Naftali Bennett is a former software entrepreneur and an Israeli politician. He is the current leader of the Yamina Party.
Growing up Bennett attended a religious high school and was a youth leader in Bnei Akiva. He served in the Israel Defense Forces in the elite special forces commando unit Sayeret Matkal as well as the special forces unit Maglan. After his service he earned a law degree at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem.
In 1999, he co-founded and co-owned the U.S. company Cyota focused on preventing various types of online fraud. The company was sold in 2005 for $145 million making him perhaps Israel’s wealthiest politician. He has also served as CEO of Soluto, an Israeli cloud computing service, sold in 2013 for a reported $100–130 million.
In April 2012, Bennett broke away from the Likud Party and joined The Jewish Home (Habayit Hayehudi, in Hebrew). In the January 2013 Knesset elections, Bennett's party won 12 seats in the parliament, making it the fifth largest party in the legislature. In March 2013, Bennett and Yair Lapid, the head of the Yesh Atid Party, joined forces with Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu to form a coalition government. Bennett was rewarded with the position of Minister of Economy and Trade. He was also appointed Minister of Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs.
Bennett was appointed Minister of Education, and Minister of Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs following the election in March 2015. Netanyahu split the Ministry of Jerusalem and Diaspora Affairs, initially taking back the Jerusalem Affairs portfolio for himself. In October 2015, Bennett resigned from the Knesset to allow Shuli Mualem take his seat. His resignation took place under the Norwegian Law, which allowed ministers to resign their seats when in the cabinet but return to the Knesset if they leave the government. He returned to the Knesset in December 2015 after Avi Wortzman opted to vacate his seat.
In December 2018, Bennett was among the Jewish Home MKs to leave the party and form the breakaway New Right Party.
In the 2019 Knesset elections, New Right narrowly failed to cross the electoral threshold; as a result, Bennett did not gain a seat in the 21st Knesset. In June 2019, Netanyahu dismissed Bennett from the government. His party made a comeback, winning seven seats in the September 2019 elections and, in November, the prime minister appointed Bennett Minister of Defense.
Netanyahu pressured Bennett to form a union with the far right parties to increase the chance they would exceed the electoral threshold in the election for the 23rd Knesset in March 2020. Bennett, however, decided to run a joint slate – Yamina – with his Hayamin Hehadash Party and the National Union Party. The United Right as they were also called won six seats.
In the 2021 election, Bennett’s Yamina Party won seven seats, but due to the split between the pro- and anti-Netanyahu factions, he was viewed as the kingmaker. While his natural allies are on the right, his opposition to Netanyahu, with whom he was once close before having a falling out, led him to reject an offer to join a coalition where he would become prime minister for two years and Netanyahu for two. When Netanyahu failed to form a coalition and Yair Lapid of Yesh Atid was given the mandate to form a government, Bennett said he wanted to be part of a broad coalition and there was talk of another rotation agreement, this time with Bennett and Lapid taking turns as prime minister.
Bennett is the author of the
Bennett Plan for solving the Israeli-Palestinian Conflict. The plan involves three divisions of the West Bank. Israel would annex Area C, while the Palestinian Authority would retain control over Areas A and B while working in concert with Israel’s security forces to ensure peace. Gaza would be ruled by Egypt. Bennett does not support the creation of a Palestinian state.
Bennett is married. He and his wife Gilat have four children.
Sources: Levinson, Chaim. “Bennett's West Bank plan ignores existence of about 100,000 Palestinians,” Haaretz, (January 17, 2013);
Hovel, Revital. “Deconstructing Naftali Bennett: Growing up to be a leader,” Haaretz, (January 18, 2013);
“Naftali Bennett,” Wikipedia.
Barak Ravid, “1 big thing: Netanyahu failed. Now the fight begins,” Axios, May 5, 2021).
Portrait: Public domain via Wikimedia Commons.