(September 28, 1995)
Protocol Concerning Israeli-Palestinian Cooperation
- The two sides are determined to establish dialogue and cooperation
on the bases of equality, fairness and reciprocity within the context
of the interim period, and to act together in order to ensure that
peace, stability and cooperation between them are reinforced and sustained.
In striving to live in peaceful coexistence, the two sides will seek
to design and implement various programs which will facilitate the
efforts leading to full reconciliation based on the agreed political
process, and make it possible for smooth implementation of a permanent
settlement based on Security Council Resolutions 242 and 338.
- To that end, the two sides agree to establish and maintain between
them an extensive program of cooperation in fields of human activity
including in economic, scientific, social and cultural fields, involving
officials, institutions, and the private sector.
- The two sides will act to meet common challenges which require
a coordinated overall approach and, taking into account their respective
distinguishing features, they will act with respect for the values
and human dignity of the other side.
- The two sides are committed to strengthening regional cooperation
which takes into account the interests of each side, in particular
within the framework of the multilateral Middle East peace talks.
The scope of cooperation between the two sides, as detailed in this Annex,
will include, inter alia, the following main aspects:
- cooperation with regard to environmental protection;
- economic cooperation;
scientific and technological cooperation;
- cultural and educational cooperation; and
- cooperation in enhancing the dialogue and relations between the
two peoples through a people-to-people program.
Standing Cooperation Committee
- A Standing Cooperation Committee is hereby established (hereinafter
- The SCC shall be composed of an equal number of members from
each side and may be assisted in its meetings by experts and technicians
- The SCC shall adopt its rules of procedure. It shall meet once
Meetings may be held more frequently at the request of either
- The SCC shall reach its decisions by agreement.
- The SCC may set up working groups or bodies for the implementation
of this Annex.
- The SCC shall deal with the matters covered in this Annex. It shall
consider and decide on the methods and modalities for the implementation
of the various fields of cooperation as detailed in Article IX. It
may decide to add new fields of cooperation.
Principles of Economic Cooperation
- The two sides recognize the importance of economic growth, especially
on the Palestinian side and cooperation based on the principles of
equity, fairness, and reciprocity as a key factor in the context of
building peace and reconciliation.
- To this end, the two sides shall promote economic cooperation, including
the promotion of joint ventures for their mutual benefit, in accordance
with the overall objectives and principles set out in this Annex.
This endeavor shall be pursued without derogating from the provisions
of Annex III of the Declaration of Principles, Annex V of this Agreement
(Protocol on Economic Matters), and any subsequent agreement or understanding
reached between them during the interim period.
- In implementing the various economic cooperation programs, the two
sides will ensure that aspects of environmental protection including
air, water, marine and land resources, and prevention of environmental
risks, hazards and nuisances will be taken into consideration.
- Without derogating from the existing agreements between them, economic
cooperation between the two sides shall focus principally on sectors
producing balanced economic, social, and human development and growth.
The cooperation aims, among other things, at:
- developing the infrastructure and a strong base for the Palestinian
- strengthening the bases for independent and institutional economic
decision making processes within the Palestinian side;
- supporting the establishment of the Palestinian Standards and
Specifications Institute, export institute, etc.;
- working together to promote social development and foster the
rise of Palestinian standards of living; and
- aspiring towards reducing the disparity in the level of the
respective economic development of the two sides.
- Economic cooperation between the two sides shall include exchange
of information and ideas on economic issues, matters, and transactions
involving the two sides.
- Economic cooperation between the two sides shall take into account
changes in economic policies in various economic spheres.
Sectors of Economic Cooperation
- Industrial Cooperation
The two sides shall promote industrial cooperation, and, in particular:
- facilitate cooperation between their respective economic institutions
and business sectors;
- examine ways to facilitate the establishment of joint ventures;
- promote cooperation between small and medium-sized enterprises
of both sides;
- seek ways to increase Palestinian industrial output through,
inter alia, the promotion of a program of industrial [I: parks]
[P: zones] in accordance with an agreed concept and in cooperation
with all relevant institutions; and
- dedicate special efforts to attract the international business
sector and in particular multinational firms.
- Agricultural Cooperation
The two sides recognize the importance of promoting cooperation
in the field of agriculture, and shall in particular:
- promote cooperation between their respective private farming
- facilitate and promote smooth trade between the respective markets;
- examine ways to facilitate the establishment of joint ventures;
- establish channels for the exchange of information on farming
methods, irrigation, water and soil treatment, herbicides, pesticides,
- cooperate and coordinate in the field of plant protection and
- promote joint efforts to combat desertification and encourage
the development of agricultural projects in arid and semi-arid
- The two sides shall promote cooperation in preventing the deterioration
of the environment, controlling pollution and ensuring the proper
protection and rational use of natural resources in their respective
areas, with a view to ensuring environmentally sustained development
and promoting regional environment projects.
- Cooperation in the protection of the environment will focus,
inter alia on preparing proposals for projects, studies, and recommendations
- development and implementation of appropriate treatment
of liquid, solid and hazardous wastes and the control, storage,
discharge, transportation and disposal of hazardous materials,
pollutants, and radioactive waste;
- prevention and control of marine pollution from ships and
from land-based sources;
- preventing and minimizing the harmful effects of pollution
on soil, water and air quality;
- use of appropriate tools of environmental management and
environmental monitoring methods, including the adoption of
and use of internationally accepted environmental principles
and standards of Environment Impact Assessment and environmental
- development of programs of combating desertification, and
protection of nature and endangered species and the preservation
of forests and natural reserves; and
- promotion of environmental education and awareness programs.
- Both sides shall cooperate in preventing the transfer of internationally
banned and restricted chemicals including, pesticides, insecticides,
and fertilizers between their respective areas.
- Both sides shall cooperate in setting an emergency warning
system to respond to events or accidents which may generate environmental
pollution, damage, or hazards.
- The Environmental Experts Committee established under this Agreement
will implement the environmental cooperation proposed above in
coordination with the SCC.
The two sides shall promote cooperation between them in order
- develop plans to promote the use of environmentally clean alternative
sources of energy such as solar and wind energy;
- enhance cooperation in energy conservation;
- promote, within the framework of regional cooperation, projects
for their mutual benefit in the field of electricity; and
- develop options for joint ventures which will include the international
business sector in the field of energy production, management
- The two sides shall promote cooperation in the field of transport
and related infrastructure, in order to accommodate any increase
in the flow of passengers and goods, and modernize the transportation
- promoting joint technological and research programs; and
- assisting and facilitating the establishment of a Palestinian
Standards and Specifications Institute in this field based
on international standards.
- The two sides will work towards normal movement of vehicles
across the crossing points with Jordan and Egypt.
- In order to best utilize the unique advantages provided to the
tourism industry in conditions of stability, the two sides shall
examine ways to:
- increase the volume of incoming tourism;
- plan and develop the necessary infrastructure, facilities
and services in order to accommodate increased demand;
- encourage the involvement of major foreign, regional, as
well as multinational tourist conglomerates and entrepreneurs;
- continue and expand the existing vocational training programs,
in the various tourist vocations; and
- encourage joint ventures in the tourism field in all areas
of mutual benefit including on the Dead Sea. In this regard
Palestinian private projects as well as joint ventures in
accordance with the DOP, will be located as agreed on the
shore of the Dead Sea.
- The two sides shall exchange information and promote cooperation
on planned tourism development projects and tourism marketing
projects, tourist exhibits, exhibitions, conventions and publications.
- The two sides shall facilitate and encourage smooth movement
of tourists between their respective areas.
- The two sides shall also encourage the development of cooperation
programs between their competent organizations in this fields.
Scientific and Technological Cooperation
The two sides shall promote cooperation in scientific research and technological
development, and shall devote special attention to the following:
- establishment of contacts between research and scientific institutions
of both sides;
- organization of joint scientific meetings (seminars and workshops);
- joint research and development activities aimed at encouraging scientific
progress and the transfer of technology and know-how;
- training activities and mobility programs for researchers, scientists
and specialists from both sides; and
- development of an environment conducive to research, application
of new technologies and adequate protection of intellectual property
rights for the results of such research.
Cultural and Educational Cooperation
- Cultural Cooperation
The two sides shall promote cultural cooperation and encourage
the development of cooperation between their institutions or organizations
in the fields of art, music, theater, literature, literary translations,
publishing, cinema and film-making.
- Media and Communication
The two sides shall promote and encourage direct cooperation between
news agencies, newspapers, and radio and television stations. In
addition, the two sides will cooperate with third countries in order
to promote the exposure of the benefits of the peace process to
the respective societies.
- Educational Cooperation
- The two sides shall promote cooperation by encouraging and facilitating
exchanges in the field of education and by providing appropriate
conditions for direct contacts between schools and educational
institutions of both sides.
- The two sides shall cooperate with the aim of raising the level
of general education and professional training of their respective
populations, taking into consideration priorities to be determined
by each side.
- The cooperation shall focus, in particular, on the following
- cooperation among educational/training institutions;
- exchanges of information between universities;
- language training; and
- other ways of promoting better mutual understanding of their
- Sports and Youth
- The two sides shall encourage cooperation in sports and physical
culture, especially through the exchange of sports delegations
and teams, as well as through the organizing of sports meetings
- The two sides shall encourage contacts and exchanges between
youth organizations and shall promote exchanges of high school
and university students.
The People-To-People Program
- The Two sides shall cooperate in enhancing the dialogue and
relations between their peoples in accordance with the concepts
developed in cooperation with the Kingdom of Norway.
- The two sides shall cooperate in enhancing dialogue and relations
between their peoples, as well as in gaining a wider exposure
of the two publics to the peace process, its current situation
and predicted results.
- The two sides shall take steps to foster public debate and involvement,
to remove barriers to interaction, and to increase the people
to people exchange and interaction within all areas of cooperation
described in this Annex and in accordance with the overall objectives
and principles set out in this Annex.
- In addition to the cooperation provided for in Article II of
Annex IV of this Agreement concerning legal assistance in criminal
matters, the two sides shall cooperate with a view to, inter alia:
- improving the effectiveness of policies, including information
and public awareness, educational and sociological activities,
directed at countering the supply of, and illicit trafficking
in, narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances and reducing
the abuse of these products;
- encouraging a joint approach to reducing demand; and
- encouraging a joint approach to prevent the use of the Two
sides, financial systems to launder capital arising from criminal
activities in general and drug trafficking in particular.
- Cooperation shall take the form of, inter alia, exchanges of
information and, where appropriate, joint activities on establishing
social and health institutions and information systems, and implementing
projects in these spheres, including training and research projects.
Methods and Modalities of Cooperation
- The SCC shall determine methods and modalities for the implementation
of cooperation between the two sides.
- Cooperation shall be implemented, in particular, by:
- regular dialogue;
- regular exchange of information and ideas in every sector
of cooperation including meetings of officials and experts;
- transfer of advice, expertise and training;
- initiating and conducting joint activities such as seminars
and workshops; and
- technical, administrative and regulatory assistance.
- The SCC, its subsidiary working groups and bodies or various
official agencies that may be asked to promote this cooperation,
will develop joint action programs in the various fields of cooperation
within six months of the entry into force of this Agreement.
- Other fields of cooperation may be agreed upon by the two sides.
Nothing in this Annex shall derogate from the provisions set out in
any other part of this Agreement.
Interim Agreement between Israel and the Palestinians