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The Vrba-Wetzler Report On Auschwitz

(June 19, 1944)

In April 1944, two Slovakian Jewish prisoners, named Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler, escaped from Auschwitz and gave Slovak Jewish Council leader Oscar Krasniansky a detailed account of what was happening at the death camp. Krasniansky translated the account and compiled it into a 32-page report that, for the first time, gave accurate and in-depth information on the methods and extent of the Nazis’ extermination efforts.

Romanian diplomat Florian Manoliu gave it to George Mandel-Mantello for his rescue efforts. Mandel-Mantello, whose own parents were deported on the same day he received the Protocol, recopied it, translated it (into various languages with the help of hired students) and facilitated a campaign to disseminate the report to Swiss clergy, the press 
and foreign diplomats.

Click here for the English translation.

Source: United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.