KANDLEIN OF REGENSBURG (14th century), community leader first mentioned in the records of Regensburg in 1351. Kandlein was a widow whose relatives, including her brother, son, and son-in-law, were the most prominent moneylenders in that city. The family, originally from Graz, also payed the highest taxes. Kandlein was one of the appointed leaders of the Regensburg Jewish community and was usually mentioned first in the listings of the important Jews. This group set the taxes for local Jews and regulated which Jews should be allowed to settle in Regensburg and what they should pay for the privilege. In July 1356, the Regensburg council gave Kandlein and others permission to live in Regensburg for two further years and all rights to sing in their synagogue and to their graveyard. Kandlein was murdered sometime before August 1365 during a robbery of her home.
E. Taitz, S. Henry, and C.I. Tallan, "Kandlein of Regensburg," in: The JPS Guide to Jewish Women, 600 B.C.E.–1900 C.E. (2003), 79–80; F. Bastian and J. Wideman (eds.), Monumenta Boica Regensburger Urkundbuch, vol. 2, Urkunden der Stadt 1351–1378 (1956).