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David "Dado" Elazar

(1925 - 1976)

David "Dado" Elazar was an Israeli soldier and commander who served as the ninth Chief of Staff of the Israel Defense Forces.

Elazar (born August 27, 1925; died April 15, 1976) was born in Sarajevo and immigrated to Pre-State Israel in 1940, settling in Kibbutz Ein Shemer. He soon joined the Palmach and fought in many important battles during Israel's War of Independence, including the Battle of San Simon Monastery in Jerusalem.

During the Six Day War, Elazar was head of the Northern Command which captured the Golan Heights - leading to the cease-fire with Syria and the end of the war. He was appointed Chief of Staff in 1972.

At the beginning of the Yom Kippur War, Elazar recommended complete mobilization of the IDF, but the government opted for a call-up of the reserves, coupled with an appeal for international pressure against the Arab combatants. In 1974, in the aftermath of the war, the Agranat Commission recommended that he be dismissed as Chief of Staff, while absolving Defense Minister Moshe Dayan and Prime Minister Golda Meir of responsibility. He resigned his position and the government resigned.

Elazar died in 1977.

Sources: The Pedagogic Center, The Department for Jewish Zionist Education, The Jewish Agency for Israel, (c) 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, Director: Dr. Motti Friedman, Webmaster: Esther Carciente