SENNABRIS


SENNABRIS, locality in Galilee, 30 furlongs (c. 3½ mi.; 5½ km.) from Tiberias, bordering on the Jordan Valley (Jos., Wars, 3:447; 4:455, as Ginnabris). Vespasian camped there on his way into Galilee in 68 C.E. In 351 C.E. the army of Ursicinus, the general of Gallus Caesar, reached Sennabris and oppressed the inhabitants. An *Umayyad palace of the caliphs located there was in use from the time of Muʿāwiya (661–680) up to the eighth century. The village and the bridge over the Jordan continued to be of some importance in the Crusader and *Mamluk periods. The exact identification of Sennabris is still debated, with some identifying it with Kinneret near the issue of the Jordan from the Sea of Galilee, a location adjoining Bet Yeraḥ, in agreement with the Jerusalem Talmud (Meg. 1:1, 70a). Another proposed identification is with Senn en Nabra.

BIBLIOGRAPHY:

A. Laarisalo, The Boundaries of Issachar and Naphthali (1927), 81–82; Albright, in: AASOR, 2/3 (1923), 36; Mayer, in: IEJ, 2 (1952), 183ff.; Bar-Adon, in: Eretz Israel, 4 (1956), 50ff. ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: Y. Tsafrir, L. Di Segni, and J. Green, Tabula Imperii Romani. IudaeaPalaestina. Maps and Gazetteer. (1994), 226.

[Michael Avi-Yonah]


Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.