||Christian First Ecumenical Council, at Nicea (Asia
Minor), changes the date of Easter from Passover
and forbids Jews from owning Christian slaves or converting pagans
||Jerusalem becomes part
of Constantine's Byzantine
||Jerome (Christian author, translator).
||Constantine forbids intermarriage with Jews and the circumcision
of heathen or Christian slaves, declaring death as the punishment.
||Augustine (Christian author in North Africa).
||Hillel creates a
new calendar based
on the lunar year to replace the dispersed Sanhedrin,
which previously announced the festivals.
||Hillel founds Beit
Hillel, a school emphasizing tolerance and patience. Hillel,
a descendant of King David,
is one of the first scholars to devise rules to interpret the Torah.
||Christianity becomes THE religion of Roman
||Rome sacked by Visigoths.
||St. Cyril, the Bishop of Alexandria, champions violence against
the city's Jews and incites the Greeks to kill or expel them. Some
Jews return within a few years, but many return only after the Muslims
||Jewish office of Nasi/Prince abolished by Rome.
||Theodosis enacts a code prohibiting Jews from holding important
positions involving money. He also reenacts a law forbidding the
building of new synagogues.
||Christian Ecumenical Council of Chalcedon.
||After conquering Italy in
493, Ostrogoth king Theodoric issues an edict safeguarding the Jews
and ensuring their right to determine civil disputes and freedom
||An earthquake hits Israel, partially destroying Acre
and incuring damage as far east as Jersusalem.
||Rebellion leader Mar Zutra usurps power from Kobad the Zenduk,
establishing an independant Jewish state in Babylon that would last
for seven years, until Zutra's forces defeated Zutra's army, killing
him and instituted a harsh policy toward the remaining Jews.
||Southern Arabian king Ohu Nuwas adopts Judaism,
possibly as a rampart against the spread of Christianity. King Eleboas
of Abyssinia, with the help of Justin I, later defeated Nuwas.
||After Ravenna residents burnt down local synagogues,
Ostrogoth ruler Theodoric orders the Italian town to rebuild the
synagogues at their own expense.
||Recared of Spain adopts
Catholicism, banning Jews from slave ownership, intermarriage and
holding positions of authority. Recared also declares that children
of mixed marriages be raised Christian.
||Birth of Prophet Muhammad,
||Pope Gregory the Great formulates the official Papal policy towards
Jews, objecting to forced baptism and tolerating them according
to the previous council's regulations.