The House of Representatives passed the Stop Iranian Drones Act on April 27, 2022, by a vote of 424-2. It was opposed by Marjorie Taylor Greene (R-GA) and Thomas Massie (R-KY). This bill expands existing provisions requiring sanctions against individuals or entities that provide certain types of weapons to Iran. Specifically, the bill modifies the provisions by adding unmanned combat aerial vehicles to the list of weapons covered by the sanctions.
H. R. 6089
IN THE SENATE OF THE UNITED STATES
April 28, 2022
Received; read twice and referred to the Committee on Foreign Relations
To clarify that section 107 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act applies sanctions with respect to unmanned combat aerial vehicles following a 2019 change by the United Nations providing additional clarity to the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
This Act may be cited as the “Stop Iranian Drones Act”.
Congress finds the following:
(1) A July 15, 2013, United Nations General Assembly Report on the continuing operation of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms and its further development (document A/68/140) states in paragraph 45, “The Group noted the discussion of the 2006 Group that category IV already covered armed unmanned aerial vehicles and of the 2009 Group on a proposal to include a new category for such vehicles. The Group reviewed proposals for providing greater clarity to category IV.”.
(2) Section 107 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (22 U.S.C. 9406), enacted August 2, 2017, requires the President to impose sanctions on any person that the President determines “knowingly engages in any activity that materially contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer directly or indirectly to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of Iran, of any battle tanks, armored combat vehicles, large caliber artillery systems, combat aircraft, attack helicopters, warships, missiles or missile systems, as defined for the purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, or related materiel, including spare parts”.
(3) In 2019, the United Nations formally changed the heading of category IV of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms to “combat aircraft and unmanned combat aerial vehicles”.
It shall be the policy of the United States to prevent Iran and Iranian-aligned terrorist and militia groups from acquiring unmanned aerial vehicles, including commercially available component parts, that can be used in attacks against United States persons and partner nations.
(a) In General.—Section 107 of the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act (22 U.S.C. 9406) is amended—
(1) in the section heading, by striking “ENFORCEMENT OF ARMS EMBARGOS” and inserting “SANCTIONS WITH RESPECT TO MAJOR CONVENTIONAL ARMS”; and
(2) in subsection (a)(1), by inserting “or unmanned combat aerial vehicles” after “combat aircraft”.
(b) Clerical Amendment.—The table of contents for the Countering America’s Adversaries Through Sanctions Act is amended by striking the item relating to section 107 and inserting the following:
(c) Effective Date.—The amendments made by this section take effect on the date of the enactment of this Act and apply with respect to any person that knowingly engages in any activity that materially contributes to the supply, sale, or transfer directly or indirectly to or from Iran, or for the use in or benefit of Iran, of any unmanned combat aerial vehicles, as defined for the purpose of the United Nations Register of Conventional Arms, before, on, or after such date of enactment.
The budgetary effects of this Act, for the purpose of complying with the Statutory Pay-As-You-Go Act of 2010, shall be determined by reference to the latest statement titled “Budgetary Effects of PAYGO Legislation” for this Act, submitted for printing in the Congressional Record by the Chairman of the House Budget Committee, provided that such statement has been submitted prior to the vote on passage.
H.R.6089 - Stop Iranian Drones Act, Congress.gov.