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The Dachau Trials:
Buchenwald Cases

(April - December 1947)


Dachau Trials: Table of Contents | Background & Overview | Nordhausen Cases


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In a series of a few dozens cases before a U.S. military tribunal at Dachau, lasting from April to August 1947, at least sixty-two members of the staff at the Buchenwald Concentration camp faced charges of war crimes related to the atrocities committed at the camp.
In the major case (United States of America v. Josias Prince of Waldeck et al.), thirty-one Nazi officials were found guilty of atrocities at Buchenwald and twenty-two were sentenced to death, eight being subsequently commutted, the rest to various terms of imprisonment. Twelve of the defendents were executed on various dates.

USA v. Josias Prince of Waldeck, et al.

Josias Erbprinz zu Waldeck und Pyrmont: Life Imprisonment (Commutted to 20 Years Imprisonment)
Ilse Koch: Life Imprisonment (Commutted to 4 Years Imprisonment)
Hermann Pister: The Death Sentence (Died In Prison on the 28th September 1948)
SS Dr Hans Eisele: The Death Sentence (Sentenced in Absentia)
August Bender: 10 Years Imprisonment (Commutted to 3 Years Imprisonment)
Kapo Hans Wolf: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 19th Novermber 1948)
Werner Greunuss: Life Imprisonment (Commutted to 20 Years Imprisonment)
Helmut Roscher: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Franz Zinecker: Life Imprisonment
Phillip Grimm: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Hubart Krautwurst: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 26th Novermber 1948)
Emil Pleissner: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 26th Novermber 1948)
Albert Schwartz: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Hans Merbach: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 14th January 1949)
Friedrich Wilhelm: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 26th Novermber 1948)
Hermann Hackmann: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Dr Edwin Katzenellenbogen: Life Imprisonment (Commutted to 12 Years Imprisonment)
Wolfgang Otto: 15 Years Imprisonment
Hans - Theodor Schmidt: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 7th June 1951)
Gustav Heigel: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Quido Reimer: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Richard Köhler: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 26th Novermber 1948)
Max Schobert: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 19th Novermber 1948)
Kapo Dr Arthur Dietzsch: 15 Years Imprisonment
Hermann Helbig: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 19th Novermber 1948)
Walter Wendt: 15 Years Imprisonment (Commutted to 5 Years Imprisonment)
Hermann Grossmann: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 19th Novermber 1948)
Peter Merker: The Death Sentence (Commutted to 20 Years Imprisonment)
Josef Kestel: The Death Sentence (Executed on the 19th Novermber 1948)
Anton Bergmeier: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)
Otto Barnewald: The Death Sentence (Commutted to Life Imprisonment)

Other Buchenwald Cases

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-2 (US vs. Wilhelm Hinderer et al) Tried 27 Aug. 47

Hinderer, Wilhelm
Postl, Josef

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-3 (US vs. Ernst Emil Jackobs) Tried 3 Nov. 47

Jackobs, Ernst Emil

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-4 (US vs. Alfred Andreas Hoffman) Tried 17 Sept. 47

Hoffman, Alfred Andreas

Case No.000-Buchenwald-5 (US vs. Josef Mueller) Tried 15 Sept. 47

Mueller, Josef

Case No.000-Buchenwald-6 (US vs. Erich Weyrauch) Tried 27 Oct. 47

Weyrauch, Erich

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-7 (US vs. Heinz Blume) Tried 24 Oct. 47

Blume, Heinz

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-8 (US vs. Victor Hantscharenko) Tried 16 Oct. 47

Hantscharenko, Victor

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-9 (US vs. Heinrich Buuck) Tried 14 Oct. 47

Buuck, Heinrich

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-11 (US vs. Ignaz Seitz et al) Tried 6 Nov. 47

Seitz, Ignaz
Volk, Johannes

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-13 (US vs. Alfons Kuniskowski) Tried 28 Oct. 47

Kuniskowski, Alfons

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-14 (US vs. Max Paul Emil Vogel) Tried 7 Oct. 47

Vogel, Max Paul Emil

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-17 (US vs. Adam Ankenbrand) Tried 13 Oct. 47

Ankenbrand, Adam

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-20 (US vs. Friedrich Demmer) Tried 30 Oct.47

Demmer, Friedrich

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-23 (US vs. Johann Singer) Tried 14 Nov. 47

Singer, Johann

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-25 (US vs. August Giese) Tried 22 Sept.47

Giese, August

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-26 (US vs. Paul Mueller) Tried 27 Oct. 47

Mueller, Paul

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-31 (US vs. Ludwig Fisher) Tried 21 Oct.47

Fisher, Ludwig

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-36 (US vs. Klaus Ferdinand Huels) Tried 4 Nov. 47

Huels, Klaus Ferdnand

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-37 (US vs. Heinrich Zwickl) Tried 3 Nov. 47

Zwickl, Heinrich

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-40 (US vs. Adolf Wuttke) Tried 20 Nov. 47

Wuttke, Adolf

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-41 (US vs. Josef Schramm) Tried 19 Nov.47

Schramm, Josef

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-42 (US vs. Otto Krause) Tried 20 Oct. 47

Krause, Otto

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-49 (US vs. Ferdinand Lemke) Tried 21 Nov. 47

Lemke, Ferdinand

Case No. 000-Buchenwald-50 (US vs. Werner Alfred Berger et al) Tried 3 Dec. 47

Berger, Werner Alfred
Bergt, Helmuth Friedrich
Bresser, Josef
Dittrich, Horst
Hilberger, Wiegand
Moeckel, Herbert


Sources: Dachau Trials; The National Archives ; Skalman

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