Chronology of Jewish Persecution: 1934
Youth members are turned loose throughout Germany to intimidate members of Catholic youth groups.
Jews are banned from the German Labor Front.
A Lutheran minister opposed to the Reich Church is beaten by Nazi thugs.
Germany establishes the Volksgericht (People’s Court) to deal with enemies of the state; there is no trial by jury and no right of appeal.
Several thousand Americans attend a pro-Nazi rally in Queens, New York.
An extreme anti-Semitic group, Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny or the Radical Nationalist Organization (ONR), is established in Poland.
Julius Streicher’s Nazi periodical, Der Stürmer--one of Germany’s most popular periodicals and a favorite of Hitler--reminds its readers that during the Middle Ages, the Jews were accused of committing ritual murder of Christian children and of using their blood for religious ritual purposes.
German Jews are no longer entitled to health insurance.
At New York’s Madison Square Garden, thousands attend a pro-Nazi rally sponsored by the German-American Bund.
Hundreds of actual and presumed opponents of the Hitler regime, including many high-ranking officers of the Nazi Storm Troopers (SA), are rounded up and executed in what will come to be called the “Night of the Long Knives.” Victims include Ernst Röhm, chief of the SA, and Gregor Strasser, former Reich organization leader of the Nazi Party.
Nazi persecution of homosexuals begins in earnest.
An Inspectorate of Concentration Camps is established, headed by Theodor Eicke.
The Polish antisemitic organization Obóz Narodowo-Radykalny is banned by Polish leader Marshal Jozef Pilsudski, three months after its formation.
Nazi Putsch in Austria fails but Engelbert Dollfuss, the Austrian Prime Minister, is murdered.
President Paul von Hindenburg dies. Offices of President and Chancellor combined. Hitler declares himself Führer of the German state and commander-in-chief of Germany’s Armed Forces. Members of the Armed Forces must take a personal oath of allegiance to Hitler.
In a plebiscite on Hitler’s expanded powers, 89.9 percent of voters approve. Although an overwhelmingly Christian nation, most Germans will generally support Hitler’s actions until near the end of the war.
A massive Nazi Party Congress is staged at Nuremberg.
Hitler secretly orders expansion of the army, navy and the creation of the air force, breaking the Treaty of Versailles.
1934: Other important events
“Twenty-Five Points of the German Religion” are issued in Germany by Professor Ernst Bergmann. It holds that Christ was not a Jew but a Nordic warrior put to death by Jews, and whose death spared the world from Jewish domination; Adolf Hitler is the new messiah sent to Earth to save the world from Jews.
Heinrich Himmler is given responsibility for police in Prussia, making him the chief of police forces throughout the Reich.
The Institut für Erbbiologie und Rassenforschung (Institute of Hereditary Biology and Race Research) is founded at the University of Frankfort am Main by Dr. Otmar Freiherr von Verschuer to study racial and hereditary issues.
Restoration work begins at Wewelsburg, a 17th-century cliff-top fortress in Westphalia, Germany. When complete, the castle will be used by Heinrich Himmler and the Schutzstaffel (SS) as a mystical fortress, complete with a 12,000-volume Aryan library and a center for racial research.
In the United States, the American Christian Defenders (the World Alliance Against Jewish Aggressiveness) is founded by antisemitic propagandist Eugene N. Sanctuary.
Sources: Various books and chronologies related to World War II and
the Holocaust Memorial Center