The Ministry of Public Security was founded in 1948 as the Ministry of Police, immediately after Israel declared its independence. Formally, its Minister has three areas of responsibility – public security, law enforcement, and corrections – and the Ministry is the body through which he directs a number of executive agencies in his charge: the Israel Police, the Israel Prison Service, the Israel Anti-Drug and Alcohol Authority, the Witness Protection Authority, and the Natioanl Fire and Rescue Authority.
The duties of the Ministry, under the direction of its Director-General:
To formulate policies and monitor thier implementation, allocate resources to the executive arms and monitor their use, consider and respond to the requests, proposals and plans put to the Ministry by its field agencies, receive and process complaints from within the law enforcement system and the general public and make improvements, promote legislation and represent the interests of the Ministry in dealings with other ministries and agencies.
The Ministry of Public Security coordinates all activities of the professional staff of "City Without Violence" – a program designed to confront all types and situations of violence in cities and to increase the sense of personal security among residents.
Sources: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs