Latest Population Statistics for Israel
(Updated September 2013)
On the eve of Rosh HaShanah 5774 - the Jewish New Year in September 2013 - Israel's population stood at 8,081,000.
Diversity & Growth
The Jewish population makes up 6,066,000 (75.1%); 1,670,000 (20.7%) are Arabs; and those identified as "others" (non-Arab Christians, Baha'i, etc) make up 345,000 people (4.2%). When the state was established, there were only 806,000 residents and the total population reached its first and second millions in 1949 and 1958 respectively.
The overall population grew
by approximately 142,000 people (1.8%) since Rosh HaShanah 2012 - a
growth rate similar to that of the last eight years.
The Jewish population grew 1.8% (similar to past years) while the Arab population grew 2.4% (a rapid decline from the 3.4% annual growth rate in the 1990's). The Christian population grew 1.3% and the Druze population grew 1.7%.
Immigration & Naturalization
Israel welcomed 16,968 new immigrants during 2013, an increase of 2.5% from 2012.
In 2012, 4.3 million (73%) of the total Jewish population were "Sabras" - born in Israel
- compared with just a 35% native-born population at Israel's independence in 1948. 38.6% of the Jewish population are Israeli-born to at least one parent who was also Israeli-born.
Those of European and American ancestry make up about 2.2 million (36%) of the Jewish population while Africans fill out another 14.5% and Asians are 11.2%.
A Young Population
Israel's population is considered young relative to the populations of other Western countries.
28.% of the population was aged 0-14 while only 10.3% were older than 65 years of age. OECD average is 18.5% (0-14) and 15% (65+).
Israel's average age, however, is getting older. In 2011, the average age was 29.5 years as opposed to 27.6 in the year 2000. Average age for males is 28.4 and for women is 30.6 years old.
Life expectancy in 2011 was 80 years for men and 83.6 years for women. This life expectancy continues an upward trend of the last decade. Jewish males had a life expectancy 4.2 years higher than their Arab counterparts; while Jewish women had an expectancy 3.0 years higher. The Israeli life expectancy is higher than the OECD average.
About 40% of Israel's total population lives in the center of the country (24% in Central region and 16.5% in Tel Aviv area). Approximately 17% of the population lives in the north and another 14% are based in the south. 12% live in both Jerusalem and Haifa regions and another 4% in the West Bank.
Just under half of the Jewish population lives in the center of the country, either Jerusalem or Tel Aviv metropolitan areas. 60% of the Arab population lives in the north.
Jerusalem and the Central region recorded an above average growth rate of 2.5% while Tel Aviv saw one of its lowest, at 0.8%.
Israel's population density increased in 2011 to 347 people per every square kilometer (not including the West Bank) as opposed to only 288 people per km2 in 2000. By comparison, Slovenia (who's territory is roughly the same size as Israel's) has a population density of 102 people per km2; Belgium (slightly larger than Israel) has a density of 364 people per km2.
Tel Aviv is Israel's densest region with 7,522 people per km2; Jerusalem has a density of 1,484 people per km2 and Bnei Brak is Israel's densest city with 22,145 people per km2.
Birth, Marriage & Divorce
127,052 Israelis were wed over the past year. 29,616 Israelis were divorced during the year.
160,749 babies were born in Israel during 2013, slightly lower than the 2010 birth number of 166,255.
Sources: Central Bureau of Statistics (April 2013); Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics (September 11, 2012); Jerusalem Post (September 12, 2012); YNet News (September 3, 2013).