ALBI, town in France. The church council held at Albi in 1254 issued a number of canons (63–70) embodying anti-Jewish restrictive measures. One or two Jewish families resided in Albi toward the end of the 13th century. A few settled there after 1315 without authorization from the local authorities. In 1320 several were massacred by the *Pastoureaux . Subsequently Jews were only permitted to enter Albi in transit on payment of a
toll of 12 deniers. In 1967 there were approximately 70 Jews in Albi, mainly of North African origin.
S. Grayzel, The Church and the Jews in the Thirteenth Century (1966), index; Nahon, in: REJ, 121 (1962), 63.
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.