TARNOBRZEG (Dikow), town in Rzeszow province, S.E. Poland. The city is referred to as Dzikow in the 1765 census. At that time 569 Jews paid the poll tax in the city and the surrounding villages. In 1655 all the Jews of Tarnobrzeg were massacred. A special prayer was recited annually in the synagogue at *Sandomierz on the anniversary of their death. There were 2,768 Jews (80% of the total population) in 1880; 2,840 (80.7%) in 1890; 2,537 (78%) in 1900; 2,642 (96.3%) in 1910; and 2,146 (67.7%) in 1921. In the latter half of the 19th century, Ḥasidism had considerable influence in the community. Outstanding in the spiritual leadership of the community at that time was R. Meir Horowitz, author of Imrei No'am. The *Baron de Hirsch Fund established a school in Tarnobrzeg before World War I.
R. Mahler, Yidn in Amolikn Poyln in Likht fun Tsifern (1958), index; E. Heller (ed.), Ẓydowskie przedsiębiorstwa przemysłowe w Polsce według ankiety 1921 roku, 5–6 (1923), 117, 142; I. Lewin, Przeczynki do historji literatury zydów w Polsce (1935), 15.