Dr. Alfred Meyer was a Nazi official, achieving the rank of Staatssekretär and Deputy Reichsminister in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories (Reichministerium für die Besetzten Ostgebiete or Ostministerium).
He was born in Göttingen, the son of a government official. He was educated at the Gymnasium in Soest, graduating in 1911. In 1912, he became a Fahnenjunker (cadet officer) with Infanterieregiment 68 (Koblenz), passing his officer exam in 1913. During World War I he fought with Infanterieregiment 363 on the Western Front, winning the Iron Cross twice. In 1917, he was injured and captured by the French. Released in March 1920, he left the army with the rank of Oberleutnant.
After the war, he worked for Deutsche Erdöl AG before studying political science at the Universities of Bonn and then Würzburg. He graduated with a Ph.D. in 1922 and joined Gelsenkirchen mining firm to work in the legal department. He married Dorothee Capell in 1925.
In April 1928, he joined the NSDAP and became a local group leader in October 1929. In September 1930, he became a member of the Reichstag and in January 1931 NSDAP Gauleiter in north Westphalia (Westfalen). Following the Nazi seizure of power Meyer was appointed Reichsstatthalter (deputy governor) of Lippe und Schaumburg-Lippe in May 1933 and he was made Staatsminister (governor) of the federal government for Lippe und Schaumburg-Lippe in August 1936.
In 1939, Meyer was made Chef der Zivilverwaltung and in 1941 he became deputy to Alfred Rosenberg in the Reich Ministry for the Occupied Eastern Territories. Meyer was responsible for the departments of politics, administration and economics. In this role he directed the exploitation of the occupied Soviet areas, the suppression and murder of its inhabitants, particularly Jews, and the organization of slave labor.
He attended the Wannsee conference in January 1942 as a representative for Rosenberg. In November of that year he was also made Reichsverteidigungskommissar (Reich Defense Commissioner) of Defense District VI (northern Westphalia).
Meyer was found dead on April 11, 1945, by the River Weser, probably a suicide.