In late August 1932, Winston Churchill traveled to Europe to tour the Danubian battlefields of the First Duke Marlborough, whose biography he had undertaken. Churchill recalled in The Gathering Storm:1 “After passing a day on the field of Blenheim, I drove into Munich, and spent the best part of a week there. At the Regina Hotel a gentleman introduced himself to some of my party. He was Herr Hanfstaengl, and spoke a great deal about ‘the Führer,’ with whom he appeared to be intimate.” Churchill proposed meeting Hitler for dinner.
The gentleman was Ernst “Putzi” Hanfstaengl, Hitler’s foreign press secretary, an acquaintance of Churchill’s son Randolph. Hanfstaengl recalls the encounter in Hitler—The Missing Years:2 “I landed with Hitler at Munich airport to find a telephone message awaiting me from Randolph. His family were staying with a party at the Hotel Continental (not the Regina Palace, Sir Winston’s memory plays him false), wanted me to join them for dinner, and hoped that I would able to bring Hitler along….” Hanfstaengl duly invited Hitler, who was reluctant: “What on earth would I talk to him about?” he reports the Führer as saying.
Hanfstaengl himself joined Churchill, who was dining with his wife, their daughter Sarah, Randolph, and Frederick Lindemann, his friend and academic adviser.
It was here that Churchill made the now-famous remark: “Tell your boss from me that anti-Semitism may be a good starter, but it is a bad sticker.”
Determined to have another try, Hanfstaengl excused himself and went in search of Hitler, whom he found in the stairway of his apartment “in a dirty white overcoat, just saying good-bye to a Dutchman… ‘Herr Hitler’ [Hanfstaengl said], ‘don’t you realize the Churchills are sitting in the restaurant?…They are expecting you for coffee and will think this a deliberate insult.’” Hitler said he was unshaven and had too much to do. Hanfstaengl suggested he shave and come anyway but Hitler, perhaps considering that Churchill was out of power and of no consequence, never showed up.
Hanfstaengl records another interesting Churchill remark at that Munich dinner: “How does your chief feel about an alliance between your country, France and England?” Hanfstaengl says he was “transfixed” at this. Hitler had not yet come to power; Churchill’s remark, if he said it, sheds interesting light on his thinking in 1932, perhaps hoping to prevent another war with diplomacy that might assuage Germany’s grievances over the Versailles Treaty. This would have been very much in character. Churchill said later, “Meeting jaw to jaw is better than war.”
The Harvard-educated Hanfstaengl is generally thought to be reliable. As Hitler’s representative to the overseas press, he tried to exert a moderating influence, but fell out of favor in 1936. Suspecting that Goebbels and others planned to assassinate him, he hastily left Germany in 1937. Immigrating to the United States in 1942, he advised Roosevelt on Hitler and the Nazis, and later wrote his book, originally entitled Unheard Witness.
1 London: Cassell, 1948, 65.
2 London: Eyre & Spottiwdoode, 1957, 184.