In April 1944, two Slovakian Jewish prisoners, named Rudolf Vrba and Alfred Wetzler, escaped from Auschwitz and gave Slovak Jewish Council leader Oscar Krasniansky a detailed account of what was happening at the death camp. Krasniansky translated the account and compiled it into a 32-page report that, for the first time, gave accurate and in-depth information on the methods and extent of the Nazis’ extermination efforts.
Romanian diplomat Florian Manoliu gave it to George Mandel-Mantello for his rescue efforts. Mandel-Mantello, whose own parents were deported on the same day he received the Protocol, recopied it, translated it (into various languages with the help of hired students) and facilitated a campaign to disseminate the report to Swiss clergy, the press
and foreign diplomats.
Click here for the English translation.