NOVY DVOR (Rus. Novyi Dvor), small town in the Grodno district (county of Sokolka), Belarus. The first Jews settled there during the first half of the 16th century. During the second half of the 16th century there was an organized Jewish
At the end of June 1941, a few days after the Nazis entered the town, 50 Jewish men were deported to concentration camps. In October 1941 the Jews of Novy Dvor were sent to the ghetto at Ostryna, and in the spring of 1942 to the ghetto in Sukhovolia, and finally to the extermination camp of Auschwitz. Only six Jews of the community survived, three of them having joined the partisan movement. No Jews returned to Novy Dvor after World War II.
Dokumenty i regesty k istorii utovskikh yevreyev, 1 (1882), nos. 235, 236, 241, 243; Dubnow, Pinkas, 17; B. Wasiutyński, Ludność żydowska w Polsce… (1930), 83; S.A. Bershadski, Litouskiye yevrei (1883), 331, 347; Sefer Zikkaron li-Kehillot Sczuczyn, Wasiliszki, Ostryna, Novy Dvor. Różana (n.d.), 379–434. PK Poland, vol. 7, North-East (2005).
Sources: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.