SANTA COLOMA DE QUERALT, town in Tarragona province, N.E. Spain. Santa Coloma de Queralt's Jewish community was a typical small community in Catalonia. There were
In the 1370s and 1380s a Jewish female physician, *Floreta Ca Noga, was known among the inhabitants of the town. She treated the queen in 1381 and was greatly esteemed by the royal court. In Santa Coloma lived the Jewish poet Astruc Bonafeu. Culturally, the community must have been quite developed. Contracts with private teachers and the impressive library of Solomon Samuel Azcarell are good illustrations. The persecutions of 1391 affected the town, and there were subsequent problems connected with conversions, such as the case of an apostate who appeared before a government official in 1391 and accused his wife of refusing to convert and live with him as a Christian. In the records of the local notary additional cases are noted where Jewish women demanded conversion while the husbands remained faithful to Judaism. According to the records of the notary, the couples were separated by agreement. In spite of all this, the community continued to exist until after the *Tortosa Disputation, and it may have continued until the days of the expulsion.
J. Segura y Valls, Historia de la villa de Santa Coloma de Queralt (1879), 59ff., 82f.; Baer, Urkunden, 1 (1929), index; A. Cardoner Planas, in: Sefarad, 9 (1949), 443; F. Cantera, Sinagogas españolas (1955), 282ff.; A.J. Soberanas i Lleó, in: Boletín Arqueológico de Tarragona, 67–68 (1967–68), 191–204. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Assis, in: Proceedings of the 8th World Congress of Jewish Studies (1982), 2:33–38 (Hebrew section); idem, in: Y. Kaplan (ed.), Jews and Conversos; Studies in Society and the Inquisitiion, (1985), 21–38; idem, The Jews of Santa Coloma de Queralt: An Economic and Demographic Study of a community at the End of the Thirteenth Century, (1988); G. Secall i Güell, La comunitat hebrea de Santa Coloma de Queralt (1986).