Israel Political Parties: Citizen's Rights Movement (Ratz)
The Citizens Rights Movement (CRM, also known as Ratz) was established in 1973 by Shulamit Aloni, a former Labor Party Knesset member, CRM favors strengthening civil rights in Israel and compromise in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Its main constituents are the Ashkenazi urban middle class and the intelligentsia. CRM won three seats in the 1973 elections and briefly joined the coalition. It was part of the Labor alignment in the 1977 and 1981 elections, but broke off again in 1984. In 1984 it won three Knesset seats and another five mandates in the 1988 elections. CRM joined Mapam and Shinui to form Meretz/Democratic Israel in the 1992 elections.
Sources: "Political Parties and Organizations." Appendix B; '"Political Parties and Platforms." Chapter Two. Democracy In Action.