||Victory of (Muslim Ottoman Turk) Selim
I over Egypt.
Muslim rulers (later) claim the title "caliph".
I, "the Magnificent," rules.
||Dominance of Safavid Shiite
Muslim dynasty in Iran.
||Dominance of Mughal Muslim dynasty in India.
preacher and biblical commentator known for his
brilliant sermons calling for self improvement,
Ephraim Solomon of Lunshits.
||Dr. Jospeh Hacohen was chased out of Genoa for
practicing medicine, and soon after, all the Jews
||Under the direction of Cardinal Caraffa, later
Pope Paul IV, the Talmud
was confiscated and publicaly burned in Rome
Hashanah, starting a wave of Talmud
burning throughout Italy.
||Cornelio da Montalcino, a Franciscan Friar who
converted to Judaism,
is burned alive in Rome.
||In his Bull Cum Nimis Absurdum, Pope Paul IV renewed
all anti-Jewish legislation and installed a ghetto
in Rome. The Bull also forced Jews to wear a special
cap, forbade them from owning real estate or practicing
medicine on Christians. It also limited Jewish communities
to only one synagogue.
||Talmudic commentator, author of Chidushei Halachot,
Samuel Eliezer Aidles, also known as "Maharsha."
||In Recanti, Italy, under the protection of Pope
Paul IV, Joseph Paul More, a baptized Jew, entered
a synagogue on Yom
Kippur, the Day of Atonement, and tried to preach
a conversion sermon. The congregation evicted him
and a near massacre occured. Soon after, the Jews
were expelled from Recanti.
||First known Jew to step on American soil, Joachim
Gaunse (Ganz), lands on Roanoke Island.
||Rene Descartes (scholar-philosopher): .
||In Brest Litovsk, the son of a wealthy Jewish
tax collector, is accused of killing the family's
Christian servant for ritual purposes. He is tortured
||Three months into his reign, Pope Pius V rejects
Pope Pius IV leniency towards Jews and reinstates
the restrictions of Pope Paul IV which forced Jews
to wear a special cap, forbade them from owning
real estate or practicing medicine on Christians.
It also limited Jewish communities to only one synagogue.
||Brest Litovsk welcomes Jewish settlement. In 80
years the Jewish population surges from 4,000 to
more than 50,000.
||Pope Sixtus V rejects Pope Gregory XIII policies
and forbids Jews from living in the Papal states
and to print the Talmud.
||The leading Jewish composer of the late Italian
Renaissance and the musical director of court of
defeats the Spanish Armada, weakening Spain
and decreasing the reach of the Inquisition,
espcially in the Netherlands.
||Built of wood, the entire Jewish quarter of Posen
burned while then gentile population watched and
pillaged. 15 people died and 80 Torah
scrolls were burned.
||Rabbi, encyclopedist, physician and pupil of Galileo,
Jose Solomon Delmedigo wrote over 30 works in math,
geometry, chemistry, mechanics, philosophy and medicine.
||Esther Chiera, who held considerable influence
in Sultan Murad III's court, was executed because
of jealousy and the Sultan's desire for her assets.
||Pope Clement VIII expelled Jews from all Papal
states except Rome and Ancona.
||Official Yom Kippur services are held for the
first time in Amsterdam,
though not without controversy.
||Frei Diogo Da Assumpacao, a partly Jewish friar
who embraced Judaism, was burned alive in Lisbon.
His arguments against Christianity were published
and gained wide popularity.
||A Jesuit missionary in China meets with Al T'Ien,
a Chinese Jewish teacher. Thier correspondence is
the basis for most known information regarding the
Kaifeng Jewish community.
||Menasseh ben Israel (Jewish scholar-mystic).
||The Hamburg Senate decides to officially allow
Jews to live in the city on the condition there
is no public worship.
||Vincent Fettmilch, who called himself the "new
Haman of the Jews," led a raid on a Frankfurt
synagogue that turned into an attack which destroyed
the whole community.
||King Louis XIII of France decreed that all Jews
must leave the country within one month on pain
||The Guild, led by Dr. Chemnitz, "non-violently"
forced the Jews from Worms.
||The Bishop of Speyer, with the backing of Frederick's
troops, readmitted the Jews to Worms.
Prince Maurice of Orange allowed each each city
to decide for itself whether to admit Jews. In the
towns where Jews were admitted, they would not be
required to wear a badge of any sort identifying
them as Jews.
||Jesuits arrives in Grodno, Poland
and accused the Jews of blood orgies and host
||Thity Years War between Catholics and Protestants
centers around Germany, Austria, France and the
||Shah Abbasi of the Persian Sufi Dynasty increased
persecution against the Jews forcing many to outwardly
(Many secretly practiced Judaism.).
||Christian Puritans begin emigrations to America.
||Sir Henry Finch, legal advisor to King James I,
makes the first English call to restore the Jews
to their homeland in his treatise The World's
Great Restoration or Calling of the Jews.
||Well-known commentator of the Shulchan
Aruch and author of several other works,
Shabbetai Ben Meir Hacohen.
Jews are forced to convert to Islam.
||Blaise Pascal (scholar).
||The Jews of Vienna
were forced to move into a ghetto called Leopoldstadt.
||Pope Urban VIII forbids Roman Jews to erect gravestones.
Zvi (Jewish “messianic”
||Financier and founder of the Viennese Jewish community,
||Miguel and Isabel Rodreguese and five others were
burned alive in front of the King and Queen of Spain
after being discovered holding Jewish rites.
Spinoza (scholar, converted Jew).
grants religious liberty to Jews.
||More than 80 New Christians (Jews who converted
to Christianity) were burned at the stake after
the Inquisition caught them holding regular Jewish
services in Lima, Peru.
||Shabbtai Ben Joseph the Bass, Author of Seftai
Yesharim, the first bibliography of Hebrew
books and biblical commentator. He also built a
printing house in 1689, despite being jailed several
times, accused of printing anti-Christian material.
The printing house lasted more than 150 years.
||The first Jewish colony in the New World is established
in Recife, Brazil.
||Chao Ying-Cheng helped rebuild the synagogue in
Kai Fen after the Yellow River flooded the area.
He also served in the goverrnment and helped build
schools and squashed marauding bandits.
Chmelnitzki massacres 100,000 Jews in Poland.
||The Treaty of Westphalia brings victory to the
||In the largest Auto de Fe ever held in
the New World, 109 crypto-Jews were accused of Judaizing,
several were burned alive.
||John Casimir, upon ascending the Polish throne,
negotiates a truce with Cosack leader and murderer
of thousands of Jews, Bogdan Chmelnitzki.
||Arrival of 23 Jews from Brazil in New Amsterdam
(New York, America).
||Dutch West India Company allows Jewish settlers
to reside permanently in New Amsterdam.
||Jews readmitted to England by Oliver Cromwell.
||The first Jews gain the rights of citizens
||Jews expelled from Vienna.