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Samuel Kauders

(1766 - 1838)

Samuel Judah Ben David Kauders - also known as Shmuel Loeb Kauders - was a Bohemian rabbi.

Kauders was born in Bechyne, Bohemia - modern day Czech Republic. He studied in the yeshivahs of Eleazar Kallir in Kolin and in Prague under Michael Bachrach. Kauders later settled in Prague where he officiated in the Altschul, and took an active part in the affairs of the hevra kaddisha, the Jewish burial society, and other communal institutions.

In 1817, Kauders was appointed to the rabbinate of the district of Budweis and Tabor with his seat in Kalladay. In 1834, he succeeded Samuel Landau in the post of Oberjurist (de-facto chief rabbi) of Prague. He was the last native Bohemian to hold this position and was succeeded by the Galicia-born S.L. Rapoport. Kauders' son Moses succeeded him as rabbi of the Altschul.

Kauders' published works are: Olat Shemu'el, consisting of 111 responsa to Oraḥ Ḥayyim (Prague, 1823); Ahavat Emet (part 1, 1828), 18 homilies and sermons; and appended to it Pe'ullat Emet, seven halakhic discourses; and Zikkaron ba-Sefer (1937), a short commentary on tractate megillah.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.

AZDJ, 2:72 (1838), 291f.; S.L. Kauder, Zikkaron ba-Sefer (1937), introduction by S.Z. Lieben; R. Kestenberg-Gladstein, Neuere Geschichte der Juden in den boehmischen Laendern, 1 (1969), index.