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NERGAL-SHAREZER (Heb. נֵרְגַל שַׂר־אֶצֶר, נֵרְגַל שׁ(שׂ)רְאֶצֶר Akk. dNergal šar-uṣur ("Nergal protect the king!"), classical: Neriglissar), high-ranking official (Rab Mag) of Nebuchadnezzar (Jer. 39:3, 13). Nergal-Sharezer took part in the siege and conquest of Jerusalem in 587 B.C.E. He is probably identical with Neriglissar, a son-in-law of Nebuchadnezzar, the circumstances of whose succession to Evil-Merodach as king of Babylon are unknown, and who reigned from 560 to 556 B.C.E.


B.H. Langdon, Die neubabylonischen Koenigsinschriften (1912), 208–19; D.J. Wiseman, Chronicles of the Chaldaean Kings (1956), 37ff.; I. Ephal, in: EM, 5 (1968), 926–7.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.