As David Ben-Gurion told Palestinian nationalist Musa Alami in 1934:
"We do not want to create a situation like that which exists in South Africa, where the whites are the owners and rulers, and the blacks are the workers. If we do not do all kinds of work, easy and hard, skilled and unskilled, if we become merely landlords, then this will not be our homeland."
(Shabtai Teveth, Ben-Gurion and the Palestinian Arabs: From Peace to War, London: Oxford University Press, 1985, p. 140).
Since the UN Conference on Racism in August 2001, anti-Semites have tried to delegitimize Israel by comparing it to the Afrikaner government that persecuted its black citizens in the hope that this false equation will tarnish Israel's image and encourage sanctions and divestment of Israel.
The comparison between Israel and South Africa is malicious and insults those who suffered under the oppressive regime that ruled there until 1994.
That regime's official policy imposed racial segregation. Whites sought to dominate the non-white population, especially the indigenous blacks, and discriminated against people of color in the political, legal and economic sectors:
- Whites and non-whites lived in separate regions of the country;
- Non-whites were prohibited from running businesses or professional practices in white areas without permits;
- Non-whites had separate amenities such as beaches, buses, schools, benches, drinking fountains, restrooms;
- Non-whites received inferior education, medical care and other public services; and
- Non-whites could not vote or become citizens.
Today, Jews are the majority within Israel, but the non-Jewish minority (Arab, Christians, Bedouin, Druze, Baha'i and others) enjoy full citizenship with voting rights and representation in the government. Israel’s Declaration of Independence even specifically calls upon the Arab inhabitants of Israel to “participate in the upbuilding of the State on the basis of full and equal citizenship and due representation in all its provisional and permanent institutions.” The Arab minority comprises 20% of Israel's population.
It is illegal for employers to discriminate on the basis of race and Arab citizens of Israel are represented in all walks of Israeli life. Arabs have served in senior diplomatic and government positions and an Arab - Salim Joubran - currently serves as a justice on the Supreme Court.
Israeli Arabs have their own political parties and representation in the Knesset; Arabs are also members of the major Israeli political parties. In 2021, for the first time, an Israel Arab party joined the coalition government.
In South Africa, laws dictated where non-whites could live, work and travel and the government imprisoned, and sometimes killed, those who protested against these policies. By contrast, Israel allows freedom of movement, assembly and speech and some of the government’s harshest critics are Arab Knesset members.
Israeli society is not perfect - discrimination and unfairness exist there as it does in every other country. These differences, however, are nothing like the horrors of the South African system. Moreover, when inequalities are identified, minorities in Israel have the right to seek redress through the government and the courts, and progress toward equality has been made over the years.
The situation of Palestinians in the territories is different. Many Palestinians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip openly refuse to recognize Israel’s right to exist; by contrast, non-whites never sought the destruction of South Africa, only of the racist regime.
Unlike South Africa, where restrictions were totally racially motivated, Israel's restrictions in the territories - such as checkpoints and the security fence - was forced by incessant Palestinian terrorism. Israel has consistently demonstrated a willingness, however, to ease restrictions when violence subsides.
Meanwhile, Palestinians from the territories are allowed to work in Israel and receive similar pay and benefits to their Jewish counterparts. They are allowed to attend schools and universities. Palestinians have been given opportunities to run many of their own affairs. None of this was true for South African blacks.
Furthermore, 98% of the Palestinians in the territories are governed by the rules of the Palestinian Authority, which amazingly do not permit their own resident with freedoms of speech, religion, assembly or other rights taken for granted by Westerners and guaranteed in Israel.
The clearest refutation of the calumny against Israel comes from the Palestinians themselves - when asked what governments they admire most, more than 80 percent of Palestinians consistently choose Israel because they can see up close the thriving democracy in Israel, and the rights the Arab citizens enjoy there.
Palestinians also vote with their feet. When Israel announced it would increase the number of work permits for Gazans to 10,000, “The news about the Israeli decision spread like wildfire, prompting tens of thousands of Palestinians to converge on the offices of the chambers of commerce throughout the Gaza Strip in the hope of obtaining a permit to work in Israel.”
More than 100,000 Palestinians from the West Bank already work in Israel. About 30,000 work in Jewish settlements.
Following a report by Human Rights Watch making the comparison to South Africa, the Biden administration responded: “It is not the view of this administration that Israel’s actions constitute apartheid.”
Sources: Richard Goldstone, “Israel and the Apartheid Slander,” New York Times, (October 31, 2011).
“HRW Crosses the Threshold into Falsehoods and Anti-Semitic Propaganda,” KPF, April 26, 2021).
Gerald Steinberg, “Human Rights Watch demonizes Israel via propaganda of apartheid,” Jerusalem Post, (April 27, 2021).
Ben-Dror Yemini, “A most dangerous and mendacious report,” Ynet, (April 27, 2021).
Hirsh Goodman, “I left apartheid South Africa. Applying the term to Israel is disingenuous,” Forward, (April 27, 2021).
“US disagrees that Israel carrying out ‘apartheid,’” France24, (April 28, 2021).
Khaled Abu Toameh, “Why Palestinians Prefer To Work In Israel,” Gatestone Institute, (October 13, 2021).
Tovah Lazaroff, “13% hike in work permits for Palestinians prior to PM-Biden parley,” Jerusalem Post, (July 28, 2021).