NUSSBAUM, ARTHUR (1877–1964), professor of law. Born in Berlin, Nussbaum published Der Polnaer Ritualmordprozess (1906), an attack on the procedure of the prosecution at the trial of Leopold *Hilsner, the man tried after the Polna blood libel. The book led to renewed efforts on Hilsner's behalf and gained Nussbaum considerable distinction as a lawyer. In 1914 he became a lecturer at the University of Berlin and was made professor of law in 1921. Following the advent of Hitler, Nussbaum was forced to relinquish his post and he immigrated to the United States. He was research professor of public law at Columbia University from 1934.
A prolific writer in German and English, Nussbaum was an authority on commercial and private international law and his works were translated into several languages. His principle writings include: Das Geld in Theorie und Praxis des deutschen und auslaendischen Rechts (1925; republished as Money in the Law, 1939); Deutsches internationales Privatrecht (1932); Principles of Private International Law (1943); A Concise History of the Law of Nations (1947, 19542); and A History of the Dollar (1957). He also contributed to numerous legal journals and was editor of the Internationales Jahrbuch fuer Schiedsgerichtswesen in Zivil- und Handelssachen (1926–34).
Kuerschner's Deutscher Gelehrten-Kalender (1966), s.v., incl. bibl.; New York Times (Nov. 23, 1964).
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.