In a letter from Acting Assistant Secretary of State Joseph Macmanus to Senator Kirsten Gillibrand, the Obama administration announced that the United States would not attend the 10-year commemoration of the 2001 U.N. World Conference against Racism held in Durban, South Africa. According to Macmanus, the U.S. voted against the UN resolution establishing the Durban III World Conference Against Racism because the Durban process “included ugly displays of intolerance and anti-Semitism and we did not want to see that commemorated.” The U.S. and more than a half dozen other nations also boycotted the Durban II conference held in Geneva in April 2009.
After the UN General Assembly announcement of its decision to hold Durban III in New York City, Senator Gillibrand and a bipartisan group senators wrote to U.S. Ambassador to the UN Susan Rice on December 17, 2010, urging that the U.S. not participate in the conference. Other signatories included James E. Risch (R-ID), Johnny Isakson (R-GA), Robert Menendez (D-NJ), Benjamin L. Cardin (D-MD), Tom Coburn (R-OK), Charles Schumer (D-NY), Bill Nelson (D-FL), Frank R. Lautenberg (D-NJ), Roger Wicker (R-MS), Dan Inouye (D-HI), Mike Johanns (R-NE), Daniel Akaka (D-HI), Mark Kirk (R-IL), Ron Wyden (D-OR), Richard Burr (R-NC), Joseph Lieberman (CT) and Mike Crapo (R-ID). The text of the letter to Ambassador Rice is included below.
The Honorable Susan E. Rice
U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations
United States Mission to the United Nations
799 United Nations Plaza
New York, NY 10017
Dear Ambassador Rice,
We write to express our dismay regarding the United Nations decision on November 23, 2010 to hold the Durban III World Conference Against Racism in New York City on September 21, 2011, just days after the tenth anniversary of the September 11th attacks.
We appreciate the United States’ strong statement opposing the resolution on Durban III. However, we urge you to again refrain from participating in the conference as long as it undermines the very goal of fighting discrimination with a demonstration of anti-Semitism. We applaud the Canadian government’s decision to boycott the event. We believe that the United States ought to demonstrate leadership on these issues by removing itself from association with Durban III and encouraging other nations to do the same.
Unfortunately last year the 2009 U.N. Durban Review Conference Against Racism (Durban II) proved to be a repeat of the 2001 controversial summit as extreme anti-Semitic voices took over Durban II, and the United States and our allies were forced to pull out. The United States had likewise withdrawn from participating in Durban I primarily because the conference was viewed as disproportionately focused on Israel and the United States. We are very concerned that Durban III will follow in the pattern of the two preceding conferences by serving once again as a forum for anti-Semitic and anti-American demonstrations, which would again taint this opportunity to combat the abhorrent practices of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, and related forms of intolerance.
It is important that the United States send a strong signal that another anti-Semitic and anti-American Durban Conference particularly held so close to the tenth anniversary and location of the worst terrorist attack in American history is unacceptable. We can send this signal by making clear now that the United States will not participate in this gathering. Of course, we would welcome the United States’ eventual return to the conference if it were to become a legitimate forum for combating discrimination - but that is a development that seems highly improbable to us.
We respectfully ask that you keep us abreast of any developments and offer our assistance in efforts to combat racism and anti-Semitism.