Issachar was the ninth son of Leah and father to one of the twelve
tribes of Israel.
One interpretation of his name is "man of
reward" (Hebrew: shcar). Issachar was the product of the
mandrake incident (Genesis
30:9-18) and was involved in the plot to sell his brother Joseph into slavery. Issachar settled in Egypt after the famine in Canaan and had four sons: Tolah, Puvvah, Yov and Shimron. He receives a blessing
from his father Jacob that he "bends his back to the load, working like a slave"
49:14-15). The descendants of Issachar are men of learning according
to Jewish tradition.
The tribe of Issachar settled east of the Jordan River just below the Sea of Galilee.
Sources: Bridger, David. Ed. The
New Jewish Encyclopedia, NY: Behrman House, 1976; Navigating
the Bible II