ALTENSTADT (now Illereichen-Altenstadt), village in Bavaria, Germany. A few Jewish families lived there from the late 17th century. A community was founded in 1719 when five Jewish families from the neighborhood were granted rights of residence and permission to open a cemetery and build a synagogue. This was erected in the Jews' street in 1722. In 1834 the 56 Jewish families (403 persons), living in 35 houses, constituted almost the entire village. Subsequently many Jews left for cities in Germany or emigrated to the United States. The
H. Boehm, in: Illereichen-Altenstadt (1965), 52–62; H. Rose, Geschichtliches der israelitischen Kultusgemeinde Altenstadt (1931). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: K. Sommer, in: P. Fassl (ed.), Geschichte und Kultur der Juden in Schwaben (1994), 93–104.
[Ze'ev Wilhem Falk /
Stefan Rohrbacher (2nd ed.)]
Source: Encyclopaedia Judaica. © 2008 The Gale Group. All Rights Reserved.