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JARÈ, Italian family. The name is a modern transcription of the Hebrew יר״א, either implying יָרֵא ("God-fearing"), or deriving from the initials of the phrase יְהִי רְצוּי אֶחָיו ("May he be desired of his brethren"). The transcription Jarè is known only from the 19th century. Obadiah of *Bertinoro was apparently a member of the family. Others included: PETHAHIAH of Spoleto, later of Recanati (16th century), a student of Arabic, who, with his son the physician MOSES, was one of the sources of Azariah de'Rossi's knowledge of the Samaritan alphabet. BERECHIAH REUBEN (d. 1598), of Perugia and later Verona, became rabbi in Mantua, with which city the family was henceforth mainly associated. His son MORDECAI was rabbi in Mantua and edited the collection of liturgical poems Ayyelet ha-Shaḥar (Mantua, 1612), which also contained two of his own poems. Mordecai wrote an approbation for Kenaf Renanim by Joseph Jedidiah *Carmi (Venice, 1626). ISAAC was a printer in Mantua at the beginning of the 18th century. GIUSEPPE DI GRAZIADIO (1840–1915), one of the last pupils of Samuel David *Luzzatto at the rabbinical institute in Padua, was rabbi in Mantua and from 1880 in Ferrara. He published a number of studies on Italian Jewish history.


Mortara, Indice; S. Simonsohn, Toledot ha-Yehudim be-Dukkasut Mantovah, 2 (1964), 499, 521f.; Zunz, Lit Poesie, 424; Milano, Bibliotheca, nos. 890–6.

Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2007 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.