Ali Hassan Salameh was the chief of operations for the Palestinian terrorist group Black September and one of the architects of the Munich Olmypics Massacre.
Salameh was born in the Palestinian town of Qula during the British mandate, near the city of Jaffa, to a wealthy family in 1940. Salameh was educated in Germany and is thought to have received his military training in Cairo and Moscow.
He served as the secretary chief of Fatah. After the Munich Massacre during the 1972 Olympic Games, he was hunted by the Israeli Mossad during Operation Wrath of God.
According to several sources, Salameh served as a secret contact between the Palestine Liberation Organisation (PLO) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) from 1970 until his death, guaranteeing not to assassinate US citizens in exchange for financial and political support.
On January 22, 1979, Salameh was in a convoy of two station wagons headed to his mother's for a birthday party. An Mossad agent detonated 100 kg of explosive attached to the car by a fellow Mossad agent. The detonation left Salameh conscious, but severely wounded and in great pain, having pieces of steel shrapnel embedded in his head and throughout his body. He was rushed to the American University Hospital, where he died on the operating table at 4:03pm. Salameh's four bodyguards were also killed in the explosion.
Salameh was buried in Beirut after a public funeral ceremony attended by Yasser Arafat and about 20,000 Palestinians on 24 January 1979.