Latest Population Statistics for Israel
(Updated January 2015)
At Rosh Hashanah 2014, Israel's population stood at a record 8,252,500.
Diversity & Growth
The Jewish population makes up 6,186,100 (75%); 1,709,900 (20.7%) are Arabs; and, those identified as "others" (non-Arab Christians, Baha'i, etc) make up 356,500 people (4.2%). When the state was established, there were only 806,000 residents and the total population reached its first and second millions in 1949 and 1958 respectively.
The overall population grew
by approximately 173,811 people since the Jewish New Year 2013- a
growth rate similar to that of the last decade.
The Jewish population of Israel grew by 1.7% over the past year, and the Arab population grew by 2.2%
According to an August 2014 report conducted by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies entitled "Family Structure and Well-Being Across Israel’s Diverse Population", Israel has the highest birth rate in the developed world. As opposed to the international average of 1.7 children per woman, Israel's rate stands at 3 children per woman because of Israel's large Orthodox population. Israel also provides many services and child benefits including job protection before and after maternity leave that make raising a child more attractive to people who live there. This study also produced the disturbing statistic that 1 in 5 Israelis live at or below the poverty line.
Out of the 14.2 million Jewish people in the world, 43% reside in Israel.
Israel is the 99th most populous country in the world, not including the over 250,000 illegal foreign workers and African migrants residing in Israel.
Immigration & Naturalization
Israel welcomed approximately 16,884 new Jewish immigrants during 2013, rising 2% from the previous year's figure. Most immigrants arrived in Israel from Russia, France, the United States, Ukraine, and Ethiopia.
In 2012, 4.3 million (73%) of the total Jewish population were "Sabras" - born in Israel
- compared with just a 35% native-born population at Israel's independence in 1948. 38.6% of the Jewish population are Israeli-born to at least one parent who was also Israeli-born.
Those of European and American ancestry make up about 2.2 million (36%) of the Jewish population while Africans fill out another 14.5% and Asians are 11.2%.
Israel's total migration balance was negative in 2013, with a net loss of 7,100 members of the Israeli population. This number represents the difference between the number of residents living more than one year abroad, versus the number of Israelis who had returned to Israel after spending a year or more abroad.
A study performed by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life found that one in four Jewish individuals currently live in a country other than the one they were born in. In contrast, one in twenty Christians and one in twenty five Muslims live in a country other than that of their birth. This makes Jewish individuals the world's top migrants.
A Young Population
Israel's population is considered young relative to the populations of other Western countries.
176,230 Israeli babies were born since the last population measurement in September 2013: 90,646 boys and 85,584 girls.
28.% of the population was aged 0-14 while only 10.3% were older than 65 years of age. OECD average is 18.5% (0-14) and 15% (65+).
Israel's average age, however, is getting older. In 2011, the average age was 29.5 years as opposed to 27.6 in the year 2000. Average age for males is 28.4 and for women is 30.6 years old.
Life expectancy in 2013 was 80.3 years for men and 83.9 years for women. This life expectancy continues an upward trend of the last decade. Jewish males had a life expectancy 4.2 years higher than their Arab counterparts; while Jewish women had an expectancy 3.0 years higher. The Israeli life expectancy is higher than the OECD average.
2013 saw negative migration from Israel's largest cities, as people migrated to the suburbs and the surrounding hills. The greater Tel Aviv area lost 7,700 residents with the city itself losing 1,900. Jerusalem suffered a population loss of 7,400, while outlying areas such as Rehovot, Petah Tikva, Lod, and Modi'in experienced a net population increase. Petah Tikva experienced the largest population increase, with 3,100 individuals. Haifa and the West Bank reported total gains of 2,800 individuals as well.
Just under half of the Jewish population lives in the center of the country, either Jerusalem or Tel Aviv metropolitan areas. 60% of the Arab population lives in the north.
Jerusalem and the Central region recorded an above average growth rate of 2.5% while Tel Aviv saw one of its lowest, at 0.8%.
Israel's population density increased in 2011 to 347 people per every square kilometer (not including the West Bank) as opposed to only 288 people per km2 in 2000. By comparison, Slovenia (who's territory is roughly the same size as Israel's) has a population density of 102 people per km2; Belgium (slightly larger than Israel) has a density of 364 people per km2.
Tel Aviv is Israel's densest region with 7,522 people per km2; Jerusalem has a density of 1,484 people per km2 and Bnei Brak is Israel's densest city with 22,145 people per km2.
Israel's male to female population ratio is 982 : 1,000.
Birth, Marriage & Divorce
140,591 Israelis were wed over the past year. 32,457 Israelis were divorced during the year.
176,230 babies were born in Israel in 2014: 90,646 boys and 85,584 girls.
As of 2014, Israel has the highest birth rate in the developed world, with an average of 3 children per woman.
Sources: Central Bureau of Statistics (December 2013; April 2013; September 2012); Jerusalem Post (September 12, 2012, May 1, 2014, August 21, 2014); YNet News (September 3, 2013), Israel Hayom (March 9, 2014), Jpost (September 22, 2014)