DYHERNFURTH (Pol. Brzeg Dolny), town in Lower Silesia; from 1945 in Poland, near Wroclaw (Breslau). Its Jewish community dates from 1688, when Shabbetai *Bass, founder of modern Hebrew bibliography, leased printing privileges from the local magnate who, in turn, held them from the emperor. The first work he printed in Dyhernfurth was *Samuel b. Uri Shraga Phoebus' Beit Shemu'el, a commentary on Shulhan Arukh Even ha-Ezer (1689). A community was formed by 13 families, all employed in Bass's printing works. Both Bass and his son Joseph had to contend with the hostility of the Jesuits,
M. Gruenwald, Zur Geschichte der juedischen Gemeinde Dyhernfurth (1881); I. Rabin, Aus Dyhernfurths juedischer Vergangenheit (1929); D. Weinbaum, Geschichte des juedischen Friedhofs in Dyhernfurth (1903); Landsberger, in: MGWJ, 39 (1895), 120–33, 187–92, 230–38; Brann, ibid., 40 (1896), 474–80, 515–26, 560–74; Brilling, in: ZGJB, 7 (1937), 109–12. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Marx, in: C. Berlin (ed.), Studies in Jewish Bibliography … in Honor of I.E. Kiev (1971), 217–36; H.C. Zafren, ibid., 543–80.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.