JOSCE OF YORK (d. 1190), English financier and martyr. He was a leading agent of *Aaron of Lincoln and one of the Jewish representatives at the coronation of Richard I (1189), but escaped when the mob attacked the Jews. He survived the first attack on *York Jewry in March 1190 and led those who took refuge in the castle keep. When the keep was attacked, he died in the act of mass self-destruction, reputedly at the hand of R. *Yom Tov of Joigny. He is admiringly described as a patron of learning in the elegy on the York martyrs by *Joseph b. Asher of Chartres.
Roth, England, 22f.; M. Adler, Jews of Medieval England (1939), 128–31; JHSET, 16 (1952), 213–20.
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.