Philipp Michael° Newlinski
NEWLINSKI, PHILIPP MICHAEL° (1841–1899), *Herzl's diplomatic agent in Constantinople and the Balkan countries. The son of a Polish aristocratic family, Newlinski took up journalism. He was appointed to the staff of the Austro-Hungarian embassy in Constantinople where he became familiar with the situation in Turkey and the Balkan States, established contacts with the royal houses, and gained influence with the sultan. In 1880 he resumed his profession as a journalist, first in Paris and from 1887 in Vienna, where he founded his own newspaper, Correspondance de l'Est. He also published booklets on political themes. Herzl established contact with Newlinski in 1896 and persuaded him to work for the realization of Zionist aims. At first Newlinski was paid for his efforts, but under Herzl's influence he became a zealous supporter of the movement and served as Herzl's trusted adviser. He accompanied
T. Herzl, Complete Diaries, ed. by R. Patai, 5 (1960), index; N.M. Gelber, in: Herzl Year Book, 2 (1959), 113–52.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.