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Israel Environment & Nature: Climate

Israel's climate ranges from temperate to tropical, with plenty of sunshine. Two distinct seasons predominate: a rainy winter period from November to May; and a dry summer season which extends through the next six months.

Rainfall is relatively heavy in the north and center of the country, with much less in the northern Negev and almost negligible amounts in the southern areas. Regional conditions vary considerably, with humid summers and mild winters on the coast; dry summers and moderately cold winters in the hill regions, hot dry summers and pleasant winters in the Jordan Valley; and year-round semi-desert conditions in the Negev.

Weather extremes range from occasional winter snowfall at higher elevations to periodic oppressively hot dry winds which send temperatures soaring, particularly in spring and autumn.

Temperatures (min-max)

Safad Haifa Tibe-
rias
Tel-
Aviv
Jeru-
salem
Beer-
sheva
Eilat
January deg F 31-48 48-59 45-64 48-63 43-52 43-61 48-70
deg C 4-9 9-15 8-18 9-17 6-11 6-16 9-21
August deg F 64-84 72-82 72-97 72-84 66-82 66-91 77-104
deg C 18-29 22-28 22-36 22-29 19-28 19-33 25-39
Rainfall (average)

Safad Haifa Tibe-
rias
Tel-
Aviv
Jeru-
salem
Beer-
sheva
Eilat
Number of Days 75 66 57 64 57 33 8
Mean
Annual
Rainfall
inches 28 20 17 22 19 8 1
mm. 718 508 431 539 486 204 25

Sources: Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs

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