Latest Population Statistics for Israel
(Updated May 2014)
On the eve of Israel's 66th birthday, Israel's population stood at a record 8,180,000.
Diversity & Growth
The Jewish population makes up 6,135,000 (75%); 1,694,000 (20.7%) are Arabs; and, those identified as "others" (non-Arab Christians, Baha'i, etc) make up 348,000 people (4.2%). When the state was established, there were only 806,000 residents and the total population reached its first and second millions in 1949 and 1958 respectively.
The overall population grew
by approximately 147,000 people (1.8%) since the secular New Year 2013- a
growth rate similar to that of the last decade.
The Jewish population grew 1.8% (similar to past years) while the Arab population grew 2.4% (a rapid decline from the 3.4% annual growth rate in the 1990's). The Christian population grew 1.3% and the Druze population grew 1.7%.
According to an August 2014 report conducted by the Taub Center for Social Policy Studies entitled "Family Structure and Well-Being Across Israel’s Diverse Population", Israel has the highest birth rate in the developed world. As opposed to the international average of 1.7 children per woman, Israel's rate stands at 3 children per woman because of Israel's large Orthodox population. Israel also provides many services and child benefits including job protection before and after maternity leave that make raising a child more attractive to people who live there. This study also produced the disturbing statistic that 1 in 5 Israelis live at or below the poverty line.
Immigration & Naturalization
Israel welcomed approximately 16,600 new immigrants during 2013.
In 2012, 4.3 million (73%) of the total Jewish population were "Sabras" - born in Israel
- compared with just a 35% native-born population at Israel's independence in 1948. 38.6% of the Jewish population are Israeli-born to at least one parent who was also Israeli-born.
Those of European and American ancestry make up about 2.2 million (36%) of the Jewish population while Africans fill out another 14.5% and Asians are 11.2%.
A Young Population
Israel's population is considered young relative to the populations of other Western countries.
28.% of the population was aged 0-14 while only 10.3% were older than 65 years of age. OECD average is 18.5% (0-14) and 15% (65+).
Israel's average age, however, is getting older. In 2011, the average age was 29.5 years as opposed to 27.6 in the year 2000. Average age for males is 28.4 and for women is 30.6 years old.
Life expectancy in 2011 was 80 years for men and 83.6 years for women. This life expectancy continues an upward trend of the last decade. Jewish males had a life expectancy 4.2 years higher than their Arab counterparts; while Jewish women had an expectancy 3.0 years higher. The Israeli life expectancy is higher than the OECD average.
About 40% of Israel's total population lives in the center of the country (24% in Central region and 16.5% in Tel Aviv area). Approximately 17% of the population lives in the north and another 14% are based in the south. 12% live in both Jerusalem and Haifa regions and another 4% in the West Bank.
Just under half of the Jewish population lives in the center of the country, either Jerusalem or Tel Aviv metropolitan areas. 60% of the Arab population lives in the north.
Jerusalem and the Central region recorded an above average growth rate of 2.5% while Tel Aviv saw one of its lowest, at 0.8%.
Israel's population density increased in 2011 to 347 people per every square kilometer (not including the West Bank) as opposed to only 288 people per km2 in 2000. By comparison, Slovenia (who's territory is roughly the same size as Israel's) has a population density of 102 people per km2; Belgium (slightly larger than Israel) has a density of 364 people per km2.
Tel Aviv is Israel's densest region with 7,522 people per km2; Jerusalem has a density of 1,484 people per km2 and Bnei Brak is Israel's densest city with 22,145 people per km2.
Birth, Marriage & Divorce
127,052 Israelis were wed over the past year. 29,616 Israelis were divorced during the year.
171,207 babies were born in Israel in 2013, 0.2% higher than the number of Israelis born in 2012. Jewish births increased 1.3% over the 2012 numbers, to 127,101 babies.
As of 2014, Israel has the highest birth rate in the developed world, with an average of 3 children per woman.
Sources: Central Bureau of Statistics (December 2013; April 2013; September 2012); Jerusalem Post (September 12, 2012, May 1, 2014, August 21, 2014); YNet News (September 3, 2013), Israel Hayom (March 9, 2014),