 6220 Cottage Grove Chic. – WW2

Dave Ehrenurg

Edward Ehrlich aka Erik Edwards – MG Coy. – 176 Waverly Place NYC – WW2

Rubin/Ruben Ehrlich – 800 8th Ave NYC – WW2

Louis A. Eider 12328 Brackland Ave Cleveland/3016 Folsom St LA – WW2

Abraham Boris Eisenberg aka Ben Sobel/Sam Abelson/Henderson/Julius Lieberman/aka Albert – 104 Devon St, Roxbury, Minn/ Boston, Mass./1646 Union St Brooklyn/1600 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn – law student

Robert Bill Ellis aka William “Bill” Susman/Sam Susman – Treasure Is, Cidra PR/160-04 89th St NYC

David Engels/Engelson – Commissar No 1 Coy – memoirs B15B p.261 – 739 East 5th St NYC.

Hermann Engert

Leon Ente – 145 East 23rd NYC

Bernard Entin kia Brunete 7/37 – 1408 Sterling Place Brooklyn

David Epstein 430 6th Ave NYC

Hyman/Edward Epstein – 237 East 25th Brooklyn/Chicago/Vancouver kia 3/38

Milton Moses Epstein aka Milton Rayfield – 377 Montgomery St Brooklyn NY kia Ebro 7/38

Sydney Epstein

Solomon Epstein

Jacob Epstein aka Jake Berman 242 East 19th NYC

Albert Alton Ettinger – Hyak, Wash.

Dr Abraham Ettelson – 3105 Augusta Blvd, Chic.

Henry Exstein Jr. 164 West 74th NYC – WW2

Max Farrar aka Farber/Herman Goff – 9102 Palatine St Seattle – WW2 – survived CoB

William Maurice Faber aka Fahr

Isidore Fajans - 268a Kosclusko St Brooklyn – West Point Officer aka “Toots” – Italy OSS WW2

Irving Fajans – WW2 OSS

Joseph Farkasovski NYC kia Teruel 1/38

Richard M Fein aka Meyer

Francis Feingersh aka Frank Lister 3125 Fairmont St LA/NYC – WW2

Hammy Feigin

Herman L. Feld - pilot – b Berlin 21.2.14 kia Madrid 7/37

Sol Feldman/Fellman – 1059 Glenmore Ave Brooklyn/Philad. Brother of Harry (below)

Abraham Feldman

Orrin Erlandy Feldt – 6742 Seneca Ave Detroit

Joseph Samuel “Yussie” Feller/Feher kia Hijar 3/38– 1031 Fillmore St San Fran./Omaha

Mike Feller, brother of Joseph – kia WW2

Milton Feller – 1550 55th St Brooklyn – WW2 kia

Harry Fellman aka Enrique Feldman kia – 3552 Case St, Omaha – brother of Sol (above)

Milton Felson/Felsen 2448 East 24th St Brooklyn – WW2

Francis Edward Fender POW – 409 W Gordon St Valdosta Ga.

Adolf Feuerlicht

William Fierman aka Herman – Philadelphia kia

Eugene Finick/Finnick pilot – 246 East 2nd St, NYC

Alexander Finkel – 1845 52nd St Brooklyn kia Brunete/Quinto 8/37, brother of Sam Waters

Ben Finkel aka Minor – 3017 Ocean Parkway NYC / c/o Unterman2932 6th St NYC

Norman Finkelstein kia Gandesa 4/38 – 624 N Caldwell St Charlotte NC

Harrry Finkenberg, hus, of Charlotte – WW2 – badly burnt Spain - from 2349 Benson Ave., Brooklyn – died 1970

Louis Fischer – “The First American Volunteer” – CQMS – veteran of 39th bat. Jewish Legion, Royal Fusiliers WW1

Nelson Nathan Fishelson – 1728 N Appleton St, Balt/NY kia Teruel 1/38

Harry Fisher – 592 Greene Ave Brooklyn – WW2 B26 Fl Engin. USAAF – later worked for Tass in NY

Irving Fishgold – 1514 West 8th St, Brooklyn kia Gandesa/Ebro 7/38

Harry Fishman

Henry Fishman b. Russia – LA grocery clerk

Morris Simon Fishman 4015 Perry St LA/NYC - seaman

Moe Moses Fishman 2909 Broadway Astoria LI

Sol Fishman 119 East 17th St NYC

Emyl Charles Flam kia Belchite 3/38 – 2034 Vista Del Mar LA/NYC

Leo Fleischman kia 10/36

Edward James Fliegle 705 N Coronado St/5958 Carlton Way LA

Victor Franco kia Fuentes 10/37 – 33 Westminster Rd Brooklyn

Raymond Frank kia 3/38 – 118 154th Pl, Calumet City, Ill.

Irving Frankel aka Isidore Isaac 202 Herzl St Brooklyn/23 West 8th St

Zalmond David Franklin 1351 Touhey Ave Chic

E. Franklin

Saul Fredberg

Edward Milton Freed aka Gil Lang kia Jarama 2/37 – 115 East 119th St NYC

Harry Freed – 450 East 81st St NYC

Jack Jacob Freeman – 906 Dekalb Ave Brooklyn kia Ebro/Sierra Cabollo 9/38

Maurice Freeman 3260 Beech Ave Chic – WW2

Sam Freeman

Raymond Fridle – Chicago kia Ebro

Saul Friedberg – 8052 Muskegon Chic/382 Summit Ave Cedarhurst LI – WW2

Marcus B. Fried – 25 Wilcock St Dorchester Mass.

Sylvester Frank Friedle kia Ebro 10/38 – 3614 N Mozart St, Chic.

Eli Friedman

Jack Friedman, Accord, NY – WW2

Martin Friedman – 2105 Daly Ave NYC/41-15 50th St Woodside LI

Maurice Wolf Friedman kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1914 Golden Gate Ave, San Fran./LA

Morton Laurence Friedman – 236 Shady Ave Pitts/Brooklyn kia Brunete 7/37

Roswald Friedman

William Friedman – 403 Shatford Brooklyn

Herman Fries

Morris Frisch

Nicholas Fritzhand - 1107 Prospect Ave Bronx

Raleigh Frohman – 1075 Gerard Ave, Bronx – kia Teruel 1/38

Peter Frye aka Friedman

Julius Funk aka Giula – kia Cabera 9/38 – 4812 Vanderbilt St, Detroit

Samuel Saul David Fuhrer aka Sam Fuller – 3425 West 16th St, Chic.

Adolf Feurlicht – 25 2nd Ave NYC

Lt Milton Meyer Gale aka Galitska – Staff Officer.

Johnny Gates - USA (known to Lou Kenton) aka Solomon Israel Regenstreif – born 144 South Forest St, Youngstown, Ohio/lived 1981 East 177th St, Manhattan, died 23.5.92 aged 78 years - with 86th Brigade at Cordoba, organiser of 20th bat. and “a political and organisational spirit of the English-speaking company…which demonstrated great fighting courage…later Brigade Commissar” – letter from Lt Col Moradi – B15B p226 – highest ranking American officer - fought in WW2.

Louis Anton Gayle – 278 Henry St NYC/810 Marcey Ave Brooklyn

Ben Gardner – kia WW2

Sam Gebin 4008 W Grenshaw St Chic. – WW2

Leo Geer/Geir/Girr – 3225 Orange St Chic

Carl Frederick Geiser - Commissar, Mackenzie-Papineaun bat., Canada, POW San Pedro de Cardenas by Italians and exchanged – wia Fuentes del Ebro, Oct 1937. 222 W 23rd NYC

Samuel Gelfan

Bernard Gerber 246/8 East 51st Brooklyn

Julius Gerhardt POW - Illinois

Frank Gilek/Yilek

Henry Giler aka Gilerowitz POW – WW2

Louis Ginsburg – 1057 51 St, Brooklyn

Lester Lazarus Gittelson 244 East 15th NYC – pilot – WW2

Robert Gladnick

Herman Louis Glickman 932 Vick St Pitts. – WW2

Harry Gluck – 6162 Hollywood Blvd., LA – WW2

Max Gluck/Glick kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2744 West 8th St LA

Louis Gnepp 31 South 58th Philad. – WW2

Paul Gobert

Hans Goepel kia Belchite 3/38

Sylvester Goett

Irving Goff aka Max Farrar (??) – 2815 West 31st Brooklyn/2019 West 131st NYC – WW2 OSS Italy – American Legion of Merit.

Arthur Gold

Isadore Gold – 2112 Douglass St Brooklyn

Sam Gold

Irving Gold/Dolb – WW2

Alex Goldberg 157 Adams St Newark

Arthur Goldberg kia 4/38 - aka Quentin Arthur Gorgan/Grogan – 135 West 238th St, NYC

Sam/Emmanuel Goldberg

Manuel Goldberg

Paul Pincus Goldberg 1298 Brook Ave Bronx – WW2 - nurse

Ruben Goldberg

Moses Goldblatt kia Gandesa 4/38 – Uncasville, Conn.

Alfred Joseph Goldenberg kia Fuentes 10/37

Micheal Goldenburg kia

Samuel Sanford Goldman 251 East 7th St NYC/3302 East 136th St, Cleveland – kia Gandesa 4/38

Remy Goldmy

Mark/Mart Goldrick – 604 West 23rd St NYC

Benjamin Goldring 121 Howard Ave Brooklyn – WW2

M. Goldstadt

Abraham David Goldstein 99-13 Farmers Ave Hollis/183-23 Jamaica Ave NYC – WW2

Benjamin “Butch” Goldstein 1915 North 32nd St Philad.

Easey Isidore Goldstein 1816/61 South Millard Ave Chic.

Jack Yechem Goldstein aka Bjoze engineer – 2141 Honeywell Ave Bronx

Jack Jerome Goldstein – 216 West 22nd St NYC

Maynard Goldstein aka King/Meyer/Isaac

Meyer Isaac Goldstein

Milton Goldstein – 340 Snediker Ave, Brooklyn – WW2

Morris Goldstein aka Gould 653 Britton St Bronx/163 East 49th St

Gerald Goldwyn aka Pierre Duvalle – 180 West 135th NYC – may not be Jewish

Harry S. Goloff 4722 North Marshall St Philad.

Ned Golomb 2936 West 31st Brooklyn – WW2

Alex Gomer 1617 Canton St Toledo

Samuel Gonshak/Gunshuck

Henry Paul Good kia Brunete 7/38 – New Plymouth, Idaho/Lexington, Neb.

Carroll Kibby Goodman 26 Horation St NYC – WW2

Robert William Goodman – WW2

Isidor Irving Jackie Gordon b. Maryland 5.20.12, lived LA - kia

David Gordon – 1614 Walnut St Toledo – WW2

Lazar Gordon 566 West 162nd St NYC

Leo Gordon aka Mendelowitz NYC kia 4/38

Louis Gordon aka Dalton 451 Kingston Ave Brooklyn – WW2

Joe M. Gordon aka Mendelowitz – kia Merchant Navy WW2 – brother of Leo above

Louis Melvin Goslin – kia Brunete/Belchite 9/37 – 84 South 4th St., St Jose Calif

Rubin Montaivo Gotay (?) – San Juan PR – alias??

Harold Francis Gotterman

Albert Gottlieb – aka Albert Stone Brooklyn Longshoreman - WW2 WIA twice

Leo Grachow Binghampton, NY kia Brunete 7/37

Kenneth Graeber – Detroit/433 Ohio St., Lawrence, Kan.

Alfred Graf – NY kia Jarama 2/37

Morris Granat aka Teitelbaum

Lanny Grant

Sam Andrew Grant – POW – 230 East 2nd St, LA – WW2

Joseph Grecs aka Gregg – 2931 East 112th St Cleveland/1010 Salter Way Pitts

Herman Greenfield – Averne, LI/154-41 S Street, Jamaica, NY - kia Seguro de Banos 2/38

Hy Greenfield – survived CoB

Mitchell Greenfield Ohio kia Brunete 7/37

Arthur Greenspoon – 350 East 13th St NYC

Jacob Lee Greenstein – 117-07 107th Ave, Richmond Hill NYC/Jamaica, LI kia Almeira 6/37

Joe Greenstein – 310 East 15th St, NYC

Fritz Grell – 518 S Main St, Denison Iowa

Paul Grinkevich aka Borisuk

Daniel Samuel Groden – 310 East 9th St NYC – WW2

August Grod

Frank Grodski POW – 155 Wythe Ave, Brooklyn – WW2

Joe Louis Gross – 25 McKibben/101 Polaski Brooklyn

Nathan H Gross – 58 West 8th St NYC/ 17 Summit Ave, Hackensack NJ – WW2

Henry / Arnold Grossman

Samuel Grossner kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 195 Prince St NYC

Daniel Joseph Grosso – 134 Union Ave New Rochelle NY kia Brunete 7/37

Gustav Gruman

Leonard Grumet/Brunet - 522 Pennsylvania Ave Turtle Creek Pa – WW2

Martin Jerome/Johnson Grumet – 252 Farnsworth Detroit

Harold Gruskin – 138 Bennett St, Youngstown Ohio – WW2

Walter Gunderman aka Gunderson – 349 Kingsland Ave, Lindhurst NJ

Samuel Gunshick – 688 Rockaway Ave/2083 60th St Brooklyn

Edgar A. Gurevitz/Geveritz kia 4/38 – 1305 Farwell Ave, Chic

Maurice Gurko/Gurkow POW – 2145 W Cremak Rd, Chic.

Hans Gutman/Glutman – 1150 President St Brooklyn

Efraim Leo Guasch b. Cuba - kia

Paul Hans Richard Gunther kia

Sol Hass – fought WW2

Rudy Haber/Cohn akas Kleiman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 153 Norfolk St/799 158th St NYC

Henry William Haberkorn aka Heckathan

Harry Hakam – 244 East 15th St NYC – WW2

Abraham Irving Halpern aka Alvin Berg – 125 Ruthuen St Roxbury Mass/ Brookline mass

Ernest Halperin

Joe Max Hamberger/Hamburger – 5514 Blackstone Ave, Chic. – survived CoB

Harold Harbison aka Harkson

Manny Harriman (ML)

Aaron /Roy A. Harris – 15 Attorney St NYC

Sydney Harris POW – WW2

Abe Albert Lyonel Harris – 5, West 16th St NYC

Marshall Hartzell from Durham N. Carolina

Jacob Jack Hartzman 3256 Beach Ave Chic. – WW2

Harvey, William – ALBA records

Daniel Irving Haskell – 485 Howard Ave Brooklyn kia Jarama 2/37

Carl Hausman (ML) – aka Hausman/Jansman/Hans/Heus - POW

Isidore Hayman

Joseph Hecht – kia WW2 – 637 Saratoga Ave Brooklyn

Leo Hecht aka Seymour Rosenberg 317 Rodney St Brooklyn

Harry Jack Heeb kia Gandesa 4/38 – 4390 Eastern Ave Cincinnati

Pacid Hefferman

John Heinz

Gus Heisler – 47 East 21st St/ 117 Columbia St NYC – WW2

David Leonard Hellman kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 941 Intervale Ave, Bronx

Rudolf Hellmich

Max Hendler – 2077 Antony Ave Bronx kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38

Dr Julius Anault Hene/Herne/Heeney – kia WW2 either at Malmedy or POW train bombed by allies – 147 East 33rd St NYC

Stanley Anthony Henricher/Heinricher POW – 5571 Camellia St Pitts – WW2

Michael Herceg / Erceg – 460 Fair Oaks Ave, San Fran. – kia Gandesa 4/38

Francis J Herman 324 Haight St, SF

Seymour/Alan/Ted Herman - correspomdent (?)

Max Herrsher

Arthur Hersh kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1565 Inwood Ave NYC

Herman Hershkowitz – 596 Marcy Ave Brooklyn

Leon Herschman – 806 East 151st St NYC

Hugo Heurich, chauffeur - 3751 Van Dyke/5780 Fisher Ave Detroit - nurse

Aaron Arthur Hilkevitch – 1713 Humboldt Blvd, Chic. – WW2

Emanuel Hochberg – Laurel Hill, LI/4621 54th Rd., NYC – WW2

Richard Hoelzner

Bernard Hoff

Harold Smith Hoff – 2742 Hollyridge Dr., LA – WW2; though not Jewish his wife Ida Rainman, was and descended from Ukrainian Rabbis (inserted with permission from Ray Hoff, son of Ida and Harold)

Morris Hoffman – 3151 Breckenridge St Pitts – WW2

Herman Hollander – WW2

Leonard Martin Holtzclaw 24-14 28th St, Astoria, LI – kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38

Benjamin Holtzman aka Sam Rubin (?) – 1337 55th St Brooklyn – WW2

Sidney Horowitz

William Horowitz/Horvitz aka William Harvey aka Herrick - 210 West 21st St NYC

Leonard Hotzman

Joseph Hyman Howard 115 Neptune Ave Brooklyn

Daniel Hutner kia Belchite 9/37 – Hotel Rutledge, Lexington Ave/30th St NYC

Herbert Hort/Hart Hutner/Hatner – writer – 110 East 42nd St NYC

Joseph Hyman Howard

Isadore Hyman – 2121 Henry St NYC/ 8516 85th St Woodhaven LI – WW2

Harry E. Hynes aka Hall, NY, Coy. Commissar kia Brunete

Benjamin Isaac Iceland - 735 Mace Ave Bronx/ 3952 48th St., LI City, LI – WW2

Walter B Iczek – NYC – alias??

John Ingbert/Inget NYC kia 5/37 “City of Barcelona” (CoB)

William Isaak

Robert Woodrow Isenberg – 503 West 23rd St NYC

Boris J Israel aka Baline Owen – 131 East 18th St NYC

Martin Jablow NYC kia Villa Franco de Cordoba 10/38

Walter Jablonski aka Hendryck Jabloski - kia

Emil/Emilie Joseph Jacobs – 250 West 22nd St/235 East 26th St NYC – WW2

George Theodore Jacobs – wia Jarama – 2959 North 6th St., Milwaukee

Edward Deyo Jacobs kia Belchite 3/38 – Highland, NY

Edward Jacobs

Hyman Jacobs – 423 Blue Hill Ave Roxbury Mass

Lester Jacobs – Roxbury Mass., kia Fuentes 10/37 – 55 Warrington St, Providence, RI

Oscar Jacobson – NY kia Madrid 10/37

Morris Jelen/Jelin kia Jarama 2/37 – 309 West 19th NYC

Ms. Toby/Tillie Jensky aka Gensky – 1305 Seneca Ave Bronx

Hans Joachim – 1256 Montgomery St, San Fran.

Simon Morris Jokoffsky aka Zykoffsky – 339 Neptune Ave Brooklyn

David Everett Jones aka Starr

Max Jupnick, Montclair NJ – kia

John Henry Kahler/Kohler/Kobler 915 North 7th St Philad.

Harland M Kahle kia Belchite 3/38 – 1003 East Huron St, Ann Arbour, Mich

Clarence Kailin – 1820 Vilas St Madison, Wis. wia

Spartaco Kaiser/Kaisear - seaman b. 1908 in Triste – wia also with Garibaldis – WW2 Yugoslav partisan

Louis Kamenetsky aka Morris – 26 Bay 25th Brooklyn

Morris Kamer – Israel/Palestine – kia

 Levi Kaminsky aka Ed Baker – 274 South 60th St Philad/912 Ronvena Ave Detroit

Morris Kampel - 72 Orchestra Pl, Detroit

John Kanz – kia Jarama

Nathan David Kapelner – 964 49th St., Brooklyn kia Fuentes

Siegfried Kapitz

Joe Kaplan

Joseph Thomas Kaplan – kia Belchite 3/38 – 248 West 17th St, NYC

Maurice Kaplan – b. Ukraine, kia

Sam Kaplan – 403 Thatford Ave, NY kia Fuentes

Pincus Pinky Kaplinsky aka Kenneth Brotman/Brown aka Rodman – 316 Sea Breeze Ave, NY kia Fuentes 10/37

Morris Kaplovitz

Jacob Karson/Carson 513 West central 374 Mekubin St St Paul, Minn – WW2

Benjamin Kasinap/Kasinof 1711 North Monroe St Balt. – WW2 – survived CoB

Benjamin Katine 2538 Valentine Ave Bronx

Bernard Katlan aka Kaplan 92-41 Winchester Bvld., Queens, LI – salesman

Chaim Katz – see book by Giles Tremlett, ‘The International Brigades’ 2020, Bloomsbury Press

RABBI Hyman Jacob Katz 2011, 1st NW Wash. DC kia Belchite 3/38, brother of Isaac and Max!

Henry Katz

Isaac /Joseph (?) Katz kia 4/38 – 25 Fort Washington Ave, NYC

Max/Michael (?) Katz 173 Henry St NYC – kia WW2

Harry Katzin – 149 East Columbia, Detroit

Samuel Katzman 1050 N Spaulding Ave, Chic

Keith Kaufman

Alfred Leo Kaufman aka Al Friedman/Oscar Everett/ Oscar “The Kid” Ovrutsky – 1829 Georges Lane, Philad. – kia Gandesa 4/38

Al Kaufman

Charles Lawrence Kaufman aka Keith POW – 550 West 20th St/ 104 East 17th NYC

Hyman Kaufman – 1819 S. Sawyer Ave, Chic.

Lewis Kaufman kia 3/38 – 106 North 34th St, Philad.

Lorenz Ursos Carles Kaufman – 144a, Clinton Pk, San Fran.

Rubin “Ruby” Kaufman 318 Kosciosko, St Brooklyn – WW2

Sidney Kaufman – 314 East 11th St NYC

Morris Kawer

Lt Conrad Kaye 305 West 19th St NYC – WW2

George Kaye 458 N Genessee St /7733 Oakland Ave LA – WW2

Harry Keen kia Batea 4/38 – 702 East 4th St, Bethlehem, Pa.

Anthony Kerhlicker – 202 East 9th St, Madrid, Iowa

J. Irving Keith aka Kreichmar, Chicago - kia Batea 4/38

Anton Leonhard Keller – 430 Bleecker Brooklyn – WW2

Fred Paul Keller Jr – Commissar and athlete, born 1914 NY, cited for bravery on Aragon Front – 1364 6th Ave NYC – WW2 - possible

Charles Kersh

Archie Aaron Kessner - NYC kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38

John Keslering/Keslzrina - 16832 Winston Ave Redford Detroit

Joseph Kier Leni (?) – (ML)

Samuel/Sevek Kirchenbaum 136 East 17th St/3096 Brighton 6th NYC

Karl Earl Kirchner

Lewis Kirman

Max Kirschbaum – WW2

J. William Kirsh aka Mirin/Merin

Leslie Kish – 335 East 79th St/1143 1st Ave NYC - nurse

Lawrence I. Kleidman kia Teruel 1/38

Harry Kleiman

Albert Gerald Klein 243 Herzl St Brooklyn – WW2

Herman Gaby Klein aka Hyman Rosenstein – 1347 Bristow St Bronx

Joseph Klein

Dr Jack/Jacob B. Klein – 1102 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn

Seymour R. Klein – 302 Ave C, Brooklyn – seaman – WW2

Joseph “Red” Kleinman kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 2700 Bronx Pk East, Bronx

John Henry Kleinow /Klernow – 1515 Gough San Fran./2207 E Monterrey St, Bakersfield Calif.

Joseph Caroll Klerlein – 508 Kenyon St NW Wash DC/ 10 S Carey St Balt.

Gustav Klieger – 560 Fox St Bronx

Joseph Klimowski aka Kalinowski 512 Brush St Detroit kia CofB 5/37

John Kline

Max Robert Klonsky – after 5 months in front line discovered to be under-age and sent home! – WW2 – 729 Howard Ave, Brooklyn

Theodore Knecht – Switzerland/Chicago kia Jarama 2/37

Jack Jacob Koble aka Kovo – 126 Bay 25th St Brooklyn – WW2

John/Jan Koblich/Kobeluch – 350 East 13th NYC - WW2

Sollie Kobrin – kia Brunete 7/37 – 5610 Dorchester Ave Chic.

Charles Koch/Kuch – pilot – Bristol Pike, Bristol, Pa.

Harry Kochigan 96 Main St Worcs, Mass.

Cyprian Kochinsky aka Kochinas/Kochins Frank – 368 N Lockwood Chic. – WW2

Richard Koeppel

Louis Kohen – 2806 West Meinecke St, Milwaukee

John Kohler - York, Penn.

Albert Kohn – 154 East 3rd, NYC – WW2

Stanley Kohn kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2624 Michigan Ave, LA

Dr Edwin Koll aka Lincoln aka Jim Kall aka Jack Kalleborn 412 West 46th NYC/1233 7th Ave Moline, Ill.

Morris/Maury Samuel Kolow aka Manny Colow 416 Livonia Ave Brooklyn aged 18 years – WW2

Walter Kolowski – 3136 Lehman Ave Hamtramck, Mich/ 3104 Jemons St, Hambronst, Mich.

Hugo Kolping

Herman Leo Kondell kia Gandesa 4/38 - 64 West 93rd St, NYC

Bennano Bernard Konefski – 1392 Volney Dr, LA

Samuel Koneski – POW - Russellton, Pa

Kopel Koplowitz aka Matthews/Kaye – 783 East 176th St/337 West 21st, NYC

Morris Koplowitz kia Gandesa 4/38 – 30 Bay 25th St, Brooklyn

Valentine Koppal

Max Korb/Kord kia – 88 Middleton St Brooklyn

Sam Korenblatt

Samuel Sid Kornblatt 1314 Elder Ave Bronx – WW2

Dr Morris Kornblum – WW2

Joel Kornblutt – 1343 Interworle Ave Bronx

August Korpi aka Hille

Abraham Barney Al Koslow - kia – 169 Belmont Ave, Brooklyn

John/Gene Kosesak/Kosocak/Kascsale kia Sierra Pandols 8/38 - Box 254 Tiltonville Ohio/Loraine Ill.

William Koster

Leo Koster (ML) – died of typhus as POW.

Ernest Koslowski – kia WW2 – Pittsburgh/Aberdeen Wash./ 703 Bellevue N Seattle, Wash.

Mortimer Kosowatski

Samuel Krafsur wia – 68 Phillips St Boston

Daniel Kramen 367 20th St/1702 Church Ave, Brooklyn

Jacob Albert Kramer – 385 Hampshire St Buffalo, NY/NYC

Louis Nathan Kranes aka Krasna – 1561 Sheridan Ave, NYC

Morris Krangel – 406 South 4th St, Brooklyn kia Brunete/Fuentes 10/37

Morris Kransikoff/Krausikoff – 110 Montague St Brooklyn

Louis Krasner/Krasna – 3508 St Clair St, Cleveland - 1903-71 – wia also with Dimitovs

Max Kraus aka Morris Krausikoff – WW2

Max Krauthamer – 110 Montague St, Brooklyn - NY lawyer kia at Brunete 7/37


John Krivesy/Kortvesy, LA kia Gandesa 4/38

Max Krupke – 31 West 16th St/461 West 144th St NYC

David Solomon Krupke

Abraham Kuchersky – 1975 Creston Ave NYC

Henry Kuehner aka Kuchner – 1317 West Kelbourn Ave/2128 South 59th St, Milwaukee

Cecil Alex Kunstlich aka Honig kia - 330 West 15th St, Apt. 1c, NYC

John Kunz – kia Jarama 2/37 - 1540 North La Salle St, Chic

Wolf Kupin/Kupinsky aka Harry Milton 10 Monroe St NYC

Louis Kupperman aka Levine – 245 East 13th St NYC

Isaac Kupperman – 350 West 20th St, Brooklyn, NY kia Cordoba 4/37

Sidney Kurtz - kia WW2 – 215 2nd Ave NYC

Harry Allan Kushner aka Pico

Samuel Kushner

Allen Kushnier/Hushnier aka Antti Kushinen kia Batea 3/38

Felix Kusman

Barnett (Steven) Kutler aka Ben Kotler – 210 Madison St NYC

Louis Ladman – 106-19 Hutphin Bvld. Jamaica LI, kia Jarama 2/37

Major Leonard Lamb/Lamchick – 420 East 6th St NYC/Cleveland – CO 17th bat. wia

Joseph Julius Lampert aka Lambert – 5906 Hough Ave Cleveland/NY kia Brunete after surviving CoB 5/37

Sanford/Stafford Karl Land – 9007 Yale Ave Cleveland – WW2

Arthur Harold Landis aka Max Straub – 1209 South Maple LA/226 North Irena St Redondo Beach, Calif.

Gil Lang aka Freed

Manny Morris Lanser/Lancer/Lanzer – MG Coy Commander – memoirs B15B p.265 – 327 Rodney St. Brooklyn – WW2

Joseph P. Lash – 16 Bank St, NYC – WW2

Benzion Lasher/Lacher – 2117 Vyse Ave, NY, kia Teruel 1/38

George Laskowski – Canada – Waterloo, Ont. – kia Jarama

Stanley Lawrence

William Lazar aka Lawrence

Barnett David Leavitt 2741 N California Ave Chic. – WW2

Edwin Lebovitz/Leibovitz aka Lyons – stocky, dark, swarthy, with thin moustache, husband of Pearl - pilot, former shoe salesman, head of Loyalist Bombing Sqdn for 6 months, later specialised in ground strafing – founded the Palestine Flying Service 21.12.38, flew with Chinese Air Force, own Flying School in USA and retired as a Colonel (Sunday Worker Magazine, USA, April 1937). 1854 Ocean Ave Brooklyn; born 2.4.10. Lived later in West Hempstead, LI.

Isidore Lebowitz – 1840 Vyse Ave, Bronx

Louis Lefkowitz 3111 Brighton 7th St Brooklyn

Harold Harvey Lee 555 West 170th Street NYC

Edgar Albert Lehmann – 5709 S. Harper Ave, Chic.

Ben Leider aka Jose Lando husband of Dorothy – journalist from 101 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn/101 Ocean Parkway, kia Jarama sector, February 19, 1937, probably the first American kia. Born 18.10.1901 son of Jacob and Anna (who lived later at 69 E. 40th, Brooklyn) in Kishinev, family fled 1905 – fighter pilot – see UK – he shot down a Heinkel in his first dog fight, was wia and crashed a number of times; and in the battle in which he was killed, 14 enemy planes were shot down even though outnumbered 82 to 32!!– friend of Leibowitz. He was mortally wounded but crashed landed his plane, dying later of loss of blood. Orphanage in Spain was named after him. His body was brought home to NY and buried at Mt Hebron Jewish cemetery, Flushing, LI, Sunday 21.8.38, Rabbi Jacob Greenfield presiding

Simon Leinoff aka Thomas Lane 9703 N Martindale/ 4640 16th St Detroit

Sol Leiserowitz aka Solomon kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38– 340 East 15th St NYC

George Henry Leiviska – 465 East Pine St, Ironwood Mich.

Myron Edgar Lemberger 264 West 19th St, Apt 22 NYC

John Lembke kia aka Bernard Lemble kia Teruel 1/38 - 75 Roosevelt Ave, Buffalo, NY

Maxim Lemchuk

Otto Ernest Lemke – kia Gandesa or POW - 315 East 5th St NYC

Isaac Edward Lending 1815 Grand Concourse Bronx – WW2 Jan 1992 “Horizons” Journal of Jewish Workman’s Circle

Louis Leoane aka Seoane Castro/Esmagardo

Ernest Carl Earl Leppo kia - 729 Ritner St Philad.

David Lerner kia Belchite 3/38 – 902 44th St NYC

Hyman Lerner aka Kenneth Gale/Gayle kia – 1272 Grand Concourse, Bronx

Murray Bernard/Morris Lerner – 2765 West 5th St., Brighton Brook Brooklyn

Sol Isiah Lerner POW 1169 52nd St Brooklyn

Samuel Lesitz/Lissitz 16 West Maple St/3833 West 14th St Chic.

Walter Peter Lesniak kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2519 Cortland St, Chic.

Abraham Letvin 28 Hinsdale St Brooklyn

Leonard Bertrand Levenson 38 Sutton Place, NYC – Machine Gunner with Macpaps.

Lionel Levick – 7 Jones St NY, wia Belchete, kia Fuentes 10/37

Louis Levin - 395 Stratford Ave, Brooklyn

Louis S. Levin

Milton Levin

Nathan Levin 53 Shepard St/66 Vine St Lynn, Mass.

Abraham Robert/Joseph Levine 358 West 23rd NYC/21 Gibbs St Boston

Benjamin Levine aka Lane 1614 Silverlake LA – WW2

Harry Levine – Philadelphia kia Quinto 9/38

Jacob Levine 738 Rockaway Ave Brooklyn

Louis Steve Levine 583 Chester St Brooklyn – WW2

Samuel Levine aka Jay/ Joseph Sherman - 67 Herzl St/403 Chester St Brooklyn

Lt Sidney Levine, Coy. Commander and commander of crucial MG coy. at Jarama and Brunete and later Training Officer MG base. 174 East 43rd St Brooklyn – WW2

Samuel Harold Levinger – 2267 Indianola Ave Columbus Ohio, son of Rabbi - kia Belchite 9/37 M Gun Coy.

William Levinger

Joseph Levinsky 435 East 61st St Chic. - kia

Isadore Ralph Levitt aka Jack Cooper – 10627 Morrison Ave Cleveland

David Levy of Dublin – kia Jarama – see C. Shindler “No Pasaran – The Jews who fought in Spain” 50th anniv. Article – ML archive.

Israel Levy 45 east 12th St NYC

Alex Lewandowski 6682 Seneca St Detroit – WW2

Morris Lewis

Reuben Lewis

Michol Liber (Canada?)

Henry Libin

Harry Edward Lichter/Lighter aka Richter 2210 West Walnut St Milawaukee – WW2

Arthur Harry Lidz 408 West 129th St NYC

Jack Liffland NYC – kia Ebro 7/38

Reuben Lifschitz

Isaac Lifshitz

Sidney Linn 2278 Blaine Ave Detroit/ Cleveland (?)

David Watson Lippert 64 Webster Ave Fort Washington NY

Reuben Lippman

David Raphael/Robert Lipton kia Sierra Pandols 9/38 – 2144 Crotona Parkway Bronx

Norman Lisberg kia Teruel 1/38 – 919 East Jefferson St, LA

Paul List

Abraham aka Alfred Harvey Litvin/Litwin/Lytton – WW2

Anthony Litvinas 5329 S Homan Ave Chic. – WW2

Jacob Loch – Canada kia Belchite – from Guelph, Ont.

Rudolph Loch aka Toch - Bartlesville Ohio/914 Market St Wheeling, W Virg.

Aaron Lopolf

Victor Michael Losch/Loesch kia Gandesa 4/38 – 315, S. San Pedro St, LA/N Dakota

Karl Loewenberg Newark, NJ – kia Belchite 4/38

Abraham Lomsky/Lonsky 583 Pennsylvania Ave Brooklyn – WW2

Harold David (Arthur) London – originally from eastern Europe

Aaron Lopoff – 219 East 12th St NY kia Ebro/Sierra Pandols 9/38

Vincent Lossowski WW2 OSS (Prago)

Eugene Jacob Loveman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 1960 82nd St Brooklyn

Carl Lovenberg – Newark kia Belchite

Victor Lovsky - tbc

Jack Lucid – VALBA web site

Martin Ludwig – WW2

Joseph Luftig 11404 109th Ave Richmond Mill NYC – WW2 – survived CoB

Israel Lukomnik

Walter Lukosky – WW2

Lawrence Lustgarten, Coy. Commander – kia WW2 – 806 East 9th St/216 East 10th St, NYC

Paul Lutka

Lt Fred George Lutz, Commissar – 104 Winthrop Ave Morristown NJ

Henry Lyons – actor, Chicago

Friedrich Maas – Bronx kia Brunete 7/37

Henry Mack aka Maki

Henry Rudolph Maier 2326 Amsterdam Ave NYC

Joseph Maier 324 East 84th St NYC

Jack Mail – POW - 2114 N St NW Washington DC/410 Madison Ave NYC

Henry Mak aka H. Alfred Buska

Martin David Maki – WW2

Henry / Harold Malofsky kia Belchite – 1022 Stebbins Ave NYC

Emanuel Mandel – 62-16 Mt Olivet Ave, Maspeth, Woodside LI, kia Seguro de los Banos 2/38

Phillip/Sam Mandelblatt kia

Solomon Charles Mandelblatt aka Mann – 1706 Washington Ave, NYC – kia Ebro 7/38

Harold Mulford Mann – The Precidio, San. Fran.

Heinrich Mandelbaum

Erwin Manheim – 133 West 11th St, Saxon Ave NYC – WW2

Benjamin Martin Mantell – 403 Hewes St NY kia Jarama 2/37

 Herbert August Marberg – San Francisco, kia Brunete 7/37

Irving Margolis – 1117 Manor Ave Bronx

Alec Markovitz

Abe Matorn

Leo Isaac Markowitz aka Lee Marcus 269 Christopher Ave/390 Stone Ave, Brooklyn – WW2

Rubin Markowitz – 348 Williams Ave Brooklyn – WW2

Sam Markowitz kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 - 73 Reed St, Pitts.

Dan Markowsky

Dave Mates/Maten aka Metropolitan

Morris Matz/Katz kia Gandesa 4/38 – 8 Crandall St Binghampton NY

Charles Mayer aka Carl Mayer Fuchs – POB 2 Cotati, Calif/San Fran.

William Mayer aka Miller/Mitchell

Edward Melnicoff aka Edgar Allen Menick – WW2

Harold Meloff aka Melefsky/Melofsky NYC kia Belcetie 9/37

Isadore Menacker kia Brunete 7/37 – 731 Alabama Ave, Brooklyn

Samuel “Curley” Mendelowitz aka Mende or Kramer – WW2 – 530 Manhattan Ave, NYC

Jacob Joseph Mendelowitz aka Joe Gordon – 765 Lafayette Ave Brooklyn

Wilfred/Wilford Mendelson, 1223 Avenue V, Brooklyn, KIA Gandesa/Ebro 7/38

Harry Mensh – WW2

Nick Merinoff - Canada kia Jarama

Marian Meriman aka Wachtel

Paul Merkel – seaman – 849 6th St, San Pedro, Calif.

Wolf Morris Meyerson kia 3/38 – 2682 Broadway NYC

George Michalchik kia Gandesa 4/38 – 42, 4th Ave, NYC/Mass.

Carl Perez/ Joseph Michitsch – kia Jarama – iron worker

Morris Mickenberg aka Maken – 1067 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn

David Micah Miller – WW2 – 306 West 99th NYC

Isidore Millstone - 53 West 11th NYC

George Irvin Millstone – WW2

John A. Miltenberger/Mittenberger – 1084 Boyd Ave, Johnstown, Pa

Reuben Miner/Minor WW2 – 239 Parish St, Battle Creek, Mich.

Irving Mitchell - 1512 54th St Brooklyn – WW2

Louis Mohar RFD 2 Barberton Ohio

Julius Molnar - 512 F St NW Washington DC

Artin Moretion - Turkish

Joe/Charles Eugene Morse – WW2 – 10319 114th St, Richmond Hill, LI – wia – J Garber

Virgil Lanny Morris – 11 N Hancock St, Portland, Oreg.

Irving Morrison

Ignatz Moscowitz POW – kia WW2

George Cherry Moser – 129 West 46th St, NYC

Ben Moses aka Jose Hernandez Sanchez!

Harry Charles Moshier – 425 University Ave SE Minneapolis

Abraham Moskowitz – 1230 42nd St, NY kia Ebro 7/38

Ignatz Moskowitz – 47 Jackson Ave, Jersey City NJ

Morris Motz

Edward Andrew/Andre Mtoczkowski aka Morrow – 11 Broadway Hicksville NY/ 421 West 125th St, NYC

John Phillip Muller – 17 Clifton St, Carrick, Pitts.

John V. Murra aka Isidore Lipshitz

G Murray

Robert Arnold Nagle 5057 Whitfield Detroit – WW2

Sam Nahman aka Manny Harriman 49 East 102nd St NYC – WW2

Wolfe Nathan

Alexander Narurwicz – 5507 Kenwood Ave Chic.

Marvin Nelsen – 1919 W Blvd, Racine, Wis.

Marvin Nelson – USA

Murray Nemeroff – 500 Chester St Brooklyn – survived CoB

Abraham/Abram, Neufield/Newfield – kia Brunete 7/37

Isidore James Newman aka Neugass/Naugass – 3915 49th St, Queens, NYC – poet.

David Newman – kia Brunete 7/37

Sol Newman – 667 West 161st St, NYC

Saul B Newton aka Sol Cohen - WW2

Alexander Nichta – 1129 Levington Ave NYC

David Nieder – 356 West 34th St NYC

Bela Niederman – 845 Longfellow Ave Bronx - nurse

Paul Niepold – Katonah NY, kia Jarama, 2/37 - 2nd Coy. section leader.

Leo Nitzberg aka Rosenthal – WW2

Irving Noachowitz aka Norman – 1110 Euclid Ave, LA/1329 Briston St, Brooklyn

Harry Nobel – 144 West 16th St NYC – WW2

Marion M. Noble – 252 Farnsworth Ave Detroit/2357 Arnsworth St NYC

Charlie Nusser – 4 Duncan Way East Carnegie, Pittsburgh, wia Belchete, cited for bravery on night patrols – WW2.

Howard Oberman aka Bailey – 158 Walnut Ave, Roxbury, Mass.

James Bartle O’Hara aka Ernest Halpern/Kaplin kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 1149, West 1st St, LA

Melvin Ofsink kia Gandesa 4/38 – 1035 Hegeman Ave, Brooklyn

Robert Okun

Boris Rudolph Oretkin/Oretchkin Chic. - kia Belchetie 9/37

Louis Noah Ornitz – POW – 896 Bryant Ave Bronx – WW2

Abraham Osheroff – photo – 468 Chester St Brooklyn /lived Seattle – WW2 – survived CoB

Ernest Albert Ozias

Isaiah Padolin

Max A. Parker POW – WW2

Isaac Harry Parnes – kia Fuentes 10/37 – 351 West 4th St, NYC

Daniel Alvin Pasternak – 215 east 18th St NYC - kia Fuentes 13.10.37 by aircraft strafing

Samuel Peck – WW2 – 515 West 124th St, NYC

Sol Peel

Herman J Pekow – 3446 5th Ave/3928 Wilcox Ave Chic.

Milton Pekow – kia Jarama 2/37 – as above

Harry Perchik/Purchick kia Teruel 1/38 – 920 St John Ave, Bronx

Henri Percikow

Harold David Perez

Harry Perlman NYC kia Belchitie 1/38

Norman Perlman – 1941 84th St Brooklyn

Joseph Louis Perlman Spokane, Wash – kia 3 or 4/38

Jim Jacob Persoff/Perzoff aka James Prescott – kia Jarama – 1359 Findlay Ave Bronx.

Irving Peshkin – 356 East 79th St/502 East 77th NYC

Robert Carl Pick kia Jarama 2/37 as Company runner – 337 East 14th St NYC

Henry Plotnick – 8757 bay 16th Brooklyn – WW2

Erich Oscar Plutgradt/Flugrath – 231 East 13th St/438 East 88th St NYC

Ben Pobersky – 915 North 7th St, Philad.

Samuel Polansky POW - 141 Hawthorne Ave Bronx

Abraham Polen aka Leslie McKenney - 2506 Stanley St, Philad.

Lt Harry Poll – Staff Officer.

Samuel Emil Pollack 651 Cleveland St, Brooklyn

Irving Portnow 1071 Elder Ave Bronx – WW2

Stanley Postek aka Szliga

Thomas Theodore Prager117 East 89th St NYC/ 24 Plant St Newhaven, Conn.

Albert Prago – 137 West 75th St NYC – wia Belchite

Morris Presser – ammunition expert

John Prosick

Leo Pudinski – 83 Norfolk St NYC

Gabriel Jack Quinones/Quinn 977 Intervale Ave, Bronx

George Rabie/Rabey 88 Clinton St Binghampton NY/ Schenectady NY

I. Rabinovitz – 1113 Grant Ave Bronx

John Harold Rabyor/Raybor

Joseph Radacoy POW - WW2

Walter Jack Radin kia Gandesa 4/38 - 2025 East 4th St, LA

Albin Ragner aka Ragauskas

John Augustus Ramatowski kia Gandesa 4/38 - 2540A University St, St Louis

Aaron Ramer kia Belchetie 3/38 - 300 West 23rd NYC

Victor Rank

Robert Raport/Rappaport Seattle, Wash – kia

David Rappaport

William Rappaport

Irving Rappaport – WW2

Israel Rapoport - 381 Powell St Brooklyn

Milton Mordecai Gershon Rappaport – 3475 Knox Place, Bronx kia Jarama 2/37

Mark Benjamin Rauschwald – 117 Pulaski St/255 West 19th St, NYC - WW”

Anthony Henry Rautbort – 1713 North 3rd St, Milwaukee.

Joseph Robert Raven – 128 East 22nd St NYC/ Pitts.

Bernard Rogers Razanski – 490 Hillside Ave, New Jersey, kia Segurdo de los Banos 2/38

George F. Redlich – 5709 Dorchester Ave, Chic.

Arnold Reid aka Reisky – 113 East 31st NYC

Charlie Reid

Alex Reinholm

Harry Hyman Reinleb/Reinler – 2425 Kings Highway Brooklyn

David Morris Reiss, Bat. Commander from NJ – kia Belchite 3/38

Peter Reiter – WW2

John Reitz – Watonga/Quinton Village, Oklahoma

Izie aka Robert Rennert – NY kia Cordoba 4/37

Charles Rhines

Reuben J. A. Richards

Benjamin David Richman 17 Summit Ave, Hackensack NJ – WW2

Morris Richman – 317 East 14th St, NY kia Belchite/Gandesa 4/38

Walter William Richter - NYC

Carl Herman Riffe POW

Irving Rifkin kia Sierra Caballo 9/38 - 3916 Laurel Ave, Brooklyn

Dr Sidney/Seymour Stanley Robbins – kia Brunete – 1155 N Sycamore Rd, Hollywood, Calif.

Alan Robbins – WW2

Dr Sydney Robleins/Robbins kia Brunete 7/37

Harry Tony Rodd

Charles Roffeld – 2321 Monument St Balt. /Youngstown, Ohio

Joseph Roffman – 2192 Flatbush Ave Brooklyn

August Rohmann

Edwin Rolfe aka Sol Fishma/Fishback - poet and writer - WW2

Samuel Romer POW – 250 West 10th St/216 29th St, NYC/ Detroit

Morris Rose

Lt Sol Rose aka Rosenblum, KIA Ebro 10/38 – Training Officer – 162 West 13th St NYC

Albert Rosen

Abraham Isaac Rosenberg – 301 West 13th St NYC

Albert Abraham Rosenberg – WW2

Leon Lester Rosenberg – 425 East 6th St NYC

Willy Rosenberg

Sidney Rosenblatt POW, later KIA WW2 – 119 Cannon St NYC

Lawrence Rosenkrantz – 1633 East 92nd LA

Herman Rosenstein – WW2

Joseph Rosenstein – Detroit kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2640 Gladstone, Detroit

Sidney Rosenstein – kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 - 66 Morton St NYC/Cleveland

Julius Rosenthal – kia Jarama Feb 1937 – 171 East 4th St NYC

Charles Rosenthal

Leon Rosenthal aka Nitzberg – 380 3rd Ave, Brooklyn kia Estramadura 2/38; also, Macpaps

Joseph Rosmarin – pilot - WW2 – 1540 40th St Brooklyn – husband of Pauline

Hyman Rosner aka Herman Roseman /Rossman – 430 South 5th St, Philad.

Adolph Buster Ross aka Adolfo Rodriguez Roces – 2072 74th St Brooklyn/ Bensonhurst NY – WW2

John Rossen – 52 East Willis Detroit/1333 Temple Pl, St Louis – WW2

Charles Roth – b. 12.4.16 New York City; en route to Spain his ship was torpedoed by a German submarine and he had to swim 200 metres ashore under machine gun fire. Fought at Brunete and Teruel, where he was evacuated with rheumatic fever to Villa Paz IB Hospital near Madrid (“Sanscript” magazine, USA, Oct 1946/May and August 1948 – photo). 467 Neptune Ave Brooklyn.

Jacob Rotter – 411 Hinsdale St Brooklyn

Leo Manuel Rozen – Chicago kia Teruel 1/38 – 2020, Arthur, NYC

Ben Barnard Rubin – WW2

Harry Rubin – wia Quinto street fighting – 649 Argyle Rd Brooklyn – survived CoB

Henry Mortimer Rubin aka M. Henri – 219 S Orange Dr/364 S Cloverdale, LA – WW2

Irving Rubin

Jack Rubin

Sidney Rudner aka James Besante – 1089 Eastern Parkway Brooklyn – WW2

William Rudnisky aka Wasel Rudnicki - 212, H St NW, Washington DC

Ruby Ryant – Commissar – NY/Montreal kia Belchite 3/38

Lee Sabinson – 1912-1991 (ML)

Joseph D Sacal aka Sakalauskas aka Skol kia WW2

David Sachs – Patterson NJ kia 3 or 4/38

Harry/Henry Saks/ Sachs – kia Brunete by aerial bomb rescuing wounded men – B15B p. 172

William Sachs kia Sierra Cabollo 9/38 – 2773 West 35th, Brooklyn

Ely Joseph Sack – 8201 Bay Parkway Brooklyn

Leon Meyer Sacks – RFD 9 Box 366 College Hill, Cincinnati

Harry Saksonsky kia Brunete 7/37

Bernard Benzion Sall – 1837 71st St/6301 Bay Parkway Brooklyn


Herbert Salomon

Itzik/Irving N. Saloway/Soloway – 1845 52nd St Brooklyn

Felix Salter kia Sierra Cabollo 11/38

Florenz Frederick Salzbrenner – 111, W Garfield Ave, Milawaukee

Carl Samuels Philad. kia Gandesa 4/38

Victor Samulis – Phoenix Hotel, 307 N Main St, Mansfield, Ohio

Charles Sandberg aka Sanborn

Joseph Sanders aka Sandera

Israel Erwin Sandipher – 381 East 81st NYC

Joseph Sankovich – 1395 O’Farrell St, S Fran.

Abraham Sasson – 65 Est 2nd St, NY kia Belchite-Batea 4/38

Alexander Sauermilch – kia Brunete – 2023 S E Madison St Portland Oreg. – survived CoB

David Schachter – 334 West 19th NYC

Phillip Paul Schachter kia Brunete 7/37 - NYC

M. Schaffer

Jacques Schaffran

Michal Schantzec

Theodore Schattner – kia Cordoba 4/37 – 1905 Douglas St Brooklyn

Murray Schattner

Phillip Aaron Schatz

Jack/Jacob Schatzberg kia Belchetie 3/38 – 53 West 8th St NYC

Hans Schaul

Ruby? Reuven Schechter – 34-32 91st St., Jackson Heights LI, died of wounds, Brunete 8/37.

David Schecter

Ed Scheddin aka Carroll

Nathan Meyer Schilling – 5610 Dorchester Ave, Chicago kia Fuentes 10/37

Harry Schindler

Victor P. Schintone – 4234 65th St, Woodside LI, kia Guadalajara with Garibaldi Brigade 5/37

Walter Schlekau aka Edwards – 2102 Chicago St, Omaha

Herbert Schlessinger – 1302 Ave. K Brooklyn, NY kia Gandesa/Sierra Cabollo 9/38

Ernest Anthony Schmidt – 641 N 10th St Milwaukee

Norman James Schmidt – WW2 – 192 N Clark St, Room 713, Chic.

Eddie August Schneider – pilot – 50 Jones St, Jersey City, NJ – alias??

Murray Schneider – 2725 Sedgwick Ave Bronx

Theodore Samuel Schneider fought in WW2 – 165/160, East 49th St NYC

Rubin Schneiderman – WW2 – 1273 Stebbins Ave, Bronx

?? K. Schnell kia Gandesa 4/38

Harry Schoenberg/Shinsberg – adjutant Lincoln bat. – 607 N Clark St Chic/103 Hester St NYC – WW2

Fred Jacob Schofs aka Gottfried Shatz

Paul Schreiber – 1483 Hoe Ave NYC

Isadore Schrenzel – 4909 5th Ave, Brooklyn kia Fuentes 10/37

David H Schubert kia Gandesa 4/38

Walter J Schuetrum/Scheretrum – 1508 N 21st St, Superior, Wis. – WW2

Clarence Schuler – RFD 1, Denison, Iowa – WW2

Maynard Schuler – N Seagrave Ave, Denison, Iowa – WW2

Yechiel Schulevitch – poss. Polish, lived USA

Elias Schultz 1930 Grand Concourse NYC – WW2

Herbert Lawrence Schultz – alias??

Gunnar Nils Schultzberg, 53 Goffe St., New Haven, Conn. - kia

William Martin Schultz – 727 Greenwich St, Brooklyn kia Brunete or CoB 5/37

Samuel Schumack

Irving Raymond Schumann – 3332 W. Grenshaw, Chic

Sydney Schurr/Scharr

William Schutt

Herbert Lawrence Schutz 8542 Alcott St, LA

Abraham Schwartz – 2187 Douglas St, Brooklyn kia Brunete/died of typhus Villa Paz 5/37

Max Schwartz kia Gandesa 4/38– 145 East 23rd St NYC

Ralph Waldo Schwartz/Schwartzfield – 201 Platt St/1840 East Anaheim St, Long Beach, Calif.

Max Mordechai Schwartzberg – 871 hegeman Ave Brooklyn - MG Coy wia Brunete

Alexander Schwartzman – 40 Monroe St NYC – WW2

Arthur/ Albert Hellmath F. Schwecke - kia Jarama 2/37

Moses Schwerner aka Murph Strong

Celia Seborer - nurse

Lt Lou Secundy, Transport Officer 15th Brigade – 327 Livonia Ave Brooklyn

Theodore Seelman aka Skelman kia Gandesa 4/38 - 322 West 34th St NYC/Chic.

Charles Joseph Seibert kia Brunete 7/37 – 1617 Falck Ave NE Pitts

Joseph Seligman Jr. aka Dino/ Frank Neri/Nerry – 1415 Willow Ave, Louisville Ken. /Philad. - kia Jarama 12/2/37

George Seligman

Eddie Lester Semons – pilot – salesman b NYC, died San Rafael, California 3.9.76 having lived with wife Gloria at 220, Canal Street – fought in Navy Air Force WW2 - 3 sons Ralph, Steven, Alexander, brother Robert, 6 grandchildren, cremated Vallejo, ashes scattered at sea.

Morris Sennett aka Snetzki/Snestzki – 1447 East 55th St Chic.

William Sennett aka Snesetsky 1813 Lombard Ave Cicero Ill./Chic. – WW2

Elman Rogers Service 202 east Pottawatomie, Tecumseh, Mich. – WW2

Paul Seus/Sens

Jack/Jacob Joseph Shafran 2000 Daly Ave NYC/3017 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn – WW2

Kenneth Rubin Shaker 32 Winchester St, Hartford Conn. – WW2

Michael Shansky/Shantzak 722 N Hoover St/1017 S Ardmore Ave LA – WW2

Arthur “Artie” Micheal Shapiro – pilot aka Arturo Vasnit – b 17.1.10 Brooklyn/Woodhaven, LI – pupil of Lebowitz – husband of Evelyn Kovalsky, married Spain 31.12.36 followed by a Jewish wedding after return to USA.

David Daniel Shapiro/Shupin – pilot – kia Jarama 2/37 – Hempstead Lake, Hempstead NY

David Shapiro aka Daniel Shupin kia – 67 Herzl St Brooklyn

Eugene L. Shapiro – 1132 Main St, Springfield, Mass.

Henry Shapiro kia Teruel 1/38 – 166 Howard Ave, Roxbury, Mass./Boston

Larry Shapiro

Manuel Shapiro kia Gandesa 4/38 – 2538 South 10th St, Philad.

Mordechai Morris Shapiro – 868 East 156th St, Bronx

Saul Mayer Shapiro – 1472 Bedford Ave Brooklyn

Nathan Meyer Sheir – 2519 Mermaid Ave, Brooklyn

Joseph Adolphe Shenkir aka Lloyd C. “Red”/ Reed Johnson – Olympia Hotel, Aberdeen, Wash – kia Gandesa

Joseph Shenkiz

Joseph Sherman WW2

Solomon Shiff 62 West 124th St NYC

Nathan Mayer Shiff

Jack Shiffman – Detroit kia Fuentes 10/37 – 206 East Alexanderline Detroit

Arthur Shilman – 993 NY Ave, Brooklyn

Peter /Petar Shimrack/Simrack – ship worker -

Charles Shinson

Robert Garis Shissler – 417 Highland Ave, Johnstown Pa., kia Fuentes 10/37

Lt Sidney Shosteck – kia Belchete 9/37, Staff Officer – aged 23 years from 1121 Orren St NE Washington DC – survived CoB – former head of Teamsters in Washington DC

Max Shufer aka Irving Rabinowitz - POW

Jack Shulman 67 Nassau St Rochester NY – WW2

Michael Sidorovich 341 East 19th St NYC c/o H C Kahaus Pharmacy 23d and Ave A NYC

Charles Siebert – Pittsburgh, kia Brunete

Ione Siegel 9 Telegraph St Binghampton NY

Joseph Isaac Siegel 43 Deering Rd Matapan, Mass.

Sam Siegel

Paul Sigel NYC kia Fuentes 10/37

Horace Lionel Sieve – 1740, 46th St Brooklyn/Boston – kia Gandesa 4/38

Paul Sigel – NY kia Fuentes

Benjamin Sills 438a Monroe St Brooklyn – WW2

Sidney Silver

Conrad Silverman – kia WW2 – 7006 18th St Brooklyn – survived CoB

Ivan A. Silverman kia Gandesa 4/38– 3397 Blair Dr., LA

Max S. Silverman 30 St Marks Pl., NYC – WW2

Samuel Silverman 1659 Boston Post Rd, Bronx/1468 Wilkins Ave NYC – WW2

Arthur Paul Silverstein 1479 Macomb’s Rd Bronx – WW2

Herbert Simmons – Baltimore kia Belchite 10/37

Israel Simon

“Doc” John Leopold Simon – 3510 North 23rd St, Philad.

Samuel Simon

Sigurd/Sigmund Martin Simonsen – WW2

Bernard Singer kia Ebro 9/38 – 426 Amboy St, Brooklyn

Hugo Singer

Joseph Martin Sinnot aka Joseph S. Martin – 1, Christopher St NYC

Abraham Sirotof 2921 West 29th St Brooklyn/2812 West 36th St NYC – WW2

Louis Siskin – 367 East 95th St NYC

Abe Yale Stuart aka Skolnick 109 West 112th St/112 109th St NYC/1422 Stebbins Ave, Bronx?

Samuel Slipyem/Slipyan 945 East 181st St NYC – WW2

David Smith Boston, Mass./ 39 Crook Ave Chelsea, Mass

Harold Jacob Smith 9 Main St, San Fran. – died Typhoid Belalcazar 12.7.37

Abe Smorodin 153 Ave B NYC/538 Amboy St Brooklyn – WW2

John W. Snyder – WW2

George Soich – kia Guadalajara 2/37 – 623 Chestnut St Springdale Penn.

Leo Solodkin – 1801 7th Ave NYC – WW2

Herbert B. Solomon – 248 East 7th St, Bronx kia Brunete or CoB 5/37.

Irving Soloway aka Fred Saloway/ Fred Arthur

Pedro Sosnowski – Pol/Argent.

Bunni Sovetski – 3116 S Halstead St., Chic.

Philip Spector kia 3/38 - Bronx

Ralph Spector

Gustave Sperber aka John Rotte 2704 West 16th Brooklyn

Sanford Sperberg kia

Benjamin Spiesisen - 122 Lewis St NYC

Samuel Spiller – 2804West Lehigh/Leigh Ave, Phil. – WW2

Abraham Spindler

Paul Spiwak

Sepp Spunn

Walter Howard Sprungman – 121 West Grant/Grand St Minneapolis

Zachary Michlin Stadt – 1056 East 24th St Brooklyn

Martin Sramek/Spramek 3185 East 81st St Cleveland

Abe Stahl

Harry Harris/Hyman Stamler 16 Mclean Ct Boston Mass.

Morris Stamm – 3451 East 117th St, Cleveland

Al Stanley/Handler

Werner George Stark kia Jarama 2/37

Robert Steck POW – 804 Sutler Ave Brooklyn/Rock Is. Ill. – WW2

Raymond “Spike” Steinbach 2259 Cedar Ave Cleveland/Cole Rd, Golden, NY

Charles Steinberg kia Gandesa 4/38

Harry Jack Steinberg aka Fred Gruff - 21 Covington St, Pitts/Philad.?

Irna Bern Steinberg

Jack Steinberg aka Stein POW – WW2

Emil Karl Steiner kia Jarama 2/37

Aarne Theodore/Ernest Steinman – WW2 – 838 Putnam Ave, Detroit

Samuel Julian Stember – 1500 East 5th St, Brooklyn – 1st commissar of Lincoln’s.

Irma Berm Stenberg 634 East Fordham Rd Bronx

Marvin Stern kia 6/38– 258 West 88th NYC

Jacob Joel Sternbach/Steinbach 4515 43rd Ave, LI, NY -

Milton Stillman – 2759 West 155th Brooklyn – WW2

George Stoiceff kia Belchetie 3/38

Conrad Harry/Henry Stojem/Stojewa aka Reuben Barr - 306 South Figuersa, LA

Louis Stoloff kia Sierra Caballo 9/38– 46 Avenue B, NYC

Charles Stone

William Carl Stone aka Fred/Charles Ellis Stone 423 7th St, Rockford, Ill.

Harold Wilhelm Stone 309 Bryant Ave N, Minnieapolis

Hy Stone aka Hershkowitz – Coy Adjutant - cited for bravery, brother of Sam Stone

Joe Stone kia Brunete 7/37 aka Sheer Isaac Hershkowitz

Sgt Sam Wesley Stone aka Hershkowitz – kia Brunete 7/37 – 1 of 3 brothers in Spain; 2nd missing; 3rd Hy Stone (above). San Fran. /Garden Plain, Kans.

Shevia Stone

Joseph Stotzer

Sam Straus/Strass 1329 South Independence Blvd., Chic.

Walter Frederick Strauss 233 Lowell Ave, Providence, RI – WW2

Joseph Streisand/Strysand – 16 Goerck St NY/ 351 N Dearborn St Chic., CO’s runner at Jarama – kia Jarama 2/37

Alfred Strom 2418 N Avers Ave, Chic.

Emanuel Strom – 2622 North 75th Ave, Elmwood Park, Ill. – kia Gandesa 4/38

Daniel Sugrue

William Bill Susman/Sussman aka Sam/Robert Ellis – WW2

Abraham Susnow/Sasnoff – kia WW2 – 148/234 Glenmore Ave Brooklyn

Milton H. Swartzberg aka Robertson – 431 East 15th St NYC/ 66 5th Ave NYC

Joseph Szerin/Szevin 1018 East 156th St, Bronx

Sandor Szilagyi aka Sailoggi WW2

Hy Herbert L. Tabb aka Herman Tabnik/Talb

Bud Boris Tamler 31 West 110th St NYC/ Denver, Col. – WW2

Joseph Tannenhaus – 302 Owen St, Detroit

Milton Tannenkupf kia – 2056 Grant Ave, NYC

Lt Alfred Leo Tanz – wia Jarama – NY lawyer – Transport and Supply Officer. 1256 East 13th St, Brooklyn/ 1436 R St NW, Washington DC – WW2

Michael T. Tasseff/Tasevic kia Gandesa 4/38

Howard Taub/Toub – 2842 S Alder St, Philad/234 N E 2nd Ave, Miami – WW2

Jack Isidore Taub – 3804 23rd St, San Fran. – kia Gandesa 4/38

Louis Taub

Morris Taubman

Jacob Louis Teiger/Jack Tiger 673 Vanderbilt Ave/ 350 Osborne St, Brooklyn – WW2

Morris Moe Teitelbaum 1339 S Harding Ave, Chic.

Leon Tenor/Tenner POW – 207 West 16th St, 11 Hillside Ave NYC – WW2

Rudolph Tieger – NY kia Jarama 2/37– 208 West 28th St NYC

Robert Tischbiereck kia Gandesa 4/38

Victor Tiship/Tishup 1539 Morris Ave Bronx WW2

Nathan Titleman Camden, NJ – kia Gandesa 4/38

Isadore Tivin – 3134 West 16th St, Chic.

Julius Toab 1123/1206 Poplar St Philad.

Herman Tob

Hev Tob

Morris Tobman POW – 8758 Bay Parkway Brooklyn WW2

Samuel Coleman Toole aka Loak POW - RFD No.6 Lexington, Ky.

Leon Sloan Torgoff kia Jarama 2/37 – 629 Ocean Parkway, Brooklyn

Len Tour aka Coleman

John Toutoloff 37 Green St Valley Stream LI

David Tovsky kia Brunete 7/37 – 1462 Wilkins Ave, Bronx

George Trenkler kia Belchete 3/38 – Brice Museum Cottage, Greenwich, Conn.

Henry Louis Ulanoff/Ulannus

Anton Ulvi/Ulrich

Herman Ungar – 125 East 4th St, NY kia Belchete 3/38

Henry Frederick Unger Luther, Oklahoma

A. Unterman

Elie Uretsky

Alvin Van Ausdale – Utah/Sutter Creek, Calif

Steve Varga aka Wargos – Detroit kia Brunete or CoB 5/37

George Lawrence Vinovich kia Gandesa 4/38 - 3804 23rd St, San Fran.

Joseph Vogel 34 Horatio St NYC – WW2

Otto Paul Vogel 2057 Bissell St Chicago

Dr Sydney Leon Vogel – 53 Greenwich Ave NYC – WW2

Erwin E. Wagner 111 W Burnside St, Portland, Or. /Yonkers NYC – seaman

Samuel Waitzman 680 East 140th St Bronx/690 East 139th St NYC – WW2

Bror Helmer Wadman 8536 Stoney Is Ave, Chic.

Moses David Walba Boston – kia Brunete 7/37

Leroy Walkoff WW2 – 2626 Frankford Ave, Philad.

Levin Smith Wallace Jr.

Albert Aaron Wallach – believed murdered in Spain during leftist purges – ML archives of the IB box D3 – 226 West 79th St, NYC

Aaron Wallach

Harry Wallach WW2

Hy Wallach POW – WW2

Jesse Wallach 281 West 102nd St NYC – WW2

Bernard Walsh 122 Lexington Ave NYC – WW2

Sam Walters – fought WW2 aka Sam Finkel

Harry Max Wanger 960 Simpson St Bronx

Isadore Wasserstein kia Belchete 3/38 – 2900 Ellis Ave, Chic.

George Watt aka Israel Kwiatkowsky/Kwatt - last USA commissar - Prago - WIA later gunner in a B17 in WW2, shot down and escaped back to UK. 115 Brightwater Ct, Brooklyn.

Robert Rubin Weber – 442 West 23rd NYC

Max Weil kia Gandesa 4/38 – 100 West 88th NYC

Jerry/Gerry Weinberg, aka Warren KIA WW2 – 554 East Parkway Brooklyn

Milton Morris Weiner 1422East 48th St Brooklyn – WW2

John Jacob Weinroth 2256 East 7th St Bronx

Irving Weinshank – 2865 West 36th St, Brooklyn kia Ebro 7/38

Jack Weinstein aka “Kayo”, Brooklyn - kia

Alex Weinerman 1201 Ave K Brooklyn

Harry Oscar Weir kia Gandesa 4/38 – 33 Washington Sq West, NYC

Nathan Weisenfeld aka Neil Wesson 2055 Virginia Park /2061 Pladston Detroit

David Weiss – 3021 Surf Ave, Brooklyn

Henry Nathan Weiss – 8762 117th St, Richmond Hill, Queens NYC

Jack Weis – kia Brunete – 619 Nostrand Ave, Brooklyn

Jacob Weiss – 173 Floyd St, Brooklyn – kia Brunete 7/37

Joseph Weisz kia Belchete 9/37 - 119 East Vernon Highway, Detroit

Martin Weiss – 3211 W. Dakota St, Philad.

Irving Ira Weissmann 63 West 104th St NYC/1922 Orotona Parkway, Milwaukee – Coy. CO – WW2

Saul Lawrence Wellman – Lincoln Commissar - 136 Pulaski St Brooklyn – WW2 wia B of Bulge 1944

Wilbur Ed Wellman 916 7th St Oakland Calif. – WW2

Dave Wellman 136 Pulaski St Brooklyn

Elkan Leon Wendkos – 673 Broadway NY kia Belchete 3/38

Paul Wendorf – 521 West 185th St NY kia Sierra Pandols 8/38

Lawrence Chester Wendroff 2507a North 45th St Milwaukee

Don Rod Wergeles aka Rogers/Niner 5626 Homeside Ave, LA

Milton White – WW2

Robert White aka Porvosnik - LA – kia Gandesa 4/38

Leslie Wiches Dair

Louis Aaron Widder 3717 Broadway Huntington Pk, Calif.

Samuel Widerhorn aka Weissman aka Jack Waters b. 11.8.11 NYC lived 1297 Hor Ave Bronx – WW2

Ezra Wild

Capt. Wild (?)

Lawrence Arthur Winsheimer 1193 Grandview N Braddock, Pa.

Henry G. Wissman aka Weissman – kia Cordoba 6/37

Isadore Wittels 163 West 80th St NYC

Saul/Sol Wellman - USA - last commissar of the Canadian bat. – Prago – born 1913 New Jersey, machine gun commander, cited for bravery at Belchete.

Major Milton Wolff of 1628 West 5th St / 74 Quentin Rd., Brooklyn - last CO of the Lincoln Bat. and the early Washington Bat. - USA - known as El Lobo, “The Wolf” by the Fascists – trained British Commandos 1939-41 and later fought in OSS in France, Italy, Burma WW2 - photo. PI LSE 25/11/99 – author of “Another Hill”. West Point graduate.

Asher Wolf

Fish (?) Wolf

Nathan Wolf kia Ebro 29/7/38 aka Julius Heller - 1632 East 18th St, Brooklyn

Bertram D Wolfe - kia

Charles Wolfman – medical team – 34 Attorney St, NYC

Robert Wolk – 410 Est 72nd St, NY kia Jarama 3/37 – one of 1st US volunteers

Matthew Wolinsky

Eugene Wolman – 925 West 41st Drive, LA kia Brunete 7/37

Morton Wolson – WW2

Seymor Herman Wyckoff/Workoff/Wolcoff NYC – kia Gandesa 4/38

Arnold Wyman 95-32 150th St, Jamaica LI

Harry Israel Yanowsky2825 Malabar St LA/187 Matten Ave, Caldwell, NJ

Jack Harley Yellin 2921 West 31st St/3831 31st St, Brooklyn – WW2

Isaak Yoffee - Israel

Milton Young NYC kia Brunete 7/37

Peter Zaim – carpenter WIA

Stephen Zak 113 East 3rd St/54 1st Ave, NYC

Samuel Zakman 707 East 181st St/2164 Prospect Ave, Bronx

Sol Zalon 291 Crown St Brooklyn

Walter Zalonz/Zaronz/Zaionz 34 McKibben St Brooklyn – executed as POW

Emanuel Zap

Daniel Abraham Zarat aka Jarrett 2125 68th St Brooklyn

Boris William Zaslovsky aka Stencil 3504 Lake Park Ave, Chic.

Joseph T Zawadowski – 3329 S Morgan St Chic.

Frank Ziedman – 50 Chester Ave, Chelsea, Mass.

Albert Ziegler POW

Stephen Charles Zielinski kia 1212, Hudson Blvd., Bayonne, NJ

Mike Zielinski aka Norman Duncan

Harry Zientz 911 S Blvd., Bronx

Robert Zimmer – b. 1916 Croatia – seaman – Artillery in Spain - WW2 US Navy

Charles Lester Zingraf – 4418 N Menard Ave, Chic

Louis Zivin/Zwin/Civin – 1310 N. Washtenaw/4256 Bernard St, Chic

Louis Zlotnik – 1308 N Damen Ave, Chic – WW2


Dr Barski aka Siegfried Beer

Franklin E Bissel

N.N. Bloom

Irving Busch

Joseph Richard Chodoff

Lewis/Louis I. Cohen – kia Gandesa 4/38

Jaime de Guzman

Dubois aka Domanski (Polish) - living in France – kia Aug 1937 (ML)

Leo Eloesser – San Fran.

Samuel Nathan Franklin

Marcus Bernard Fried

Abraham Irving Friedman, Little Ferry NJ

Edward Gerchick aka Lewis (IBMT Journal Sept 2019)

Philip Packier Goland

Dr Jacques Grunblatt

Dr Max Langer

Barney Malbin

William Pike – WW2

Capt. Norman Charles Jacob Rintz/Ritz – 4627 Howell St, Philad.

Dr Robbins – (see Massons 1994 p 342)

Maurice Rotzach

John Simon

Alan Howard Sorrel – 104 2nd Ave NYC

Mark Straus – 1791 Walton Ave NY

Edwin Sherman Weisfield aka Weekfield WW2 – 702 4th St, Seattle

Oscar Israel Weissman 800 Bay Parkway Brooklyn

Louis J. Zauderer – 1083 S Plymouth Blvd., LA


Joseph Highkin – 1, Convent Ave NYC

Jack B. Klein

John Jacob Posner – 127 West 82nd NYC

M. Zachary Stadt


Rose Abramson

Hilda Bell – 3017 West Fontaine Philad. / NYC

Luba Brisker 106 Peabody St NW Wash., DC – b. 1904 Russia, to USA 1922

Selma Ruth Chadwick – WW2

Lini/Lena Moerkirk de Vries (Fuhr) - Sephardi Dutch - excerpt from her book “Up from the cellar”, Minnieapolis 1979, in ML archives – 425 West 124th St, NYC.

Rose Freed – 307 Berriman St, Brooklyn

Eugenia Grunsky/Gursky – 1405 N. Commerce St, Stockton, Calif.

Morris Balter Kornblum

Grace Berkowitz aka Korkowitz 404 Hart St Brooklyn

Ruth Rebecca Davidow NYC

Ruth Wilson Epstein – 305 East 17th /242 East 19th NYC – b.1906

Dora Ettleson – wife of Abraham – same address

Ena Ferwerda – 64 East 90th St NYC

Harold F Flett

Helen Freeman/Freiman – 597 Ocean Parkway Brooklyn

Sara Ginsburg

Rose Sara Goldblatt 440 East 26th St NYC

Mabel Irene Goldin/Spiegel – 230 West 99th St NYC – served all over Spain – and nursed the English ambulance driver Max Cohen, wia – served with Dr Barsky and was injured on active service. Her husband was wia at Ebro and were married Sept 1938 at Mutaro – both served in Resistance in France in WW2. Details in ML.

Anna Goldman (ALBA records)

Fanny Golub 142 east 18th St NYC – WW2

Rose Gregg

Ray Harris 354 West 18th St NYC c/o Sally Harris Universal Press 724 5th Ave NYC

Hermine Cornelia Pauline Hartman – 3100 Motas Ave, LA

Hannah Hershkowitz – 1184 Cornwell Ave Bronx – died after returning from Spain aged 27 years

Matylda Jankovic – 737 Kelly St, Bronx

Sally Selma Kahn/Cohn – 226 East 12th St, NYC

Bertha F. Kipness – 178 Grand St Brooklyn/Philad.

Morris Kornblum aka Balter

Josefine Kumerova, Czech b. 1907

Naomi Langer

Clara Leight – 531 East 84 th St, NYC

Faith May/Mable Levine WW2 – 145 East 111th, NYC, b. 1914

Ray Marantz – Palm Springs – served Madrid (ML)

Grace Miriam Margulis – 1410 Arlington Ave St Louis/NYC, b. 25.8.10

Fredericka Imogen Cohen Martin (Dr Barsky’s team) – 46 Copper Sq, NYC

Sonia Merims – 289 Convent Ave NYC

Carol M. Miller

George Milstone

Martha Esther Mitchell – 119 West 57th NYC

George C. Moser

Bela Noachowitz

Mary Rader Ochs – 4000, Washington, Chic.

Mary Louise Platkin – 1734 North 11th St, Milwaukee, b. 21.3.01

Hilda Roberts – see VALBA web site

Edna Drabkin Romer – 218 East 20th St NYC

Eli Salem (French) b. 7.9.87

Rebecca Schulman – 2168 77th St Brooklyn

Celia Seborer (Marion) – assistant to Dr Bethune of Blood Transfusion fame – served throughout Spain and diary at ML.

Anne Shuldiner – 131 East 169th St NYC

Esther Miriam Silverstein/Blanc – 538 20th Ave, San Francisco – served with Goldin/Spiegel - was ill on duty and invalided home (ML).

Anna Taft – 1436 Clay Ave, Bronx, b. 1.1.13

Leonora Chandos Temple 432 West 124th St NYC

Rose /Rachel Wachsman/Waxman aka Wexford – 228 East 26th St NYC/132 Atlantic Ave, Delray Beach Florida – WW2

Alice Elizabeth Wagnon Box 387 RFD 4, Seabastoral, Calif., b.20.1.09

Rose Weiner 3540 Roehampton Ave, NYC c/o B Katasik 964 Est 178th St, Bronx; Chief Nurse

Adela Weinraub

Sarah Weisblum/Wajsblum, Polish, b. 17.4.06

H. Wilkes

Helen Williams

Isabelle Ziegler

Ambulance Drivers

Joseph Cessick

Christopher Cross aka Charles Fine – 261 West 22nd St, NYC

Jacob Gruber

Victor Hirschfield – 731 Greenwich St NYC

Matthias Irving Kornell

Carl Rahman 274 East 10th St, NYC

Mrs Evelyn Rahman aka Hamilton/Hutchins - 39 East 10th St NYC

Helene Weissman – George Washington Hotel, NYC

George Zlatovski aka Michaels – 124 West 12th St NYC

War Correspondent

Helen Joy Davidson later Gresham – later wife of C S Lewis

Robert Capa aka Freedman b. Hungary lived USA – see Thaelmann section

Emma Goldman – “Red Emma” – aged 67 worked in Spain – on Aragon front twice. Born Kovno 26/6/1869, to USA 1889 – died Canada 18/5/1940

Martha Gellhorn

Joseph North

The following stowed away to Spain, in Aug 1938, were caught and imprisoned in France for 2 months and then returned to the USA

Marshall Hartzell, Willam Joseph Hollander, Walter B. Iczek, Bernard Kaplan, Israel Luckonick, Jerome Jospehs aka Gerald McManus, Paul Ulanoff.

The Mackenzie-Papineau Battalion – Canada – named after the 1837 leaders of the  Canada Rebellion

Of the approximately 1,500 men in this battalion, there were 58 Canadian Jews (average age 30 years) and 13 American Jews – 71 in all or approx. 5%. Their contribution is fully described in “Canadian Jewish Boys in Spain” by Myron Momryk (unpublished ms 1995) and his “Jewish Volunteers from Canada”, Canadian Jewish Historical Association, Montreal, 1995, but only since the opening of the IB archives in Moscow in 1994 has anything much been discovered about the Jews in the Macpaps, or indeed about this bat at all. Also Goldberg’s “Mit Der Kanader Yiddisher Volunteer fun Shpania” in Der Kamf.  All the Canadians were in violation of the Foreign Enlistment Act – designed  to prevent Canadians serving in Spain. Many of the Jews assumed aliases (G . Tulchinsky, “Branching Out – The Transformation of the Canadian Jewish Community”  Stoddart, 1998).  Whereas only 25% of the Battalion were Canadian born,  65% of the Jews (46) among them were Canadian born – and there were, among others - 1 lawyer, 2 doctors, 2 pharmacists, a social worker, a writer,  a male nurse as well as an aviation mechanic, a furrier, a miner, 2 students, a musician, a warehouseman, 2 painters, 2 salesmen,  2 clothing workers, a driver, 2 seamen and a barber.

Most left for Spain in Spring/Summer 1937, travelling by bus to Detroit, New York, then Europe, or sailing  from Montreal or Quebec City. From Le Havre, they went to Paris, then Spain via the Pyrenees. Eight were non-combatants; seven had military experience including  4 who served with the CEF in WW1 in France. Of those whose fate is known, 20 returned from Spain (17 to Canada and the USA), 2 were POW’s, 8 were WIA – some twice – 8 were KIA and 1 missing. One Rabbi volunteered as chaplain but was turned down, later being minister at the Holy Blossom Synagogue, Toronto.

A memorial to the Macpaps was unveiled in Queen’s Park, Toronto on June 4, 1995.

Samuel Harry Henry Abramson/Abrams/Abrahamson – b. 1909, son of Jacob and Dora, of Montreal Sam was a Zionist activist, went to Spain in June 1937 as an ambulance driver and corresponded with Hananiah Caiserman of the CJC about life in the IB in Spain (CJC archives ZB S.H.). He reported John McGrandle for anti-Semitism and the man was forced to apologise. Abramson served in US Army in North Africa in WW2.

Israel Altman

Illia Elias Aviezora aka Aviezer/Aviezner aka Albert Levson – 1st Canadian KIA in Spain – 22.2.37 at Jarama aged 38 years – from Montreal and NYC and served WW1 CEF.

Meyer Berkowitz

Jack/John Blanc – served in Israel War of Independence 1948 – killed in Toronto attempting to stop a hold-up in mid-1960’s.

Heinrich Blichfelt

Joseph Block, from Wnnipeg, Polish, Ambuance driver

John Oscar Bloom – kia Brunete at Villaneuva de Canada – red head from Edmonton, Alberta – aged 24 years.

Nathan Bloom

Harry Jack Boxer aka Cohen aka Morrison, son of Morris and Sarah b. Ontario, WIA

Hymie Brown

Kenneth/Elie Brotman aka Brown – born 7.12.11, KIA 13.10.37

Alfred “Fredo” Brugera – French Canadian of Jewish origin – friend of Sommerfeld (UK)

Sydney Cohen

Joe Cohen aka Joe Brown

Milton Cohen – probably American – machine gunner

Saul Bernard Cohen – b 22.6.06 – St John New Bruns.

Sidney Cohen b. Vancouver 1912, Pharmacist

Maurice Constant aka Cohen/Constance – born 1.7.1914 into a middle-class family in Toronto, one of five children, s of Max and Edith. Studied at Jarvis Collegiate and University of Toronto (Science 1935) and Canadian OTC, Canadian Army, was an athlete and member of the Left – Wing Zionist group Hashomer Hatzair. Got to Spain via Halifax (NS), Liverpool, Le Havre, Paris, Toulouse, Perpignon, Figueras, Barcelona. Was an Infantry Officer with the IB, adjutant with Intelligence Section, and CO of Reconnaisance platoon of the 15th IB. Fought at Brunette, Aragon front, Fuentes de Ebro, and WIA at Caspe - eventually evacuated to Canada (interviewed 13.8.1996) after being rescued by the Royal Navy in Feb. 1939. From Waterloo, Ontario.

Pte Michael Stanislaus Devries Canadian Infantry KIA 26/5/44, DCM, b. Holland lived Canada, fought in Spain against Franco (from Canadian Jews at war 1947-8 pub. by Canadian Jewish Congress)

George Edgar – B Columbia – oldest volunteer aged 55yrs. -

Edward Epstein

Hyman Herman/Edwrad Epstein – born 11.11.14, Montreal, KIA 30.1.38.

Milton Epstein – prob. American.

Muni Erlick aka Jack Taylor – born Ukraine March 21, 1906, Bessarabia, s. of Israel and Sheiva Paris 1924, Romania 1925, USA 1926 (Detroit), Montreal 1927 working as truck driver and labourer, then for various Jewish Communist organisations. Arrived Spain Dec 1937 as correspondent for “Daily Clarion”. Was liason between the bat.and the Friends of the Bat. in Canada, distributing parcels for example. After Spain (left 22.7.38), interned in Canada and released 4.11.42, he joined the Canadian Army in 1942, and was KIA in the Armoured Corps in Normandy on 20th August 1944, serving in the Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry Highlanders.

Gerald Glow, aka Hawk, s. of Israel and Ida b. Canada, WIA – died 1997

Irving Gold

Milton Goldstein

William Gordon, Montreal

Izzy Goldberg aka Joe Budish – b. 1906, fought with the Dimitrov Battalion (Balkan volunteers).

Israel Goldenberg aka Joseph Brudish

Cyrus Russell Greenberg, b. Toronto 1911, WIA 2X, served WW2 Canadian Army

Alan Herman-Yermanov aka Ted / Seymour Alan – husband of Kate Schwartz, writer from Montreal, b. 1916, injured in Spain July 1937 and left in Sept. Jewish Canadian author Mordechai Richler dedicated his novel “Joshua Then and Now” to him.

Victor Himmelfarb b. 1909 Toronto, s. of Jacob and Annie - Pharmacist

Abraham Harris, from Mile End London, b. circa 1899, to Winnipeg

Isaak Ichelson/Ochielson – stowed-away on a ship from Montreal on 13.8.37.

Lazar Jelic - 1901-81 b. Bosnia – miner – lived Winnipeg

Mortimer/Matthew Kosowatsky/Kowalski – aka Jack Steele – after arriving in Spain was recalled to Canada in October 1937, returned in June 1938 and was KIA in August.

J Kaplan – KIA

L Kaufman

Jehoshua Kesselman

Joseph Korinski – 57 Champagne Ave, Ontario (?) – POW (ML)

William Krehm – born Toronto 23.11.1913, worked as a translator for the IB in Barcelona but was arrested 15.6.37 by the Communist Party during the internal squabbels and deported on 28.8.37. Later a reporter for Time magazine in Latin America.

Archie/Aaron Kessner – born 8.11.15 – KIA 20.9.38 – believed last American killed

George Kostoff b. 1910(?) Macedonia – artillery wia.

Isidore Kupchick KIA – see UK list

Arthur Lerner – see Hoff et al study; always a Jewish name

Bert “Yank” Levy – born Isaac Meyer Levy in Hamilton, Ontario 5.10 1897, son of Sam Levy, brought up in Windsor and in Cleveland USA, chauffeur and printer by trade, served Merchant Navy, 39th bat. Jewish Legion 1918 as a machine gunner and boxing champion of 2 batallions (sent home after gas attack and malaria), Mexico 1920-21, gun running to Nicaragua 1926, 6 years in US jail for armed robbery. Husband of Mary Prezenter, father of Mrs Toby Rose. Went to Spain in 1.1.37. Was machine gunner in British bat. In 1937 – POW Jarama 13.2.37 for 6 months – 1st Canadian POW – exchanged for two Italian officers after protest from Canadian government. In 1940 lectured British Home Guard on guerrilla tactics at Osterley Park, was a Canadian Army instructor and wrote the standard book on the subject for US Army Infantry Journal in 1942 (“Guerrilla Warfare”) and trained their Special Forces. Died 2.9.65. Photo BVFL page 208.

Capt. Dr Aaron Magid – Batn. Doctor, extremely tall, born Winnipeg 5.4.1905 son of Leon and Bertha – linguist as well as doctor, arrived Spain 25.5.37. Died 1949.

Emmanuel Mandel

David Mangel – b. 1900 – WIA - escaped from Spain to North Africa, interned by French and got to Israel to fight in Israeli War of Independence. From Toronto, lived Israel.

Jozef Matlak – kia with the Botwins

Volodmyr Mazurkiewiz aja Herz Leib Majerowicz b. 1898

Alex Melnick aka Meznik, b. 1902 Canada

Helge Meyers, b Denmark 1896, Sergeant in infantry/Abram

Benjamin Mezei – with the Botwins

John Miller – WIA Brunete – Coy. Commander

Hyman Thomas Nelson aka Kosmos Stavrous, b. 1903, St Urbain St., Montreal – lived Vancouver – kia Cuidad de Barcelona? Not known

Dr Harry Ostry/Ostrey – served Canadian Army WW2

Marvin Penn/Penas/Pen – aka Michael Palmer b. 1913, son of Joseph and Anne – WIA, from Winnipeg

Jack Abie Pascal, aka Isaac Pascoe, b. Montreal 1912

Harry Perles from Montreal

Bert Ramelson – see UK section above

Benjamin Rice, b. Poland – was he Jewish??

Leo Rosen, KIA Teruel in 1938

Louis Rosenberg aka Lou Walsh b. 1919 Toronto, reported KIA but may have deserted

Bill Zuken/Ross – prob not in Spain but fought WW2

Russell Ross aka Greenberg wia

Harvey Rockman aka Rokmann/Rocklen/Reynolds/Barnes b. 1915 Montreal, son of Sam and Anne nee Steck, WIA Spain, served WW2 Canadian Army

Leon Rosenthal aka Carl Nitzberg – see USA above

Allan Edward/Edwin Ross, b.1917 Winnipeg, son of Jack and Olive, married British nurse Rosaleen Smythe in Spain, d. 1978

Steve Rybac wia

Paul Skup – aka Paul Scott – Toronto – POW

Isaac Schatz from Toronto, b. 1903 son of David and Frure, Canadian army and Merchant Navy; WIA Spain

Issie Schrenzel – kia Fuentes - CO of no 2 Company

Henry Saul Mayer Shapiro

Arthur Johannes Siven/Seevin, Finnish Jew son of August and Anna, d. 1974

Dr Louis Slotin/Slotkin – from Winnipeg, Chemistry PhD, AA gunner in Barcelona. Died of radiation poisoning when responsible for assembling 3 atomic bombs in 1944-46 on Tinian – buried Winnipeg

John Smaller, b.1908, teacher, and was at Univ of Manitoba but not certain he was in Spain

Adam Spamberger, Yugoslav, may not be Jewish? Lived Montreal married to Anna

Morris Staimen/Stam – prob. American

Arnold / Arthur Staub, b. Switz. son of Martin and Marie, Company Commander, WIA. WW2 Dutch Bronze Cross, Canadian Force - was he Jewish?

George Sandor Steiner, b. Hungary, lived Montreal, son of Alex.

Samuel Schumack/Szumik – Winnipeg – kia – was he Jewish?

J B Salsberg

Jacob Tabacknik – Dombrowski’s?

Jacob/Raymond Teiger - USA

Vangel Terno – Yugoslav?

Nathan Titleman – MIA – USA list?

John Cecil Weldon, b. 1901 Manitoba, mother Millie Cohen – so ethnically Jewish

Alfred Winsky/Vinsky – German - went to Mexico; Jewish??

Stanley Wincheski, Ukrainian, was he Jewish?

Joseph Arnold Winkelman, Belgian, son of Catherine and Arnould – not known if survived – Jewish?

Sam Wolfe, b. Winnipeg 1912, wife Josephine Pollack; Jewish??

Edward Zdanowskas – Lithuanian, lived in Canada from about 1928 - POW

The Latvian Volunteers

Simon Hirschman provided much of the biographical information from his personal experiences and a Latvian language book in his possession published by Liesna publishing in Riga, in 1965 about the volunteers for Spain, many of whom he knew as Jewish. They mainly fought with the Polish Dombrowskis, but like Simon were often merged with other units. Other names are from Diamint’s book. “P” means partisan in WW2. All are from Riga unless otherwise  stated.

Ruvin Arch – P

Schlome Arch – P

Marcus Berma – P

Rafa Blum - P

Abram Baron - born 27.7.12 in Daugarpils and at high school was involved in Left Wing politics although his family were wealthy middle class.. He developed a Left Wing library in his home and taught younger students. Was arrested in 1929 and in 1930 moved to Brno in Czechoslovakia. As an active Communist he often crossed into Germany delivering the “Rote Fahne” (Red Flag) newspaper to anti-Nazi groups. He returned to serve in the Latvian army then went back to Brno. He then went to Prague to work and met Michael Shwartz (see below) in 1935. He went to Spain in 1936 with the Czech volunteers and became the post deliverer to the front lines due to his knowledge of Russian, Latvian, Hebrew, Czech, German, French and Spanish! He then joined the Masyryk bat., machine gun coy., and was killed on the Aragon front near Morela

Jan Benikis

Binun – kia WW2

Moritz Bosner/Basner kia WW2

Peisach Bernshtam – born 1906 in Bausk, Latvia, high school in Riga, studied medicine in Vienna and Paris, graduating 1934. Returned Riga and was an active anti-fascist running a printing press in his flat for 2 years. Negotiated for Latvian comrades to go to Spain in 1936 via Sweden; he went via Tallin in Estonia to Paris with 3 comrades after a group were arrested in Sweden, then Marseilles, then Barcelona in May 1937. (his ship was later torpedoed and 75 comrades killed). At Albacete he was Chief MO of “Gardia Nacional” barracks and with help from the Austrian Brigade he improved the bad conditions there. They examined  2-300 men daily for combat service. He was then sent to the front with 35th Div., 15th Brigade, working in tents close to front line to compensate  for lack of ambulances. On Oct 19th was appointed doctor of 59th bat. at Fuente del Ebro front where he evacuated many wounded from the fighting, and again later in Dec from Teruel until Feb 1938.  Here there was a terrible flu and dysentery epidemic to cope with as well as wounded and he organised a 50 bed hospital in the town itself using sheets and medicines from destroyed houses and chemist shops. In Feb. he caught flu himself and he had to be evacuated, but returned soon to Seguro de Banecas as he was badly needed. Later he was in Belchite when they had to evacuate all medical units immediately to avoid encirclement. They met a British Lt. who thought they were deserting and he drew his pistol, but Dr B managed to convince him who they really were. In March 1938 they received a call for help from an encircled  brigade under Meriman,  who had many wounded and little ammunition. Dr B and a driver volunteered to try and break through but the ambulance was hit and they had to crawl back to their lines under heavy fire. As enemy tanks approached they  had to retreat to Alcanis and Kaspe, where he met the Latvian anti-tank group! Many more wounded were evacuated by him under intense fire and he was promoted captain. He was soon back at the front line until mid September. In Feb 1939, left for France with the IB where he was “rescued” by the Soviet embassy from a camp. And returned to Moscow on March 18th 1941. Simon Hirschman met Dr B in Riga in 1981, finding him married to a Catalonian woman! They had a son who was a doctor and then all three later returned to live in Barcelona.

Kalman Brod- kia WW2

Boruch Ceitel - born Riga 19.6.08 - studied law at Latvian State University from 1926, learning English at the British Institute. Was active in Left Wing and Jewish politics  and arrested in 1928. He later emigrated to Paris where he again studied law and then in 1936 went to Spain with French volunteers joining the Thaelmann Brigade. He was killed in the defence of Madrid.

Chalavin – P

Riva Dora  Donda kia WW2 – nurse b. 30.2.04

Moshe Diamint – P

Micha Dubinski – P

Dr Wolf Etchin – P

Ida Eydus – P


Reuven Felss -  b. 1914 into a working class family in Krustpils, Latvia. 1929 moved to Riga - He and Sima Fridland met Simon Hirshmann in the anti-Fascist groups of the Jewish Socialists. Volunteerd for Spain 1937 and travelled with Simon Hirshmann, and served with Slav gunners. Eventually evacuated toi Gurs camp in France from where he escaped after two punishing attempts. After many attempts on various ships he got to New York and he was  sent home via Siberia by the Latvian Soviet consul, by March 1941. Served on Staff of 29th Soviet Army as a capt. I/c Recce of 44th Guards Rifle Division. After war he and Simon met in Riga and Reuven and children eventually emigrated to Israel.

Ruvin/Robert Fels – journeyed with Simon to Spain – from a wealthy merchants family which spent much time in Moscow as well as Riga.

Daniel Ferber – kia WW2

Chaim Ferber – P

Ruven Ferber – P

Emmanuel Ferber -  kia WW2

Zena Fridman – kia WW2

Alexander Ginsburg/Ginssburg – born 17.8.09 in Riga, Latvia – was early on involved in left wing groups and was chairman of the woodworkers union. In 1930 emigrated to Belgium to study Chemistry, then returned to Riga and was arrested eight times! Emigrated to Prague and joined the Czech volunteers in Spain. Sent to Pezorubio officers school and promoted lieutenant (Teniente) and instructor at Madrigeras training centre. He then fought in many battles with the Dombrowski and Masyryk bats. And was commended for courage on the Aragon Front, where he was killed fighting in the rearguard during the retreat.

Zoma Gelbart – P

Mira Gomish/Gamish – P

Frida Marta/Mara (?)  Ginsburg – wife of the above, b. 1909 – was a nurse in Spain – was murdered at Ravensbruck by the Nazis in WW2.

Chaim Glasman – kia WW2

Dr Gorinkol – P

Vitali Gotlib – kia WW2

Simon Grichan

Lev Gutkins aka Brivibas Ienaidnieku Rokas - born 1909 Riga, and studied medicine in Prague and then in 1931 in Turin.. In 1935 returned to Riga as a doctor and in 1938 was doctor to 283 Republican Army Brigade in the Central Front and later with the 4th Valencia bat. After the Republican defeat he suffered terrible experiences not detailed in his biography from S Hirshmann,  and in 1943 was in a North African German concentration camp, then prison in Algiers. After WW2 he returned to the Soviet Union working as doctor in Riga.

Micha Gurevitz – Riga

Boris Herzbach – P

Dr Sioma Hirson – P

Maks Hurevitz  - Born Polock, Belarus, 1915 and moved to Latvia in 1918. Went to Spain Nov. 1936 and trained as a Sanitario (Red Cross orderly) at Albacete and then posted after  one month to Dimitrovs at Jarama on Feb 12th 1937. In April he demanded transfer to  the machine gunners and then from July 1st fought at Brunete , being wounded in the back, but stayed in action till July 27th. Then transferred to thr Aragon front and was in the storming of Quinto on Aug 17th, where he was wounded in shoulder and face as a battle observer/spotter. Sent to hospital in Barcelona he lost one eye in Benicasin hospital but went back to bat. on Sept. 23rd, but was allowed only to be stores supervisor due to his wound.  As his wounds worsened he was declared unfit but he insisted and was returned to the front yet again! On April 5th 1938 he re-joined machine gunners without permission and took part on Oct 8th in battle of Levante Hill. He then volunteered to join a snatch squad to take fascist prisoners and arms. Finally crossed into France and was at St Cyprien and Vernet camps, and he returned home 11th March 1941. He joined the 1st bat. Workers Guards in Latvia and later the 201 Latvian Rifle Division. He was kia at Staraja Rusa on Leningrad Front in 1942.

Debora Jakobson – P

Mery Jakobson – P

Mira Kretzer kia WW2

Tauba Kapla – P

Chaim Katz –P

Louba Katz – p

Michai Kit – P

Hanna Knok – P

Mira Knok – P

Beny Kreditor – P

Itzik Kriger – P

Leon Kleinman – born Riga 1913 and after college worked in various textile mills as a mechanic. After service in the Latvian artillery, he WALKED to Palestine, being arrested and imprisoned on a number of occasions on the way! He then returned to Latvia as an activist and had to escape to Paris. Then went to fight in Spain  in the artillery, withdrew to Gurs at the end of the war, escaped back to Latvia, joining the 1st Soviet tank army, became a major and died of wounds in 1945 fighting the Nazis. In the archive photo he is on the right.

Benjamin Kur - 1908-42 - b. Daugarpils (Latvia) to a working class family and worked Riga - jailed for 4 years for political activity and then emigrated to Czechoslovakia where he spent 3 months in Prague prison. Then moved to Paris from where he volunteered for Spain. His ship was torpedoed off Barcelona by an Italian submarine. Survived and went to the Slav artillery battery with Simon Hirschmann, later becoming an interpreter due to his linguistic skills. Evacuated to Gurs camp in France at war’s end he escaped on March 14th 1939 to Bordeaux and got on a Danish ship. But Denmark was then occupied by Nazis and so he got on a Finnish ship to Drogheda in Ireland and eventually home to Soviet Latvia. He was kia in January 1942 at the village of Luchino near Moscow with the 201st Latvian Rifle Div. in a decisive action where the 201st were given the title “Guards” for their courage there.

Kushak – P

Dr Kulman – P

Katz – kia WW2

Woldemar Kolk – Estonian

Saloman Ksenzov – kia WW2

Sioma Levitan – P

Gershon Lindon – P

Sioma Lindon  -P

Tauba Lindon - P

Simon Levinson - born 1906 in Belsk, Belarus - worked as a shop assistant - the went to Brno veterinary institute in Czechoslovakia till 1936 where he became prominent in the Communist Party. 1936, with the 15th IB at Albacete where he met M Schwartz. At the Jarama front , he was involeved in a motor cycle crash and injured. After recuperation, he was sent to the join the cavalry at the Aragon Front, then returned  to the 15th in 1938. Again he met Schwartz and his engineers. After the war he was interned in Perpignon and Gurs with Lipkin and other Latvians where the French failed to force them into the Foreign Legion! He was sent to Algiers and liberated by the allies and went back to Russia serving in the Soviet Army.

Vulf Lichter – born Liepaja, Latvia, Dec. 1912, mother a maths teacher. As a teenager  was frequently arrested because of left wing  views, and family moved to Riga. He then worked in a bicycle factory and in Dec 1936 left for Spain, arriving via Paris in Jan. 1937. (He originally met Simon Hirshman in the Latvian horse-drawn artillery and after the Fascist putsch they were sent to a Labour Bat.). Vulf served in the Edgar Andre bat. of the 11th IB with the Swedish/Norwegian machine gunners. On 20th Feb. they were wiped out and Simon did not find out about his death until after returning to Riga many years after.

Aaron Lipkin – a leading member of the illegal Latvian Society for Political Prisoners, he was arrested  and released on bail, when he fled using the name Levinson to Prague via Stettin (Germany) and Tallin (Estonia). From here he was expelled to Austria in May 1936 and then  walked via Switzerland to Paris in June, where he lived among other Latvian political refugees.  With 20 others he went to join the IB via Bordeaux  arriving at Madriguerras, Spain and joined an anti-tank battery in Albacete. In July 1937 he was appointed ADC to Commander Chisba, of the anti-tank regiment and he fought at Villafranca del Castillo, Villanuevos del Pardillo, Villanueva del Candelas,  Villamajora (Saragossa) – after which he was promoted  sergeant. The he fought at Fuentes del Ebro, Tardientas and was promoted Lieutenant. At the Aragon front he drove a car under very heavy fire to capture ammunition for the battery.  On March 16th 1938, he was badly wounded by strafing aircraft  and was in five different hospitals for 5 weeks. Whilst on a Red Cross train to Barcelona, it was bombarded and many wounded were killed. Aaron left the train that night and hitch-hiked to Barcelona hospital in his underwear!  On getting well, he was sent to officers training at Los Planos then Belsarat with the 13th Brigade.  In Jan. 1939 he took part in the defence of the final retreat of the IB from Spain  and reached France at Portbo on Feb 9th 1939.  Here they were interned in camps at Areles and Jurs and in March 1940 he took part in organised escapes among the Latvian internees. He was re-captured and returned to Vernet then Karpian, from where he got home eventually to his home in Valmiera, Latvia.

Isaak Meterstein – P

Abracha  Meyerstein – P

Pavlik Meyorovitsh  - P

Jasha Meler – kia WW2

Abracha Naishloss – P

Boris Naishloss – P

Louba Nashatir – P

Iuda Negelov – P

Ossa Pasternak – P

Ida Portnoi – P

Haim Permand – born 1918 in Daujarpils to a working class family, went to Trade school and became a mechanic, and was arrested for political activity in Jan. 1937 and badly beaten and tortured by the police. His parents died and his sister disappeared and nobody knew his whereabouts in a prison for the mentally disabled. Eventually freed by a ruse by a group that befriended political prisoners , he was sent to recover in a hospital in Autumn 1937. Under constant danger of re-arrest he was advised to leave for Sweden but instead went to Spain on 1st  June 1938, via Paris.

At Figueras he trained 9 days with the 45th div and was sent to help defend the left flank of the Ebro army and at Tortosa stopped the fascists crossing the Ebro. In August he was with the 14th French Brigade and captured hill 452. Later he was wounded in the head, leg  and arm and later again in the side and left for dead. When he came to, he was on the edge of a ravine and hid in some bushes and soon crawled to a First Aid post of the 12th IB (Italian) who sent him to hospital in Barcelona. On 1st Feb 1939 crossed into France with rest of Baltic volunteers to St Cyprien where he met Simon Hirshman for first time since 1932! He was sent home on March 11th 1941 with other Latvians. During WW2 he was adc to the Chief of Staff of  the 125th Reg. of 43rd Latvian Guards and after being badly wounded was transported on a sledge by 5 dogs. He was later a  Capt. In Soviet Army. In 1946 he started a career as teacher in Technical Education and died in the 1990’s.

Ramon  Roberg – Estonian

Tola Rozenblum – P

Dr Brainy Rudina – aka Rodin/Fos-Rodin/ Rodin-Voss aka Marlena Nenadova - born 1902, studied medicine in Vienna, graduated 1927, worked Germany and in Czechoslovakia from 1933. Went to Moscow 1935 and Spain via Yugoslavia in 1936 but was arrested and spent 8 months in jail, reaching  Spain in 1938. Was in charge IB hospital at Villanueva de la Hara and later at Sagaro where she was a captain.  She returned to Moscow in 1939 and spent the war as a doctor in military hospitals until returning to Riga in 1945. Died 1973. See Yugoslav list?

Dr Miriam Rudina  - born 1898 and graduated in medicine from Jena in Germany, working in German clinics. Went to Spain via Paris in 1937 and was in charge of  hospitals at Albacete, Sagaro and elsewhere. Promoted to Lt., she then worked through  WW2 in evacuation hospitals and returned to Riga 1944.

Capt. Misha/Michael Schwartz/Shvarc- aka Egon Schmit – born Minsk 27.12.03 - engineer from wealthy family, moved to Moscow 1915 as a group of very privilieged Jewish families outside the Pale. Then family moved in 1921 to Daugaupils (Latvia) and Misha went to study in Prague. He was a very active Revolutionary and after graduating in engineering went with wife (Helen) to Riga and arrested without charge 7.11.30, then called up to army after release, arrested twice more after army service and then given permission by Communist Party to go to Czechoslovakia again, then went to Spain in 1936. Arrived Albacete 8.2.37, put in charge later of 15th Brigade Engineers (“Zapadores”).  Fought at Jarama and wounded 13th March, then back to the Front May 20th and fought Brunete, Quinto, Belchite, Fuente del Ebro. His unit suffered heavy losses and he was promoted Captain and Commissar at Pozorubio Officer School where he met Simon Hirshman. Lecturers included a Colonel Klaus, one of a small group of anti-Nazi Prussian Officers.

Simon and Misha befriended a pretty Czech woman Vera Mirceva, and all competed at being the best shot - Vera won!! School closed March 1938 and Misha returned to the Front for Ebro crossing, constantly repairing bridges and ferries under intense enemy fire. He was killed August 18th by a shell burst on hill 666 on way to Brigade HQ. Schwartz was also a talented writer and poet, published in Latvia and abroad, including his more famous War Diary, describing his active service with the British, American, Dimitrov and other battalions. This Diary was published in Latvia and Moscow after WW2. A concrete monument still stands at the spot where he was killed in Spain (photo)

Motke Shechtzer  - kia WW2

Dr Abram Shalit/Schalit – P – b. Lith. studied medicine in Prague/Milan/Sienna, served Lith. army

Fredy Shantir – P

Lena Shir – P

Itzhok Svetlitzin – P

Zalmen Shneier – kia WW2

Dr Spokoiny – P

Jossif Shyb – kia WW2

Steinfeld – kia WW2

Sara Shvalbe – 1904-66 – Born Daugavpils into a small trader’s family, became a nurse and then studied medicine in Prague and was politically active in the CP; became a doctor in 1934 and worked in Prague University. On Jan 26th 1936 joined the Czech volunteers to Spain reaching Figueras on Jan 29th and then with 400 others to Barcelona – she was the only woman in her group. Sent to hospital at Albacete for two months and then to the 11th German Brigade as doctor, resting after defeating the Italian fascists at Guadaljara. She was given a doctor’s van, ambulance, a Spanish nurse and two Czech drivers with several sanitarios (medical orderlies). She was in action with them at Brunete, Belchite and Quinto. At Brunete she worked  in a surgical tent as much equipment was lost or destroyed in the fighting.  At Teruel, she worked in  a cave right near the front line and at the Ebro assisted in the difficult and dangerous evacuation of the wounded  across the river under intense enemy fire from land and air. After the IB was disbanded, she worked in a hospital located in several hotels at Sagaro, Catalonia, on the Mediterranean coast, and met two Jewish colleagues from Latvia, Dr Briny Rudin and Miraim Rudin.  In Jan. 1939 they were shelled by warships and evacuated to Sadamente and Sara was in charge ofone of the smaller hospitals. However, as the Republicans retreated towards Port Bou, the IB again reformed to guard the retreat and Sara was involved in moving the wounded under heavy bombardment. In France they were badly treated by the Gendarmes but arrived in Perpignan safely. But there was no hospital available and they were prevented from treating their wounded as nuns took over. Sara was not allowed to return to Latvia for political reasons and the French sent her to a camp near Spain at Orlone. Here she contacted the camo at Gurs and met L Cherwin and B Kur. Only 9 other women were in the camp. Then the Germans invaded France and she fled  to Vichy using her Latvian passport to reach the Soviet Embassy (Latvia was now a Soviet province) where she worked as a nurse for a while. When the Soviets broke with Vichy she was arrested and sent to Rienkros camp in the north and imprisoned with French and German Communists.  However, the Soviets got her released and  she went via  Italy, Turkey and USSR, to Moscow! Here she worked in a military hospital until returning to Latvia in 1945.

Mira Schwalbe – P

Aaron Taube – Estonian, only son of a Talin textile factory owner and studied in Paris and Berlin, speaking German, French, Russian and Spanish - yet left all to fight in Spain. Simon Hirshman met him in the camp at Gurs  but has never heard of him since.

Esther Tulbovitz – kia WW2

Mona Tankel – P

Sona  Tchernak – P

Tchernine – fought in French Resistance and lived in USSR

Boris Tzimis

Tzirilin – kia WW2

Ilya/Ilia Velkov – b. 1909 in Sebe – went with his poor, widowed mother and his brother to Riga in 1916 where he became a shoemaker and joined the illegal YCL. Following various arrests he fled to Moscow and worked in car factory. Then after intensive military training was allowed to go to fight in Spain, via Paris, arriving in Jan. 1937. Then to Valencia and Albacete where he was assigned as gunner to an armoured car with Vily (a German) as commander  and  Molino (Spanish). They fought in Madrid and Brunete supporting  infantry attacks and withdrawals, and Belchite, Quinto, Fuentes del Ebro and Saragossa where they joined tanks. Here they took dangerous mountain tracks and came behind the Fascists, capturing many men and much equipment. Then the cars moved to the Aragon front where Villy was killed by a Moorish sniper. When the IB was disbanded, Ilya arrived in France in Feb. 1939 and then returned to Moscow  (all information from translation by Simon Hirshman from the Latvian books on the Spanish Civil War).

Miriam Volshonok

Youri Water – kia WW2

Shimon Wapne – P

David Wasserman – P

Eva Wate – P

Bernard Wolkowicz (Lithuanian)

Youra – kia WW2 – from Varklani

Shimon Zachar – kia WW2

Mula Zachar – P

Wolf Zalmanson – kia WW2

Feliks Ziburg – P

Zilberman – kia WW2

Franco – Belge Brigade

Included volunteers from Luxembourg and Holland. Of the 1,600 Belgians, 196 were Jews, many originally from Poland. On August 18, 1936, the first French and Belgian Jewish volunteers among the Workers Olympic team  arrived in Barcelona. The first French Jewish group of volunteers left Paris for Spain on August 8  (DD p. 33) and the first Parisian kia was Leon Baum. On Sept 11, 1937, a large exhibition in Paris was devoted to the Jewish participation in the IB (DD).

Kalma “Clement” W. (Antwerpen?) b. Silesia 1909

Henri Alois

Emile “Tarzan” Ackerman – kia

Israel “Piet” Pierre Ackerman, Anvers – kia - BROTHERS

Oucher Abramovitch

Maurice Antler

Dr Jacob Arager kia b. Varsovie 12.4.02 – twice wia and then kia tending wounded men

Todor Angeheloff (Bulgarian)

Edward Anseele

Aronchik (Lithuanian)

Chaim Augarten

Jovan Bach

Doctor Jacques “Kuba” Bachrach aka Barron – Latvian, later captain UK Army WW2

Samuel Mulke Bagan – Liege – kia Fuencarral

Raoul Baligaud

Leon Baum – kia Irun – 1st IB Casualty (Prago)

Endre Basch

Jean Bastien

Andre Isaac “Lombard” Baumol – shot by Nazis in Grenoble

Ilex Beller

Jacob Berbee/Jack Perbee

Andre Berei

Lya Berger, NURSE – see Giles Tremlett book

Szmuel “Solek” Berliner

Abraham Motke Maurice Beziner


Szlojme “Chlioma” Bocian - kia

Isabelle Blume

Auguste Bollemberg

Leon Friedman Bransburg – Argent.

Andre Broda - Commissar

Andor “Bondy” Brunner – kia

Joseph Buber/Bober

Max Buset

Dr Biezen

Frieda Buchhalter – kia against Nazis

Mordko Bressler – kia against Nazis



Chanot Beniek

Armand Cohen

Jacques Jacob “Griner” Censor - kia against the Nazis

Lucien Cohn


Emmanuel Cacanelson

Chaim Cukier – kia

Natan Czak - kia

Henri Dajczer

Julio David

Jean Delavigne

August de Block

Lt David Diamint – lost both legs at Jarama

Rene Dillen - Antwerp

Raymond Dispy – Bruxelles



Abraham Ehrenberg born 1909 nr. Wroclaw - artillery

Ruchela “Rachel” Eksztejn

Dr Elie Elbaum

Pinkus Erlich

Jajub Fajgelzon born 1910, Warsaw


Feliks Fajbusiek

Avram Farcas

Ook “Srulek” Feld – wia – internet info. from M A Felsenstein, London

Israel “Josef” Feld

Paul Finet

Szlamek Foster

Alter Fajnzylber

R. Felzenstein

Lajb Szmul Fidel - kia

Bernard Flam


Chlioma “Mikado” Fridman

Gustave Frumer

Michael Garfunkle

David Gent

Jozef Ghilman – born 1906 in Bessarabia

Desire Glaszer

Charles Louis Glaszer

Jacob Gluschkin


David Goldberg

Rachel Gold

Jajza “Janina” Goldfinger

John Goldstein

Salomon Gordon

Elie “Francois” Goth

Rachel Goth

Israel Gotlib - kia

Heniek Goldszal

Abraham Gotinski/Gostynski – kia

Joachim Grau

Eduard Gredner

Hesch “Matisch” Grinberg - kia

Motek “Motoush” Grinberg

Simon Grinner (tailor)

Joseph Groudka

Cecile Grunberg, nurse

Henri Grunberg

Paul Grunberg

Genia Gross

Dr Joseph Gudys

Dr Suzanne Saloman Gudys

Capt. Boris “Bob” Guimpel – CO 10th bat. “Le Marseillaise” and 35th Division , educated St Cyr Military Academy, architect and 2nd Lt in French Reserve, Paris – WIA - TSD

Jacques “Dolly” Gunzig – kia against the nazis

Jacques Gutman aka Simcha Appel kia

Karol Gutman – 1st CO of Botwins kia Sierra Quemadas – 2/37

Lt. Adolf Goldgewicht, Brussells – deported to Nordhausen and died 3 months after liberation aged 30 years

Laslo Gyaros

Henia Henryka Hass-Larsson - nurse

Imre Max Hercz – kia

Camille Huysmans

Isaac Ickowicz

Maurice Igla – French Resistance

Jacob Insel – murdered by the Nazis

Kalman Inzel

Leon “Lajbusz” Inzelsztein – born 1902 in Wloszczowa, Poland – kia Casa del Campo 1936, CO Franco Belge Bat

Francois Jacobi

Leon Jampolski/Yampolski - wia

Boleslaw Jelen

J Joselewicz

Israel “Potty” Katz aka Shepse (?) - kia

Itka Katz

Dr Kalmanovitch

Emmanuel Katznelson - kia

Szaja Kindermann

Andor Andre Klein – kia against the Nazis

Laszlo Klein - kia

Mozes Kleinhaus

Benoit Kochanowicz

Arpad Kohn – kia

Pesach Kohn


Adolf de Konschegg

Ignace Kotlarz

Anton Kaltenbrunner – kia against the Nazis

Josel Kotlarsz

Adele Korn – nurse from Anvers

Anna Korn – nurse from Anvers

Baruch Mordka Kotek – Brussells

Maurice Kotek

Nuchem Michel Kotek, Brussells – kia

Abrasha Krasni aka Krasnowiecki kia

Emile Krocner

Aizik Korn


H. Kleinminc

Joseph Knoll

Isaac Kupiec/Kipietz

Joseph Kutine

Marguerite Kutme - nurse

Chaim “Szlome” Kutnowski – kia

Cpl Labranecki

Leon “Lajbusz” Landau - kia

Marcel Langer – guillotined in Toulouse by Nazis; Chev. Leg. d’Hon; Medal de la Resist. avec rosette

Julien Lahaut

Jean Lamers aged 41

Joseph Leemans b. Verviers 31.01.01, d. 1976 – General Staff IB 1936-7

Roman Leszez

Meyer Levy

Matias Lazlo - Hungarian in Belgium (IB archive ML)

Dov Liebermann – ML archive D4

Ignatz Liberman

Joseph Liss

Abram Lissner

Oswald Litman (Belgian)

Srulek “Georges” Livschitz – kia against the Nazis

Bernard Loifer

Walter Loridan

Capt. Andre Lorberbaum/Loberbau, Murcia Hospital CO of the Brigade Franco-Belgique

Hersz Lorenberg

Bolek Lubelski

Salomon Lubelczyk

Jules Lubka – kia

Feigla “Vera” Luftig b.1909 – NURSE – later member Red Orchestra spy ring against Nazis

Golda Luftig b. 1905

Rachel Luftig 6. 1908 – all three sisters

Nuchem Lypszyc – kia against the Nazis

Emmanuel Mailer

Isaac Mailer

Jeanine Mailer

Charles “Karol” Mancel/Manchel – later French Resistance

Israel Mandelbaum

Albert Marteaux

Leon Mauvais

Henri Mayerovitch – murdered Paris by Nazis

Dr Anita Mayerowicz

Jozek Mazel kia

Isaac Mehiel

Charles Meler

Ms Maryska Melon

Victor Mencel

Abracha Mitelman

D Mlynarski

Nachman Mytnowiecki – kia against the Nazis

Prof Neumann

Nicolas (Hung.) from Aidincourt

Joseph Nissenhalz

Felix Nissenhalz

Paul Nothomb

Leon Pakin

Oscar Portgana

Jacques Jacob Penczyna

Dr. Michel Perilman

Leiser Piecznik

Hersz Pisarz

I. Platkiewicz

Dr Plateau

Ignace Potoszman

Presiler – kia

Laja Pryzant

Adam Raiski – Pole via France to Spain (? IB archive ML)

Dr Zygmunt Rafalowicz

Elioe Rapaport

Jacob Rasner - kia

Albert Reiter

Xavier Relecom

Marek Richter

Chaim Rochman (brother of Szaja)

Henri Rol-Tanguy – CO 14th Brig. “La Marseillaise” – wia – WW2 Regional CO FFI Ile de France Resistance 1944-5

Joseph Rormann – kia against the Nazis

Maurice Rosenthal


Marian Rozenknop

Joseph “Beinush” Rajchman – from Roanne

Leon Rubinstein kia

M Ryba


Hersch Reisman - kia

Leon Leib Reis of Anvers – born 1909 East Galicia

Szaja (Charles) Rochman, Brussells, wia , Belgian commander, murdered Mathausen 1943

Hersz Sapin – brother of Micha

Lt Col Marc/Marcel Sagnier – constructiion worker and French Army NCO, CO 14th Brigade, Commune de Paris - wia

Jean Schalbroeck

Leon Scharz

Hermann Scheerboom - Dutch

Walter Scherenels

Emile Schneiberg – kia 21.2.37 at Brunete aged 23 years – batn. CO – “B15B”

Karol Charles Schmidt – kia against the Nazis

Leon Schreiber

Max Sokol

Soltysik/aka Soltyczk - kia

Micha “Mojzesz” Spira/Sapir – KIA (IB archive ML) – commander of the Botwins.

Francois Spira - nurse

Anton Spinoy

Maks Meier Stark – born 1907 eats Galicia - kia

Abraham Stockstil/Stockatiehl

Alexandre Strausz – kia against the Nazis

Albert Stravinski

Henri Szulevic (LBYB)

R. Scislowski

Elie Shapiro kia

A. Skrzynia

Georges Soria – war correspondent

Bela Spitzer - kia

Isidore Sabor Springer – kia against the Nazis


Albert Strawozynski

David Stern

Dr Struzer

David Sznulewski

Chilek “Chil” Szraga

Moszek “Moniek” Szafran - kia

Alter Szerman

Dr Szterhol

Pinkus Szydlower – kia against the Nazis

Mordko Szymanowicz

Maurice Tauber

Victor Thonet

Leon Leibel Tigier aka Gordon

Abram Tomaszewski

Touchschneider kia Jarama

Olek Turkieltaub

Jakob/Jacques Unglik

“Lucien” Nusen Vaiser b. Eupen 26.2.10

Dr Jean Valery aka Wainberg

Harry van Loon - Dutch

Lucien Vidal (Gaymunn? Gayman?) - Commisar

Faiwelis Vinikas

Jake Visser - Holland

Civja “Cyla” Vospe

Nechemjasz “Leo” Wachter

Rachel Wacsman

Elie Waisbart

“Gutka” Wajnsztejn

Sophie Wanderer

Mendel Weintraub aka Max Lieger of Liege – kia

Simone Weil – French philosopher AND Auscwitz survivor (JC obit. 30/12/05)

Joseph Wientzer

Richard Weinberg

Bruno Weingast – kia against the Nazis

Joseph Mendel Weisblum

Sandor Weiss – kia against the Nazis – Hungarian aka Istvan Molnar

Jouska Joseph Weisz

Aroun Wiener

Joseph Wiener

Joseph Wientzer

Wilfried Wouters

David Wirsztel

Josef Zalcsztejn, Warsaw

I.P. Zaleski

Jasza Zawidowicz

Estera “Estucha” Zilberberg

Hersz Zimmerman – kia against the Nazis

Malka Zimmerman

Isak Zbyszewski

Jan Zbyszewski

Chil Zyotnicki

Bolek Zygelman

Benjamin Zygelman

SWEDEN – Sure Sachnowitz – typographer – b. Stockholm 23/2/20 – in Spain 8/37 to 3/38

Georges Dimitrov

Named after the Bulgarian international Socialist, this group contained fighters from Yugoslavia, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria and other nations; mostly Sephardim; 7 were kia (2 Bulgarian) and 6 wia (2 Bulgarian); 11 died in the Yugoslav Resistance against the Nazis. Of  the Yugoslavs,  11 were labourers, 5 students, 4 doctors, 2 nurses, 2 businessmen, 2 journalists and one office worker; 29 were men and 5 were women. These numbers are almost certainly a vast underestimate.

Yugoslavs and others

Albert Radonovic Abinun, b 1913 Sarajevo, Djakovic Brig., POW till 1943, agricultural engineer aged 34

Salomon Albahari, aka Josif Ivanovic - b 1915 Sarajevo, kia in WW2 in partisans

Isaac Altaratz/Altarac, b. 1910 kia 1941

Reuben Abramov aka Gen Miguel Gomez – Bulgarian

Rolf Ahron – from Tel-Aviv – see Martin below

Haim Athias/Atijas b 1912, wia Ebro

Isaac/Isa A. Baruch b 1913, electrician, Djakovic Brig., twice wia and then kia Central front

Jacob Salamon Baruch b 1914 Sarajevo , journalist and labourer, anti-tank gunner, kia WW2 Yugoslav partisans

Silvio Baruch b. 1900 Sarajevo, kia Aragon

Lt. Andre Basch/Bas, artillery – h. of Anna Maria – murdered by Gestapo WW2 French Resistance

Anna Maria Basch – b 1883, nurse

Capt Dr Imre Basch – b 1905, died in Soviet prison 1942

Jacov Basch/Bas

Janos Jean Basch son of Andre and Anna, b 1916, “Anna Pauker” artillery batt., fought in Belgian Resistance WW2

Dr Imre Beer

Alia Begovitsch

Dr Rosa Berger - Czech

Alfred Bergman – b 1901, businessman, kia WW2 Yugoslav partisans

Otto “Merin” Bihalfa/Bihalji b 1904 fought Yugoslav partisans WW2

Dr Adela Anka Bohumincka (Arca Poca?) – b. 1905

Mirko Jakob Dojht b 1906 businessman, fought in French Army WW2

Robert Domany/Domani - aka Vladimir Ivanovitch b 1908 kia Yugoslav partisans Apl. 1942

Velimir Dreschler/Dreksler aka Marco Peric b 1914 fought in Yugoslav partisans

Joseph Edenhoffer – Czech ambulance driver (ML)

Eisig – see Martin below.

Elias “Ilija” Engels/Engl, aka Ilya Anazic - b 1912 wia/kia Sarajevo partisans 1941

Fajerbach - Polish national

Dr Josef Faerber – Czech dentist b. 1909

Peter Fried/Friedberg/Friedmann – German kia at Brunete rescuing a wounded comrade – see Martin below

Beno Fischer b 1901 kia Ebro

Ivan Fischer kia Ebro 1938

Dr.Carl Fodor b 1900 d. Prague 1947

Dr Braina Fos-Rudin , wife Alfred Bergman

Jakov Greenstein – Polish national

Matija Gros kia Murcia 1938

“Dolly” Jacques Gunzig – Czech

Rachel “Roushka” Gunzig – Czech medic.

Capt. Dr Joseph Hauptman, b 1910, French maquis and Yugoslav Army d. 1973

Dr Edit Jugerman

Dr Volf Jungerman

Major Commissar Kagan – “B15B” – CO Dacovic bat. – wia Brunete 6/37

Lt Col Hans Kahle - senior German Officer – had been Lt in German army WW1, CO 45th Division in Spain – after Spain was interned in UK by British and deported to Canada - later lived as police officer in East Germany (SH letter) – died 1947(?)

Knessel – “B15B”

Lt Alcalay Samuel Kamchi b 1911, forester, wia/kia

Arthur Kerschner/Kersner b 1912 Djakovic bat., kia Penamara

Franz Klatecki

Lea Kraus b 1914, nurse, fought in French Resistance

Dr Major Francisek Hans Kriegel – Chief MO 45th Div. IB – later Deputy PM Czech. until Soviet takeover – PI Len Crome – also fought in China against Japanese and was in Dubcek Cabinet 1968.

Samuel Lehrer, aka Voja Todorovic - b 1914, artillery, Yugoslav partisans

Ivan Loebel/Lebl, b 1912, Djakovic bat., interned by Nazis, died USSr in Nikolaievski

Bela Lustig – Hung. wia

Velimir Majder, wia, partisan commander Yugoslavia WW2

David Martin/Ludwig Detsinyi – born 1915 Hungary – author of “My Strange Friend”, where he names many Jewish fighters – lived Germany, Holland and Israel then UK after WW2, then Australia. He wrote that some Palestinian Jews were with the Tchapaiev bat. of the 13th Brigade and five he knew were kia but cannot recall names. As a trained medical navy man from Palestine Plugath Ha Yam, he became a medical orderly with 15th Lincolns

Moshe Menachem Pappo, b 1915, hairdresser, French Resistance, kia against Nazis 1943

Janos Posner, Czech

Vilko Pressburger b 1906, salesman, kia Belchite Sept 1937

Andrija Preger kia Albacete

Leonard Pivok – Polish national

Joseph Secheleguen

Maurice Simon (Bulgaria) (ML).

Andre Simon – murdered after Slansky trial 1952

Maria Schneimann/Sneeman , b 1896, w. of Steinmacher, died WW2

Dr Dobrila Siljak-Hauptman

Doctor Otto Sling – murdered after Slansky trial 1952

Sigismund Statler, b 1914, wia Aragon, murdered by Ustachi in Zagreb 1941

Drago Steinberger b 1916, office worker, artillery, kia Yugoslav partisans WW2 against Chetniks

Moses Spiro, Polish national – kia with Polish partisans 1943

Cornelia Popovic-Szende, b 1914, nurse, tortured to death in Yugoslav Resistance Aug 1941

Arthur Weidman kia Teruel (in above book).

Gerhard Weiss, aka Stevan Petrovic - b 1914, kia Belgrade April 1941


Jaques Achere – b Bourgas 1892, journalist, radio broadcaster in Barcelona, d .March 1939

Lt. Leon Anavi – b Plovdiv 1912 – kia 1937

Yako Assa Sami – b. Kustendil 1901 – artillery, wia, WW2 French Army and Resistance

Nissim Barouch – b. Sofia 1888 – fate unknown

Victor Barouch-Mevorach – b. Sofia 1914 – kia

Isaac Bechmoarach – b Varna 1889, military adviser to 4th Corps

Karl Beredjik – b. Sofia 1903, died Paris 1946 (?)

David Davidoff – b Sofia 1903 – wia Ebro, went to live in Argentina

Harry Echkenazi – b Sofia 1912, lived later in Belgium

Iossif Eliezer Iossifoff – b Plovdiv 1914 – fate unknown

Dr Yanto Davido Kaneti – b Kasanlik 1912 , served throughout war and later went to China as doctor against the Japanese. Lived in Bulgaria.

Sarah Kovo – b Istambul 1904, correspondent and nurse, died Paris 1939

Cesar Kovo – brother of Sarah, b Sofia 1912, wia Guadalajara, lived in Paris

Roubene Avramov Levy – b Samokov 1900 – condemned to death by Bulgarians as a revolutionary, went to Russia 1925. Inspector General of Commissars in Spain, afterwards Bulgarian MP.

Robert Echoua Melamed – b Slivene 1914, artillery, French Resistance WW2, returned to Sofia.

Gabriel Morvay - Czech

Isaac Mochev – b Sofia 1903 – artillery, French Army WW2, POW, returned Sofia.

Dr Leo Schwarz

David Nathan Solomonoff - b Plovdid 1910, went to Israel

Wladislaus Weiss - Czech


I am greatly indebted to Hans Landauer of the Vienna Documentation Centre for so generously supplying me with further details on more than one hundred Austrian Jewish veterans.


Fritz Adler – fate unknown

Ernst Amann

Ignaz Bauer – kia

Mme Dr Fritzi Brauner nee Riesel – b. 16.4.11 Artzin – lived Schottenfeldgasse 5, Vienna 7 -

Dr Alfred Brauner b. 3.7.10 Elsasser, husband of Fritzi

Mme Herta Bren - kia

Emmanuel Edel – b. 26.6.10 Vienna - fought in Free French Forces as Roger Dumaine, 1945 lived Yugoslavia – died 1992

Walter Freudman - b. 5.10.15 Vienna, lived Glassergasse 19, Vienna 9 – fled to UK, then worked as doctor in China

Alfred Gold – b. 6.5.04 Vienna Lazarettgasse 12/12 Vienna 9, via Drancy deported to Auschwitz convoy 42, and murdered.

Mme Anja Hammermann b. 7.3.07 Drohobyez, feld to England and after WW2 to Yugoslavia – lived Israel 8, Joseph St., Haifa

Mme August/Gusti Jirku - b. 22. 8.90, Seidengasse 14, Vienna 7

Dr Hans Kaiser - b.15.6.09 Seegasse 21/6, Vienna 9 - after Spain fled to Uk and died 1941

Mme Mimi Karner

Mme Edith Kent - nee Marcuse 17.11.08 Hanover - later worked in China

Heinrich Kent aka Markus aka Karner - b. 4.7.10 Weitmosergasse 3, Vienna 3 - , then served in China and died in Vienna in 1961

Franz Landsberg kia

Hans Landsberg – b. 10.2.12 Grose-Stadtgutgasse 7, Vienna 2 – fled to England and lived in Conn., USA in 1990

Karl Langer – b.11.1.07, Erdbergstarsse 67, Vienna 3

Marie Langer nee Manovil –b. Glas 31.8.10 – fled to England

Doctor Max Julien Langer – husband of Marie.

Wilhelm Manovil

Heinz Pollak

Mme Rangun kia

Heinrich Ranzenhofer – engineer – b. 3.2.96 Perinetgasse 1, Vienna 20

Dr August Teiteibaum

Kurt Wallis


Medical Support Teams

Juliane Baranay kia

Franziska Blitz

Paula Draxie

Anni Edel nee Schwartz– nurse b. Vienna 2.6.12 – escaped to UK 1939 then Yugoslvia 1945 to live

Minna Ender nee Guth

Melanie Ernst nee Grunberg aka Emma Bachmayer/Melitta Gruber - b. 4.4.93 Cernowitz, lived Johnstrasse 52, Vienna 15 – deported to Ravensbruck 1943, died Vienna 8.3.49

Melitta Gruber

Gusti Gunsberg kia

Mara Maria Gunsberg kia

Gusti Guttmann


Ruth Jensen-Jerusalem

Dora Kaiser

Henriette Kleinmann

Lotte Kohn kia

Antonia Kopp kia

Eva Korcak/Korciak b. 1904 kia

Rudolfine Josefine Kostler

Anni Moldauer – nurse b.11.2.18 Rembradtstrasse 30 Vienna 2 - fled to UK

Anni Peczenig - b. Sofia 9.2.11 – deported Ravensbruck and murdered Buchenwald 1944

Irene Spiegel

Margot Sylvia Spindler kia

Elizabeth Steinitz

Gundl/Gundula Steinmetz b. 25.6.16 – fought with Belgian Resistance



Josef Adler b. 8.10.00 – perished via Drancy to Auschwitz on convoy 25, Aug 28th 1942

Heinrich Alter

Egon Altmann kia

Josef Altmann

Isaak Alzufrom b. 1910 – to Israel – POW St Cyprien 2/39

Josef Amann

Capt. Arthur Atlas kia – b. 24.7.01 - 8/5 Volkertplatz, Vienna 2

Rudolf Franz “Fabian” Auerhahn – journalist b. 8.6.02 in Graz, kia 20.9.38 at Sierra de la Vall de la Torre

Norbert Herman “Endler” Badian b. 5.10.1895 in Brody – lived Obere Donaustr 6, Vienna, 2 – POW North Africa and freed by Poles WW2 – d.13.3.71 Austria

Siegfried Badian b. 18.1.04 – dentist - fought in Red Army WW2 – d. May 1990 Austria

Ilse Barea-Kulczan nee Pollack – b. 20.9.02 Vienna , wife of Arturo – lived UK working fir BBC radio, died Austria 1.1.73

Friedrich Bayer kia

Richard Baranay

Alexander Barfus

Leo Bauer

Steffi Bauer nee Kanagur – b. 23.4.13 Tarnow, lived Margaretenstrasse 82 Vienna 5, died 1992 Vienna.

Leon Bauer – Coy. Secretary educated France – TSD.

George Beer

Ludwig Luzi Beer – b. 27.3.19 – Rudolfinergasse 8, Vienna 19 – Austrian underground in WW2, murederd by nazis at Dachau 20.9.44.

Lt. Ignatz Phillip Bendiner – b. 10.6.11 Graz, Griesgasse 24 – deported Dachau 20.6.44, liberated at Bad Tolz, lived France.

Rudolf Berger

Abraham Berger kia – b. 16.11.02 Posiczna, Ukraine – lived Tempelgasse 3/15 Vienna 2 – with partisans in Yugoslavia, lived Vienna

Alexander Gandi Bielewicz

Charlotte Bindel aka Lilly Stern – b. 22.1.08 – lived Schreigasse 2, Vienna 2 -

Alfred Brandeis b. 6.9.10 lived - Custozzagasse 2 Vienna 2.

Bruno Benno Brecher b. 11.6.06 Romergasse 72, Vienna 16 - kia

Jacob Cohen – Turkish

Ernst Cohen - Greek

Josef Dank

Franz Dahlern LBYB

Alexandro Dendel – Hung. POW

Wolf Dennenberg

General Dr Julius Deutsch – b. 2.2.1884 Lackenbach - one of the leaders of the 1934 Schutzbubd uprising against Fascist Dolfuss regime – a Founder of the Austrian Social Democratic party – TSD died 16.1.78 in Vienna

Renee Durmayer b. 30.8.07 Vienna nee Lelewer – nurse, fought in Free French Army – died Austria

Karl Ebner

Hans Ehrenfeld

Heinrich Eisenberg

Moritz Eisenberg

Gerhard Eisler

Jan Eisner - Czech

Karl Ellenbogen b. Innsbruck 30.4.17, lived Kaiserstarsse 107, Vienna 7 - kia

Leo Engelmann – b. Vienna 30.9.14 , POW North Africa, liberated and served British Pioneer Corps, joined Soviet partisans and kia 1.4.45

Willi Engelmann

Alfred Epstein

Hermann Falkner kia

Lajos Falusi – electrician b. 23.3.07 Vienna – went to Palestine 1936 then to Spain, POW North Africa, British Pioneer Corps, Red Army, returned Austria.

Hans Feiertag kia

Toni Feiertag

Georg Schurl Feigel kia

Koppel Fiderer – b. Tluste 17.2.09, cartographer in Czech Repub. , fought in French Resistance, Toulouse.

Moritz Moses Fisch kia – b. Kopyozynce 12.6.10, lived 1/19 Karl-Meisslstrasse, Vienna (?)

Arnold Flesicher b. 26.8.1888

Walter Fleischer/Fleischner – b.5.10.15 Vienna, Taborstrasse 14, Vienna 2 – lived in UK and then returned to Austria after WW2.

Alfred Frank kia

Josef Frank

Karl Frank kia

Siegfried Fritz Freitag kia

Georg Frenlker

Jakob Freund kia

Paul Freund kia

Lt. Walter Friedmann confectioner, b. Vienna 13.11.09 at Konstantingasse 4/3 - kia 31.3.38

Franz Frisch kia

Hugo Frischmann

Ernst Fuchs

Johann Fuchs kia

Otto Fuchs kia

Egon Furst, clerk , b. 6.6.12 lived Vienna at Hasnerstrasse 105 – kia Ebro Sept. 1938

Nikolaus Gal - b. Budapest 18.1.15, lived Heiligenstadterstrasse 82/17/9, Vienna 19, fought with French Army WW2, POW Stalag 11B till March 1945, died Oct 1991.

Jomisius Gold kia

Erich Goldmann

Julius Goldman

Otto Goldstaub kia

Goldstein kia

Elias Goth kia

Herbert Gottlieb kia

Ignace Walter Greif b. Vienna 30.6.11 Zittenhofergasse 8 Vienna 7 – worked as a foreign worker alias Alfons Muller, but was sent to Auschwitz and murdered.

Jacob Grossbard/Grossbart warehouseman, b. 4.10.05 Vienna – Vorgartenstrasse 188, Vienna 2 -

Theodore Grunspan-Gruber b. Vienna 23.8.04 - Glasergasse 9.

Frank Leo Gunzer kia

Heinrich Guenzer, labourer aged 33

Gyula Gunser

Julius Gunser aka Martin Flohr aka Gustav Meyer - b. Vienna 6.12.10 Taborstrasse 14, Vienna 2 – survived posing as foreign worker in Austria but was eventually deported to Mathausen.

Dr Felix Gutfeld b. Vienna 28.4.93 Glatzgasse 4/15 Vienna 19 - kia Jarama 20.2.37

August Gutman b. 4.8.94, deported to Auschwitz Convoy 75

Alfred Gutmann kia

Fritz Guttmann murdered by Nazis – fate unknown

Fritz Gutmann

Max Gutschein , photographer aged 23

Siegfried Guttmann kia

Walter Haider/Heider mechanic b. Vienna 6.1.11, Margaretengurdel 134, Vienna 5 – died in Terezin camp.

Rene Hajek

Walter Spuli Hajek textile technician b. Vienna 2.3.11, Wahringerstrasse 125/1/13- posed as a foreign worker in WW2 but murdered Dachau 28.3.45

Julius Halpern - carpenter b. Vienna 12.4.11 Stumpergase 16 Vienna 6 – was in Dachau and Buchenwald but fled after to England

Fritz Hamburger kia

Wilhelm Harriberg, labourer aged 45 – South African/British wia

Dr Friedrich Hautmann b. Vienna 8.11.90 Grohrmuhlgasse 38, Wiener Neustadt – later worked in Congo, Africa

Phillip Hecht civil servant, b. 20.1.05

Capt Rudolf Heinmisch, b. Frankenberg Austria

Otto Heller aka Raymond Brunet – writer b. Vienna 14.12.97, interpreter in Lille, deported to Mathausen and Auschwitz, died 25.3.45

Peter Heller writer b. Vienna 6.11.05, Johann Strasse 42, Vienna 4 – served US Army WW2

Dr Walter Heller - b. 2.11.06, Bernardgasse 35, Vienna 7 - medical student

Albert Hirsch

Oskar Hock aka Bernhard Schein kia

Gerhard Hoffman b 9.6.17, Firmianigasse 34 Vienna 13

Wolfgang Hoffmann - seaman - b 23.5.12 - (address obscured) - deported to Dachau and Gross-Rosen and died 11.3.42

Dr Otto Hoffman-Ostenhof aka Otto Biach - university Prof. Biochemistry - 18.10.14 - 14.10 92

Nikolaus Hollander - b. 16.11.97, Tyrol - painter

Imre Jakobi

Paul Jellinek – shopkeeper - b. 17.4.10, Keilgasse 7/18 Vienna 3 - anti-aircraft gunner - deported to Auschwitz and Buchenwald - liberated 1945

Siegfried Jurmann - b.20.1.15, Castellezgasse 2, Vienna 2 - lived New York

Leopold Kallina kia

Dr Sigmund Kennedy Kanagur - journalist - b 12.10.09 Paelosiow, interned North Africa, liberated and joined British Pioneer Corps, then the US Army, then OSS in Italy and Austria. During WW2.

Karl Kaspar aka Zimmermann – leatherworker - b. 21.2.12 Bockhgasse 2/4/8 Vienna 12 - Commissar kia Teruel Jan. 1938

Franz Kasteiner

Josef Katz kia

Alexander Kerzenbaum kia

Franz Kerzner , Hung., chauffeur aged 38

Leopold Knopp - b. 14.2.07 Grunetorgasse 31 Vienna 9 - Commissar, fled to France and England and later returned to Austria

Viktor Stein Koblicek

Leopold Kohn kia - jouirnalist

Robert Kohn kia - engineer - b.8.3.18 Obere-Donaustrasse 45a Vienna 2 - tank driver - Landauer says fled to France and deported to Auschwitz but survived, died Vienna 1990.

Walter Kohn kia - electrician b. 5.5.08 Graz - POW North Africa. Liberated and Landauer says went to Russia, then returning to Austria.

Georges Kopp kia

Kurt Koppel kia - b. 18.4.15 Baumgasse 54/16, Oroszvar - may have been a Getsapo agent!!


Oskar Krigel

Hans Krug

Kurt Kruh – book-keeper - b. 10.5/6.10 Amerlinggasse 1, Vienna 6 - later fled to England and Sweden

Norbert Kugler kia

Ernst Kupferstein - born Vienna 1914 and reached Spain via Palestine and later went to Russia.

Kurt Landau kia - b. 29.1.03 Vienna

Siegmund Lang kia

Sioma Lechtman – mechanic b. 1.8.16 Ybbsstrasse 28 Vienna 2, deported and murdered in Auschwitz

Samuel Lifschitz aka Karl Lechner kia

Martin Lobel kia

Robert Loffler kia

Leo Losch

“Raberger” Lowe kia

Theodor Arthur Malcher

David Mangel – Czech - b. 10.9.90 – lived 75 Bordens St Toronto, Canada

Dr Herbert Manovil – lawyer – b. Graz 9.10.06, Tempelgasse 7, Vienna 2 – kia Jarama

Josef Mark kia

Josef Meisel aka Josef Born aka Raymond Mesmer – carpenter b. 18.4.11 Wagg-Neustadt – fought in the Maquis in WW2 – survived Auschwitz

Josef Mendel kia

Hans Menzel kia

Max Salomon Mordechai – b. 11.9.11 Czerningasse 8 Vienna 2 - lived USA

Natter kia

Hans Nass – shopkeeper b. 15.9.03 Hauptstrasse 14/2/2/37a Vienna 17 – fled to UK, Canada and served in US Army 1945-46

Hans Helmut Neumann – student – b. 30.9.14, Mariahilfestrasse 99, Vienna 6

Alfred Gottfried “Red” Ochshorn - student b. 6.4.15 Grosse Sperlgasse 37/12 Vienna 2 – murdered Mathausen 20.10.43

Josef Pasternak – lived USA

Hermann Peczenik – writer b. 27.1.10 Cjomikowka lived Plenergasse 24 Vienna 18 – Commissar – murdered in Auschwitz

Anton Pelikan

Kurt Politzer kia

Dora Quinton – nurse – fled to UK

Josef Rath kia

Hans Rauch kia

Hermann Rein kia

Marinus Richel – Dutch POW

Viktor Roll – shop keeper – b.28.7.11 Langegasse 53 Vienna 8 – lost arm in action – fled to UK

Louis Roth kia

Kurt Roth b. 20.7.20 Obere-Donaustrasse 45/2/2/23 Vienna 2 – fled to UK

Siegmund Roth father of Kurt – b. 6.6.92 Lemberg – same address as Kurt

Arthur Rubner – civil servant b. 24.6.80 Untere-Viaduktgasse 3/1/15 Vienna 3 -

Erich Sachslad – Yugos.

Paul Salzer/Selzer from Vienna kia Romanillo

Robert Salzer – student - b. 9.11.18 Pyrkegasse 13 Vienna 19 - kia

Samuel Salzmann – tailor b. 28.11.09 Grosse Mohrengasse 34 Vienna 2

Max Sauer

Karl Saul – Vienna kia Teruel

Hans Scheifele kia

Bernhard Schein aka Oscar Hock – leather worker b. 21.7.09 Mortaraplatz 20, Vienna – deported to Stutthof and murdered Flossenburg 5.7.42

Otto Schick

Heinrich Schiffer kia

Gerti Schindel - b. 5.1.13 Schuttelstrasse 93/14 Vienna

Thomas Schocken kia

Hans Schorr – murdered Auschwitz

Alfred Schreiber

Fritz Friedrich Schreiber

Leon Schreiber

Bezalel Schwager - b. 21.7.08 Husiatyn, Galicia – son of Abraham and Gittel (murdered in Holocaust) and hus. of Irma Wieselberg, father of Monika and Ernst – fought in French Resistance and in Yugoslavia – became police officer in Austria after war

Abraham Schwartz

Isidor Schwarz

Josef Schwarz kia

Leo Schwartz kia

Richard Sehr – shoemaker - b. 24.3.07 Universumstrasse 34 Vienna 20 – fought with Maquis and died in Israel 1987.

Albert Selin kia

Lt . Ferdinand Selinger kia – b. Unterholz, Carinthia

Otto Selinger kia

Adolf Sieder - brother of Josef – kia Pozo Blanco, Cordoba

Josef “Spuli” Sieder kia – student - b.12.4.18 Vienna – fought in Maginot line with French army 1940 and Maquis. Deported Stutthof-Natzweiler and murdered Belsen 20.1.45.

Dr Oskar/Osias Sigall - surgeon – b. Tarnopol 31.12.89 lived Linz -

Robert Singer – baker b. 22.5.00 in Innsbruck and Vienna Untere-Augartenstrasse 35 – lived Austria post-war

Harry Spiegel – student b. 18.11.10 Bennogasse 30/2/12, Vienna 8 – fought in French Resistance.

Hans Spielmann – tailor - b. 13.12.14 Graz, Annenstrasse 34 – deported Buchenwald and murdered Auschwitz

Leopold Spira - student b. 2.5.13 Myrthengasse 12 Vienna 7 son of Emil (1875-1938) and Doris (1877-1954 in Cleveland) and brother of Emma Karoline Plank, US child psychologist - fled to UK and married 1940 to Eva Zerner (b.1921) children Toni Elizabeth and Liesl Margaret Nitsch.

Heinzich Spitzbart

Caesar Spitzer kia

Egon Steiner – student b. 22.6.16 Ausstellungsstrasse 1/11 Vienna 2 – survived Auschwitz and Ravensbruck

Siegmund Steiner/Heiner via Israel - kia

Leo Stern

Max Stern – b. 3.10.03 in Switzerland

Michael Sternberg kia

Egon Steiner kia

Egon Suess kia Gandesa 1.8.38 – leatherworker b. 8.7.09 Vienna

Friedrich Stricker kia

Max Strommer kia

Hermann Talkner

Taubert kia

Stefan Tauchner

Albert Tekanjer kia

Ludwig Thorn b. 3.6.17

Janus Toth – Hung. POW

Dr Max Umschweif – survived Dachau and Buchenwald – died 1986

Johann Unger

Walter Wachs – b. 2.8.13 – POW N Africa and then joined British Army and fought in Jugoslavia.

Bruno Weingast

Fritz Weiss

Kurt Weiss

Erwin Wenger

Major Hugo Wittmann kia – aka Buschmann – CO 1st bat. Edgar Andre

Karl Zimmermann

Hans Zipper aka Viktor Muller aka Schuster b. 24.10.12 Resistance, deported Gross-Rossen and murdered Flossenburg 28.3.45

Leo Zobel


Cesare Colombo

Jose Granata

Piero Jacchia

Luigi Longo (LBYB) aka Gallo, Inspector General of the IB; one of original founders of the IB

Rita Montagnana

Carlo Rosselli

Dr George Schon, Hungarian national living in Italy, later interned at Gurs, went to live in China and returned to Hungasry in 1950’s – letter from niece Linda Wilkins in Australia

Alessandro Sinigaglia

George Tioli

Leo Valiani

Moize Venezia

Vittorio Vidali – aka Commandante Carlos – founder and CO of Quinto Regimento – 1906-83

(NB several also fought for Franco!)

Israel (Palestine Mandate)

Most detail is from the MML. The first group of 60 arrived and fought on November 17, 1936, (DD p. 34). Between 350-500 fought (mostly in the Botwins) and c. 70 were kia and a further 50 kia in WW2. There s a JNF Forest in Israel in their memory. Of the total only 60 were listed as actual Communists, less than a sixth; the rest were Zionists. The film of 2006 by Eran Torbiner, ‘Madrid before Hanita’ is a good introduction to the subject of the Israel volunteers and features many survivors. It should be noted that most of the Israeli dead had served in the Botwins batallion who were regarded as particularly fierce fighters by the rest of the IB. Thanks also to Prof Raanan Rein at Tel Aviv University.

Measured as numbers in the proportion of the population of any nation that sent volunteers to the IB, the Israelis were the largest national contingent in the IB in Spain.

Robert Aquist - Coy. Commander KIA – married an English nurse, Patricia Darton, who sadly died in Madrid in 1996 when attending the 60th anniversary commemoration. Darton later married veteran Eric Edney and her biography is ‘For us it was Heaven’ by Angela Jackson, 2012, Sussex Press.

Zundel Abine aka Berl Balti

Daniel Abramovicz - KIA 1938 Gandesa

Trojan/Touvia Haim Adler – Dizengoff, Tel-Aviv

Aram/Armen Agepian

Turnek Agepian

Gabriel Aitkin - kia

David Aleksandrowicz

Noah Aloni

David Ansrowski

Moshe Antler - kia

Sonia Antler-Zeidman, Toulouse Resistance

Miriam Amram

Max Amram – kia by Nazis WW2 - aka Moshe Aram

Ms Bruriah Averbach

Hanan Ayalti aka Kalenbort

Samuel Bagan - kia

Arie Baker, mechanic aged 26

Akiva Bar aka Feivl Zavodnik

Moshe Ben-Ari aka Minkov

Samuel Ben-Mordechai

Samuel Ben-Yakov

Robert Bill – kia

Rosa Blanca

Israel Bober

Leon Arie Boim - kia

Adela Botvinska/Weintraub

Josef Brikner/Brinker

Yona/Jonas Brodkin - kia

Capt Misha Bron/Brozstein aka “Michal” – Ops officer 129th Brigade

Dr Fina Bronstein

Dr Pini Bronstein

Simone Bronstein

Israel/Jezy Bryn/Brin

Ms Marian Burstein

Ariyeh “Liova” Bursuk/Borsuk kia Ebro

Israel Center/Centner, b. Poland 25.12.98

Pinchas Cheifetz/Hefetz, ultra-Orthodox, blinded in battle at Lerida with the Botwins

Mark Centner

Yaacov Chen

Isaac Corinne

Raoul Danine

David Degani – member of Haganah

Maximilien Derewski

Mojzses Dines

Gershon Dua/Bogen - kia

Isaac Duyts

Mordka Dusiany

Wilhelm Einhorn

Haim Ekstein kia Estramadura

Chaim Elkon – kia Aug 1936 – with Weiss below, they were first to go, and to be Killed

Boris/Borys Epelbaum/Apelbaum

Boris Israel/Binyamin ?? Eckstein/Epelbaum/Apelbaum

Rubin Eliasz Erlich aka Elie – b. Klobuck, moved to Palestine, died of wounds Estramadura 16.2.38

Eliyahu Erlich

Adolbert Ernester/Aruster

Moise Estreicher/Estreich

Lajos Falusi

Ms Adama Fasht

Joseph Farber – fought in Resistance at Auschwitz.

“Arab” Fawzi (?)

Michael Feller

Yehezchiel Fikkur – b. Poland, lived Israel (Haifa) – air force mechanic

Ms Munia Faingelernter/Feingerlernt

Angela Feiro

Uszet Finquestein

Ruth Fogel

Bernard Jan Frejktes - kia

Moshe Fuks kia WW2

Zvi Herman Fuks

Maksymilian Gaelet

Shaike/Yehoshua Garber

Jonas/Yonah Geduldig – shot by the Nazis

Abraham Gelman

Ms Yael Gerson

Ceska Gillert

Ms Cypora/Zipke Gillert (?) - nurse

Zvi Ginzer

Max Godet

Haim Goldenber

Kurt/Julius Goldstein

Haim Goldstein/Goldenstein

Miriam Golod

Ze’ev/Philip Gotesman, kia Toulouse French Resistance

Gotlib, murdered by Gestapo Paris 1944

Aron Grinstajn

Brent/Victor Gross

Dr Fernand Grossfeld

Matias/Meir Grossman

Itslele/Isak Gruber aka Alzudom

Aharon Arnold Guinsberg

Moise Maurice Haft

Ali Abdel Halik (El Tubni)

Pepi Halpern

Dov Berl Halpern

Naftali Halpern/Huletsky

Dr Helia Hamerman - kia

Yacov Rico Hariri “Kiru”

Haim Hawak

Chaim Hecht

Shula Heiman

R Hellen

Abraham Helfant

Dr Yosef Heller

Heniek Hercberg

Huber (Polish)

Sender Sharon Herskovic

Ari (Henry) Hollender b. Berlin 28/12/17

Hans Meyer Horst

Imre Jacobi

Emir Jaffe

Maria Jacubovski

Samuel Jonas - kia

Jechok Joffe/Ioffe/Yoffe/Charles Joseph – Major - kia Valesquillo – from Haifa

Saloman Joffe /Yoffe


Samuel Jungat

Moshe Jungreis

Abraham Jungstein

Tovia Jungstein

Chaim Jurkowski

Adam Jurski

Jacob Kahman aka Insel

David “Dodo” Kamy/Kami aka Kamenomotsky – aka “Camille” - Russian adjt. to 15th brigade, via Belgium – engineer, emigrated to Palestine, served WW2 in French Army, winning Cr. de Guerre avec palme and Red Orchestra – captured and murdered by Nazis in Belgium – TSD.

N Kali

Hyman Katz

Morris Kawer – also with Mac-paps

Sounia Kesselman

Joshua Keselman

Jakub Kirmayer - kia

Marcus/Buca Klein


Hans Kohen

Isaac Korin kia

David/Judko/Degany Karon/ Korin/Korenbaum b. Poland 29/9/15, died Israel 10/2001 – member of Haganah, lived in Israel from 1931, fought with Dombrowskis in Spain – fought in Israel’s War of Independence, founder Kibbutz Kfar Menachem, Deputy Head of Mossad.

Angele Kot

David Kozak

Kopel Kraselnik

Boris Kraselnik

Abrascha Krasny

Ivan Krasnolovev

Simon/Sioma Kramskoij

Arek Kubalski

Yohan Lamers

Moshe Elzam Lasam

Marcel Mendel Lenger/Langer - kia

Arnold Linker

Levi Litwak

Zioma/Simon Lechtmann

Arie Leon Lev aka ‘Moishe Goy’

Joseph Levi

Meir Levi

Moshe Levi

Nurse Dora Levin aka Birnbach

Arie Levin

Meir Levy

Yankel Levine

Leon Lew

Abraham Joseph Libeskind

Noach Aloni Lipkes


Simon Wolodja Lipschitz – wia repat. London 12/38

Josef Lipsman

Abraham Lissner


Zvi Herman Litwak - kia

Jankele/Yacob Lurie

Ruth Majthes

Binyamin Male

Ms Ruth Fideli/Maliniak

Ms Luba Mamut

Artin Manadiano

Alexander Maya

Artin Muradian

Abracha/Abraham Margoules/Margulis/Margalit

Chanan Mayar

Levi Mayer

Dr Anita Meyerovitch

Fred Meisuer

Ruth Meitis

Moniek Milenband

Munia Milband

Ebraim Miller

Capt. Mordechai/Mark/Marx Milman/Millman – kia at Ebro Aug 1938 – CO Palestine contingent and of Lincoln Brigade later

Chaim Menachem Minkes

Vladimir Mirochnichenko

Jean Mitelman

Isaac Meirovici (Rumanian) POW 1938-43 in Spain

D Milgrom (Polish)

Felix Montreuil

Diego Mula

Fawzi Sabri Nablusi (Arab member)

Maurice Najman – pilot

Shlomo Natan

Aaron Nitzan

Zippora/Cypora Nilar

David/Mozses Oestrech (see Estreicher above)

Rice Oringer (Histadrut member)

David Ostrovsky later French Resistance, died 2005 – see Argentinians

Jaques Penczyna - one of 13 members of Palestine Jewish Hapoel who fought in Barcelona in June 1936; they were in Spain for the Workers’ Olympiad, a protest against the official Nazi Berlin Olympics; when hostilities began they joined the Barcelona Militia - Prago and JWC.

Dr Perelman

Eliyahu Perez

Sasa Pesanski

Alexandre Pieschanski/Peschansky

Yehezkiel Piekar – member of the Haganah - Haifa – pilot – Andre Malraux Sqdn., (Prago) – later fought Israel war of Independence

Felina Pintchuck

Israel Radwanski

Eliahu Rappoport

Jacob Reuven

Maurice Riba

Abraham Ritter

Moshe Ritter

Alfred Rotaru aka Rosenberg /Rotnstrauc

Mordechai Roth

Abraham Rozenczweig/Shoshani

Boris Dov Rudayev

Gricha Roitman

Major Valter Roman – b. Rumania - CO of all IB artillery

David Rutenberg

Israel Rzelkowitch

Ait Sa’adi

Mustafa Sa’adi/Najati Tsadki

Garnik Sahakjan

Elie Salomon – from LEBANON

Nicolas Sama - POW France 2/39

Tornik Sanragorzian

Abraham Schneider

Abraham Stocschtil

Michael Segal

Samuel Segal – Sivkin St 26, Tel-Aviv – served UK Army WW2

Simon Shihor

Shalom Shiloni

Josef Silberman

Franciszek Schafer

S Schlein

Itzak Schlamberger - kia

Joske/Yosef Schnitzer

Max Schwartzenberg

Rachel/Rochelle “Angelka” Schwartzman

Abraham Sherf

Chaim Shinfaber aka Zelig Scheinberg

Samuel Smuel (?) Stamler/Shtemler KIA at Estremadurs

David Smulevich – fought in Resistance at Auschwitz

Nahum Sofer

Max Sokol

M L Solomon

David Solomonov - kia

Joseph Srolevsky

Hana Srulewicz

Micha Stelianu

Bernard Stern

Pinchas Paul Steiner

Seigmund Steiner

Dov Bernard Stern

F Sternberg

Heini Sternheim

Adela Stever/Weintraub

Adolf Stipel

Naum Super

Wolf Szapiro

Nathan Szenker

Shlomo Szlayer

I. Sztein

Marcel “Koth” Szteranzis

David Szmulewski – kia

Max Maciej Technitchek – Czech Coy., Polish origin

Aaron Tenenbaum

Simcha Shmuel Todres

Tanhulm Tulchinsky

Yakob Tvardowski

Matyss Ulman

Emile Urmish kia Ebro


Josef Mendel Waisblum

Sara Wajsblum/Waisblum

Joseph Waisberg - kia

Nachum Arie Weiss – kia Nov 1936

Abraham Weitman/Weizmann

Mojsez Weitman/Weizmann

Dr Jadwiga Welikanowicz – kia

Herzl Weksler

Rose Wlopolska

Baruch Wilder

Yehoshua ‘Chick’ Wind

Ephraim Wuzek

Zippora Wolfson

Isidore “Ernst” Wolfson

Bernard Wolkas/Volkas – Kovno, Lithuanian, b 1916, went to Palestine 1934, went by Paris and Marseilles on SS Ciudad Barcelona, torpedoed 30.5.37 by Italian submarine, only 3 survivors out of 56 volunteers aboard, including Wolkas who later lived in the USA, Isaac Kupietz and Abe Osheroff of the USA. Was in the artillery of the IB, wia, fought with Soviet partisans and Paras in WW2, POW and survived Auschwitz (Resistance group) and Buchenwald (DD p. 393-4) – lived California. Israel source say he was kia Spain

Imrou Yakobi

Zelman/Zalman Joshua Saltzman/Zaltsman died 2005 – US Army WW2 – led Israeli SCW Veterans Association

Samuel Zoltan kia French Resistance

JEWS FROM MOROCCO (from Nanterre University Archives, Paris)

Isaac Achidjar, artllery

Salomon Bendayan

Simon Dahan, artillery

Abraham Elbas

Abraham Levy

Robert Maroch, Pilot

Francois Pinto

Israel Rubio/Rusio

The Romanians

Abram Abram

Oscar Abramovich

Gheorghe Adorian

Oscar Abramovich kia

Lazar Alexandru

Simka Appel

Hans Arbore aka Sternschuss

Dr Leo Arco (Russia)

Jacob Aronovitch (Russia)

Armand Avramescu

Gabriel Axel/Axler – kia

Olga Bancic – VALBA web site

Samuel Berkowitz

Casimir Bodeon – kia

Aron Boguslavski - kia

Michal Boico

Enta Braunstein

Albert Brefman – kia

Dr Buca (Russia)

Galea Burke

Benjamin Bura


Ishael Carol

Ladislas Citron aka Mexique

Bucur Clejan

Michal Codrutz

Iosif Condero kia

Grigre Cotovski

Iacob Crasnov – Russia

Pavel Critescu aka Kleinman

Isaac Cuntz

I. Diamant

Bela Ernster

Motl Feifman

I. Felix kia

Sofia Fijtman

Marcel Finkelman

Albert Finkelstein kia

Fichel Finkelstein

Usher Finkelstein

Mihail Florescu

Maximilian Fridman/Friedman kia

Herbert Gabbe/Gable

Sara Gartenstein

Isaac Gelbruch kia

Ariol Gershman - Russia

Chaim Goldstein

Chaim Goldenstein

Carol Goldstein kia

Michal Grinberg – Russia

Usher Grinspan kia

Urel Grofaru aka Tehapaiev

Mauriein Gross

Micha Gurievski

Iasha Gutman – Russia

Arnold Iacobovitch/Icbovici

Dr David Iancu/Jancu

Iancu Iankelevitch kia

Petru Iosif aka Brauchfeld

Bera Iurgroi kia

Elemer Katz

Abram Kauf

Ali Kelmer kia

I. Kilimnik – Russia

Severin Kilmayer kia

Buke Kleinn aka Marcu

Simon Kranzelic

Abram Landau

Alexandru Larenciu

Alexander Lazar kia


Michal Leb

Leon Lebelsohn kia

Boria Leiserovitch

Noemie Lerer

Alexander Levoi kia

D Levoi

S Livshitz USA

Bercu Loseanu kia

Elisabeta Luca

Iuliu Lunevski

Mihail Lungu aka Micha Vechter

Adalbert Mandel kia

Manole H. Manole (Russia)

Leon Marcovitch/Marcovici

Vladimir Mazepa kia

Jacob Mehr

Isaac Mera aka Mayerovich

Saloman Michail aka Israel

Andre Micu

F Michailanu

David Mihail aka Veisbuch

Petru Mihaleanu aka Hershkovitch

Ionel Militineanu

I. Milma

Horia Moldoveanu aka Lazarovitch

Isidor Moscovitz

Ionel Munteanu aka Iancu Goldstein

Grigore Naum

Carol Neuman

Aron Nice (French)

David Novosileck

Ricu Ogareanu aka Israel Oringer

Capt. Dr Michal Perelman/Perilmann – studeid medicine Toulon/Paris

Elie Rapport (French)

Elie Rapoport

Adolf Reiter

Wolf Rotberg

Andre Roman

Ladislau Rosenberg kia

Aleksei Rozner

Ion Sakelarie aka Schenker

Zoltan Samuel

Iso Schapira

Natan Schenker

Wolf Schimens

Emil Schneiberg kia 2/37 – CO 15 bat. 6’ieme Fevrier

Emile Schneidert

Josef Scheinbach


Mauriciu Schpitz

Samuel Schreier kia

Ladislau Schvimmer

Mauriciu Segal

Abram Sharf

Basil Sherban

Zoltan Simion kia

Sanda Sova

Moshe Spiro b. 1911 – kia Polish partisans 1943

Hans Sternshus

Gherghe Stoica

Anna Strulovitici

Petre Sutchiu aka Scherf

Avsic Naum Svet (Russia)

Rene Tailer (France)

Jacob Tchaikel

Josef Tchatchma (Russia)

Alexander Tcheresnies (Hungary)

Dr Hermina Tismeneanu

Leon Tismeneanu

Leonte Tismeneanu

Dr Anna Tudiker

Emil Vasser

Peissah Vasserman

Salomon Veinberg

Stefan Veinrub

Veisbruch (Russia)

Philippe Veis

Abram Veissman (Russia)

Meyer Veksler kia

Rossilca Veksman (Russia)

Jacha Volevitch


M. Weidenfeld

L Weksler – kia French Resistance

Julius Wilhelm

Francois/Francisc Wolf kia aka Joseph Boczow, kia French Resistance 21.7.44

Mauriciu Zemler

Iancu Zilberman kia

Anna Zinger

Zigmund Zonnreich kia

The Germans – Thaelmann bat.

Approx 500 IBers were from German speaking countries, many already having been in Nazi camps and were later murdered after the war in Spain when they fought in the Resistance in various countries. They have in many cases left no trace except their index cards in Soviet and Gestapo records. Many were in fact the first defenders of the Republic as they had gone to live in Spain from Nazi Germany or Austria and fought with the first of the international combat units, Gruppe Thaelmann – but as 14 of the 18 founders were Jews it was known as the Judische Gruppe Thaelmann, founded 24 July 1936 in Barcelona and first went into battle 22 Aug at Saragossa! As with many other Ibers, many also fought in the Resistance Groups in WW2.

Many of the names come from Diamant’s book (see introduction) but others have been added by a list supplied by Fred Dellheim in Germany, from which Sydney Goldberg of AJEX UK helped pick out Jewish names. This is not the most accurate way of finding the Jewish fighters from Germany but the the only recourse given we have no information on religious affiliation except from Diamant.

Jacob Altmaier - born 23/11/1889 Florsheim, Iron Cross WW1, correspondent in Spain and WW2 in Cairo, W. German MP, helped with Germany-Israel Treaty 1952, died Bonn 8.2.63

Hans Adler

Herman Haim Adler

Rolf Aron

Rudi Auerbach

Leopold Bauer b. Skalat 18.12.12

Wolf Bayn/Bayan – Ex 11th Brigade – POW France 13/38 – came from Israel

Max Beer

Hans Beimler b. Munich 2/7/95 – Commisar , ex-German MP, escaped Nazi camp, kia Madrid – founder of 1st Thaelman centurion 1936

Anton Belski

Dr Gotz Bobby Berger – b. Berlin 26/1/05.

Otto Bergmann

Paul Bergmann

Peter Bergmann

Rudolf Bergmann b. Essen 28.02.08

Gerhard Berkel

Chaim Besser

Willy Bick b. Essen 1.12.03

Peter Blachstein – writer and journalist – b. Dresden 30.4.1911, Socialist – Zionist arrested 1934 Hohenstein concentration camp, , via Oslo to Spain 1936 with Willy Brandt and Max Diamant, became a Lieutenant at front, escaped to Sweden via France, then returned to germany in 1947, MP and Ambassador to Yugoslavia – died Hamburg 4.10.77.

Fritz Blattmann

Dr Gunter Bodek – b Berlin 7/5/1895, WW1 veteran, fled to Spain 1933, , i/c military hospital Benicassim , killed 26.6.37.

Mrs G Kathe Bodek – was with husb. in Spain working in an orphanage and escaped later to Mexico with her children where she died in 1981.

Hans Brandes

Heinrich Brandes b. Salzwedel 31.10.11

Walter Breitfeld b. Meinersdorf 5.12.03

Willy Brostowski

Alfred Cahn b. Koln 15.12.18/ 25.2.18?

Hugo Cahn

Robert Capa – aka Andrei Friedmann b. Budapest 1913 – came to Berlin 1931 as a photographer , then fled to Paris where he married the Jewish Gerta Pohorylle aka Gerta Taro b. Lemberg Poland 1911. She invented his name Capa. Gerta was kia at Brunete aged 26 years. After Spain Capa worked in China and with the US army in WW2 from Tunisia to Paris and Berlin – then to Russia, Israel (1948 War) and was killed in Vietnam on 25.5.54 by a mine.

Henri Cohen b Melilla 13.7.20

Dr Ernest Cohn b. Koln 1901

Fritz Cohn

Hans Cohn

Fritz David b.Berlin 7.10.15

Max Diamint/Diamant – writer and journalist b. Lodz 3.8.08

Julius Deutsch – b. 2/2/1889 Lackenbach, Austria, studied Zurich ,officer WW1 Austro-Hungary army , Ministry of Defence, fled to Prague 1933, went to Spain and became a general commanding coastal defences No 3 Div., Spanish Army. 1939 helped form Austrian bat. in French army, fled USA 1941, returned Austria 1946, died 17.1.68 in Vienna (see Austrian section) . Son Gustav murdered by Stalin 1939.

Jacob Donaer b. Schnappach 11/10/00

Arthur Dorf b. Barmen 17/7/08 – Commisar 11th brig.

Jacob Driess

Gerda Ebstein

Heinrich Ebstein

Herbert Ebstein

Georg Eckstein

Carl Einstein – b. Karlsruhe 26/4 1895 or 85 , fled to France, to Spain 1936 with wife, fought with the anarchists, interned Argeles. When Germans occupied France he committed suicide.

Mrs C Einstein – wife of above.

Karl Ellenbogen

Erwin Eppstein

Melanie Ernst – nee Weinberger – b. Czernowitz 4.4.1893, aka Emma Backmayer arrested by Swiss for smuggling hundreds of Volunteers in to Spain.

Julius Fechenbach

Richard Feibelmann

Lt. Herman L. Feld – b. Berlin 21/2/1914, family in Dachau/Buchenwald, murdered Auschwitz; brother Siegfried fled to UK and fought in British army throughout war in Guards, died aged 36 years. Hermann became a British pilot and then fought in Republic’s Espana Squadron commanded by Andre Malraux. He was acting cmdr No 2 Sqdn. of 30 Group flying Natasha aircraft. Kia 5/6/June 1937 at Quintanar saving the life of cmdr. Sabate by drawing fire from Italian Fiat aircraft.

Simon Feldmann b. Dresden 1.5.13

Dr Feldmann

Gustav Feuergarten

Michael Flurscheim

Simon Fottelmann

Bruno Frei - writer and journalist

Dr Liesl Freund

Max “Mackie” Friedemann – born Orsey, Ruhr 13.2.1905, settled in Barcelona, built and was second i/c of all communications/signals in Spanish army. As Commandant Francois Heuze he was a combat leader in French Resistance WW2 and became Sec of State for Mining in GDR post war – died 10.11.86

Thea Friedemann b. Orsey 10.10.06

Haydu Friedemann b. Orsey

Golda Friedemann b. Dabrova 1.7.07 – wife of Max also fought with him in Spain and France. Married Spanish Front 1936!

Paul Friedmann

Herbert Friedlander

Martin Fuerer/Fuhrer

Ludwik Gecinski/Geczinski

Edgar Ginsberger b. Pforzheim 18.8.11

Max Goldberger b.Vienna 12.8.04

Werner Goldenberg b. Dusseldorf 18.12.13/17.7.13

Oscar Goldenhirsch

Emil Goldmann

Delfried Goldstaub

Ernst Goldstein

Julius Kurt Goldstein b.Dortmund 3.11.14 – Auschwitz survivor

Doctor Goldstray

Leon Grunbaum

Gottfried Grunberg b. Beuthen 29.5.89

Elsa Grunstein nee Spiegel

Herbert Grunstein b. Erfurt 27.7.12

Siegfried Arnold Gutman

Bert Halpern

Harry Heffeld/Helfeldt aged 33 wia

Dr Werner/Gustav Heilbrunn – kia MO 45th Div.

Franz Hel

Otto Heller – b. Brun 1897 – WW1 Lt. – Spain 1936 and WW2 French Resistance as Raymond Brunet – captured 1943 and murdered Ebensee camp 1945.

Kaete Hempel

Werner Hermerlin


Stefan Heym – writer and journalist

Adolf Hirsch

Walter Hirsch

Herbert Hirsch -Hoffman

Otto Albert Hirschmann b. Berlin 7.4.15

Aizik Hoffman

Reinhold Hoffman

Georg Hornstein – b. 1900 Berlin, officer German army 1918 - Coy Cmdr 11th Thalmann Brig. Wia 8.7.1937, fled to Amsterdam 1941 and arrested by Gestapo his statement being the only one extant of an interview of a Jewish German Resistance fighter – ending in Buchenwald he was murdered 3.9.42.

Egon Illfeldt/Ilfeld

Heinrich Jacobs b. Volklingen 7.2.15

Fritz Jensen – aka Frederick Jerusalem b. Prague 26/12/1903 – Chief MO 13th Brigade and in 1938 Chief MO main hospital at Benicassim – 1939 went to work for Red Cross in China against Japan, married, returned to Vienna 1948, killed in an air crash 1955 on way to 3rd World Meeting in Indonesia.

Max Kahane b. Hanover 31.1.10

Maurice Kahn

Alfred Kalmanovitz

Rudi Kampf student aged 32 years b. Dresden 22.12.19

Dr Friedl Kassowitz – b. Toplitz-Schonau 1907 – German army service, defended Ernst Thalmann in German court, 1937 – in Spain was Lt. comm No 3 Coy 10th bat. 14th Brigade, kia Navalperal 4/7/37

Frieda Kantorowitsch b. Gottingen 18.6.05

Alfred Kantorowicz – writer and journalist b. Berlin 12.8.99.

Karl Katzenberger b. Remscheid 1907/9?

Max Katzenellenbogen b. Berlin

Prof. Dr Alfred Katzenstein b. Monchen-Gladbach 16.5.15

Florentin Koester metallurgist aged 35

David Kohn – b. Vienna, arrested for smuggling volunteers into Spain

Dr Bedrich Kisch

Egon Erwin Kisch – writer and journalist ( Czech brothers)

Leo Kneler b. Warsaw 12.12.02

Erich Knobloch b. Coblenz

Walter Knobloch

Joseph Koenigsberger

Fritz Kohn b. Flensburg 26.6.01

Dr Heinz Kohn

Karl Kormes (ML – O’Riordan)

Willi Kornmann

Kurt Krause

Otto Kronberg

Friedrich Krupinsky

Norbert Kugler – b 10.4.1906 Schonen- Spain 1936 via France – in 11th Thalmann Brig. at Madrid, Boadilla, Las Rosas , Jarama, Guadalajara, Teruel, Ebro – promoted staff officer 45th Div. Married Mira (a nurse) in 1938 in Spain – French Resistance cmdr. In Lyon area – returned GDR and imprisoned 5 years – died Berlin 4.5.82.

Mira Kugler – wife of Norbert – nee Bromer b. Lodz 30.4.1914 - served in Spain and French Resistance with her husband.

Erich Kurschiniski b. Gera 25.12.83

Markus Landau

Matthias Landau

Paul Langer, mechanic

Richard Lehmas/Lehmann b. Jankendorf 12.4.11

Moritz Levin

August Levin/Lewin b. Loitz 25.5.95

Rudolf Lewandowsky

Federico Lewy

Hans Lewy

Kurt Lewy

Leib Lewy

Dr Fritz Lewy

Michael Licht

Robert Licht

Herbert Lichtenstein

Horst Lichenstein

Karl Heinz Lichtenstein b. Berlin 1.12.17

Kurt Lichenstein b. Berlin 1.12.11

E Lieber – later served UK Forcs WW2

Paul Lindau

Dr Bernhard (Benko) Littwack/Litwak – b Ortelsburg 1902 – doctor in “Red” Moabit hospital in Berlin, much hated by Nazis – fled to Belgrade with wife Eva then to Spain – Lt and Chief MO No.1 hospital Albacete - with Eva as nurse – fled to France and survived Drancy and Blechhammer camps - wife and child also survive Harz mtns camps. Feld to GDR, then fled to Frankfurt after Slansky trials in Prague.

Dr. Eva Littwack – wife of above.

Jacob Lorschneider

Josef Lorschneider b. Saarbrucken 2.9.99

Franz Loewenstein b. Berlin

Walter Loewenstein

Hans Loewy b. Hamburg 12.12.99

Hilda Loner/Cahn b. Berlin 26.7.09

Adolph Low, later served French Foreign Legion died 11/11/2002 aged 97 yrs

Florentin Manilla

Herman Markiewicz

Ludwig Markowski

Paul Marchinski

Dr Charlotte Margolin

Herman Mayer b. Ludwigsburg 6.12.06

Dr Ursula Mayer

Edward Maus

Lothar Mendl

Karl Merkel

Karl Merkel b. Saarbrucken 21.1.03

Felix Meschuleit

Rudolf Michaelis b. Leipzig 31.3.07

Alfred Neuman b. Berlin 15.12.09

Alfred Neumann

Alfons Neumann

Arthur Neumann b. Obersdorf 24.10.99

Erich Neumann b Berlin 3.4.08

Erich Neumann b. Berlin

Hans Neumann

Helmut Neumann

Oskar Neumann b. Golle 28.7.03

Paul Neumann b. Sangerhausen 18.4. 06

Siegmund Neumann b. Tarnow 14.2.07

Walter Neumann b. Nieder-Ingelheim 23.10.05

Emma Neumann-Ostrowski

Erika Neumann-Prados

Dr Rudof Neumann – b. 1899 Berlin – fled to France and then was a Chief MO and founder in Spain of the IB– then to USA and then GDR as Minister of Health – died Berlin 1962.

Otto Perl

Hans Piller

Gert Pinkus

Theo Pollack

Hans Rauch b. Mainz 11.11.14

Heinz Rauch b. Leipzig 23.12.14

Ignacio Rauch

Jacob Rauch b. Przemys, Pol. – 20.9.97

Fritz Reichwein

Georg Reisner – b Breslau 9.12.1911 – worked Spain as photographer, arrested 1937, interned France, committed suicide.

Ruth Rewald b. Berlin 5.6.06 - married to Hans Schaul (below) – arrested with daughter Anja 17.7.42 and murdered in Auschwitz.

Willi Rewald – nurse – b.1.11.04

Moritz Rosenthal

Abraham Rosentrauch

Hermann Rudkowsky b.Leipzig/Grajewo, Poland – 20.7.04

Arno Rudkowsky b. Grajewo, Poland – 20.6.10

Dr Fritz Salaman

Max Salomon

Robert Salomon

Rudolf Salomon b. Homburg 21.1.14

Dr Hans Salomon b. Berlin 25.3.90 – served as a doctor in WW1

Alwin Sass

Iso Schapira

Prof. Hans Schaul – journalist and writer – b. Frankfurt 13.12.1905 – photographer pupil of Capa in Spain – later returned to GDR.

Kurt Scheffler b. Leipzig 3.3.08

August Scheffler

Leo Schein b. Sonnefeld 2.3.84

Heinz Schemberger

Walter Scherf b. Lobtau 4 .8.02

Max Schlesinger

Otto Schmuek/Schmuck b. Woerth 12.12.98

Gustav Schnitzer

Anna Seghers – writer and journalist

Heinz Seligmann

Else Spiegel-Grunstein

Oto Sneidereit

Tilly Speigel - b. 10.12 1906 Nowosielice, Romania – brought up in Vienna – arrested for smuggling hundreds of volunteers into Spain.

Lotte Spanenberg

Hans Stark b. Heilbron 2.3.12

Fred Stark – Swiss??

Isl Stefan

Harry Steinfeld

Wolfgang Stern – younger brother of Gen Manfred Stern – also Red Army WW2 – returned Poland after war.

Dr Leo Stern – brother of Wolfgang – b. Woloka 27.3.1901 – then after taught in Moscow Univ. - Col in Red Army in Austria.

Kurt Stern – b. Berlin 18.9.1907 – Commissar in Spain and lived in GDR

Manfred Stern b. Woloka 20.1.96

Max Stern – b Vienna 1903 – aka Otto Glaser – commander of Transport of 11th Brig. – Soviet partisan WW2 – lived Vienna.

Walter Stern b. Bochum

Wolf Stern b. Woloka

Michel Sternberg

Rudolf Sternberg

Dr August Stettenbaum

Jakob Stoll

David Szymin aka David “Chim” Seymour – b. Poland 1911 and worked in Spain as photographer – then WW2 in US army and killed at Suez in 1956. Close friend of Capa/Friedmann (see Thaelmann)

Gerta Taro aka Pohorylles – wife of Capa – kia Brunete b. Leipzig 1.8.11

Dr Joseph Toch (Austria) – b. 10.3.08, fled to UK

Son of Joseph Toch – Prago - kia

Peter Triersheidt, metallurgist aged 40 – b. Dusseldorf

Victor Toulman (Hungarian)

Capt Traulitz (Austrian)

Fred Uhlman, based in UK after SCW, poet and painter – Ben Macintyre ‘Tanya’ p 147

Kurt Vogel b. Potsdam 3.2.10

Max Weidman

Johann Weiss b. Lambo

Hans Wischnewski

Kurt Wohlrath

Bruno Wolf b. Berlin 22.7.07

Erik Wolf

Ernst Wolf

Herbert Wolf

Isaak Wolf

Johann Wolf b. Neunkirchen

Josef Wolf

Nikolaus Wolf

Paul Wolf

Gen Mate Zalka aka Paul Lucacs/Lukacz aka Kemeny – b. Rumania - fought as officer Austro-Hungarian army WW1, captured by Russians and then fought in Red Army against Whites – comdr. 12th Garibaldi Brig. and 45th Div – kia 11.6.1937 near Huesca.

Moritz Zaidermann

General Wilhelm Zaisser aka Gomez b. Germany

Dr Rudolf Zuckermann b.Wuppertal 2.10.10

The following names have been taken from lists of medical personnel who served with the Republican Forces, kept at the Archivo Generale Militar de Avila, in Spain, supplied to the author by James Carmody. The Nationalities are not known. Also helpful was a privately published memorial book by Prof M. Kremer of Israel, on his uncle, Dr D Tallenberg, kia.

Dr Herbert Baer

Dr Walter Blank

Dr Nelson Boch

Oscar Biro

Dr Rolf Becker

Dr Pierre Blin

Dr Hanna Boehme

Dr Braunstein

Dr Fritz Eckert

Dr Samuel Flato

Dr Manuel Flato

Dr Freudmann

Dr Fried

Dr Fruchter

Dr Feldstein

Dr Fuhrmann

Dr Fullman/Fuhlman

Dr Gruenstein

Dr Victor Gross

Dr Alexander Hart from UK, b Fiesole, Italy

Dr Kretzschmar

Jose Kutin

Vladimir Kupcicz

David Kraus b. Poland 1906

Alexander Korchevski

Sarah Kalma

Dr Alexander Langer

Dr Max Laufer

Dr Luschinski

Dr Landesberg

Dr Lustig

Franz Lazar

Dr Eugen Neumann

Dr Peck

Dr Polak

Dr Radevski

Stefan Reikovich

Dr Seidmann

Dr Schwertz

Alec Szurek

Dr Maurice Segal

Dr Sandor Tuchman

Dr Desire David Thalenberg/Tallenberg – MO129th Brig – POW, executed.

Dr Trocki

Dr Vogel

Dr Zendeck Wiesner

Albine Wiesner (wife)

Dr Woronowski

Dr Zimmermann

Dr Zlink

Argentinian Jewish Combattants

From research of Prof. Raanan Rein of Tel-Aviv University, Israel, in his 2016 paper (online). Many Argentinians served in the Dombrowski Brigade and attained high rank. So, some names may be duplicated. Among Raanan’s sources were ‘Argentine Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War’ by Gonzalez, Boragina and Sommaro, Buenos Aires 2008 and ‘Jewish Volunteers from Argentina in the Spanish Civil War’, as above. Short biographies of these fighters can be read in these books.

Bension/Benjamin Abramson, b. 1888 Uktaine

Ms Adelina Abramson, b. 1917 Buenos Aires

Ms Paulina Abramson (sisters), b. 1915 B. Aires

Ms Rosa Kondratieve Abramson, b. Ukraine, related to Benjamin above

Bruno Arciszewski, b. Poland

Ms Berta Miedwiecki Baumkoler, b. Belorussia 1910

and HUSBAND Mendel Baumkoler b. Poland

Nicolas Benezisk

Gregorio Berman(n) – Doctor from Cordoba, b. 1896

Miss Sonia Besmertnaia, POW 30 yrs. sentence 1937, released in 1944

Ms Lilia Bondareva, b. Vienna 1908

Zanger Borenstein

Riman Miguel Brodski, b. B Aires 1913

Antonio Bugan Vijo, b. B Aires, POW

Ms Maria Claramunt, b. Argentina

Ms Minerva Claramunt b. Argentina – sisters??

Nat Cohen, b. 1900 from Stepney London, 1922-32 Communist activist in Argentina – SEE BRITISH BATALLION ABOVE

Dr Luis Corach – b. 1914, Doctor, Cordoba, POW

David Davidoff b. Sofia, Bulgaria 1903

Ms Rosa De Galer

Max Doppler, b. 1905 Baden, Germany, Commandant Beimler Bn., KIA Teruel 1938

Dr Bernardo Edelman, from Cordoba, b. B Aires

Ms Fanny Jacovkis Edelman, b. San Francisco 1911- died 2011 – wife of Bernardo (SEE DOMBROWSKIS)

Salomon Elguer, b. B Aires 1906

Espinos Santiago Estruch, b. 1912 Argentina

Dr Hipoloto Etchebehere - killed – Doctor

Miss Micaela Mika Feldman (Dentist) b. Argentina 1902 - died 1992 – wife of Hipoloto Etchebehere, above, became a Capt. and CO of her husband’s regiment when he was killed

Dr Sofia Fitjman b. 1912 Roumania

Jose Dalfo Fort, b. B Aires 1919

Leon Brausberg Friedman POW Miranda

Juan Gaston Gilly, b. Cordoba 1916

Dr Juan Goldstraj, b. 1898 Odessa

Aaron Grinstein, b. B. Aires

Jose Grunfeld b. 1907 Santa Fe, Argentina

Gustavo Grunovas, b. Lithuania, POW Gurs

Jose Maria Guigan Lopez, b. 1916, B. Aires

Fernando Jaffa/Iaffa, dentist b. B Aires 1913

Alejandro Jacky b. B Aires, 1911

Enrique Jaso Paz, b. B Aires 1879 (some say in Spain) activist with Spanish agrarian workers, shot in 1936 for treason with his two sons

Manuel Enrique Joglar, b. Argentina 1917, POW 1937-41

Samuel Joukovsky, b. B Aires 1913, husband of Sara Segal (below)

Julio Jovel

Dr Roberto Jugman, doctor and Commissar

Dr Jungman (same as above?)

Boleslao Katinas, b. Lithuania

Jose Kessel b. Argentina 1898, in Jewish town of Villa Clara in Entre Rios; served WW1 as a French pilot, and in French Squadron RAF in WW2; journalist and novelist who went to Spain and wrote in support of Republic in SCW

David Kraiselburd b. 1908 B Aires, was POW

Dr Langer

Isaac Lax

Martinez Juan Lemus

Ms Raquel Levenson b. 1915 B. Aires

Isaac Libenson, b. Russia

Leon Liebenson

Jacobo Lipovetsky b. 1898 Ekaterinoslaw, Russia and served with British Army 1918 in Israel against the Turks

Juan Lluch Roches from Cordoba

Pedro Loss b. B. Aires 1915

Salvador Loy Keplach, b. 1908 Moldavia

Sofia Borzecki Mach b. Poland 1893, POW

Jacobo Maguid b. Sante Fe Argentina 1907, POWArgeles

Jaime Maimo

Antonio Marcinkus, b. Lithuania, POW and died in a camp 1939

Dr Milan Matcovitch, naturalised Argentinian .

List Mayer, killed by Nazis in France

Bernardo Mesquida, POW France

Segismundo Milesky

Ms Graciela Mochkovsky from Cordoba

Beningo Mochkovsky b. Cordobo 1911

Pedro Camilo Moya Senti

Dr David Ostrowski/y from Cordoba (SEE DOMBROWSKIS) – went to Israel for military experience/training in 1937 with and against British Occupation troops with Hashomer Hatzair. After Spain served in French Resistance and then 1948 Israeli War of Independence.

Ms Anita Piancenza

Lejzor Piecznik, b. Poland

Ms Sofia Poliak, b. La Plata 1912, Dentist

Jacobo Prince, b. 1901 Ukraine

Simon Radowitsky, b. 1891 Ukraine

Diego Lozano Ralls, b. Argentina 1917

Hugo Pohl Reuter, POW till 1940 at Miranda

Samuel Rodoy, b. Rosario

Luciano Gauzope Rossel, b. Santa Fe in 1916, shot as a POW 1938, Leida aged 22 years

Ms Clara Rosen, b. 1920 B Aires, with father Max Rosen

Max Rosen , b. Germany and after Spain went to live in USSR

Angel Rosenblat, b. 1902 in Poland

Antonio Dionisio Rumanes b. Argentina 1913

Clemente Samanes, b. Argentina 1910

Abraham Schukman

Dr Bernardo Serabrinsky from Cordoba

Abraham Setty from Iraq 15th IB, 59th Division

Ms Sara Elisa Segal b. Santa Fe – wife of Joukovsky above

Boleslavas Shileika, b.Lithuania , POW France, and headed a partisan group against the Nazis

Enrique Sieloff, b. Germany

Antonio Silenskis, b. Lithuania, kia 2/4/38

Adolfo Siloff

Pedro Sosnowski

Nicolas Steinmetz, b. Hungary 1908, radio and reconnaisance in Spain; killed fighting Nazis in Hungary in WW2

Justo Steiner , b. Entre Rios, escaped to France

Dr Dora Sukarte, b. 1895 Kovno, Lithuania

Estanislao Talalis, b. Lithuania

Dr Gregorio Topolevsky, b. Grodno, Russia

Ms Dora Trumper, b. 1906, Santa Fe

Simon Tur

Francisco Uliavichius b. Lithuania

Adolfo Valius b. Lithuania, kia 1938

Wilhelm Von Malinckrodt, b. 1892 Belgium,WW1 pilot, and Argentine Army 1920’s and Spanish Army . WIA, he was sent to Miranda camp

Albert Weisbord, b. New York 1900

Zalman Izraelevitch Yaselman, b. Paris 1889

Volodia Zolonitsky

Hishel Fiszel Zuckerman

Eufrosino Diez Zumel


The following names come from the list of approx. 1600 contained in the final volume of “Spanja”, from page 505, published in Belgrade in 1971, and consulted at the MML, about Yugoslavs who fought against Franco. These are in addition to the Dimitrovs listed by Diamint (above) and are only inspired guesses by the author using the surnames.

Emil Belin Belino b. 1909 – aka Emilio Bellen? Miner? – b. Fiume/Italy 1902? – perhaps kia Spain – son of Leone.

Rudolf Berger b. 1885

Dzozef Josip Berkovic (Majer) b. 1885

Lazar Bukovic b. 1896

Jovan/John Centor b. 1906

Anton Cimerman b. 1911

Havi Con, b. 1905

Karmelo de Leo (Leon-Djovani Karnio Cernais) – Italian b. 1916

Aleksa Demnijevski (Sergije Bauman) b. 1905

Egon Erlih b. 1913

Frank Govnic b. 1905

Matija Gros

Karel Haz/Hatz aka Hose Lopez Moreno/Sergej Kozlov b. 1898

Bernard Haufner

Milan Isakov b. 1911

Josip Jakopovic (Josko Stranic) b. 1903 – Croatian Canadian kia Aragon

Franjo Jakovsic/Jakovcic b. 1902

Mato Jakovcic b. 1902

Viktor Jazbinsek (Antonio Lopez) aka Robert Reiner b. 1903

Lazar Jelic b. 1901

Mate Jelic b. 1884

Stefan Jelen

Mitan Jeroncic aka Mile Koren b. 1912

Jozo Kacman

Adolf Kittl b. 1908

George Koslov b. 1909

Lea Kraus b. 1914 Zagreb, medical student

Martin Kuzman b. 1919

Stefan Laski/Lasic b. 1914

Franc Lazar/Koroser b. 1906 kia Belchite 8/37

Friedrich Lehmann b. 1895 Berlin

Jozef Lisinski b.1903

Lazar Mirkovic b.1910 kia Madrid 20/11/36

Fridrich Pinter b. 1903

Karl Pinter/Pintar b. 1909

Andrija Preger b.1908

Vilko Presburger b 1906 Zagreb

Karol Preminger/Predniger b 1907

Maks Puskin b 1901

Anton/Tone Rancinger/Franc Stajn b 1910

Franc Rozman b 1912

Juraj Rozman b 1908


Albin Salomon b 1904

Stanislav Stanko Salomon b 1920

Julius Sol b 1893

Drago Adolf Stajnberger b 1916

Sigismund Bobi Stetler b 1914

Izidor Strok b 1911

Adam Strumberger (Mihail Mojsejenko Romanic) b 1900 kia 22/11/36 Casa del Campo

Milen/Milan Todorovic

Vojo (Samuel Lener) Todorovic b 1914

George Winterstein


[1] Members are affectionaltely referred to as “IB ers” .

[2] “British Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War”, Routledge 2004.

[3]  See the 2003 film by Israeli writer Eran Torbiner, ‘Madrid Before Hanita’