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Ensuring Fair Housing Amidst Ongoing
Religious Discrimination in the United States

(May 25, 2023)

May 25, 2023


MEMORANDUM FOR:      Fair Housing Initiatives Program Grantees
                                              Fair Housing Assistance Program Agencies


CC:                                        Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity


FROM:                                  Demetria L. McCain, Principal Deputy Assistant Secretary of the 
                                              Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity at the Department                                                                            of Housing and Urban Development


SUBJECT:                             Ensuring Fair Housing Amidst Ongoing Religious Discrimination                                                                           in the United States

In the early twentieth-century, restrictive covenants were drafted to exclude members of the “Jewish or Hebrew race, or their descendants” from moving into certain neighborhoods. This blatant discrimination against the Jewish community and the segregation it caused were shameful. President Biden has made clear that antisemitism, Islamophobia and related forms of bias and discrimination have no place in America.1 In December 2022, the Biden-Harris Administration launched a coordinated effort with over twenty federal agencies to counter antisemitism, Islamophobia, and related forms of bias and discrimination within the United States.

The Office of Fair Housing and Equal Opportunity (FHEO) and our fair housing partners, including you, understand the importance of raising awareness about discrimination and threats posed to protected class groups. Incidents such as the 2018 attack on the Pittsburgh Tree of Life synagogue,2 the prevalence of antisemitic flyers on residents’ properties from Los Angeles3 to the suburbs of Atlanta,4 and the proliferation of antisemitism online, have made it clear that the Jewish community faces acts of hate and antisemitism at increasing rates.

Federal law prohibits discrimination based on race, religion and national origin. However, lawsuits and news stories highlight the persistence of antisemitic discrimination in housing. In 2018, the town of Chester, New York implemented a set of discriminatory housing practices designed to prevent members of the Jewish community from moving to Chester. After the New York Attorney General sued, the town agreed to both change their zoning practices and enhance fair housing training and compliance procedures. A more recent suit, also in New York State, alleges that the Town Board of Crawford, New York, violated the Fair Housing Act after denying a zoning change when residents raised objections based on antisemitic sentiment against Orthodox Jews, specifically Hasidic families. And last year, the Department of Justice reached a settlement in a lawsuit against Jackson Township, New Jersey, in response to the growth of the Orthodox Jewish community in the area, a city council enacted two ordinances that banned dormitories and severely restricted where religious schools could locate.

The Fair Housing Act protects persons of all religions. Fair housing violations on the basis of religion might include but are not limited to:

  • refusing to rent to women who wear hijabs;
  • harassing tenants because of their religious practices or dress; allowing some tenants to put up Christmas lights, but telling others they cannot put up decorations for their non-Christian holidays;
  • telling tenant applicants they will not like a neighborhood because there is no synagogue, mosque, or church nearby;
  • or prohibiting use of a community room for religious purposes, while allowing tenants to use them for secular gatherings.

As we commemorate the fifty-fifth anniversary of the Fair Housing Act this year, let us endeavor to educate the public, including young adults who are just beginning to engage the housing market, about the Act’s protections and responsibilities. Additionally, we must ensure that fair housing counseling and investigative and enforcement measures are made available to those who may be harmed. Housing discrimination based on the fact a person is part of a religious community cannot be tolerated.

FHEO’s three-part mission shows us the way. We must strive to eliminate housing discrimination, promote economic opportunity and achieve diverse inclusive communities. With your help in countering antisemitism and promoting equal opportunity in housing, we will be able build a more inclusive nation.

1 See Statement from White Housing Press Secretary Karine Jean-Pierre on Interagency Group to Counter Antisemitism. Dec. 12, 2022. available at releases/2022/12/12/statement-from-white-house-press-secretary-karine-jean-pierre-on-inter-agency-group-to- counter-antisemitism/

2 See Campbell Robertson, et al., Quiet Day at a Pittsburgh Synagogue Became a Battle to Survive, N.Y. Times, Oct. 28, 2018, available at

3 See Nathan Solis, Antisemitic fliers distributed at San Marino, Pasadena homes at the start of Yom Kippur, L.A. Times, Oct. 6, 2022 available at yom-kippur-jewish-holiday

4 See Dan Rosenzweig-Ziff, ‘People are afraid’: Antisemitic fliers found in Atlanta suburbs, Wash. Post., Feb. 5, 2023 available at

Source: “Ensuring Fair Housing Amidst Ongoing Religious Discrimination in the United States,” U.S. Department Of Housing And Urban Development, (May 25, 2023).