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Jellin, Aryeh Loeb ben Shalom Shakhna

JELLIN, ARYEH LOEB BEN SHALOM SHAKHNA (1820–1886), Polish talmudist and halakhist. Born in Yasinovka, Jellin became rabbi of Bielsk. He was the author of Yefeh Einayim, on the Talmud, whose major feature is that it lists sources, parallel passages, and variant readings in the midrashic literature and in the aggadah of the Talmud. He maintains that as a result new light is thrown upon the subject, many obscurities becoming clear. He also draws attention to differences between the Babylonian and Jerusalem Talmuds, both in language and in the method of approach in the discussion on the explanation of the Mishnah or baraita. The Yefeh Einayim was included in the Vilna (Romm) edition of the Talmud. Jellin's fame spread as an outstanding halakhic authority, particularly on the laws of *terefot. He was the author of Miẓpeh Aryeh, short notes on the talmudic digest of Isaac *Alfasi, and of Kol Aryeh, sermons appended to it, published in Johannisburg, Prussia (n.d.). The Penei Aryeh, a comprehensive commentary on the Palestinian Talmud, aimed at justifying the accepted text without variant readings, has not been published.


L. Ginzberg, Perushim ve-Ḥiddushim ha-Yerushalmi, 1 (1941), lxi–lxii (Eng. introd.); E.P. Brawerman, Anshei Shem (1892), 95.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.